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  • 1. Holy BibleNew International VersionAbout the New International Version –The New International Version was undertaken by an independentcommittee in after a general consensus that there was a need for anew, contemporary English translation of the Bible.With the help of scholars from all over the world, and multiple reviewsfrom a committee of multiple denominations, the New InternationalVersion has earned the widespread respect of all Christians as one ofthe best translations available.
  • 2. Old TestamentGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1st Samuel2nd Samuel1st Kings2nd Kings1st Chronicles2nd ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiNew TestamentMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1st Corinthians2nd CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1st Thessalonians2nd Thessalonians1st Timothy2nd TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1st Peter2nd Peter1st John2nd John3rd JohnJudeRevelation
  • 3. Genesis1In the beginning God created theheavens and the earth.2Now the earth was formless and empty,darkness was over the surface of thedeep, and the Spirit of God washovering over the waters.3And God said, "Let there be light," andthere was light.4God saw that the light was good, andhe separated the light from the darkness.5God called the light "day," and thedarkness he called "night." And therewas evening, and there was morning-the first day.6And God said, "Let there be anexpanse between the waters toseparate water from water."7So God made the expanse andseparated the water under the expansefrom the water above it. And it was so.8God called the expanse "sky." Andthere was evening, and there wasmorning-the second day.9And God said, "Let the water under thesky be gathered to one place, and letdry ground appear." And it was so.10God called the dry ground "land," andthe gathered waters he called "seas."And God saw that it was good.11Then God said, "Let the land producevegetation: seed-bearing plants andtrees on the land that bear fruit withseed in it, according to their variouskinds." And it was so.12The land produced vegetation: plantsbearing seed according to their kindsand trees bearing fruit with seed in itaccording to their kinds. And God sawthat it was good.13And there was evening, and there wasmorning-the third day.14And God said, "Let there be lights inthe expanse of the sky to separate theday from the night, and let them serveas signs to mark seasons and days andyears,15and let them be lights in the expanseof the sky to give light on the earth." Andit was so.16God made two great lights-the greaterlight to govern the day and the lesserlight to govern the night. He also madethe stars.17God set them in the expanse of thesky to give light on the earth,18to govern the day and the night, and toseparate light from darkness. And Godsaw that it was good.
  • 4. 19And there was evening, and there wasmorning-the fourth day.20And God said, "Let the water teemwith living creatures, and let birds flyabove the earth across the expanse ofthe sky."21So God created the great creatures ofthe sea and every living and movingthing with which the water teems,according to their kinds, and everywinged bird according to its kind. AndGod saw that it was good.22God blessed them and said, "Befruitful and increase in number and fillthe water in the seas, and let the birdsincrease on the earth."23And there was evening, and there wasmorning-the fifth day.24And God said, "Let the land produceliving creatures according to their kinds:livestock, creatures that move along theground, and wild animals, eachaccording to its kind." And it was so.25God made the wild animals accordingto their kinds, the livestock according totheir kinds, and all the creatures thatmove along the ground according totheir kinds. And God saw that it wasgood.26Then God said, "Let us make man inour image, in our likeness, and let themrule over the fish of the sea and thebirds of the air, over the livestock, overall the earth, and over all the creaturesthat move along the ground."27So God created man in his own image,in the image of God he created him;male and female he created them.28God blessed them and said to them,"Be fruitful and increase in number; fillthe earth and subdue it. Rule over thefish of the sea and the birds of the airand over every living creature thatmoves on the ground."29Then God said, "I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the wholeearth and every tree that has fruit withseed in it. They will be yours for food.30And to all the beasts of the earth andall the birds of the air and all thecreatures that move on the ground-everything that has the breath of life init-I give every green plant for food." Andit was so.31God saw all that he had made, and itwas very good. And there was evening,and there was morning-the sixth day.2Thus the heavens and the earth werecompleted in all their vast array.2By the seventh day God had finishedthe work he had been doing; so on theseventh day he rested from all his work.3And God blessed the seventh day andmade it holy, because on it he restedfrom all the work of creating that he haddone.4This is the account of the heavens andthe earth when they were created.
  • 5. When the Lord God made the earth andthe heavens-5and no shrub of the field had yetappeared on the earth and no plant ofthe field had yet sprung up, for the LordGod had not sent rain on the earth andthere was no man to work the ground,6but streams came up from the earthand watered the whole surface of theground-7the Lord God formed the man from thedust of the ground and breathed into hisnostrils the breath of life, and the manbecame a living being.8Now the Lord God had planted agarden in the east, in Eden; and therehe put the man he had formed.9And the Lord God made all kinds oftrees grow out of the ground-trees thatwere pleasing to the eye and good forfood. In the middle of the garden werethe tree of life and the tree of theknowledge of good and evil.10A river watering the garden flowedfrom Eden; from there it was separatedinto four headwaters.11The name of the first is the Pishon; itwinds through the entire land of Havilah,where there is gold.12(The gold of that land is good;aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)13The name of the second river is theGihon; it winds through the entire land ofCush.14The name of the third river is theTigris; it runs along the east side ofAsshur. And the fourth river is theEuphrates.15The Lord God took the man and puthim in the Garden of Eden to work it andtake care of it.16And the Lord God commanded theman, "You are free to eat from any treein the garden;17but you must not eat from the tree ofthe knowledge of good and evil, forwhen you eat of it you will surely die."18The Lord God said, "It is not good forthe man to be alone. I will make a helpersuitable for him."19Now the Lord God had formed out ofthe ground all the beasts of the field andall the birds of the air. He brought themto the man to see what he would namethem; and whatever the man calledeach living creature, that was its name.20So the man gave names to all thelivestock, the birds of the air and all thebeasts of the field. But for Adam nosuitable helper was found.21So the Lord God caused the man tofall into a deep sleep; and while he wassleeping, he took one of the mans ribsand closed up the place with flesh.22Then the Lord God made a womanfrom the rib he had taken out of the man,and he brought her to the man.
  • 6. 23The man said, "This is now bone of mybones and flesh of my flesh; she shallbe called woman, for she was takenout of man."24For this reason a man will leave hisfather and mother and be united to hiswife, and they will become one flesh.25The man and his wife were both naked,and they felt no shame.3Now the serpent was more craftythan any of the wild animals the LordGod had made. He said to the woman,"Did God really say, You must not eatfrom any tree in the garden?"2The woman said to the serpent, "Wemay eat fruit from the trees in thegarden,3but God did say, You must not eat fruitfrom the tree that is in the middle of thegarden, and you must not touch it, oryou will die. "4"You will not surely die," the serpentsaid to the woman.5"For God knows that when you eat of ityour eyes will be opened, and you willbe like God, knowing good and evil."6When the woman saw that the fruit ofthe tree was good for food and pleasingto the eye, and also desirable forgaining wisdom, she took some and ateit. She also gave some to her husband,who was with her, and he ate it.7Then the eyes of both of them wereopened, and they realized they werenaked; so they sewed fig leavestogether and made coverings forthemselves.8Then the man and his wife heard thesound of the Lord God as he waswalking in the garden in the cool of theday, and they hid from the Lord Godamong the trees of the garden.9But the Lord God called to the man,"Where are you?"10He answered, "I heard you in thegarden, and I was afraid because I wasnaked; so I hid."11And he said, "Who told you that youwere naked? Have you eaten from thetree that I commanded you not to eatfrom?"12The man said, "The woman you puthere with me-she gave me some fruitfrom the tree, and I ate it."13Then the Lord God said to the woman,"What is this you have done?" Thewoman said, "The serpent deceived me,and I ate."14So the Lord God said to the serpent,"Because you have done this, "Cursedare you above all the livestock and allthe wild animals! You will crawl on yourbelly and you will eat dust all the days ofyour life.15And I will put enmity between you andthe woman, and between your offspring
  • 7. and hers; he will crush your head, andyou will strike his heel."16To the woman he said, "I will greatlyincrease your pains in childbearing; withpain you will give birth to children. Yourdesire will be for your husband, and hewill rule over you."17To Adam he said, "Because youlistened to your wife and ate from thetree about which I commanded you,You must not eat of it, "Cursed is theground because of you; through painfultoil you will eat of it all the days of yourlife.18It will produce thorns and thistles foryou, and you will eat the plants of thefield.19By the sweat of your brow you will eatyour food until you return to the ground,since from it you were taken; for dustyou are and to dust you will return."20Adam named his wife Eve, becauseshe would become the mother of all theliving.21The Lord God made garments of skinfor Adam and his wife and clothed them.22And the Lord God said, "The man hasnow become like one of us, knowinggood and evil. He must not be allowedto reach out his hand and take also fromthe tree of life and eat, and live forever."23So the Lord God banished him fromthe Garden of Eden to work the groundfrom which he had been taken.24After he drove the man out, he placedon the east side of the Garden of Edencherubim and a flaming sword flashingback and forth to guard the way to thetree of life.4Adam lay with his wife Eve, and shebecame pregnant and gave birth to Cain.She said, "With the help of the Lord Ihave brought forth a man."2Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain workedthe soil.3In the course of time Cain broughtsome of the fruits of the soil as anoffering to the Lord .4But Abel brought fat portions fromsome of the firstborn of his flock. TheLord looked with favor on Abel and hisoffering,5but on Cain and his offering he did notlook with favor. So Cain was very angry,and his face was downcast.6Then the Lord said to Cain, "Why areyou angry? Why is your face downcast?7If you do what is right, will you not beaccepted? But if you do not do what isright, sin is crouching at your door; itdesires to have you, but you mustmaster it."8Now Cain said to his brother Abel,"Lets go out to the field." And while theywere in the field, Cain attacked hisbrother Abel and killed him.
  • 8. 9Then the Lord said to Cain, "Where isyour brother Abel?" "I dont know," hereplied. "Am I my brothers keeper?"10The Lord said, "What have you done?Listen! Your brothers blood cries out tome from the ground.11Now you are under a curse and drivenfrom the ground, which opened itsmouth to receive your brothers bloodfrom your hand.12When you work the ground, it will nolonger yield its crops for you. You will bea restless wanderer on the earth."13Cain said to the Lord , "My punishmentis more than I can bear.14Today you are driving me from theland, and I will be hidden from yourpresence; I will be a restless wandereron the earth, and whoever finds me willkill me."15But the Lord said to him, "Not so ; ifanyone kills Cain, he will suffervengeance seven times over." Then theLord put a mark on Cain so that no onewho found him would kill him.16So Cain went out from the Lord spresence and lived in the land of Nod,east of Eden.17Cain lay with his wife, and she becamepregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cainwas then building a city, and he namedit after his son Enoch.18To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad wasthe father of Mehujael, and Mehujaelwas the father of Methushael, andMethushael was the father of Lamech.19Lamech married two women, onenamed Adah and the other Zillah.20Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was thefather of those who live in tents andraise livestock.21His brothers name was Jubal; he wasthe father of all who play the harp andflute.22Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, whoforged all kinds of tools out of bronzeand iron. Tubal-Cains sister wasNaamah.23Lamech said to his wives, "Adah andZillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech,hear my words. I have killed a man forwounding me, a young man for injuringme.24If Cain is avenged seven times, thenLamech seventy-seven times."25Adam lay with his wife again, and shegave birth to a son and named him Seth,saying, "God has granted me anotherchild in place of Abel, since Cain killedhim."26Seth also had a son, and he namedhim Enosh. At that time men began tocall on the name of the Lord .5This is the written account of Adamsline. When God created man, he madehim in the likeness of God.
  • 9. 2He created them male and female andblessed them. And when they werecreated, he called them "man. "3When Adam had lived 130 years, hehad a son in his own likeness, in hisown image; and he named him Seth.4After Seth was born, Adam lived 800years and had other sons and daughters.5Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, andthen he died.6When Seth had lived 105 years, hebecame the father of Enosh.7And after he became the father ofEnosh, Seth lived 807 years and hadother sons and daughters.8Altogether, Seth lived 912 years, andthen he died.9When Enosh had lived 90 years, hebecame the father of Kenan.10And after he became the father ofKenan, Enosh lived 815 years and hadother sons and daughters.11Altogether, Enosh lived 905 years, andthen he died.12When Kenan had lived 70 years, hebecame the father of Mahalalel.13And after he became the father ofMahalalel, Kenan lived 840 years andhad other sons and daughters.14Altogether, Kenan lived 910 years, andthen he died.15When Mahalalel had lived 65 years, hebecame the father of Jared.16And after he became the father ofJared, Mahalalel lived 830 years andhad other sons and daughters.17Altogether, Mahalalel lived 895 years,and then he died.18When Jared had lived 162 years, hebecame the father of Enoch.19And after he became the father ofEnoch, Jared lived 800 years and hadother sons and daughters.20Altogether, Jared lived 962 years, andthen he died.21When Enoch had lived 65 years, hebecame the father of Methuselah.22And after he became the father ofMethuselah, Enoch walked with God300 years and had other sons anddaughters.23Altogether, Enoch lived 365 years.24Enoch walked with God; then he wasno more, because God took him away.25When Methuselah had lived 187 years,he became the father of Lamech.26And after he became the father ofLamech, Methuselah lived 782 yearsand had other sons and daughters.
  • 10. 27Altogether, Methuselah lived 969years, and then he died.28When Lamech had lived 182 years, hehad a son.29He named him Noah and said, "He willcomfort us in the labor and painful toil ofour hands caused by the ground theLord has cursed."30After Noah was born, Lamech lived595 years and had other sons anddaughters.31Altogether, Lamech lived 777 years,and then he died.32After Noah was 500 years old, hebecame the father of Shem, Ham andJapheth.6When men began to increase innumber on the earth and daughterswere born to them,2the sons of God saw that the daughtersof men were beautiful, and they marriedany of them they chose.3Then the Lord said, "My Spirit will notcontend with man forever, for he ismortal ; his days will be a hundred andtwenty years."4The Nephilim were on the earth inthose days-and also afterward-when thesons of God went to the daughters ofmen and had children by them. Theywere the heroes of old, men of renown.5The Lord saw how great manswickedness on the earth had become,and that every inclination of the thoughtsof his heart was only evil all the time.6The Lord was grieved that he hadmade man on the earth, and his heartwas filled with pain.7So the Lord said, "I will wipe mankind,whom I have created, from the face ofthe earth-men and animals, andcreatures that move along the ground,and birds of the air-for I am grieved thatI have made them."8But Noah found favor in the eyes of theLord .9This is the account of Noah. Noah wasa righteous man, blameless among thepeople of his time, and he walked withGod.10Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham andJapheth.11Now the earth was corrupt in Godssight and was full of violence.12God saw how corrupt the earth hadbecome, for all the people on earth hadcorrupted their ways.13So God said to Noah, "I am going toput an end to all people, for the earth isfilled with violence because of them. Iam surely going to destroy both themand the earth.14So make yourself an ark of cypresswood; make rooms in it and coat it withpitch inside and out.
