Ch 10 PowerPoint


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Outline of the text for Chapter 10

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Ch 10 PowerPoint

  1. 1. Modern era revolution of 1920s was similar
  2. 2. It happened quickly British Invasion – music from outside – this was the new mainstream Music grew up quickly Seemingly everybody knew this music Soundtrack for tremendous social change
  3. 3. Song was total package on record – Multi-tracking riffs, drums, etc. Rock changed relationship between composer/performer
  4. 4. Electric pianos Amplification Horns no longer as important • Chuck Berry 8 beat rhythm Entire band playing with this feel=groove
  5. 5. Identifiable instrumental riff Before the singer enters Used to “catch” the listener
  6. 6. Egalitarian Eclectic Real
  7. 7.  Collective identity - of, relating to, or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities  Group names – no one person in spotlight
  8. 8.  Deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources  60s music came from everywhere: Delta, Indian music, classical, jazz, etc.
  9. 9.  Rock songs intensified the reality of life in the present  Tin Pan Alley offered an escape
  10. 10.  Lomaxes, Woody Guthrie, The Weavers  Revival – late 1950s and early 1960s  Embraced social issues
  11. 11.  Brought country sensibility to rock  Incorporated what came before  Updated the sound of the 50s Rock and Roll  Rock beat  Instrumental hook
  12. 12.  2 features of 60s rock  Hook  8 – beat rhythm with strong beat
  13. 13.  Product of the late 1950s folk revival  Disciple of Woody Guthrie  Responsible for leading folk music into the 1960s  Became the spokesman for the folk generation
  14. 14. Lyrics are proto-rap stream of consciousness Clever, dense lyrics Electric band Elevates popular music to a higher level of seriousness Brings it down to earth
  15. 15. His work remains the standard His influence Showed what was greater could be said than his in Rock popularity Sophisticated without being sophisticated
  16. 16. Careful planning Tight control over every aspect of the operation Inspiration Spur-of-the-moment decisions
  17. 17. Berry Gordy Songwriters Musicians The Performers
  18. 18. Create music A song that would should tell a appeal to story everyone A story set Use of to a “Hooks” memorable melody
  19. 19. Part of the story building to the chorus Hook More story Repeat of the chorus Still more story
  20. 20. A good, but Broad Melodic Predictable unobtrusive sound saturation form beat spectrum
  21. 21. Motown preserves Motown headed the Rock tended to look the romance in opposite direction cynically, lustfully, or popular song of the from Rock not at all at love 1930s/1940s
  22. 22.  Artist of emotional intensity  Communicated extraordinary range of feeling:  Pain  Hope  Joy  Frustration
  23. 23.  All elements blend to convey the text  Dark mood  Sense of drama as instruments enter in stages
  24. 24. Until the 1960s, popular music had been an American export British invasion, more than any other event, fueled the ascendancy of rock in the US Deep American roots – Muddy Waters/Robert Johnson – covers of Chuck Berry, etc. This music was new, not exotic – became the new mainstream No sense that this music was foreign – it was international
  25. 25. The Beatles The Stones Public image: Public image: • Wholesome • Nasty Longevity: Longevity: • 7yrs • Still going strong Musical development: Musical development: • Immense growth in short time • Early groove continues Key musical element: Key musical element: • Melody • Rhythm Performance: Performance: • Greatest impact on record • Still hot ticket/ live band Role: Role: • Stretched rock’s boundaries • Created rock’s core values
  26. 26. Rapid musical development Extraordinary range of their music Help define rock as a style “I Saw her Standing There” (1963) Extended two of Chuck Berry’s important innovations rhythmic approach and edge to guitar sound Sound and rhythm of the song represent consolidation getting everyone on the same page Rock & Roll becomes Rock
  27. 27. More elaborate approach “Get back to where you • content of lyrics show Dylan’s once belonged” influence; more socially reference/parody to 1968 aware/difficult to decode Rivers of Blood speech by Enoch Powell – immigration No coherent narrative as in early songs
  28. 28. Not just lyric/melody/harmony Song becomes the entire sound world captured on record – little is gratuitous Knowledge of styles Melodic skills Sound imagination
  29. 29.  “Yesterday”  “Eleanor Rigby”  “Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds”
  30. 30. Their music grew out of 50s R&R and blues Chuck Berry Their name was from a Muddy Waters tune Their conception of rock began with an attitude: sexually charged, down and dirty, swaggering, real extension of blues persona Their public image was intended to be the opposite of the Beatles
  31. 31. To an audience raised Far cry from teen- on pop, all of this had themed songs of 50s the taste of forbidden R&R, early fruit Beatles, surf music The groove – grows out of the interplay of Dark, nasty sound – the rock beat and lower registers – from layers of syncopated blues = sound of rock riffs
  32. 32. “Jumpin’ Jack Flash”
  33. 33. “Honky Tonk Woman”
  34. 34. From the R&B and blues traditions One of the first “Guitar Heroes” Pioneered the use of “effects” Brought virtuosity to rock guitar
  35. 35. No earlier period of change, no previous Eclectic, open to influences revolution in style and sound from around the world had produced anything approaching rock’s extraordinary variety
  36. 36.  Acid rock, rock opera, art rock, soft rock, heavy metal  Jazz rock, country rock, southern rock, Latin rock
  37. 37.  Percussion instruments - cowbell, conga  Clave-like rhythm  Music of Tito Puente
  38. 38.  Sly was a loose band  integrated  groove built upon layers of riffs  no harmonic movement  proto-funk  Spontaneous aspect to the sound  free-for-all over the groove  implores listeners to dance
  39. 39.  powerful lyrics over a powerful beat  responding to social issues  providing social commentary
  40. 40.  “Soul Man,” “Godfather of Soul”  Like the Stones’ claim to be the best rock band, he was the best  1st R&B hit in 1956 – little difference from other R&B
  41. 41.  Breakthrough rhythm – more like rock rhythm  Creates a new rhythm by addition/subtraction –  Full band  drums, bass, keys, guitar plus full horn section  larger than most rock bands  Except for bass, all instruments have a reduced role  Results in open, airy texture
  42. 42.  Emphasis on rhythm/texture rather than melody/harmony  Voice like a percussion instrument
  43. 43.  “Queen of Soul”  Early contact with great gospel singers – Mahalia Jackson  Only Bessie Smith and Billie Holiday compare  She not only can sing soul but gospel, romantic ballads, swing,  Great emotional range