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  • 1. Learn to control yourselfThe first advantage of essay writing is that it helps you cope with your own emotions and understand patterns of life. The difficulties you face while writing an essay harden you, help you understand that life is far from being easy and smooth and that sometimes you need to pluck up all your courage in order to overcome obstacles and become a winner in the battle named "life."2. A proven way to become organizedSecondly, writing essays is a proven way to become a self-disciplined person. You learn to decipher the major from the minor and accomplish the tasks according to the plan. Apart from that, you learn the basic principles of time management, so as to be able to accomplish the tasks you set for yourself at the right time. The skill of time management is vital to live effective life and keep things under control. Therefore, the deadline pressure should be of great help to attain the useful skills for the future. 3. The best way to develop your skills and abilities.The initial purpose of essay writing is to develop your skills and abilities. Writing an essay also helps developing creative, analytical, scientific and all sorts of thinking. You must have heard it from your teacher million times and thought it is a rubbish just to make you write an essay. But this time your teacher tells the truth.You see, writing an essay involves coming across a great deal of information that needs to be 1. contemplated, 2. understood, 3. analysed, 4. interpreted, and 5. evaluated. You also have to use the feedback, understand the relationships between evidence and concepts and come out with your own conclusion. Consequently, the process of writing an essay involves great will power, mind work and efforts on your part. Every single time you get down to writing an essay, you develop certain head muscles that are conductive to the development of creative, analytical, and scientific thinking. By the way, in your attempt to learn the subject by heart you come to understand the initial meaning of essays, for the verb Essayer, which is of French origin, means "to try" and an essai (also French) is an attempt. So, an essay is something you write trying to figure something out. Do your best to achieve the set purpose.4. The step to further educationWriting an essay at school is the first proven step to further education, for you develop writing skills, acquire the research thinking communication and skills that are necessary for good academic writing at college or university. And writing an essay at college will be a good basis for your professional career. Moreover, proficiency in writing essays is not only important to pass the test, it is an essential first-tool-basic for research paper writing for all levels of schooling, and a simplified mainstay basic in writing reports within the professional world. Bear in mind that mastering this form is a first step to success.Now it is clear why essay writing is a chosen vehicle for measuring a student's writing proficiency: it helps to develop basic writing and research skills, promotes the evolution of intellectual facilities, and develops personal skills you will need in the future.
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    1. 1. HO W TO WRI A TE N A DEMC CA I ESSA Y
    2. 2. WRITING AN ESSAY CONTAINS… • STICKING TO THE TOPIC • PLANNING THE ESSAY • AN INTERESTING INTRODUCTION • A PERSUASIVE BODY • AN EFFECTIVE CONCLUSION • REVIEWING
    3. 3. STICK TO THE TOPIC!!! • CHOOSE A TOPIC YOU ARE PASSIONATE ABOUT, IT MAKES WRITING EASIER. IF YOU CAN’T CHOOSE THE TOPIC, THEN STUDY IT TO MAKE SURE YOU KNOW IT BETTER. • IT’S VERY IMPORTANT TO STICK TO THE SCOPE… WAFFLING, GETTING SIDETRACK LOSES MARKS. • BRANCH OUT USING MAIN AND SUB HEADINGS • DEVELOP IDEAS USING FACTS, PERSONAL OPINIONS IN A LOGICAL ORDER
    4. 4. PLAN!!! • PLANNING GIVES YOU AN IDEA OF WHERE TO BEGIN AND HOW THE ESSAY SHOULD FLOW • MAKE SURE YOUR ESSAY IS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER SO IT IS EASY TO READ • GATHER FACTS AND PUT THEM UNDER HEADINGS THEY BELONG • BULLET POINT IDEAS WILL MAKE WRITING THE ESSAY EASIER • BEFORE YOU BEGIN WRITING THE ESSAY, MAKE SURE YOUR PLAN IS IN ORDER SO YOU WON’T MISS OUT ON ANYTHING TO WRITE IN THE ESSAY
    5. 5. INTRODUCTION TO THE ESSAY • TOPIC AND PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY • INDICATES STRUCTURE OF THE ESSAY • SEIZES INTEREST AND MAKES READER WANT TO READ ON • FORECASTING: IF THE ESSAY IS ABOUT…  CONFLICT = HOW DO YOU AIM TO RESOLVE IT?  CHALLENGE = ARGUE A BELIEF/STEREOTYPE INTRODUCTION INDICATES WHETHER YOU ESSAY WILL BE INTERESTING OR BORING. IT GIVES THE MARKER AN INSTANT “FEEL” OF THE ESSAY! SO MAKE SURE IT’S CAPTIVATING FROM THE START.