  • 11. 15This is how you are to build it: The arkis to be 450 feet long, 75 feet wide and45 feet high.16Make a roof for it and finish the ark towithin 18 inches of the top. Put a door inthe side of the ark and make lower,middle and upper decks.17I am going to bring floodwaters on theearth to destroy all life under theheavens, every creature that has thebreath of life in it. Everything on earthwill perish.18But I will establish my covenant withyou, and you will enter the ark-you andyour sons and your wife and your sonswives with you.19You are to bring into the ark two of allliving creatures, male and female, tokeep them alive with you.20Two of every kind of bird, of every kindof animal and of every kind of creaturethat moves along the ground will cometo you to be kept alive.21You are to take every kind of food thatis to be eaten and store it away as foodfor you and for them."22Noah did everything just as Godcommanded him.7The Lord then said to Noah, "Go intothe ark, you and your whole family,because I have found you righteous inthis generation.2Take with you seven of every kind ofclean animal, a male and its mate, andtwo of every kind of unclean animal, amale and its mate,3and also seven of every kind of bird,male and female, to keep their variouskinds alive throughout the earth.4Seven days from now I will send rain onthe earth for forty days and forty nights,and I will wipe from the face of the earthevery living creature I have made."5And Noah did all that the Lordcommanded him.6Noah was six hundred years old whenthe floodwaters came on the earth.7And Noah and his sons and his wifeand his sons wives entered the ark toescape the waters of the flood.8Pairs of clean and unclean animals, ofbirds and of all creatures that movealong the ground,9male and female, came to Noah andentered the ark, as God hadcommanded Noah.10And after the seven days thefloodwaters came on the earth.11In the six hundredth year of Noahs life,on the seventeenth day of the secondmonth-on that day all the springs of thegreat deep burst forth, and thefloodgates of the heavens were opened.12And rain fell on the earth forty daysand forty nights.
  • 12. 13On that very day Noah and his sons,Shem, Ham and Japheth, together withhis wife and the wives of his three sons,entered the ark.14They had with them every wild animalaccording to its kind, all livestockaccording to their kinds, every creaturethat moves along the ground accordingto its kind and every bird according to itskind, everything with wings.15Pairs of all creatures that have thebreath of life in them came to Noah andentered the ark.16The animals going in were male andfemale of every living thing, as God hadcommanded Noah. Then the Lord shuthim in.17For forty days the flood kept comingon the earth, and as the watersincreased they lifted the ark high abovethe earth.18The waters rose and increased greatlyon the earth, and the ark floated on thesurface of the water.19They rose greatly on the earth, and allthe high mountains under the entireheavens were covered.20The waters rose and covered themountains to a depth of more thantwenty feet. ,21Every living thing that moved on theearth perished-birds, livestock, wildanimals, all the creatures that swarmover the earth, and all mankind.22Everything on dry land that had thebreath of life in its nostrils died.23Every living thing on the face of theearth was wiped out; men and animalsand the creatures that move along theground and the birds of the air werewiped from the earth. Only Noah wasleft, and those with him in the ark.24The waters flooded the earth for ahundred and fifty days.8But God remembered Noah and allthe wild animals and the livestock thatwere with him in the ark, and he sent awind over the earth, and the watersreceded.2Now the springs of the deep and thefloodgates of the heavens had beenclosed, and the rain had stopped fallingfrom the sky.3The water receded steadily from theearth. At the end of the hundred and fiftydays the water had gone down,4and on the seventeenth day of theseventh month the ark came to rest onthe mountains of Ararat.5The waters continued to recede untilthe tenth month, and on the first day ofthe tenth month the tops of themountains became visible.6After forty days Noah opened thewindow he had made in the ark
  • 13. 7and sent out a raven, and it kept flyingback and forth until the water had driedup from the earth.8Then he sent out a dove to see if thewater had receded from the surface ofthe ground.9But the dove could find no place to setits feet because there was water over allthe surface of the earth; so it returned toNoah in the ark. He reached out hishand and took the dove and brought itback to himself in the ark.10He waited seven more days and againsent out the dove from the ark.11When the dove returned to him in theevening, there in its beak was a freshlyplucked olive leaf! Then Noah knew thatthe water had receded from the earth.12He waited seven more days and sentthe dove out again, but this time it didnot return to him.13By the first day of the first month ofNoahs six hundred and first year, thewater had dried up from the earth. Noahthen removed the covering from the arkand saw that the surface of the groundwas dry.14By the twenty-seventh day of thesecond month the earth was completelydry.15Then God said to Noah,16"Come out of the ark, you and yourwife and your sons and their wives.17Bring out every kind of living creaturethat is with you-the birds, the animals,and all the creatures that move alongthe ground-so they can multiply on theearth and be fruitful and increase innumber upon it."18So Noah came out, together with hissons and his wife and his sons wives.19All the animals and all the creaturesthat move along the ground and all thebirds-everything that moves on theearth-came out of the ark, one kind afteranother.20Then Noah built an altar to the Lordand, taking some of all the cleananimals and clean birds, he sacrificedburnt offerings on it.21The Lord smelled the pleasing aromaand said in his heart: "Never again will Icurse the ground because of man, eventhough every inclination of his heart isevil from childhood. And never again willI destroy all living creatures, as I havedone.22"As long as the earth endures,seedtime and harvest, cold and heat,summer and winter, day and night willnever cease."9Then God blessed Noah and hissons, saying to them, "Be fruitful andincrease in number and fill the earth.2The fear and dread of you will fall uponall the beasts of the earth and all thebirds of the air, upon every creature thatmoves along the ground, and upon all
  • 14. the fish of the sea; they are given intoyour hands.3Everything that lives and moves will befood for you. Just as I gave you thegreen plants, I now give you everything.4"But you must not eat meat that has itslifeblood still in it.5And for your lifeblood I will surelydemand an accounting. I will demand anaccounting from every animal. And fromeach man, too, I will demand anaccounting for the life of his fellow man.6"Whoever sheds the blood of man, byman shall his blood be shed; for in theimage of God has God made man.7As for you, be fruitful and increase innumber; multiply on the earth andincrease upon it."8Then God said to Noah and to his sonswith him:9"I now establish my covenant with youand with your descendants after you10and with every living creature that waswith you-the birds, the livestock and allthe wild animals, all those that came outof the ark with you-every living creatureon earth.11I establish my covenant with you:Never again will all life be cut off by thewaters of a flood; never again will therebe a flood to destroy the earth."12And God said, "This is the sign of thecovenant I am making between me andyou and every living creature with you, acovenant for all generations to come:13I have set my rainbow in the clouds,and it will be the sign of the covenantbetween me and the earth.14Whenever I bring clouds over the earthand the rainbow appears in the clouds,15I will remember my covenant betweenme and you and all living creatures ofevery kind. Never again will the watersbecome a flood to destroy all life.16Whenever the rainbow appears in theclouds, I will see it and remember theeverlasting covenant between God andall living creatures of every kind on theearth."17So God said to Noah, "This is the signof the covenant I have establishedbetween me and all life on the earth."18The sons of Noah who came out of theark were Shem, Ham and Japheth.(Ham was the father of Canaan.)19These were the three sons of Noah,and from them came the people whowere scattered over the earth.20Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded toplant a vineyard.21When he drank some of its wine, hebecame drunk and lay uncovered insidehis tent.22Ham, the father of Canaan, saw hisfathers nakedness and told his twobrothers outside.
  • 15. 23But Shem and Japheth took a garmentand laid it across their shoulders; thenthey walked in backward and coveredtheir fathers nakedness. Their faceswere turned the other way so that theywould not see their fathers nakedness.24When Noah awoke from his wine andfound out what his youngest son haddone to him,25he said, "Cursed be Canaan! Thelowest of slaves will he be to hisbrothers."26He also said, "Blessed be the Lord ,the God of Shem! May Canaan be theslave of Shem.27May God extend the territory ofJapheth ; may Japheth live in the tentsof Shem, and may Canaan be hisslave."28After the flood Noah lived 350 years.29Altogether, Noah lived 950 years, andthen he died.10This is the account of Shem, Hamand Japheth, Noahs sons, whothemselves had sons after the flood.The Japhethites2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog,Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech andTiras.3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphathand Togarmah.4The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish,the Kittim and the Rodanim.5(From these the maritime peoplesspread out into their territories by theirclans within their nations, each with itsown language.) The Hamites6The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Putand Canaan.7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah,Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. Thesons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.8Cush was the father of Nimrod, whogrew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.9He was a mighty hunter before theLord ; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod,a mighty hunter before the Lord ."10The first centers of his kingdom wereBabylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh, inShinar.11From that land he went to Assyria,where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir,Calah12and Resen, which is between Ninevehand Calah; that is the great city.13Mizraim was the father of the Ludites,Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,14Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whomthe Philistines came) and Caphtorites.15Canaan was the father of Sidon hisfirstborn, and of the Hittites,
  • 16. 16Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,18Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.Later the Canaanite clans scattered19and the borders of Canaan reachedfrom Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza,and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah,Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.20These are the sons of Ham by theirclans and languages, in their territoriesand nations. The Semites21Sons were also born to Shem, whoseolder brother was Japheth; Shem wasthe ancestor of all the sons of Eber.22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur,Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Getherand Meshech.24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,and Shelah the father of Eber.25Two sons were born to Eber: One wasnamed Peleg, because in his time theearth was divided; his brother wasnamed Joktan.26Joktan was the father of Almodad,Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,28Obal, Abimael, Sheba,29Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All thesewere sons of Joktan.30The region where they lived stretchedfrom Mesha toward Sephar, in theeastern hill country.31These are the sons of Shem by theirclans and languages, in their territoriesand nations.32These are the clans of Noahs sons,according to their lines of descent,within their nations. From these thenations spread out over the earth afterthe flood.11Now the whole world had onelanguage and a common speech.2As men moved eastward, they found aplain in Shinar and settled there.3They said to each other, "Come, letsmake bricks and bake them thoroughly."They used brick instead of stone, andtar for mortar.4Then they said, "Come, let us buildourselves a city, with a tower thatreaches to the heavens, so that we maymake a name for ourselves and not bescattered over the face of the wholeearth."5But the Lord came down to see the cityand the tower that the men werebuilding.6The Lord said, "If as one peoplespeaking the same language they have
  • 17. begun to do this, then nothing they planto do will be impossible for them.7Come, let us go down and confuse theirlanguage so they will not understandeach other."8So the Lord scattered them from thereover all the earth, and they stoppedbuilding the city.9That is why it was called Babel -because there the Lord confused thelanguage of the whole world. From therethe Lord scattered them over the face ofthe whole earth.10This is the account of Shem. Twoyears after the flood, when Shem was100 years old, he became the father ofArphaxad.11And after he became the father ofArphaxad, Shem lived 500 years andhad other sons and daughters.12When Arphaxad had lived 35 years, hebecame the father of Shelah.13And after he became the father ofShelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years andhad other sons and daughters.14When Shelah had lived 30 years, hebecame the father of Eber.15And after he became the father ofEber, Shelah lived 403 years and hadother sons and daughters.16When Eber had lived 34 years, hebecame the father of Peleg.17And after he became the father ofPeleg, Eber lived 430 years and hadother sons and daughters.18When Peleg had lived 30 years, hebecame the father of Reu.19And after he became the father of Reu,Peleg lived 209 years and had othersons and daughters.20When Reu had lived 32 years, hebecame the father of Serug.21And after he became the father ofSerug, Reu lived 207 years and hadother sons and daughters.22When Serug had lived 30 years, hebecame the father of Nahor.23And after he became the father ofNahor, Serug lived 200 years and hadother sons and daughters.24When Nahor had lived 29 years, hebecame the father of Terah.25And after he became the father ofTerah, Nahor lived 119 years and hadother sons and daughters.26After Terah had lived 70 years, hebecame the father of Abram, Nahor andHaran.27This is the account of Terah. Terahbecame the father of Abram, Nahor andHaran. And Haran became the father ofLot.
  • 18. 28While his father Terah was still alive,Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, inthe land of his birth.29Abram and Nahor both married. Thename of Abrams wife was Sarai, andthe name of Nahors wife was Milcah;she was the daughter of Haran, thefather of both Milcah and Iscah.30Now Sarai was barren; she had nochildren.31Terah took his son Abram, hisgrandson Lot son of Haran, and hisdaughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of hisson Abram, and together they set outfrom Ur of the Chaldeans to go toCanaan. But when they came to Haran,they settled there.32Terah lived 205 years, and he died inHaran.12The Lord had said to Abram,"Leave your country, your people andyour fathers household and go to theland I will show you.2"I will make you into a great nation andI will bless you; I will make your namegreat, and you will be a blessing.3I will bless those who bless you, andwhoever curses you I will curse; and allpeoples on earth will be blessed throughyou."4So Abram left, as the Lord had told him;and Lot went with him. Abram wasseventy-five years old when he set outfrom Haran.5He took his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot,all the possessions they hadaccumulated and the people they hadacquired in Haran, and they set out forthe land of Canaan, and they arrivedthere.6Abram traveled through the land as faras the site of the great tree of Moreh atShechem. At that time the Canaaniteswere in the land.7The Lord appeared to Abram and said,"To your offspring I will give this land."So he built an altar there to the Lord ,who had appeared to him.8From there he went on toward the hillseast of Bethel and pitched his tent, withBethel on the west and Ai on the east.There he built an altar to the Lord andcalled on the name of the Lord .9Then Abram set out and continuedtoward the Negev.10Now there was a famine in the land,and Abram went down to Egypt to livethere for a while because the faminewas severe.11As he was about to enter Egypt, hesaid to his wife Sarai, "I know what abeautiful woman you are.12When the Egyptians see you, they willsay, This is his wife. Then they will killme but will let you live.13Say you are my sister, so that I will betreated well for your sake and my life willbe spared because of you."
