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Power Point outline of Chapter 5 from The Beat Goes On: Popular Music in America.

Power Point outline of Chapter 5 from The Beat Goes On: Popular Music in America.

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Ch 5 PowerPoint Ch 5 PowerPoint Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 5 SWING AND SWEET
  • “ Cheek to Cheek”
    • Written by Irving Berlin
    • Most popular song of 1930s
    • Longer, more melodious
    • Less syncopated
  • “ Dancing Cheek to Cheek”
    • Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYHZh-xnqhE
  • “ Cheek to Cheek”
    • Confirms integration of song and dance
    • Demonstrated how socially acceptable dancing with close contact had become
    • Instead of energy of Charleston – Elegance
    • This type of music helped people dream, escape harsh reality of Depression
  • Fletcher Henderson (1897-1952)
    • Born in GA – moved north – educated
    • Responsible for shaping sound of Big Band
    • Led one of the top bands in NYC
    • Song plugger
  • Example: “Wrappin’ It Up”
    • Fletcher Henderson Band
  • Swing – syncopation over a steady four-beat rhythm
  • Hallmark of Big Band Swing
    • Creating a melody by repeating a riff, rather than developing it
  • Two Styles of Popular Music: Swing and Sweet
    • Swing as a noun = style of music
    • Swing as a verb = way of playing
    • Sweet – also a style and manner of playing
  • 1930s – a wave of slow, romantic ballads
    • Soothing voice
    • Subdued style
  • Main component of Sweet Melody
    • Sweet flowed
  • Main component of Swing Rhythm
    • Swing jumped
  • Swing Era 1935 – 1945
  • Big Band swing w/o vocals was relatively small part of the market
    • Few instrumental Big Band hits
    • More common were popular songs played in a swing style
  • Glenn Miller (1904-1944)
    • Led most popular band of the era
    • Ability to shift
    • between swing/sweet
  • Example: “Chatanooga Choo Choo”
    • From an obscure movie (Sun Valley Serenade)
    • Sold over million copies
    • Riff based tune – train sounds – walking bass
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIQq1j1-AQU
  • Music in the opposite direction from Swing was Sweet
    • Sweet = More conservative and comfortable style
  • Example: “Heart and Soul” – Hoagy Carmichael
    • More than AABB form (this was most popular song form at the time)
    • Similar to “Cheek to Cheek” – romantic ballad
    • Despite use of pronouns ( I’m in heaven) – no clear sense of who these people are
  • Faithful performances of these songs distance us from sense of identity because they emphasize the song over the singer. the song over the singer
  • Sweet connected to the past
  • Swing looked to the future
  • MAINSTREAMING THE BLUES
  • Pop singing focuses on the melody – impersonal
  • Blues singing focuses on the singer
  • Billie Holiday (1915-1959)
    • Very difficult life
    • Drugs, alcohol led to her death
    • One of the great song interpreters
  • Example: “All of Me” (1931)
    • Standard written by Seymour Simons/Gerald Marks
    • Holiday projects herself through the song
    • We are less concerned with the words than how she delivers them
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-PvRFGwreBI
  • Jazz in the Swing Era
    • Jazz not considered pop music
    • Anti-popular attitudes by jazz musicians – musicians want to play for themselves
    • This is at odds with those who ran pop music – they want $
    • Louis Armstrong transformed from jazz as art to pop – “Cheek to Cheek”
  • Duke Ellington
    • Considered jazz’ greatest composer – perhaps America’s greatest
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6ApogZRsag
  • Example: “Ko-Ko” (1940)
    • Big band style
    • Uses creative/unconventional sound combinations
    • Members of the band developed signature sounds
    • Uses riffs – less predictable/more varied – high/low registers – more like art
  • Most standards appeared before 1945
  • Most memorable performances after 1945
    • Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday– put personal stamp on songs
    • Use their own sound, inflection, phrasing
    • Similar to blues – they share personal feelings/life experiences
  • Example: Tony Bennett “Taking a Chance on Love”
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMStRERJNsM
    • This is a video of Tony and Stevie Wonder singing “For Once in My Life.”