    6. 6. BODY OF THE ESSAY • MAKES SENSE. LOGICAL, PERSUASIVE FACTS AND LANGUAGE. • NO WAFFLING (GOING OFF TOPIC) OR REPETITION OF POINTS. • FACTS TO BACK UP YOUR IDEA. POINT OF PARAGRAPH EXPLANATION OF POINT (GO INTO DETAIL) EXAMPLE (FACTS TO BACK UP IDEA) RELEVANCE (WHY?) MINI CONCLUSION LINK TO NEXT PARAGRAPH FOR FLOW/ EASY-READING
    7. 7. CONCLUSION OF THE ESSAY • SUMMARIZE MAIN POINTS (USUALLY DON’T INTRODUCE NEW IDEAS) • MAKE SURE THE AUDIENCE UNDERSTANDS THE MAIN POINT OF THE ESSAY • RECOMMEND, ANSWER, REAFFIRM, REFLECT, ECHO, CLARIFY, EMPHASIZE, EFFECTIVE AND POWERFUL. • A MORAL PASSED ON AND A LESSON LEARNED FROM YOUR ESSAY • GIVES CLOSURE
    8. 8. REVIEWING THE ESSAY • INTRODUCTION = PURPOSE OF ESSAY • BODY = COHERENCE • CONCLUSION = SUMMARY • REMOVE/REWRITE PARTS TO CREATE A SENSE OF “UNITY” AND COMPLETENESS TO THE ESSAY • PROOFREAD • APPROPRIATE LENGTH • KEEP REREADING THE ESSAY! MAKE IT A MASTERPIECE.
    9. 9. MAKING YOUR ESSAY STAND OUT • STRUCTUR YOUR ESSAY TO MAKE IT EASY TO READ AND E UNDERSTAND • HAVE A UNIQUE POINT OF VIEW SO YOUR IDEAS DON’T SOUND LIKE THE OTHERS • BACK UP YOUR IDEAS WITH SOLID FACTS TO PERSUADE THE READER TO YOUR SIDE • PROOFREAD UNTIL YOUR ESSAY IS PERFECT • WRITE WITH PASSION
    10. 10. ENGAGING WITH THE CONTENT OF ESSAY WRITING
    11. 11. INTRODUCTION TO WRITING ESSAY PART 1: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 11 Slide 3
    12. 12. SECTION PREVIEW: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 12 Slide 4
    13. 13. THE IMPORTANCE OF WRITING ESSAY • Develop your own skills • Do your academic writing in your university/college • Get Scholarship & apply for job in the future Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 13 Slide 5
    14. 14. STRUCTURE OF AN ESSAY Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 14 Slide 6
    15. 15. SPECIAL CONCEPT • BRAINSTORMING • THESIS STATEMENT • TOPIC SENTENCE • SUPPORTING DETAILS • UNITY, PROGRESSION AND COHERENT Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 15 Slide 7
    16. 16. GRAMMAR POINTS AND USEFUL TIPS • DO NOT USE GRAMMAR STRUCTURES AND VOCABULARY YOU DO NOT KNOW WELL • USE VARIETY OF SHORT AND LONG SENTENCES • AVOID COMMON SENTENCE ERROR • USE APPROPRIATE WORD CHOICE AND WORD FORM Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 16 Slide 8
    17. 17. USEFUL CONJUNCTION, SUBORDINATES, AND CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 17 Slide 9
    18. 18. SOME USEFUL WORDS Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 18 Slide 10
    19. 19. SAMPLES OF CHOOSING APPROPRIATE WORDS Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 19 Slide 11
    20. 20. STEP BY STEP WRITING PART 2: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 20 Slide 12
    21. 21. THE PROCESS OF WRITING Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 21 Slide 13
    22. 22. READING AND THINKING ABOUT THE QUESTION • WHAT IS THE TOPIC? Teachers are responsible for motivating students to learn -> The responsibility of teachers to their students • WHAT IS THE TASK? Do you agree or disagree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support !!! Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay How to write a good essay Training: 22 Slide 14
    23. 23. UNDERSTANDING QUESTION (CONT’) Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful thought. In your experience, are decisions made quickly better or worse than decisions made after careful thought? Use specific details and examples to support your answer. • WHAT IS THE TOPIC? • WHAT IS THE TASK? Make decision quickly or about that topic. Your own experience after careful thought Give examples and details to support. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 23 Slide 15
    24. 24. BRAINSTORMING, THESIS AND OUTLINING BRAINSTORMING: •IS QUICKLY GENERATING IDEAS (EXAMPLES, REASONS, PERSONAL EXPERIENCES, OTHER DETAILS) IN THE FORM OF NOTES, A LIST, OR A DIAGRAM. •IS WRITING DOWN AS MANY IDEAS AS POSSIBLE IN A SHORT AMOUNT OF TIME. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 24 Slide 16