  • 19. 14When Abram came to Egypt, theEgyptians saw that she was a verybeautiful woman.15And when Pharaohs officials saw her,they praised her to Pharaoh, and shewas taken into his palace.16He treated Abram well for her sake,and Abram acquired sheep and cattle,male and female donkeys, menservantsand maidservants, and camels.17But the Lord inflicted serious diseaseson Pharaoh and his household becauseof Abrams wife Sarai.18So Pharaoh summoned Abram. "Whathave you done to me?" he said. "Whydidnt you tell me she was your wife?19Why did you say, She is my sister, sothat I took her to be my wife? Now then,here is your wife. Take her and go!"20Then Pharaoh gave orders aboutAbram to his men, and they sent him onhis way, with his wife and everything hehad.13So Abram went up from Egypt tothe Negev, with his wife and everythinghe had, and Lot went with him.2Abram had become very wealthy inlivestock and in silver and gold.3From the Negev he went from place toplace until he came to Bethel, to theplace between Bethel and Ai where histent had been earlier4and where he had first built an altar.There Abram called on the name of theLord .5Now Lot, who was moving about withAbram, also had flocks and herds andtents.6But the land could not support themwhile they stayed together, for theirpossessions were so great that theywere not able to stay together.7And quarreling arose between Abramsherdsmen and the herdsmen of Lot. TheCanaanites and Perizzites were alsoliving in the land at that time.8So Abram said to Lot, "Lets not haveany quarreling between you and me, orbetween your herdsmen and mine, forwe are brothers.9Is not the whole land before you? Letspart company. If you go to the left, Ill goto the right; if you go to the right, Ill goto the left."10Lot looked up and saw that the wholeplain of the Jordan was well watered,like the garden of the Lord , like the landof Egypt, toward Zoar. (This was beforethe Lord destroyed Sodom andGomorrah.)11So Lot chose for himself the wholeplain of the Jordan and set out towardthe east. The two men parted company:12Abram lived in the land of Canaan,while Lot lived among the cities of theplain and pitched his tents near Sodom.
  • 20. 13Now the men of Sodom were wickedand were sinning greatly against theLord .14The Lord said to Abram after Lot hadparted from him, "Lift up your eyes fromwhere you are and look north and south,east and west.15All the land that you see I will give toyou and your offspring forever.16I will make your offspring like the dustof the earth, so that if anyone couldcount the dust, then your offspring couldbe counted.17Go, walk through the length andbreadth of the land, for I am giving it toyou."18So Abram moved his tents and went tolive near the great trees of Mamre atHebron, where he built an altar to theLord .14At this time Amraphel king ofShinar, Arioch king of Ellasar,Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidalking of Goiim2went to war against Bera king ofSodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah,Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber kingof Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is,Zoar).3All these latter kings joined forces in theValley of Siddim (the Salt Sea ).4For twelve years they had been subjectto Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenthyear they rebelled.5In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomerand the kings allied with him went outand defeated the Rephaites in AshterothKarnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emitesin Shaveh Kiriathaim6and the Horites in the hill country ofSeir, as far as El Paran near the desert.7Then they turned back and went to EnMishpat (that is, Kadesh), and theyconquered the whole territory of theAmalekites, as well as the Amorites whowere living in Hazazon Tamar.8Then the king of Sodom, the king ofGomorrah, the king of Admah, the kingof Zeboiim and the king of Bela (that is,Zoar) marched out and drew up theirbattle lines in the Valley of Siddim9against Kedorlaomer king of Elam,Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king ofShinar and Arioch king of Ellasar-fourkings against five.10Now the Valley of Siddim was full oftar pits, and when the kings of Sodomand Gomorrah fled, some of the men fellinto them and the rest fled to the hills.11The four kings seized all the goods ofSodom and Gomorrah and all their food;then they went away.12They also carried off Abrams nephewLot and his possessions, since he wasliving in Sodom.
  • 21. 13One who had escaped came andreported this to Abram the Hebrew. NowAbram was living near the great trees ofMamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshcoland Aner, all of whom were allied withAbram.14When Abram heard that his relativehad been taken captive, he called outthe 318 trained men born in hishousehold and went in pursuit as far asDan.15During the night Abram divided hismen to attack them and he routed them,pursuing them as far as Hobah, north ofDamascus.16He recovered all the goods andbrought back his relative Lot and hispossessions, together with the womenand the other people.17After Abram returned from defeatingKedorlaomer and the kings allied withhim, the king of Sodom came out tomeet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is,the Kings Valley).18Then Melchizedek king of Salembrought out bread and wine. He waspriest of God Most High,19and he blessed Abram, saying,"Blessed be Abram by God Most High,Creator of heaven and earth.20And blessed be God Most High, whodelivered your enemies into your hand."Then Abram gave him a tenth ofeverything.21The king of Sodom said to Abram,"Give me the people and keep thegoods for yourself."22But Abram said to the king of Sodom,"I have raised my hand to the Lord , GodMost High, Creator of heaven and earth,and have taken an oath23that I will accept nothing belonging toyou, not even a thread or the thong of asandal, so that you will never be able tosay, I made Abram rich.24I will accept nothing but what my menhave eaten and the share that belongsto the men who went with me-to Aner,Eshcol and Mamre. Let them have theirshare."15After this, the word of the Lordcame to Abram in a vision: "Do not beafraid, Abram. I am your shield, yourvery great reward. "2But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord ,what can you give me since I remainchildless and the one who will inherit myestate is Eliezer of Damascus?"3And Abram said, "You have given meno children; so a servant in myhousehold will be my heir."4Then the word of the Lord came to him:"This man will not be your heir, but ason coming from your own body will beyour heir."5He took him outside and said, "Look upat the heavens and count the stars-if
  • 22. indeed you can count them." Then hesaid to him, "So shall your offspring be."6Abram believed the Lord , and hecredited it to him as righteousness.7He also said to him, "I am the Lord ,who brought you out of Ur of theChaldeans to give you this land to takepossession of it."8But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord ,how can I know that I will gainpossession of it?"9So the Lord said to him, "Bring me aheifer, a goat and a ram, each threeyears old, along with a dove and ayoung pigeon."10Abram brought all these to him, cutthem in two and arranged the halvesopposite each other; the birds, however,he did not cut in half.11Then birds of prey came down on thecarcasses, but Abram drove them away.12As the sun was setting, Abram fell intoa deep sleep, and a thick and dreadfuldarkness came over him.13Then the Lord said to him, "Know forcertain that your descendants will bestrangers in a country not their own, andthey will be enslaved and mistreatedfour hundred years.14But I will punish the nation they serveas slaves, and afterward they will comeout with great possessions.15You, however, will go to your fathers inpeace and be buried at a good old age.16In the fourth generation yourdescendants will come back here, forthe sin of the Amorites has not yetreached its full measure."17When the sun had set and darknesshad fallen, a smoking firepot with ablazing torch appeared and passedbetween the pieces.18On that day the Lord made a covenantwith Abram and said, "To yourdescendants I give this land, from theriver of Egypt to the great river, theEuphrates-19the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites,Kadmonites,20Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites,21Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites andJebusites."16Now Sarai, Abrams wife, hadborne him no children. But she had anEgyptian maidservant named Hagar;2so she said to Abram, "The Lord haskept me from having children. Go, sleepwith my maidservant; perhaps I canbuild a family through her." Abramagreed to what Sarai said.3So after Abram had been living inCanaan ten years, Sarai his wife tookher Egyptian maidservant Hagar andgave her to her husband to be his wife.
  • 23. 4He slept with Hagar, and she conceived.When she knew she was pregnant, shebegan to despise her mistress.5Then Sarai said to Abram, "You areresponsible for the wrong I am suffering.I put my servant in your arms, and nowthat she knows she is pregnant, shedespises me. May the Lord judgebetween you and me."6"Your servant is in your hands," Abramsaid. "Do with her whatever you thinkbest." Then Sarai mistreated Hagar; soshe fled from her.7The angel of the Lord found Hagar neara spring in the desert; it was the springthat is beside the road to Shur.8And he said, "Hagar, servant of Sarai,where have you come from, and whereare you going?" "Im running away frommy mistress Sarai," she answered.9Then the angel of the Lord told her, "Goback to your mistress and submit toher."10The angel added, "I will so increaseyour descendants that they will be toonumerous to count."11The angel of the Lord also said to her:"You are now with child and you willhave a son. You shall name himIshmael, for the Lord has heard of yourmisery.12He will be a wild donkey of a man; hishand will be against everyone andeveryones hand against him, and he willlive in hostility toward all his brothers."13She gave this name to the Lord whospoke to her: "You are the God whosees me," for she said, "I have nowseen the One who sees me."14That is why the well was called BeerLahai Roi ; it is still there, betweenKadesh and Bered.15So Hagar bore Abram a son, andAbram gave the name Ishmael to theson she had borne.16Abram was eighty-six years old whenHagar bore him Ishmael.17When Abram was ninety-nineyears old, the Lord appeared to him andsaid, "I am God Almighty ; walk beforeme and be blameless.2I will confirm my covenant between meand you and will greatly increase yournumbers."3Abram fell facedown, and God said tohim,4"As for me, this is my covenant withyou: You will be the father of manynations.5No longer will you be called Abram ;your name will be Abraham, for I havemade you a father of many nations.6I will make you very fruitful; I will makenations of you, and kings will come fromyou.
  • 24. 7I will establish my covenant as aneverlasting covenant between me andyou and your descendants after you forthe generations to come, to be your Godand the God of your descendants afteryou.8The whole land of Canaan, where youare now an alien, I will give as aneverlasting possession to you and yourdescendants after you; and I will be theirGod."9Then God said to Abraham, "As for you,you must keep my covenant, you andyour descendants after you for thegenerations to come.10This is my covenant with you and yourdescendants after you, the covenantyou are to keep: Every male among youshall be circumcised.11You are to undergo circumcision, andit will be the sign of the covenantbetween me and you.12For the generations to come everymale among you who is eight days oldmust be circumcised, including thoseborn in your household or bought withmoney from a foreigner-those who arenot your offspring.13Whether born in your household orbought with your money, they must becircumcised. My covenant in your fleshis to be an everlasting covenant.14Any uncircumcised male, who has notbeen circumcised in the flesh, will be cutoff from his people; he has broken mycovenant."15God also said to Abraham, "As forSarai your wife, you are no longer to callher Sarai; her name will be Sarah.16I will bless her and will surely give youa son by her. I will bless her so that shewill be the mother of nations; kings ofpeoples will come from her."17Abraham fell facedown; he laughedand said to himself, "Will a son be bornto a man a hundred years old? WillSarah bear a child at the age of ninety?"18And Abraham said to God, "If onlyIshmael might live under your blessing!"19Then God said, "Yes, but your wifeSarah will bear you a son, and you willcall him Isaac. I will establish mycovenant with him as an everlastingcovenant for his descendants after him.20And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: Iwill surely bless him; I will make himfruitful and will greatly increase hisnumbers. He will be the father of twelverulers, and I will make him into a greatnation.21But my covenant I will establish withIsaac, whom Sarah will bear to you bythis time next year."22When he had finished speaking withAbraham, God went up from him.23On that very day Abraham took hisson Ishmael and all those born in hishousehold or bought with his money,every male in his household, andcircumcised them, as God told him.
  • 25. 24Abraham was ninety-nine years oldwhen he was circumcised,25and his son Ishmael was thirteen;26Abraham and his son Ishmael wereboth circumcised on that same day.27And every male in Abrahamshousehold, including those born in hishousehold or bought from a foreigner,was circumcised with him.18The Lord appeared to Abrahamnear the great trees of Mamre while hewas sitting at the entrance to his tent inthe heat of the day.2Abraham looked up and saw three menstanding nearby. When he saw them, hehurried from the entrance of his tent tomeet them and bowed low to the ground.3He said, "If I have found favor in youreyes, my lord, do not pass your servantby.4Let a little water be brought, and thenyou may all wash your feet and restunder this tree.5Let me get you something to eat, soyou can be refreshed and then go onyour way-now that you have come toyour servant." "Very well," theyanswered, "do as you say."6So Abraham hurried into the tent toSarah. "Quick," he said, "get threeseahs of fine flour and knead it andbake some bread."7Then he ran to the herd and selected achoice, tender calf and gave it to aservant, who hurried to prepare it.8He then brought some curds and milkand the calf that had been prepared,and set these before them. While theyate, he stood near them under a tree.9"Where is your wife Sarah?" they askedhim. "There, in the tent," he said.10Then the Lord said, "I will surely returnto you about this time next year, andSarah your wife will have a son." NowSarah was listening at the entrance tothe tent, which was behind him.11Abraham and Sarah were already oldand well advanced in years, and Sarahwas past the age of childbearing.12So Sarah laughed to herself as shethought, "After I am worn out and mymaster is old, will I now have thispleasure?"13Then the Lord said to Abraham, "Whydid Sarah laugh and say, Will I reallyhave a child, now that I am old?14Is anything too hard for the Lord ? I willreturn to you at the appointed time nextyear and Sarah will have a son."15Sarah was afraid, so she lied and said,"I did not laugh." But he said, "Yes, youdid laugh."16When the men got up to leave, theylooked down toward Sodom, andAbraham walked along with them to seethem on their way.