    25. 25. EXAMPLES OF BRAINSTORMING In a list form: In a diagram form Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 25 Slide 17
    26. 26. THESIS • • • state that you agree with a given statement; or state that you disagree with a given statement; or state which of two positions you hold on a give issue. EXAMPLE OF THESIS: ALTHOUGH MANY PEOPLE BELIEVE IT IS THE TEACHER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO MOTIVATE Training: How write a good essay STUDENTS TO LEAR toSTUDENTS W N, ILL NOT LEARN MUCH UNLESS THEY AR SELFE Training: How to write a good essay 26 Slide 18
    27. 27. OUTLINING • IS A SIMPLE PLAN OF YOUR ESSAY. STEP: Examples of outlining: • CHOOSE IDEAS FROM YOUR BRAINSTORMING THAT WILL SUPPORT THIS POSITION. • CHOOSE TWO TO FOUR OF YOUR BEST EXAMPLES OR REASONS AND DISCARD THE REST. • DECIDE THE MOST EFFECTIVE ORDER FOR ARRANGING THESE IDEAS, AND WRITE YOUR OUTLINE Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 27 Slide 19
    28. 28. EXAMPLES OF BRAINSTORMING, THESIS AND OUTLINE: Some people like to spend their leisure time doing activities with a lot of people. Others prefer to spend their leisure in quiet ways by themselves or with one other person. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 28 Slide 20
    29. 29. UNDERSTANDING MORE HOW TO STRUCTURE YOUR ESSAY • CLICK HERE TO SEE THE VIDEO Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 29 Slide 21
    30. 30. WRITING BASED ON OUTLINE INTRODUCTION (INTRO) •TELLS YOUR READERS WHAT THE ESSAY IS ABOUT. •RESTATES THE QUESTION IN YOUR OWN WORDS AND EXPRESSES THE MAIN IDEA (THESIS) •THESIS OFTEN THE LAST SENTENCE OF THE INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 30 Slide 22
    31. 31. EXAMPLES OF WRITING INTRO Sample intro: Society is often divided on major issues involving government spending. One group believes that we should spend as much money as possible on space exploration, while another group thinks that we should spend this money on solving basic social problems on Earth. I believe there are strong reasons for spending on space technology because this leads to knowledge that will benefit society on Earth. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 31 Slide 23
    32. 32. ANALYSIS OF THE SAMPLE INTRO • THE FIRST SENTENCE INTRODUCES THE GENERAL TOPIC OF THE ESSAY: HOW THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD SPEND MONEY Society is often divided on major issues involving government spending. • THE NEXT SENTENCE RESTATES THE QUESTION IN THE WRITER'S OWN WORDS One group believes that we should spend as much money as possible on space exploration, while another group thinks that we should spend this money on solving basic social problems on Earth. • THE LAST SENTENCE STATES THE WRITER'S OPINION. THIS IS I believe there are strong reasons for spending on space THE THESIS STATEMENT. THE REST OF THE ESSAY MUST technology because this leads to knowledge that will benefit SUPPORT THIS IDEA. society on Earth. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 32 Slide 24
    33. 33. WRITING BODY PARAGRAPHS • BODY = DEVELOPMENTAL PARAGRAPHS BECAUSE THEY CONTAIN IDEAS THAT DEVELOP THE THESIS. • EACH BODY PARAGRAPH SHOULD HAVE A TOPIC SENTENCE THAT EXPRESSES THE MAIN POINT OF THE PARAGRAPH. • THE TOPIC SENTENCE OF THE PARAGRAPH SHOULD ALSO DIRECTLY SUPPORT THE THESIS => SUPPORTING POINT. • THE REST OF THE SENTENCES IN THE PARAGRAPH SHOULD GIVE APPROPRIATE EXAMPLES, REASONS, FACTS, PERSONAL Training: How to write a good EXPERIENCES, OR OTHER essay SUPPORTING DETAILS. Training: How to write a good essay 33 Slide 25
    34. 34. EXAMPLES OF TOPIC SENTENCES AND SUPPORTING DETAILS Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 34 Slide 26
    35. 35. EXAMPLE OF BODY PARAGRAPHS (CONT’) Spending money on space technology can lead to better ways to produce food and clothing. Space travel requires special ways to preserve and store food for a long journey. Scientists also work on ways to grow vegetables and fruits in space so that astronauts can have fresh food. Scientists must develop new types of clothing made from new materials. Many of these new methods of food and clothing production also benefit people on Earth. Space exploration has led to important developments in communications technology. One of the first government projects in space technology was for satellite communications. Today, this technology benefits everyone who uses satellite television or telephones. The most important reason for spending money on space technology is that it promotes international cooperation. When the governments of several different countries work together on space projects, there is better communication between countries. The international space station is a good example of international cooperation that benefits everyone on Earth. Not only does it lead to scientific progress, but it also promotes international 35 Training: How to write a good essay understanding. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 27
    36. 36. ANALYSIS OF A BODY PARAGRAPH Spending money on space technology can lead to better ways to produce food and clothing. Space travel requires special ways to preserve and store food for a long journey. Scientists also work on ways to grow vegetables and fruits in space so that astronauts can have fresh food. Scientists must develop new types of clothing made from new materials. Many of these new methods of food and clothing production also benefit people on Earth. • Is the topic sentence that states the main idea of the paragraph • Supports the thesis of the essay Provide specific examples, reasons, or other details that support the topic sentence Provide additional details that support the topic sentence Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 36 Slide 28
    37. 37. WRITING CONCLUSION • IS OFTEN VERY SHORT AND MAY CONTAIN ONLY ONE OR TWO SENTENCES. • SHOULD LEAVE YOUR READERS WITH A FEELING OF COMPLETION. • WE CAN DO ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING: RESTATE YOUR THESIS IN DIFFERENT WORDS (PARAPHRASE) SUMMARIZE YOUR SUPPORTING POINTS DRAW A CONCLUSION Training: How to write a good essay MAKE A PREDICTION Training: HowRECOMMENDATION MAKE A to write a good essay 37 Slide 29
    38. 38. EXAMPLES OF CONCLUSION AND ANALYSIS In conclusion, several developments in space technology have already helped society on Earth. If we spend money on space programs, we may discover even greater knowledge that will improve our life and promote world peace. Restate the thesis Make a prediction Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 38 Slide 30
    39. 39. REVIEWING AND CORRECTING • CHECKING: • SENTENCE STRUCTURES • SENTENCE VARIETY • WORD CHOICE • SPELLING • YOUR ESSAY WILL BE MORE INTERESTING, MORE EFFECTIVE IF YOU: • USE VARIETY OF SHORT AND LONG SENTENCE • AVOID COMMON SENTENCE ERRORS • USE APPROPRIATE WORD CHOICE AND WORD FORMS Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 39 Slide 31
    40. 40. EXAMPLE OF REVIEWING Can you identify the errors in the following paragraph? The same paragraph without errors: Children must learning about lifea comfortable place. If aIf a childnotno learn about life in in a comfortable place. child is is safe, the child can't learn nothing. I I want to have children in the anything. wanna have children in the future. future. My for keep my children safety and protection from them My duty is duty will be to keep my children safe and protectbad from bad experiences. I am going children food, clothes, and other stuffs. experiences. I gonna give myto give my children food, clothes, and other things. If my children are comfortable, they will learn a lot of Because my child is comfortable, they will learn alot of things about things about life. Therefore, I disagree with the statement. life. On the contrary, I disagree with the statement. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 40 Slide 32
    41. 41. REVIEW PART II Topic: Intro Body 1 Body 2 Body 3 Conclusion Training: Training: How to write a good essay How to write a good essay Slide 33 41