  • 26. 17Then the Lord said, "Shall I hide fromAbraham what I am about to do?18Abraham will surely become a greatand powerful nation, and all nations onearth will be blessed through him.19For I have chosen him, so that he willdirect his children and his householdafter him to keep the way of the Lord bydoing what is right and just, so that theLord will bring about for Abraham whathe has promised him."20Then the Lord said, "The outcryagainst Sodom and Gomorrah is sogreat and their sin so grievous21that I will go down and see if what theyhave done is as bad as the outcry thathas reached me. If not, I will know."22The men turned away and wenttoward Sodom, but Abraham remainedstanding before the Lord .23Then Abraham approached him andsaid: "Will you sweep away therighteous with the wicked?24What if there are fifty righteous peoplein the city? Will you really sweep it awayand not spare the place for the sake ofthe fifty righteous people in it?25Far be it from you to do such a thing-tokill the righteous with the wicked,treating the righteous and the wickedalike. Far be it from you! Will not theJudge of all the earth do right?"26The Lord said, "If I find fifty righteouspeople in the city of Sodom, I will sparethe whole place for their sake."27Then Abraham spoke up again: "Nowthat I have been so bold as to speak tothe Lord, though I am nothing but dustand ashes,28what if the number of the righteous isfive less than fifty? Will you destroy thewhole city because of five people?" "If Ifind forty-five there," he said, "I will notdestroy it."29Once again he spoke to him, "What ifonly forty are found there?" He said,"For the sake of forty, I will not do it."30Then he said, "May the Lord not beangry, but let me speak. What if onlythirty can be found there?" He answered,"I will not do it if I find thirty there."31Abraham said, "Now that I have beenso bold as to speak to the Lord, what ifonly twenty can be found there?" Hesaid, "For the sake of twenty, I will notdestroy it."32Then he said, "May the Lord not beangry, but let me speak just once more.What if only ten can be found there?" Heanswered, "For the sake of ten, I will notdestroy it."33When the Lord had finished speakingwith Abraham, he left, and Abrahamreturned home.19The two angels arrived at Sodomin the evening, and Lot was sitting in the
  • 27. gateway of the city. When he saw them,he got up to meet them and boweddown with his face to the ground.2"My lords," he said, "please turn asideto your servants house. You can washyour feet and spend the night and thengo on your way early in the morning.""No," they answered, "we will spend thenight in the square."3But he insisted so strongly that they didgo with him and entered his house. Heprepared a meal for them, baking breadwithout yeast, and they ate.4Before they had gone to bed, all themen from every part of the city ofSodom-both young and old-surroundedthe house.5They called to Lot, "Where are the menwho came to you tonight? Bring themout to us so that we can have sex withthem."6Lot went outside to meet them and shutthe door behind him7and said, "No, my friends. Dont do thiswicked thing.8Look, I have two daughters who havenever slept with a man. Let me bringthem out to you, and you can do whatyou like with them. But dont do anythingto these men, for they have come underthe protection of my roof."9"Get out of our way," they replied. Andthey said, "This fellow came here as analien, and now he wants to play thejudge! Well treat you worse than them."They kept bringing pressure on Lot andmoved forward to break down the door.10But the men inside reached out andpulled Lot back into the house and shutthe door.11Then they struck the men who were atthe door of the house, young and old,with blindness so that they could not findthe door.12The two men said to Lot, "Do you haveanyone else here-sons-in-law, sons ordaughters, or anyone else in the citywho belongs to you? Get them out ofhere,13because we are going to destroy thisplace. The outcry to the Lord against itspeople is so great that he has sent us todestroy it."14So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry hisdaughters. He said, "Hurry and get outof this place, because the Lord is aboutto destroy the city!" But his sons-in-lawthought he was joking.15With the coming of dawn, the angelsurged Lot, saying, "Hurry! Take yourwife and your two daughters who arehere, or you will be swept away whenthe city is punished."16When he hesitated, the men graspedhis hand and the hands of his wife andof his two daughters and led them safelyout of the city, for the Lord was mercifulto them.
  • 28. 17As soon as they had brought them out,one of them said, "Flee for your lives!Dont look back, and dont stopanywhere in the plain! Flee to themountains or you will be swept away!"18But Lot said to them, "No, my lords,please!19Your servant has found favor in youreyes, and you have shown greatkindness to me in sparing my life. But Icant flee to the mountains; this disasterwill overtake me, and Ill die.20Look, here is a town near enough torun to, and it is small. Let me flee to it-itis very small, isnt it? Then my life will bespared."21He said to him, "Very well, I will grantthis request too; I will not overthrow thetown you speak of.22But flee there quickly, because Icannot do anything until you reach it."(That is why the town was called Zoar. )23By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sunhad risen over the land.24Then the Lord rained down burningsulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah-fromthe Lord out of the heavens.25Thus he overthrew those cities and theentire plain, including all those living inthe cities-and also the vegetation in theland.26But Lots wife looked back, and shebecame a pillar of salt.27Early the next morning Abraham gotup and returned to the place where hehad stood before the Lord .28He looked down toward Sodom andGomorrah, toward all the land of theplain, and he saw dense smoke risingfrom the land, like smoke from a furnace.29So when God destroyed the cities ofthe plain, he remembered Abraham, andhe brought Lot out of the catastrophethat overthrew the cities where Lot hadlived.30Lot and his two daughters left Zoarand settled in the mountains, for he wasafraid to stay in Zoar. He and his twodaughters lived in a cave.31One day the older daughter said to theyounger, "Our father is old, and there isno man around here to lie with us, as isthe custom all over the earth.32Lets get our father to drink wine andthen lie with him and preserve our familyline through our father."33That night they got their father to drinkwine, and the older daughter went inand lay with him. He was not aware of itwhen she lay down or when she got up.34The next day the older daughter saidto the younger, "Last night I lay with myfather. Lets get him to drink wine againtonight, and you go in and lie with himso we can preserve our family linethrough our father."35So they got their father to drink winethat night also, and the younger
  • 29. daughter went and lay with him. Againhe was not aware of it when she laydown or when she got up.36So both of Lots daughters becamepregnant by their father.37The older daughter had a son, and shenamed him Moab ; he is the father of theMoabites of today.38The younger daughter also had a son,and she named him Ben-Ammi ; he isthe father of the Ammonites of today.20Now Abraham moved on fromthere into the region of the Negev andlived between Kadesh and Shur. For awhile he stayed in Gerar,2and there Abraham said of his wifeSarah, "She is my sister." ThenAbimelech king of Gerar sent for Sarahand took her.3But God came to Abimelech in a dreamone night and said to him, "You are asgood as dead because of the womanyou have taken; she is a marriedwoman."4Now Abimelech had not gone near her,so he said, "Lord, will you destroy aninnocent nation?5Did he not say to me, She is my sister,and didnt she also say, He is mybrother? I have done this with a clearconscience and clean hands."6Then God said to him in the dream,"Yes, I know you did this with a clearconscience, and so I have kept you fromsinning against me. That is why I did notlet you touch her.7Now return the mans wife, for he is aprophet, and he will pray for you andyou will live. But if you do not return her,you may be sure that you and all yourswill die."8Early the next morning Abimelechsummoned all his officials, and when hetold them all that had happened, theywere very much afraid.9Then Abimelech called Abraham in andsaid, "What have you done to us? Howhave I wronged you that you havebrought such great guilt upon me andmy kingdom? You have done things tome that should not be done."10And Abimelech asked Abraham, "Whatwas your reason for doing this?"11Abraham replied, "I said to myself,There is surely no fear of God in thisplace, and they will kill me because ofmy wife.12Besides, she really is my sister, thedaughter of my father though not of mymother; and she became my wife.13And when God had me wander frommy fathers household, I said to her,This is how you can show your love tome: Everywhere we go, say of me, "Heis my brother." "14Then Abimelech brought sheep andcattle and male and female slaves and
  • 30. gave them to Abraham, and he returnedSarah his wife to him.15And Abimelech said, "My land isbefore you; live wherever you like."16To Sarah he said, "I am giving yourbrother a thousand shekels of silver.This is to cover the offense against youbefore all who are with you; you arecompletely vindicated."17Then Abraham prayed to God, andGod healed Abimelech, his wife and hisslave girls so they could have childrenagain,18for the Lord had closed up everywomb in Abimelechs householdbecause of Abrahams wife Sarah.21Now the Lord was gracious toSarah as he had said, and the Lord didfor Sarah what he had promised.2Sarah became pregnant and bore ason to Abraham in his old age, at thevery time God had promised him.3Abraham gave the name Isaac to theson Sarah bore him.4When his son Isaac was eight days old,Abraham circumcised him, as Godcommanded him.5Abraham was a hundred years oldwhen his son Isaac was born to him.6Sarah said, "God has brought melaughter, and everyone who hears aboutthis will laugh with me."7And she added, "Who would have saidto Abraham that Sarah would nursechildren? Yet I have borne him a son inhis old age."8The child grew and was weaned, andon the day Isaac was weaned Abrahamheld a great feast.9But Sarah saw that the son whomHagar the Egyptian had borne toAbraham was mocking,10and she said to Abraham, "Get rid ofthat slave woman and her son, for thatslave womans son will never share inthe inheritance with my son Isaac."11The matter distressed Abrahamgreatly because it concerned his son.12But God said to him, "Do not be sodistressed about the boy and yourmaidservant. Listen to whatever Sarahtells you, because it is through Isaacthat your offspring will be reckoned.13I will make the son of the maidservantinto a nation also, because he is youroffspring."14Early the next morning Abraham tooksome food and a skin of water and gavethem to Hagar. He set them on hershoulders and then sent her off with theboy. She went on her way andwandered in the desert of Beersheba.
  • 31. 15When the water in the skin was gone,she put the boy under one of the bushes.16Then she went off and sat downnearby, about a bowshot away, for shethought, "I cannot watch the boy die."And as she sat there nearby, she beganto sob.17God heard the boy crying, and theangel of God called to Hagar fromheaven and said to her, "What is thematter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; Godhas heard the boy crying as he liesthere.18Lift the boy up and take him by thehand, for I will make him into a greatnation."19Then God opened her eyes and shesaw a well of water. So she went andfilled the skin with water and gave theboy a drink.20God was with the boy as he grew up.He lived in the desert and became anarcher.21While he was living in the Desert ofParan, his mother got a wife for himfrom Egypt.22At that time Abimelech and Phicol thecommander of his forces said toAbraham, "God is with you in everythingyou do.23Now swear to me here before God thatyou will not deal falsely with me or mychildren or my descendants. Show tome and the country where you are livingas an alien the same kindness I haveshown to you."24Abraham said, "I swear it."25Then Abraham complained toAbimelech about a well of water thatAbimelechs servants had seized.26But Abimelech said, "I dont know whohas done this. You did not tell me, and Iheard about it only today."27So Abraham brought sheep and cattleand gave them to Abimelech, and thetwo men made a treaty.28Abraham set apart seven ewe lambsfrom the flock,29and Abimelech asked Abraham, "Whatis the meaning of these seven ewelambs you have set apart bythemselves?"30He replied, "Accept these seven lambsfrom my hand as a witness that I dugthis well."31So that place was called Beersheba,because the two men swore an oaththere.32After the treaty had been made atBeersheba, Abimelech and Phicol thecommander of his forces returned to theland of the Philistines.33Abraham planted a tamarisk tree inBeersheba, and there he called uponthe name of the Lord , the Eternal God.
  • 32. 34And Abraham stayed in the land of thePhilistines for a long time.22Some time later God testedAbraham. He said to him, "Abraham!""Here I am," he replied.2Then God said, "Take your son, youronly son, Isaac, whom you love, and goto the region of Moriah. Sacrifice himthere as a burnt offering on one of themountains I will tell you about."3Early the next morning Abraham got upand saddled his donkey. He took withhim two of his servants and his sonIsaac. When he had cut enough woodfor the burnt offering, he set out for theplace God had told him about.4On the third day Abraham looked upand saw the place in the distance.5He said to his servants, "Stay here withthe donkey while I and the boy go overthere. We will worship and then we willcome back to you."6Abraham took the wood for the burntoffering and placed it on his son Isaac,and he himself carried the fire and theknife. As the two of them went ontogether,7Isaac spoke up and said to his fatherAbraham, "Father?" "Yes, my son?"Abraham replied. "The fire and wood arehere," Isaac said, "but where is the lambfor the burnt offering?"8Abraham answered, "God himself willprovide the lamb for the burnt offering,my son." And the two of them went ontogether.9When they reached the place God hadtold him about, Abraham built an altarthere and arranged the wood on it. Hebound his son Isaac and laid him on thealtar, on top of the wood.10Then he reached out his hand andtook the knife to slay his son.11But the angel of the Lord called out tohim from heaven, "Abraham! Abraham!""Here I am," he replied.12"Do not lay a hand on the boy," hesaid. "Do not do anything to him. Now Iknow that you fear God, because youhave not withheld from me your son,your only son."13Abraham looked up and there in athicket he saw a ram caught by its horns.He went over and took the ram andsacrificed it as a burnt offering instead ofhis son.14So Abraham called that place TheLord Will Provide. And to this day it issaid, "On the mountain of the Lord it willbe provided."15The angel of the Lord called toAbraham from heaven a second time16and said, "I swear by myself, declaresthe Lord , that because you have donethis and have not withheld your son,your only son,17I will surely bless you and make yourdescendants as numerous as the stars
  • 33. in the sky and as the sand on theseashore. Your descendants will takepossession of the cities of their enemies,18and through your offspring all nationson earth will be blessed, because youhave obeyed me."19Then Abraham returned to hisservants, and they set off together forBeersheba. And Abraham stayed inBeersheba.20Some time later Abraham was told,"Milcah is also a mother; she has bornesons to your brother Nahor:21Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother,Kemuel (the father of Aram),22Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph andBethuel."23Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.Milcah bore these eight sons toAbrahams brother Nahor.24His concubine, whose name wasReumah, also had sons: Tebah, Gaham,Tahash and Maacah.23Sarah lived to be a hundred andtwenty-seven years old.2She died at Kiriath Arba (that is,Hebron) in the land of Canaan, andAbraham went to mourn for Sarah andto weep over her.3Then Abraham rose from beside hisdead wife and spoke to the Hittites. Hesaid,4"I am an alien and a stranger amongyou. Sell me some property for a burialsite here so I can bury my dead."5The Hittites replied to Abraham,6"Sir, listen to us. You are a mightyprince among us. Bury your dead in thechoicest of our tombs. None of us willrefuse you his tomb for burying yourdead."7Then Abraham rose and bowed downbefore the people of the land, theHittites.8He said to them, "If you are willing to letme bury my dead, then listen to me andintercede with Ephron son of Zohar onmy behalf9so he will sell me the cave ofMachpelah, which belongs to him and isat the end of his field. Ask him to sell itto me for the full price as a burial siteamong you."10Ephron the Hittite was sitting amonghis people and he replied to Abraham inthe hearing of all the Hittites who hadcome to the gate of his city.11"No, my lord," he said. "Listen to me; Igive you the field, and I give you thecave that is in it. I give it to you in thepresence of my people. Bury yourdead."