    42. 42. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS 1. HOW MANY PARTS DOES THE QUESTION HAVE? WHAT DOES EACH PART ASK YOU TO DO? 2. DOES THE ESSAY ADDRESS ALL PARTS OF THE QUESTION? 3. HOW IS THE ESSAY ORGANIZED? 4. WHAT DOES THE WRITER DO IN THE INTRODUCTION? 5. WHAT IS THE THESIS OR MAIN IDEA OF THE ESSAY? 6. HOW DOES THE WRITER SUPPORT THE THESIS? 7. WHAT IS THE TOPIC SENTENCE OF EACH BODY PARAGRAPH? 8. WHAT SPECIFIC EXAMPLES, REASONS, AND OTHER DETAILS DOES THE WRITER GIVE? WHAT IS THEIR PURPOSE? 9. WHAT DOES THE WRITER DO IN THE CONCLUSION? 10. DOES THE ESSAY EFFECTIVELY ADDRESS THE TOPIC AND TASK? WHY OR WHY NOT? 42 Training: How to write a good essay Slide 34
    43. 43. MAKE YOUR ESSAY MORE COHERENT PART 3: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 43 Slide 35
    44. 44. SECTION PREVIEW: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 44 Slide 36
    45. 45. PREVIEW EXAMPLE • READ THE TOPIC AND A PARAGRAPH FOLLOW: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The things we learn from our friends are more important than what we learn from family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. • SAMPLE PARAGRAPH While my friends have taught me to enjoy my life, my family has taught me to be strong. My friends have taught me how to feel independent. They have encouraged me to be myself, to have a lot of fun, and to find happiness in life. On the other hand, my mother has taught me to be independent in a very different way. When I was a child, she gave me advice such as "Fight your own battles." She said that so I would be strong because she could not always protect me. Sometimes this was very difficult for me when I wanted my mother to help me, even though I knew her advice was important.essay 45 Training: How to write a good Training: How to write a good essay Slide 37
    46. 46. ANALYZE THE EXAMPLE: • THIS PARAGRAPH IS EASY TO READ AND UNDERSTAND. WHAT MAKES IT SO? CHECK ALL OF THE STATEMENTS THAT ARE TRUE: • ALL OF THE SENTENCE IN THE PARAGRAPH ARE SIMPLE. • THE TOPIC SENTENCE IS STATED CLEARLY AT THE BEGINNING. • THE SENTENCES ARE WRITTEN IN A LOGICAL ORDER. • ALL OF THE IDEAS IN THE PARAGRAPH Training: How to write a good essay SUPPORT THE TOPIC SENTENCE. Training: How to write a good essay • 46 Slide 38
    47. 47. SOME KEY POINTS • UNITY:  A well-organized essay has an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.  Each body paragraph contains one major point that is developed with examples, reasons, and other supporting details.  Each body paragraph supports the thesis of the essay.  When all of the ideas and information in the essay support the thesis, the essay is said to have unity. • COHERENT: • The body paragraphs should be arranged in the order that will best support the thesis. • Sometimes the body paragraphs are best arranged from the most important point to the least important point. • Sometimes it is more effective to put the most important point last, just before the conclusion. • Sometimes the points are previewed in the introduction. • When the body paragraphs are arranged effectively and logically, the essay is said to have coherence. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 39
    48. 48. SOME USEFUL TRANSITIONS Training: How to write a good essay Slide 40
    49. 49. PRACTICE EXAMPLE Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The things we learn from our friends are more important than what we learn from family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. When I think about the lessons I have learned in my life, I find many similarities in what I learned from my friends and from my family. There are also differences. Both kinds of lessons have been very important to me. However, when I consider them carefully, I know that the lessons from my family are more important. While my friends have taught me to enjoy my life, my family has taught While my friends have taught me to enjoy my life, my family has taught me to be strong. My friends have taught me how to feel independent. me to be strong. My friends have taught me how to feel independent. They have encouraged me to be myself, to