  • 34. 12Again Abraham bowed down beforethe people of the land13and he said to Ephron in their hearing,"Listen to me, if you will. I will pay theprice of the field. Accept it from me so Ican bury my dead there."14Ephron answered Abraham,15"Listen to me, my lord; the land isworth four hundred shekels of silver, butwhat is that between me and you? Buryyour dead."16Abraham agreed to Ephrons termsand weighed out for him the price hehad named in the hearing of the Hittites:four hundred shekels of silver, accordingto the weight current among themerchants.17So Ephrons field in Machpelah nearMamre-both the field and the cave in it,and all the trees within the borders ofthe field-was deeded18to Abraham as his property in thepresence of all the Hittites who hadcome to the gate of the city.19Afterward Abraham buried his wifeSarah in the cave in the field ofMachpelah near Mamre (which is atHebron) in the land of Canaan.20So the field and the cave in it weredeeded to Abraham by the Hittites as aburial site.24Abraham was now old and welladvanced in years, and the Lord hadblessed him in every way.2He said to the chief servant in hishousehold, the one in charge of all thathe had, "Put your hand under my thigh.3I want you to swear by the Lord , theGod of heaven and the God of earth,that you will not get a wife for my sonfrom the daughters of the Canaanites,among whom I am living,4but will go to my country and my ownrelatives and get a wife for my sonIsaac."5The servant asked him, "What if thewoman is unwilling to come back withme to this land? Shall I then take yourson back to the country you camefrom?"6"Make sure that you do not take my sonback there," Abraham said.7"The Lord , the God of heaven, whobrought me out of my fathers householdand my native land and who spoke tome and promised me on oath, saying,To your offspring I will give this land-hewill send his angel before you so thatyou can get a wife for my son from there.8If the woman is unwilling to come backwith you, then you will be released fromthis oath of mine. Only do not take myson back there."
  • 35. 9So the servant put his hand under thethigh of his master Abraham and sworean oath to him concerning this matter.10Then the servant took ten of hismasters camels and left, taking with himall kinds of good things from his master.He set out for Aram Naharaim andmade his way to the town of Nahor.11He had the camels kneel down nearthe well outside the town; it was towardevening, the time the women go out todraw water.12Then he prayed, "O Lord , God of mymaster Abraham, give me successtoday, and show kindness to my masterAbraham.13See, I am standing beside this spring,and the daughters of the townspeopleare coming out to draw water.14May it be that when I say to a girl,Please let down your jar that I may havea drink, and she says, Drink, and Illwater your camels too-let her be theone you have chosen for your servantIsaac. By this I will know that you haveshown kindness to my master."15Before he had finished praying,Rebekah came out with her jar on hershoulder. She was the daughter ofBethuel son of Milcah, who was the wifeof Abrahams brother Nahor.16The girl was very beautiful, a virgin; noman had ever lain with her. She wentdown to the spring, filled her jar andcame up again.17The servant hurried to meet her andsaid, "Please give me a little water fromyour jar."18"Drink, my lord," she said, and quicklylowered the jar to her hands and gavehim a drink.19After she had given him a drink, shesaid, "Ill draw water for your camels too,until they have finished drinking."20So she quickly emptied her jar into thetrough, ran back to the well to drawmore water, and drew enough for all hiscamels.21Without saying a word, the manwatched her closely to learn whether ornot the Lord had made his journeysuccessful.22When the camels had finished drinking,the man took out a gold nose ringweighing a beka and two gold braceletsweighing ten shekels.23Then he asked, "Whose daughter areyou? Please tell me, is there room inyour fathers house for us to spend thenight?"24She answered him, "I am the daughterof Bethuel, the son that Milcah bore toNahor."25And she added, "We have plenty ofstraw and fodder, as well as room foryou to spend the night."26Then the man bowed down andworshiped the Lord ,
  • 36. 27saying, "Praise be to the Lord , theGod of my master Abraham, who hasnot abandoned his kindness andfaithfulness to my master. As for me, theLord has led me on the journey to thehouse of my masters relatives."28The girl ran and told her mothershousehold about these things.29Now Rebekah had a brother namedLaban, and he hurried out to the man atthe spring.30As soon as he had seen the nose ring,and the bracelets on his sisters arms,and had heard Rebekah tell what theman said to her, he went out to the manand found him standing by the camelsnear the spring.31"Come, you who are blessed by theLord ," he said. "Why are you standingout here? I have prepared the houseand a place for the camels."32So the man went to the house, and thecamels were unloaded. Straw andfodder were brought for the camels, andwater for him and his men to wash theirfeet.33Then food was set before him, but hesaid, "I will not eat until I have told youwhat I have to say." "Then tell us,"Laban said.34So he said, "I am Abrahams servant.35The Lord has blessed my masterabundantly, and he has become wealthy.He has given him sheep and cattle,silver and gold, menservants andmaidservants, and camels and donkeys.36My masters wife Sarah has borne hima son in her old age, and he has givenhim everything he owns.37And my master made me swear anoath, and said, You must not get a wifefor my son from the daughters of theCanaanites, in whose land I live,38but go to my fathers family and to myown clan, and get a wife for my son.39"Then I asked my master, What if thewoman will not come back with me?40"He replied, The Lord , before whom Ihave walked, will send his angel withyou and make your journey a success,so that you can get a wife for my sonfrom my own clan and from my fathersfamily.41Then, when you go to my clan, you willbe released from my oath even if theyrefuse to give her to you-you will bereleased from my oath.42"When I came to the spring today, Isaid, O Lord , God of my masterAbraham, if you will, please grantsuccess to the journey on which I havecome.43See, I am standing beside this spring;if a maiden comes out to draw waterand I say to her, "Please let me drink alittle water from your jar,"44and if she says to me, "Drink, and Illdraw water for your camels too," let her
  • 37. be the one the Lord has chosen for mymasters son.45"Before I finished praying in my heart,Rebekah came out, with her jar on hershoulder. She went down to the springand drew water, and I said to her,Please give me a drink.46"She quickly lowered her jar from hershoulder and said, Drink, and Ill wateryour camels too. So I drank, and shewatered the camels also.47"I asked her, Whose daughter areyou? "She said, The daughter ofBethuel son of Nahor, whom Milcahbore to him. "Then I put the ring in hernose and the bracelets on her arms,48and I bowed down and worshiped theLord . I praised the Lord , the God of mymaster Abraham, who had led me onthe right road to get the granddaughterof my masters brother for his son.49Now if you will show kindness andfaithfulness to my master, tell me; and ifnot, tell me, so I may know which way toturn."50Laban and Bethuel answered, "This isfrom the Lord ; we can say nothing toyou one way or the other.51Here is Rebekah; take her and go, andlet her become the wife of your mastersson, as the Lord has directed."52When Abrahams servant heard whatthey said, he bowed down to the groundbefore the Lord .53Then the servant brought out gold andsilver jewelry and articles of clothing andgave them to Rebekah; he also gavecostly gifts to her brother and to hermother.54Then he and the men who were withhim ate and drank and spent the nightthere. When they got up the nextmorning, he said, "Send me on my wayto my master."55But her brother and her mother replied,"Let the girl remain with us ten days orso; then you may go."56But he said to them, "Do not detain me,now that the Lord has granted successto my journey. Send me on my way so Imay go to my master."57Then they said, "Lets call the girl andask her about it."58So they called Rebekah and asked her,"Will you go with this man?" "I will go,"she said.59So they sent their sister Rebekah onher way, along with her nurse andAbrahams servant and his men.60And they blessed Rebekah and said toher, "Our sister, may you increase tothousands upon thousands; may youroffspring possess the gates of theirenemies."61Then Rebekah and her maids gotready and mounted their camels andwent back with the man. So the servanttook Rebekah and left.
  • 38. 62Now Isaac had come from Beer LahaiRoi, for he was living in the Negev.63He went out to the field one evening tomeditate, and as he looked up, he sawcamels approaching.64Rebekah also looked up and sawIsaac. She got down from her camel65and asked the servant, "Who is thatman in the field coming to meet us?""He is my master," the servantanswered. So she took her veil andcovered herself.66Then the servant told Isaac all he haddone.67Isaac brought her into the tent of hismother Sarah, and he married Rebekah.So she became his wife, and he lovedher; and Isaac was comforted after hismothers death.25Abraham took another wife,whose name was Keturah.2She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan,Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.3Jokshan was the father of Sheba andDedan; the descendants of Dedan werethe Asshurites, the Letushites and theLeummites.4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher,Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All thesewere descendants of Keturah.5Abraham left everything he owned toIsaac.6But while he was still living, he gavegifts to the sons of his concubines andsent them away from his son Isaac tothe land of the east.7Altogether, Abraham lived a hundredand seventy-five years.8Then Abraham breathed his last anddied at a good old age, an old man andfull of years; and he was gathered to hispeople.9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried himin the cave of Machpelah near Mamre,in the field of Ephron son of Zohar theHittite,10the field Abraham had bought from theHittites. There Abraham was buried withhis wife Sarah.11After Abrahams death, God blessedhis son Isaac, who then lived near BeerLahai Roi.12This is the account of Abrahams sonIshmael, whom Sarahs maidservant,Hagar the Egyptian, bore to Abraham.13These are the names of the sons ofIshmael, listed in the order of their birth:Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar,Adbeel, Mibsam,14Mishma, Dumah, Massa,15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish andKedemah.
  • 39. 16These were the sons of Ishmael, andthese are the names of the twelve tribalrulers according to their settlements andcamps.17Altogether, Ishmael lived a hundredand thirty-seven years. He breathed hislast and died, and he was gathered tohis people.18His descendants settled in the areafrom Havilah to Shur, near the border ofEgypt, as you go toward Asshur. Andthey lived in hostility toward all theirbrothers.19This is the account of Abrahams sonIsaac. Abraham became the father ofIsaac,20and Isaac was forty years old when hemarried Rebekah daughter of Bethuelthe Aramean from Paddan Aram andsister of Laban the Aramean.21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf ofhis wife, because she was barren. TheLord answered his prayer, and his wifeRebekah became pregnant.22The babies jostled each other withinher, and she said, "Why is thishappening to me?" So she went toinquire of the Lord .23The Lord said to her, "Two nations arein your womb, and two peoples fromwithin you will be separated; one peoplewill be stronger than the other, and theolder will serve the younger."24When the time came for her to givebirth, there were twin boys in her womb.25The first to come out was red, and hiswhole body was like a hairy garment; sothey named him Esau.26After this, his brother came out, withhis hand grasping Esaus heel; so hewas named Jacob. Isaac was sixtyyears old when Rebekah gave birth tothem.27The boys grew up, and Esau becamea skillful hunter, a man of the opencountry, while Jacob was a quiet man,staying among the tents.28Isaac, who had a taste for wild game,loved Esau, but Rebekah loved Jacob.29Once when Jacob was cooking somestew, Esau came in from the opencountry, famished.30He said to Jacob, "Quick, let me havesome of that red stew! Im famished!"(That is why he was also called Edom. )31Jacob replied, "First sell me yourbirthright."32"Look, I am about to die," Esau said."What good is the birthright to me?"33But Jacob said, "Swear to me first." Sohe swore an oath to him, selling hisbirthright to Jacob.34Then Jacob gave Esau some breadand some lentil stew. He ate and drank,and then got up and left. So Esaudespised his birthright.
  • 40. 26Now there was a famine in theland-besides the earlier famine ofAbrahams time-and Isaac went toAbimelech king of the Philistines inGerar.2The Lord appeared to Isaac and said,"Do not go down to Egypt; live in theland where I tell you to live.3Stay in this land for a while, and I willbe with you and will bless you. For toyou and your descendants I will give allthese lands and will confirm the oath Iswore to your father Abraham.4I will make your descendants asnumerous as the stars in the sky andwill give them all these lands, andthrough your offspring all nations onearth will be blessed,5because Abraham obeyed me and keptmy requirements, my commands, mydecrees and my laws."6So Isaac stayed in Gerar.7When the men of that place asked himabout his wife, he said, "She is mysister," because he was afraid to say,"She is my wife." He thought, "The menof this place might kill me on account ofRebekah, because she is beautiful."8When Isaac had been there a long time,Abimelech king of the Philistines lookeddown from a window and saw Isaaccaressing his wife Rebekah.9So Abimelech summoned Isaac andsaid, "She is really your wife! Why didyou say, She is my sister?" Isaacanswered him, "Because I thought Imight lose my life on account of her."10Then Abimelech said, "What is thisyou have done to us? One of the menmight well have slept with your wife, andyou would have brought guilt upon us."11So Abimelech gave orders to all thepeople: "Anyone who molests this manor his wife shall surely be put to death."12Isaac planted crops in that land andthe same year reaped a hundredfold,because the Lord blessed him.13The man became rich, and his wealthcontinued to grow until he became verywealthy.14He had so many flocks and herds andservants that the Philistines envied him.15So all the wells that his fathersservants had dug in the time of hisfather Abraham, the Philistines stoppedup, filling them with earth.16Then Abimelech said to Isaac, "Moveaway from us; you have become toopowerful for us."17So Isaac moved away from there andencamped in the Valley of Gerar andsettled there.18Isaac reopened the wells that hadbeen dug in the time of his fatherAbraham, which the Philistines hadstopped up after Abraham died, and hegave them the same names his fatherhad given them.
  • 41. 19Isaacs servants dug in the valley anddiscovered a well of fresh water there.20But the herdsmen of Gerar quarreledwith Isaacs herdsmen and said, "Thewater is ours!" So he named the wellEsek, because they disputed with him.21Then they dug another well, but theyquarreled over that one also; so henamed it Sitnah.22He moved on from there and duganother well, and no one quarreled overit. He named it Rehoboth, saying, "Nowthe Lord has given us room and we willflourish in the land."23From there he went up to Beersheba.24That night the Lord appeared to himand said, "I am the God of your fatherAbraham. Do not be afraid, for I am withyou; I will bless you and will increase thenumber of your descendants for thesake of my servant Abraham."25Isaac built an altar there and called onthe name of the Lord . There he pitchedhis tent, and there his servants dug awell.26Meanwhile, Abimelech had come tohim from Gerar, with Ahuzzath hispersonal adviser and Phicol thecommander of his forces.27Isaac asked them, "Why have youcome to me, since you were hostile tome and sent me away?"28They answered, "We saw clearly thatthe Lord was with you; so we said,There ought to be a sworn agreementbetween us-between us and you. Let usmake a treaty with you29that you will do us no harm, just as wedid not molest you but always treatedyou well and sent you away in peace.And now you are blessed by the Lord ."30Isaac then made a feast for them, andthey ate and drank.31Early the next morning the men sworean oath to each other. Then Isaac sentthem on their way, and they left him inpeace.32That day Isaacs servants came andtold him about the well they had dug.They said, "Weve found water!"33He called it Shibah, and to this day thename of the town has been Beersheba.34When Esau was forty years old, hemarried Judith daughter of Beeri theHittite, and also Basemath daughter ofElon the Hittite.35They were a source of grief to Isaacand Rebekah.27When Isaac was old and his eyeswere so weak that he could no longersee, he called for Esau his older sonand said to him, "My son." "Here I am,"he answered.2Isaac said, "I am now an old man anddont know the day of my death.
  • 42. 3Now then, get your weapons-yourquiver and bow-and go out to the opencountry to hunt some wild game for me.4Prepare me the kind of tasty food I likeand bring it to me to eat, so that I maygive you my blessing before I die."5Now Rebekah was listening as Isaacspoke to his son Esau. When Esau leftfor the open country to hunt game andbring it back,6Rebekah said to her son Jacob, "Look,I overheard your father say to yourbrother Esau,7Bring me some game and prepare mesome tasty food to eat, so that I maygive you my blessing in the presence ofthe Lord before I die.8Now, my son, listen carefully and dowhat I tell you:9Go out to the flock and bring me twochoice young goats, so I can preparesome tasty food for your father, just theway he likes it.10Then take it to your father to eat, sothat he may give you his blessing beforehe dies."11Jacob said to Rebekah his mother,"But my brother Esau is a hairy man,and Im a man with smooth skin.12What if my father touches me? I wouldappear to be tricking him and wouldbring down a curse on myself ratherthan a blessing."13His mother said to him, "My son, letthe curse fall on me. Just do what I say;go and get them for me."14So he went and got them and broughtthem to his mother, and she preparedsome tasty food, just the way his fatherliked it.15Then Rebekah took the best clothes ofEsau her older son, which she had inthe house, and put them on her youngerson Jacob.16She also covered his hands and thesmooth part of his neck with thegoatskins.17Then she handed to her son Jacob thetasty food and the bread she had made.18He went to his father and said, "Myfather." "Yes, my son," he answered."Who is it?"19Jacob said to his father, "I am Esauyour firstborn. I have done as you toldme. Please sit up and eat some of mygame so that you may give me yourblessing."20Isaac asked his son, "How did you findit so quickly, my son?" "The Lord yourGod gave me success," he replied.21Then Isaac said to Jacob, "Come nearso I can touch you, my son, to knowwhether you really are my son Esau ornot."22Jacob went close to his father Isaac,who touched him and said, "The voice is
  • 43. the voice of Jacob, but the hands arethe hands of Esau."23He did not recognize him, for hishands were hairy like those of hisbrother Esau; so he blessed him.24"Are you really my son Esau?" heasked. "I am," he replied.25Then he said, "My son, bring me someof your game to eat, so that I may giveyou my blessing." Jacob brought it tohim and he ate; and he brought somewine and he drank.26Then his father Isaac said to him,"Come here, my son, and kiss me."27So he went to him and kissed him.When Isaac caught the smell of hisclothes, he blessed him and said, "Ah,the smell of my son is like the smell of afield that the Lord has blessed.28May God give you of heavens dewand of earths richness- an abundanceof grain and new wine.29May nations serve you and peoplesbow down to you. Be lord over yourbrothers, and may the sons of yourmother bow down to you. May thosewho curse you be cursed and those whobless you be blessed."30After Isaac finished blessing him andJacob had scarcely left his fatherspresence, his brother Esau came infrom hunting.31He too prepared some tasty food andbrought it to his father. Then he said tohim, "My father, sit up and eat some ofmy game, so that you may give me yourblessing."32His father Isaac asked him, "Who areyou?" "I am your son," he answered,"your firstborn, Esau."33Isaac trembled violently and said,"Who was it, then, that hunted gameand brought it to me? I ate it just beforeyou came and I blessed him-and indeedhe will be blessed!"34When Esau heard his fathers words,he burst out with a loud and bitter cryand said to his father, "Bless me-me too,my father!"35But he said, "Your brother camedeceitfully and took your blessing."36Esau said, "Isnt he rightly namedJacob ? He has deceived me these twotimes: He took my birthright, and nowhes taken my blessing!" Then he asked,"Havent you reserved any blessing forme?"37Isaac answered Esau, "I have madehim lord over you and have made all hisrelatives his servants, and I havesustained him with grain and new wine.So what can I possibly do for you, myson?"38Esau said to his father, "Do you haveonly one blessing, my father? Bless metoo, my father!" Then Esau wept aloud.39His father Isaac answered him, "Yourdwelling will be away from the earths
  • 44. richness, away from the dew of heavenabove.40You will live by the sword and you willserve your brother. But when you growrestless, you will throw his yoke from offyour neck."41Esau held a grudge against Jacobbecause of the blessing his father hadgiven him. He said to himself, "The daysof mourning for my father are near; thenI will kill my brother Jacob."42When Rebekah was told what herolder son Esau had said, she sent forher younger son Jacob and said to him,"Your brother Esau is consoling himselfwith the thought of killing you.43Now then, my son, do what I say: Fleeat once to my brother Laban in Haran.44Stay with him for a while until yourbrothers fury subsides.45When your brother is no longer angrywith you and forgets what you did to him,Ill send word for you to come back fromthere. Why should I lose both of you inone day?"46Then Rebekah said to Isaac, "Imdisgusted with living because of theseHittite women. If Jacob takes a wife fromamong the women of this land, fromHittite women like these, my life will notbe worth living."28So Isaac called for Jacob andblessed him and commanded him: "Donot marry a Canaanite woman.2Go at once to Paddan Aram, to thehouse of your mothers father Bethuel.Take a wife for yourself there, fromamong the daughters of Laban, yourmothers brother.3May God Almighty bless you and makeyou fruitful and increase your numbersuntil you become a community ofpeoples.4May he give you and your descendantsthe blessing given to Abraham, so thatyou may take possession of the landwhere you now live as an alien, the landGod gave to Abraham."5Then Isaac sent Jacob on his way, andhe went to Paddan Aram, to Laban sonof Bethuel the Aramean, the brother ofRebekah, who was the mother of Jacoband Esau.6Now Esau learned that Isaac hadblessed Jacob and had sent him toPaddan Aram to take a wife from there,and that when he blessed him hecommanded him, "Do not marry aCanaanite woman,"7and that Jacob had obeyed his fatherand mother and had gone to PaddanAram.8Esau then realized how displeasing theCanaanite women were to his fatherIsaac;9so he went to Ishmael and marriedMahalath, the sister of Nebaioth anddaughter of Ishmael son of Abraham, inaddition to the wives he already had.
  • 45. 10Jacob left Beersheba and set out forHaran.11When he reached a certain place, hestopped for the night because the sunhad set. Taking one of the stones there,he put it under his head and lay down tosleep.12He had a dream in which he saw astairway resting on the earth, with its topreaching to heaven, and the angels ofGod were ascending and descending onit.13There above it stood the Lord , and hesaid: "I am the Lord , the God of yourfather Abraham and the God of Isaac. Iwill give you and your descendants theland on which you are lying.14Your descendants will be like the dustof the earth, and you will spread out tothe west and to the east, to the northand to the south. All peoples on earthwill be blessed through you and youroffspring.15I am with you and will watch over youwherever you go, and I will bring youback to this land. I will not leave youuntil I have done what I have promisedyou."16When Jacob awoke from his sleep, hethought, "Surely the Lord is in this place,and I was not aware of it."17He was afraid and said, "Howawesome is this place! This is noneother than the house of God; this is thegate of heaven."18Early the next morning Jacob took thestone he had placed under his head andset it up as a pillar and poured oil on topof it.19He called that place Bethel, though thecity used to be called Luz.20Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "IfGod will be with me and will watch overme on this journey I am taking and willgive me food to eat and clothes to wear21so that I return safely to my fathershouse, then the Lord will be my God22and this stone that I have set up as apillar will be Gods house, and of all thatyou give me I will give you a tenth."29Then Jacob continued on hisjourney and came to the land of theeastern peoples.2There he saw a well in the field, withthree flocks of sheep lying near itbecause the flocks were watered fromthat well. The stone over the mouth ofthe well was large.3When all the flocks were gathered there,the shepherds would roll the stone awayfrom the wells mouth and water thesheep. Then they would return the stoneto its place over the mouth of the well.4Jacob asked the shepherds, "Mybrothers, where are you from?" "Werefrom Haran," they replied.
  • 46. 5He said to them, "Do you know Laban,Nahors grandson?" "Yes, we knowhim," they answered.6Then Jacob asked them, "Is he well?""Yes, he is," they said, "and here comeshis daughter Rachel with the sheep."7"Look," he said, "the sun is still high; itis not time for the flocks to be gathered.Water the sheep and take them back topasture."8"We cant," they replied, "until all theflocks are gathered and the stone hasbeen rolled away from the mouth of thewell. Then we will water the sheep."9While he was still talking with them,Rachel came with her fathers sheep, forshe was a shepherdess.10When Jacob saw Rachel daughter ofLaban, his mothers brother, andLabans sheep, he went over and rolledthe stone away from the mouth of thewell and watered his uncles sheep.11Then Jacob kissed Rachel and beganto weep aloud.12He had told Rachel that he was arelative of her father and a son ofRebekah. So she ran and told her father.13As soon as Laban heard the newsabout Jacob, his sisters son, he hurriedto meet him. He embraced him andkissed him and brought him to his home,and there Jacob told him all these things.14Then Laban said to him, "You are myown flesh and blood." After Jacob hadstayed with him for a whole month,15Laban said to him, "Just because youare a relative of mine, should you workfor me for nothing? Tell me what yourwages should be."16Now Laban had two daughters; thename of the older was Leah, and thename of the younger was Rachel.17Leah had weak eyes, but Rachel waslovely in form, and beautiful.18Jacob was in love with Rachel andsaid, "Ill work for you seven years inreturn for your younger daughterRachel."19Laban said, "Its better that I give herto you than to some other man. Stayhere with me."20So Jacob served seven years to getRachel, but they seemed like only a fewdays to him because of his love for her.21Then Jacob said to Laban, "Give memy wife. My time is completed, and Iwant to lie with her."22So Laban brought together all thepeople of the place and gave a feast.23But when evening came, he took hisdaughter Leah and gave her to Jacob,and Jacob lay with her.24And Laban gave his servant girl Zilpahto his daughter as her maidservant.
  • 47. 25When morning came, there was Leah!So Jacob said to Laban, "What is thisyou have done to me? I served you forRachel, didnt I? Why have youdeceived me?"26Laban replied, "It is not our customhere to give the younger daughter inmarriage before the older one.27Finish this daughters bridal week; thenwe will give you the younger one also, inreturn for another seven years of work."28And Jacob did so. He finished theweek with Leah, and then Laban gavehim his daughter Rachel to be his wife.29Laban gave his servant girl Bilhah tohis daughter Rachel as her maidservant.30Jacob lay with Rachel also, and heloved Rachel more than Leah. And heworked for Laban another seven years.31When the Lord saw that Leah was notloved, he opened her womb, but Rachelwas barren.32Leah became pregnant and gave birthto a son. She named him Reuben, forshe said, "It is because the Lord hasseen my misery. Surely my husband willlove me now."33She conceived again, and when shegave birth to a son she said, "Becausethe Lord heard that I am not loved, hegave me this one too." So she namedhim Simeon.34Again she conceived, and when shegave birth to a son she said, "Now atlast my husband will become attachedto me, because I have borne him threesons." So he was named Levi.35She conceived again, and when shegave birth to a son she said, "This time Iwill praise the Lord ." So she named himJudah. Then she stopped havingchildren.30When Rachel saw that she wasnot bearing Jacob any children, shebecame jealous of her sister. So shesaid to Jacob, "Give me children, or Illdie!"2Jacob became angry with her and said,"Am I in the place of God, who has keptyou from having children?"3Then she said, "Here is Bilhah, mymaidservant. Sleep with her so that shecan bear children for me and thatthrough her I too can build a family."4So she gave him her servant Bilhah asa wife. Jacob slept with her,5and she became pregnant and borehim a son.6Then Rachel said, "God has vindicatedme; he has listened to my plea andgiven me a son." Because of this shenamed him Dan.7Rachels servant Bilhah conceivedagain and bore Jacob a second son.8Then Rachel said, "I have had a greatstruggle with my sister, and I have won."So she named him Naphtali.