have a lot of fun, and to They have encouraged me to be myself, to have a lot of fun, and to find happiness in life. On the other hand, my mother has taught me to find happiness in life. On the other hand, my mother has taught me to be independent in a very different way. When I was a child, she gave be independent in a very different way. When I was a child, she gave me advice such as "Fight your own battles." She said that so I would me advice such as "Fight your own battles." She said that so I would be strong because she could not always protect me. Sometimes this be strong because she could not always protect me. Sometimes this was very difficult for me when I wanted my mother to help me, even was very difficult for me when I wanted my mother to help me, even though I knew her advice was important. though I knew her advice was important. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 41
    50. 50. PRACTICE EXAMPLE (CONT’) Furthermore, my family has taught me compassion and forgiveness. My younger brother taught me these qualities. I will never forget that once I was cruel to him because I was angry. My brother was afraid of the dark, but I turned off the lights to scare him. He was only six years old, and he was afraid and cried. But later he asked to read a book to him until he fell asleep. It was his way to forgive me. I can never forget how my little brother taught me how to forgive. I believe that our family teaches us the most important things because the lessons from family last longer. My family has taught me to be independent and strong, and this will help me during my whole life. Moreover, they have taught me how to forgive, which is necessary for getting along with other people. In short, the lessons from my family were not always enjoyable, yet the are deeper in my heart. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 42
    51. 51. QUESTIONS REVIEW • ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ABOUT THE EXAMPLE ABOVE: 1. WHAT DOES THE QUESTION ASK YOU TO DO? 2. WHAT DOES THE WRITER DO IN THE INTRODUCTION? 3. WHAT IS THE THESIS OR MAIN IDEA OF THE ESSAY? 4. HOW IS THE ESSAY ORGANIZED? 5. WHAT IS THE TOPIC SENTENCE OF EACH BODY PARAGRAPH? 6. DOES THE ESSAY HAVE UNITY? WHY OR WHY NOT? 7. WHAT TRANSITIONS HELP GIVE THE ESSAY COHERENCE? 8. DOES THE ESSAY EFFECTIVELY ADDRESS THE TOPIC AND TASK? WHY OR WHY NOT? Training: How to write a good essay Slide 43
    52. 52. PRACTICE WRITING AN ESSAY PART 4: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 52 Slide 44
    53. 53. TOPIC FOR WRITING Some people learn by reading about things. Others learn by doing things. W hich of these methods of learning is better for you? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. (limited words: 400 words) • STEP BY STEP DOING THE FOLLOWING TASKS: • READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY AND ANSWER: • WHAT IS THE TOPIC? • WHAT IS THE TASKS? • IN 5 MINUTES, QUICKLY BRAINSTORM ABOUT THE TOPIC AND WRITE DOWN ON YOUR DRAFT. • NOW, DECIDE WHICH POINT OF VIEW DO YOU PREFER AND WHY? WRITE DOWN THE THESIS STATEMENT. Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 53 Slide 45
    54. 54. WRITING PRACTICE CONTINUE • CHOOSE APPROPRIATE DETAILS, EXAMPLES, REASONS YOU HAVE LISTED IN BRAINSTORMING STEP TO SUPPORT THE THESIS, WRITE DOWN THE OUTLINE OF YOUR WRITING. • NOW, REVIEW YOUR NOTES, YOU ARE READY TO WRITE YOUR OWN ESSAY. • BASED ON THE THESIS STATEMENT, IN 5 MINUTES WRITE DOWN THE INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH. • NEXT, YOU WILL HAVE 15 MINUTES TO WRITE YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS DEPEND ON YOUR OUTLINE. REMEMBER TO CONCLUDE YOUR TOPIC SENTENCES. • AT PRESENT, YOU NEARLY COMPLETED YOUR ESSAY, YOU WILL WRITE YOUR CONCLUSION PARAGRAPH IN 5 MIN. SUMMARY WHAT YOU HAVE WRITTEN BEFORE AND … (MAKE PREDICTION, GIVE COMMENTS…) Training: How to write a good essay Slide 46
    55. 55. COMPLETING YOUR ESSAY • READ AGAIN YOUR ESSAY, AND CHECK THE FOLLOWING THINGS: • YOUR GRAMMAR USES AND VOCABULARY • ARE YOUR SENTENCES FRAGMENTED? • ARE YOUR BODY AND CONCLUSION PARAGRAPHS SUPPORT FOR THE THESIS STATEMENT? • DO YOU GIVE CONCRETE EXAMPLES AND DETAILS TO SUPPORT? • IN ALL, IS YOUR ESSAY UNITY AND COHERENT? • DO ANY CORRECTIONS IF POSSIBLE? Training: How to write a good essay Slide 47
    56. 56. SAMPLE RESPONSE: There are a lot of different was for people to learn new things. People can learn by reading, or they can learn by doing things. For some people, learning is better either one way or the other. I prefer to learn by doing things because when I do something myself it becomes more real than when I read about it. I learned how to ride a bicycle and drive a car by experience. I rode a bicycle when I was six years old. Because I could not read about it, I had to get on the bicycle and use my feet and hands. I could also learn from my mistake when I fell off my bicycle. Similarly, I learned to drive a car by doing it. Although I had to study a driving manual and take a test on a computer, I could not learn driving well until I practiced driving in a car. Learning mathematics is another example of learning by doing things. When I was in sixth grade, my teacher made me students measure our classroom. We measured the length and width of the room. Therefore, we learned how to calculate the area of our classroom or any other room. This experience made mathematics become real for me. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 48
    57. 57. SAMPLE RESPONSE CONTINUE Finally, I learned how to use a computer by doing it. I tried to read the computer manual, but this was difficult for me because the book was very complex. I learned more when I sat at the keyboard and tried using several keys. Of course, my teacher explained some things about the computer. However, I could learn best when I experienced it. It is true that I have to learn some things by reading, such as history and literature. Reading gives me important knowledge. However, for most skills that I need for my life, such as driving a car and using a computer, I must experience using them in order to learn the skills well. Therefore, I prefer to learn through action. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 49
    58. 58. : CHOOSE ONE OF FIVE TOPICS TO WRITE AN ESSAY: 1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All high school students should be required to have three years of studying a foreign language. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The automobile is destroying our quality of life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 3. Some people like to be the leader of a group. Others like to be a member of a group in which another person is the leader. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Employers should be required to provide smoking areas for their employees who smoke cigarettes. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. 5. Some students prefer to study at a large university that has several thousand students. Other students prefer studying at a small school that has only a few hundred students. Which of these two types of schools do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Training: How to write a good essay Slide 51
    59. 59. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS PART 5: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 59 Slide 52
    60. 60. APPENDIX: EVALUATING THE ESSAY • YOUR ESSAY MAY BE EVALUATED BASED ON: • ORGANIZATION • THESIS AND SUPPORT • UNITY AND COHERENCE • GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY • DESCRIPTION OF SCORE LEVELS: Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 60 Slide 53
    61. 61. EVALUATING CONTINUE Training: How to write a good essay Training: How to write a good essay 61 Slide 54
    62. 62. THE END!!! BEST WISHES FOR YOUR ESSAY WRITING 
    63. 63. LIST OF REFERENCE • HTTP://WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET/JERRYADG156/SAVEDFILES?FROM • HTTP://WWW.SLIDESHARE.NET/JERRYADG156/SAVEDFILES?S_TIT • HTTP://TOEFLESSAYS.COM • HTTP://ENGLISH-TEST.NET

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