  • 48. 9When Leah saw that she had stoppedhaving children, she took hermaidservant Zilpah and gave her toJacob as a wife.10Leahs servant Zilpah bore Jacob ason.11Then Leah said, "What good fortune!"So she named him Gad.12Leahs servant Zilpah bore Jacob asecond son.13Then Leah said, "How happy I am!The women will call me happy." So shenamed him Asher.14During wheat harvest, Reuben wentout into the fields and found somemandrake plants, which he brought tohis mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah,"Please give me some of your sonsmandrakes."15But she said to her, "Wasnt it enoughthat you took away my husband? Willyou take my sons mandrakes too?""Very well," Rachel said, "he can sleepwith you tonight in return for your sonsmandrakes."16So when Jacob came in from the fieldsthat evening, Leah went out to meet him."You must sleep with me," she said. "Ihave hired you with my sonsmandrakes." So he slept with her thatnight.17God listened to Leah, and she becamepregnant and bore Jacob a fifth son.18Then Leah said, "God has rewardedme for giving my maidservant to myhusband." So she named him Issachar.19Leah conceived again and bore Jacoba sixth son.20Then Leah said, "God has presentedme with a precious gift. This time myhusband will treat me with honor,because I have borne him six sons." Soshe named him Zebulun.21Some time later she gave birth to adaughter and named her Dinah.22Then God remembered Rachel; helistened to her and opened her womb.23She became pregnant and gave birthto a son and said, "God has taken awaymy disgrace."24She named him Joseph, and said,"May the Lord add to me another son."25After Rachel gave birth to Joseph,Jacob said to Laban, "Send me on myway so I can go back to my ownhomeland.26Give me my wives and children, forwhom I have served you, and I will beon my way. You know how much workIve done for you."27But Laban said to him, "If I have foundfavor in your eyes, please stay. I havelearned by divination that the Lord hasblessed me because of you."28He added, "Name your wages, and Iwill pay them."
  • 49. 29Jacob said to him, "You know how Ihave worked for you and how yourlivestock has fared under my care.30The little you had before I came hasincreased greatly, and the Lord hasblessed you wherever I have been. Butnow, when may I do something for myown household?"31"What shall I give you?" he asked."Dont give me anything," Jacob replied."But if you will do this one thing for me, Iwill go on tending your flocks andwatching over them:32Let me go through all your flocks todayand remove from them every speckledor spotted sheep, every dark-coloredlamb and every spotted or speckledgoat. They will be my wages.33And my honesty will testify for me inthe future, whenever you check on thewages you have paid me. Any goat inmy possession that is not speckled orspotted, or any lamb that is not dark-colored, will be considered stolen."34"Agreed," said Laban. "Let it be as youhave said."35That same day he removed all themale goats that were streaked orspotted, and all the speckled or spottedfemale goats (all that had white onthem) and all the dark-colored lambs,and he placed them in the care of hissons.36Then he put a three-day journeybetween himself and Jacob, while Jacobcontinued to tend the rest of Labansflocks.37Jacob, however, took fresh-cutbranches from poplar, almond and planetrees and made white stripes on themby peeling the bark and exposing thewhite inner wood of the branches.38Then he placed the peeled branchesin all the watering troughs, so that theywould be directly in front of the flockswhen they came to drink. When theflocks were in heat and came to drink,39they mated in front of the branches.And they bore young that were streakedor speckled or spotted.40Jacob set apart the young of the flockby themselves, but made the rest facethe streaked and dark-colored animalsthat belonged to Laban. Thus he madeseparate flocks for himself and did notput them with Labans animals.41Whenever the stronger females werein heat, Jacob would place the branchesin the troughs in front of the animals sothey would mate near the branches,42but if the animals were weak, he wouldnot place them there. So the weakanimals went to Laban and the strongones to Jacob.43In this way the man grew exceedinglyprosperous and came to own largeflocks, and maidservants andmenservants, and camels and donkeys.
  • 50. 31Jacob heard that Labans sonswere saying, "Jacob has takeneverything our father owned and hasgained all this wealth from whatbelonged to our father."2And Jacob noticed that Labans attitudetoward him was not what it had been.3Then the Lord said to Jacob, "Go backto the land of your fathers and to yourrelatives, and I will be with you."4So Jacob sent word to Rachel andLeah to come out to the fields where hisflocks were.5He said to them, "I see that yourfathers attitude toward me is not what itwas before, but the God of my fatherhas been with me.6You know that Ive worked for yourfather with all my strength,7yet your father has cheated me bychanging my wages ten times. However,God has not allowed him to harm me.8If he said, The speckled ones will beyour wages, then all the flocks gavebirth to speckled young; and if he said,The streaked ones will be your wages,then all the flocks bore streaked young.9So God has taken away your fatherslivestock and has given them to me.10"In breeding season I once had adream in which I looked up and saw thatthe male goats mating with the flockwere streaked, speckled or spotted.11The angel of God said to me in thedream, Jacob. I answered, Here I am.12And he said, Look up and see that allthe male goats mating with the flock arestreaked, speckled or spotted, for I haveseen all that Laban has been doing toyou.13I am the God of Bethel, where youanointed a pillar and where you made avow to me. Now leave this land at onceand go back to your native land. "14Then Rachel and Leah replied, "Do westill have any share in the inheritance ofour fathers estate?15Does he not regard us as foreigners?Not only has he sold us, but he hasused up what was paid for us.16Surely all the wealth that God tookaway from our father belongs to us andour children. So do whatever God hastold you."17Then Jacob put his children and hiswives on camels,18and he drove all his livestock ahead ofhim, along with all the goods he hadaccumulated in Paddan Aram, to go tohis father Isaac in the land of Canaan.19When Laban had gone to shear hissheep, Rachel stole her fathershousehold gods.20Moreover, Jacob deceived Laban theAramean by not telling him he wasrunning away.
  • 51. 21So he fled with all he had, andcrossing the River, he headed for the hillcountry of Gilead.22On the third day Laban was told thatJacob had fled.23Taking his relatives with him, hepursued Jacob for seven days andcaught up with him in the hill country ofGilead.24Then God came to Laban theAramean in a dream at night and said tohim, "Be careful not to say anything toJacob, either good or bad."25Jacob had pitched his tent in the hillcountry of Gilead when Laban overtookhim, and Laban and his relativescamped there too.26Then Laban said to Jacob, "What haveyou done? Youve deceived me, andyouve carried off my daughters likecaptives in war.27Why did you run off secretly anddeceive me? Why didnt you tell me, so Icould send you away with joy andsinging to the music of tambourines andharps?28You didnt even let me kiss mygrandchildren and my daughters good-by. You have done a foolish thing.29I have the power to harm you; but lastnight the God of your father said to me,Be careful not to say anything to Jacob,either good or bad.30Now you have gone off because youlonged to return to your fathers house.But why did you steal my gods?"31Jacob answered Laban, "I was afraid,because I thought you would take yourdaughters away from me by force.32But if you find anyone who has yourgods, he shall not live. In the presenceof our relatives, see for yourself whetherthere is anything of yours here with me;and if so, take it." Now Jacob did notknow that Rachel had stolen the gods.33So Laban went into Jacobs tent andinto Leahs tent and into the tent of thetwo maidservants, but he found nothing.After he came out of Leahs tent, heentered Rachels tent.34Now Rachel had taken the householdgods and put them inside her camelssaddle and was sitting on them. Labansearched through everything in the tentbut found nothing.35Rachel said to her father, "Dont beangry, my lord, that I cannot stand up inyour presence; Im having my period."So he searched but could not find thehousehold gods.36Jacob was angry and took Laban totask. "What is my crime?" he askedLaban. "What sin have I committed thatyou hunt me down?37Now that you have searched throughall my goods, what have you found thatbelongs to your household? Put it herein front of your relatives and mine, andlet them judge between the two of us.
  • 52. 38"I have been with you for twenty yearsnow. Your sheep and goats have notmiscarried, nor have I eaten rams fromyour flocks.39I did not bring you animals torn by wildbeasts; I bore the loss myself. And youdemanded payment from me forwhatever was stolen by day or night.40This was my situation: The heatconsumed me in the daytime and thecold at night, and sleep fled from myeyes.41It was like this for the twenty years Iwas in your household. I worked for youfourteen years for your two daughtersand six years for your flocks, and youchanged my wages ten times.42If the God of my father, the God ofAbraham and the Fear of Isaac, had notbeen with me, you would surely havesent me away empty-handed. But Godhas seen my hardship and the toil of myhands, and last night he rebuked you."43Laban answered Jacob, "The womenare my daughters, the children are mychildren, and the flocks are my flocks.All you see is mine. Yet what can I dotoday about these daughters of mine, orabout the children they have borne?44Come now, lets make a covenant, youand I, and let it serve as a witnessbetween us."45So Jacob took a stone and set it up asa pillar.46He said to his relatives, "Gather somestones." So they took stones and piledthem in a heap, and they ate there bythe heap.47Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, andJacob called it Galeed.48Laban said, "This heap is a witnessbetween you and me today." That is whyit was called Galeed.49It was also called Mizpah, because hesaid, "May the Lord keep watch betweenyou and me when we are away fromeach other.50If you mistreat my daughters or if youtake any wives besides my daughters,even though no one is with us,remember that God is a witnessbetween you and me."51Laban also said to Jacob, "Here is thisheap, and here is this pillar I have set upbetween you and me.52This heap is a witness, and this pillaris a witness, that I will not go past thisheap to your side to harm you and thatyou will not go past this heap and pillarto my side to harm me.53May the God of Abraham and the Godof Nahor, the God of their father, judgebetween us." So Jacob took an oath inthe name of the Fear of his father Isaac.54He offered a sacrifice there in the hillcountry and invited his relatives to ameal. After they had eaten, they spentthe night there.
  • 53. 55Early the next morning Laban kissedhis grandchildren and his daughters andblessed them. Then he left and returnedhome.32Jacob also went on his way, andthe angels of God met him.2When Jacob saw them, he said, "Thisis the camp of God!" So he named thatplace Mahanaim.3Jacob sent messengers ahead of himto his brother Esau in the land of Seir,the country of Edom.4He instructed them: "This is what youare to say to my master Esau: Yourservant Jacob says, I have been stayingwith Laban and have remained there tillnow.5I have cattle and donkeys, sheep andgoats, menservants and maidservants.Now I am sending this message to mylord, that I may find favor in your eyes. "6When the messengers returned toJacob, they said, "We went to yourbrother Esau, and now he is coming tomeet you, and four hundred men arewith him."7In great fear and distress Jacob dividedthe people who were with him into twogroups, and the flocks and herds andcamels as well.8He thought, "If Esau comes and attacksone group, the group that is left mayescape."9Then Jacob prayed, "O God of myfather Abraham, God of my father Isaac,O Lord , who said to me, Go back toyour country and your relatives, and Iwill make you prosper,10I am unworthy of all the kindness andfaithfulness you have shown yourservant. I had only my staff when Icrossed this Jordan, but now I havebecome two groups.11Save me, I pray, from the hand of mybrother Esau, for I am afraid he willcome and attack me, and also themothers with their children.12But you have said, I will surely makeyou prosper and will make yourdescendants like the sand of the sea,which cannot be counted. "13He spent the night there, and fromwhat he had with him he selected a giftfor his brother Esau:14two hundred female goats and twentymale goats, two hundred ewes andtwenty rams,15thirty female camels with their young,forty cows and ten bulls, and twentyfemale donkeys and ten male donkeys.16He put them in the care of his servants,each herd by itself, and said to hisservants, "Go ahead of me, and keepsome space between the herds."17He instructed the one in the lead:"When my brother Esau meets you andasks, To whom do you belong, and
  • 54. where are you going, and who owns allthese animals in front of you?18then you are to say, They belong toyour servant Jacob. They are a gift sentto my lord Esau, and he is comingbehind us. "19He also instructed the second, thethird and all the others who followed theherds: "You are to say the same thing toEsau when you meet him.20And be sure to say, Your servantJacob is coming behind us. " For hethought, "I will pacify him with these giftsI am sending on ahead; later, when Isee him, perhaps he will receive me."21So Jacobs gifts went on ahead of him,but he himself spent the night in thecamp.22That night Jacob got up and took histwo wives, his two maidservants and hiseleven sons and crossed the ford of theJabbok.23After he had sent them across thestream, he sent over all his possessions.24So Jacob was left alone, and a manwrestled with him till daybreak.25When the man saw that he could notoverpower him, he touched the socketof Jacobs hip so that his hip waswrenched as he wrestled with the man.26Then the man said, "Let me go, for it isdaybreak." But Jacob replied, "I will notlet you go unless you bless me."27The man asked him, "What is yourname?" "Jacob," he answered.28Then the man said, "Your name will nolonger be Jacob, but Israel, becauseyou have struggled with God and withmen and have overcome."29Jacob said, "Please tell me yourname." But he replied, "Why do you askmy name?" Then he blessed him there.30So Jacob called the place Peniel,saying, "It is because I saw God face toface, and yet my life was spared."31The sun rose above him as he passedPeniel, and he was limping because ofhis hip.32Therefore to this day the Israelites donot eat the tendon attached to thesocket of the hip, because the socket ofJacobs hip was touched near thetendon.33Jacob looked up and there wasEsau, coming with his four hundredmen; so he divided the children amongLeah, Rachel and the two maidservants.2He put the maidservants and theirchildren in front, Leah and her childrennext, and Rachel and Joseph in the rear.3He himself went on ahead and boweddown to the ground seven times as heapproached his brother.4But Esau ran to meet Jacob andembraced him; he threw his arms
  • 55. around his neck and kissed him. Andthey wept.5Then Esau looked up and saw thewomen and children. "Who are thesewith you?" he asked. Jacob answered,"They are the children God hasgraciously given your servant."6Then the maidservants and theirchildren approached and bowed down.7Next, Leah and her children came andbowed down. Last of all came Josephand Rachel, and they too bowed down.8Esau asked, "What do you mean by allthese droves I met?" "To find favor inyour eyes, my lord," he said.9But Esau said, "I already have plenty,my brother. Keep what you have foryourself."10"No, please!" said Jacob. "If I havefound favor in your eyes, accept this giftfrom me. For to see your face is likeseeing the face of God, now that youhave received me favorably.11Please accept the present that wasbrought to you, for God has beengracious to me and I have all I need."And because Jacob insisted, Esauaccepted it.12Then Esau said, "Let us be on ourway; Ill accompany you."13But Jacob said to him, "My lord knowsthat the children are tender and that Imust care for the ewes and cows thatare nursing their young. If they aredriven hard just one day, all the animalswill die.14So let my lord go on ahead of hisservant, while I move along slowly at thepace of the droves before me and thatof the children, until I come to my lord inSeir."15Esau said, "Then let me leave some ofmy men with you." "But why do that?"Jacob asked. "Just let me find favor inthe eyes of my lord."16So that day Esau started on his wayback to Seir.17Jacob, however, went to Succoth,where he built a place for himself andmade shelters for his livestock. That iswhy the place is called Succoth.18After Jacob came from Paddan Aram,he arrived safely at the city of Shechemin Canaan and camped within sight ofthe city.19For a hundred pieces of silver, hebought from the sons of Hamor, thefather of Shechem, the plot of groundwhere he pitched his tent.20There he set up an altar and called itEl Elohe Israel.34Now Dinah, the daughter Leahhad borne to Jacob, went out to visit thewomen of the land.2When Shechem son of Hamor theHivite, the ruler of that area, saw her, hetook her and violated her.
  • 56. 3His heart was drawn to Dinah daughterof Jacob, and he loved the girl andspoke tenderly to her.4And Shechem said to his father Hamor,"Get me this girl as my wife."5When Jacob heard that his daughterDinah had been defiled, his sons werein the fields with his livestock; so he keptquiet about it until they came home.6Then Shechems father Hamor wentout to talk with Jacob.7Now Jacobs sons had come in fromthe fields as soon as they heard whathad happened. They were filled withgrief and fury, because Shechem haddone a disgraceful thing in Israel bylying with Jacobs daughter-a thing thatshould not be done.8But Hamor said to them, "My sonShechem has his heart set on yourdaughter. Please give her to him as hiswife.9Intermarry with us; give us yourdaughters and take our daughters foryourselves.10You can settle among us; the land isopen to you. Live in it, trade in it, andacquire property in it."11Then Shechem said to Dinahs fatherand brothers, "Let me find favor in youreyes, and I will give you whatever youask.12Make the price for the bride and thegift I am to bring as great as you like,and Ill pay whatever you ask me. Onlygive me the girl as my wife."13Because their sister Dinah had beendefiled, Jacobs sons replied deceitfullyas they spoke to Shechem and hisfather Hamor.14They said to them, "We cant do sucha thing; we cant give our sister to a manwho is not circumcised. That would be adisgrace to us.15We will give our consent to you on onecondition only: that you become like usby circumcising all your males.16Then we will give you our daughtersand take your daughters for ourselves.Well settle among you and become onepeople with you.17But if you will not agree to becircumcised, well take our sister andgo."18Their proposal seemed good to Hamorand his son Shechem.19The young man, who was the mosthonored of all his fathers household,lost no time in doing what they said,because he was delighted with Jacobsdaughter.20So Hamor and his son Shechem wentto the gate of their city to speak to theirfellow townsmen.21"These men are friendly toward us,"they said. "Let them live in our land andtrade in it; the land has plenty of room
  • 57. for them. We can marry their daughtersand they can marry ours.22But the men will consent to live with usas one people only on the condition thatour males be circumcised, as theythemselves are.23Wont their livestock, their property andall their other animals become ours? Solet us give our consent to them, andthey will settle among us."24All the men who went out of the citygate agreed with Hamor and his sonShechem, and every male in the citywas circumcised.25Three days later, while all of themwere still in pain, two of Jacobs sons,Simeon and Levi, Dinahs brothers, tooktheir swords and attacked theunsuspecting city, killing every male.26They put Hamor and his son Shechemto the sword and took Dinah fromShechems house and left.27The sons of Jacob came upon thedead bodies and looted the city wheretheir sister had been defiled.28They seized their flocks and herds anddonkeys and everything else of theirs inthe city and out in the fields.29They carried off all their wealth and alltheir women and children, taking asplunder everything in the houses.30Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi,"You have brought trouble on me bymaking me a stench to the Canaanitesand Perizzites, the people living in thisland. We are few in number, and if theyjoin forces against me and attack me, Iand my household will be destroyed."31But they replied, "Should he havetreated our sister like a prostitute?"35Then God said to Jacob, "Go upto Bethel and settle there, and build analtar there to God, who appeared to youwhen you were fleeing from your brotherEsau."2So Jacob said to his household and toall who were with him, "Get rid of theforeign gods you have with you, andpurify yourselves and change yourclothes.3Then come, let us go up to Bethel,where I will build an altar to God, whoanswered me in the day of my distressand who has been with me wherever Ihave gone."4So they gave Jacob all the foreign godsthey had and the rings in their ears, andJacob buried them under the oak atShechem.5Then they set out, and the terror of Godfell upon the towns all around them sothat no one pursued them.6Jacob and all the people with him cameto Luz (that is, Bethel) in the land ofCanaan.7There he built an altar, and he calledthe place El Bethel, because it was
  • 58. there that God revealed himself to himwhen he was fleeing from his brother.8Now Deborah, Rebekahs nurse, diedand was buried under the oak belowBethel. So it was named Allon Bacuth.9After Jacob returned from PaddanAram, God appeared to him again andblessed him.10God said to him, "Your name is Jacob,but you will no longer be called Jacob;your name will be Israel. " So he namedhim Israel.11And God said to him, "I am GodAlmighty ; be fruitful and increase innumber. A nation and a community ofnations will come from you, and kingswill come from your body.12The land I gave to Abraham and IsaacI also give to you, and I will give thisland to your descendants after you."13Then God went up from him at theplace where he had talked with him.14Jacob set up a stone pillar at the placewhere God had talked with him, and hepoured out a drink offering on it; he alsopoured oil on it.15Jacob called the place where God hadtalked with him Bethel.16Then they moved on from Bethel.While they were still some distance fromEphrath, Rachel began to give birth andhad great difficulty.17And as she was having great difficultyin childbirth, the midwife said to her,"Dont be afraid, for you have anotherson."18As she breathed her last-for she wasdying-she named her son Ben-Oni. Buthis father named him Benjamin.19So Rachel died and was buried on theway to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).20Over her tomb Jacob set up a pillar,and to this day that pillar marks Rachelstomb.21Israel moved on again and pitched histent beyond Migdal Eder.22While Israel was living in that region,Reuben went in and slept with hisfathers concubine Bilhah, and Israelheard of it. Jacob had twelve sons:23The sons of Leah: Reuben thefirstborn of Jacob, Simeon, Levi, Judah,Issachar and Zebulun.24The sons of Rachel: Joseph andBenjamin.25The sons of Rachels maidservantBilhah: Dan and Naphtali.26The sons of Leahs maidservantZilpah: Gad and Asher. These were thesons of Jacob, who were born to him inPaddan Aram.27Jacob came home to his father Isaacin Mamre, near Kiriath Arba (that is,Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac hadstayed.
  • 59. 28Isaac lived a hundred and eighty years.29Then he breathed his last and diedand was gathered to his people, old andfull of years. And his sons Esau andJacob buried him.36This is the account of Esau (that is,Edom).2Esau took his wives from the women ofCanaan: Adah daughter of Elon theHittite, and Oholibamah daughter ofAnah and granddaughter of Zibeon theHivite-3also Basemath daughter of Ishmaeland sister of Nebaioth.4Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemathbore Reuel,5and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalamand Korah. These were the sons ofEsau, who were born to him in Canaan.6Esau took his wives and sons anddaughters and all the members of hishousehold, as well as his livestock andall his other animals and all the goodshe had acquired in Canaan, and movedto a land some distance from his brotherJacob.7Their possessions were too great forthem to remain together; the land wherethey were staying could not supportthem both because of their livestock.8So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in thehill country of Seir.9This is the account of Esau the father ofthe Edomites in the hill country of Seir.10These are the names of Esaus sons:Eliphaz, the son of Esaus wife Adah,and Reuel, the son of Esaus wifeBasemath.11The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar,Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.12Esaus son Eliphaz also had aconcubine named Timna, who bore himAmalek. These were grandsons ofEsaus wife Adah.13The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah,Shammah and Mizzah. These weregrandsons of Esaus wife Basemath.14The sons of Esaus wife Oholibamahdaughter of Anah and granddaughter ofZibeon, whom she bore to Esau: Jeush,Jalam and Korah.15These were the chiefs among Esausdescendants: The sons of Eliphaz thefirstborn of Esau: Chiefs Teman, Omar,Zepho, Kenaz,16Korah, Gatam and Amalek. Thesewere the chiefs descended from Eliphazin Edom; they were grandsons of Adah.17The sons of Esaus son Reuel: ChiefsNahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah.These were the chiefs descended fromReuel in Edom; they were grandsons ofEsaus wife Basemath.18The sons of Esaus wife Oholibamah:Chiefs Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These
  • 60. were the chiefs descended from Esauswife Oholibamah daughter of Anah.19These were the sons of Esau (that is,Edom), and these were their chiefs.20These were the sons of Seir the Horite,who were living in the region: Lotan,Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,21Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These sonsof Seir in Edom were Horite chiefs.22The sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam.Timna was Lotans sister.23The sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath,Ebal, Shepho and Onam.24The sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah.This is the Anah who discovered the hotsprings in the desert while he wasgrazing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.25The children of Anah: Dishon andOholibamah daughter of Anah.26The sons of Dishon : Hemdan, Eshban,Ithran and Keran.27The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan andAkan.28The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.29These were the Horite chiefs: Lotan,Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,30Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These werethe Horite chiefs, according to theirdivisions, in the land of Seir.31These were the kings who reigned inEdom before any Israelite king reigned :32Bela son of Beor became king ofEdom. His city was named Dinhabah.33When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerahfrom Bozrah succeeded him as king.34When Jobab died, Husham from theland of the Temanites succeeded him asking.35When Husham died, Hadad son ofBedad, who defeated Midian in thecountry of Moab, succeeded him as king.His city was named Avith.36When Hadad died, Samlah fromMasrekah succeeded him as king.37When Samlah died, Shaul fromRehoboth on the river succeeded him asking.38When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son ofAcbor succeeded him as king.39When Baal-Hanan son of Acbor died,Hadad succeeded him as king. His citywas named Pau, and his wifes namewas Mehetabel daughter of Matred, thedaughter of Me-Zahab.40These were the chiefs descended fromEsau, by name, according to their clansand regions: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,41Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,42Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,
  • 61. 43Magdiel and Iram. These were thechiefs of Edom, according to theirsettlements in the land they occupied.This was Esau the father of theEdomites.37Jacob lived in the land where hisfather had stayed, the land of Canaan.2This is the account of Jacob. Joseph, ayoung man of seventeen, was tendingthe flocks with his brothers, the sons ofBilhah and the sons of Zilpah, hisfathers wives, and he brought theirfather a bad report about them.3Now Israel loved Joseph more than anyof his other sons, because he had beenborn to him in his old age; and he madea richly ornamented robe for him.4When his brothers saw that their fatherloved him more than any of them, theyhated him and could not speak a kindword to him.5Joseph had a dream, and when he toldit to his brothers, they hated him all themore.6He said to them, "Listen to this dream Ihad:7We were binding sheaves of grain outin the field when suddenly my sheafrose and stood upright, while yoursheaves gathered around mine andbowed down to it."8His brothers said to him, "Do you intendto reign over us? Will you actually ruleus?" And they hated him all the morebecause of his dream and what he hadsaid.9Then he had another dream, and hetold it to his brothers. "Listen," he said, "Ihad another dream, and this time thesun and moon and eleven stars werebowing down to me."10When he told his father as well as hisbrothers, his father rebuked him andsaid, "What is this dream you had? Willyour mother and I and your brothersactually come and bow down to theground before you?"11His brothers were jealous of him, buthis father kept the matter in mind.12Now his brothers had gone to grazetheir fathers flocks near Shechem,13and Israel said to Joseph, "As youknow, your brothers are grazing theflocks near Shechem. Come, I am goingto send you to them." "Very well," hereplied.14So he said to him, "Go and see if all iswell with your brothers and with theflocks, and bring word back to me."Then he sent him off from the Valley ofHebron. When Joseph arrived atShechem,15a man found him wandering around inthe fields and asked him, "What are youlooking for?"16He replied, "Im looking for my brothers.Can you tell me where they are grazingtheir flocks?"
  • 62. 17"They have moved on from here," theman answered. "I heard them say, Letsgo to Dothan. " So Joseph went afterhis brothers and found them nearDothan.18But they saw him in the distance, andbefore he reached them, they plotted tokill him.19"Here comes that dreamer!" they saidto each other.20"Come now, lets kill him and throwhim into one of these cisterns and saythat a ferocious animal devoured him.Then well see what comes of hisdreams."21When Reuben heard this, he tried torescue him from their hands. "Lets nottake his life," he said.22"Dont shed any blood. Throw him intothis cistern here in the desert, but dontlay a hand on him." Reuben said this torescue him from them and take himback to his father.23So when Joseph came to his brothers,they stripped him of his robe-the richlyornamented robe he was wearing-24and they took him and threw him intothe cistern. Now the cistern was empty;there was no water in it.25As they sat down to eat their meal,they looked up and saw a caravan ofIshmaelites coming from Gilead. Theircamels were loaded with spices, balmand myrrh, and they were on their wayto take them down to Egypt.26Judah said to his brothers, "What willwe gain if we kill our brother and coverup his blood?27Come, lets sell him to the Ishmaelitesand not lay our hands on him; after all,he is our brother, our own flesh andblood." His brothers agreed.28So when the Midianite merchantscame by, his brothers pulled Joseph upout of the cistern and sold him for twentyshekels of silver to the Ishmaelites, whotook him to Egypt.29When Reuben returned to the cisternand saw that Joseph was not there, hetore his clothes.30He went back to his brothers and said,"The boy isnt there! Where can I turnnow?"31Then they got Josephs robe,slaughtered a goat and dipped the robein the blood.32They took the ornamented robe backto their father and said, "We found this.Examine it to see whether it is yoursons robe."33He recognized it and said, "It is mysons robe! Some ferocious animal hasdevoured him. Joseph has surely beentorn to pieces."34Then Jacob tore his clothes, put onsackcloth and mourned for his son manydays.35All his sons and daughters came tocomfort him, but he refused to be
  • 63. comforted. "No," he said, "in mourningwill I go down to the grave to my son."So his father wept for him.36Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Josephin Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaohsofficials, the captain of the guard.38At that time, Judah left hisbrothers and went down to stay with aman of Adullam named Hirah.2There Judah met the daughter of aCanaanite man named Shua. Hemarried her and lay with her;3she became pregnant and gave birth toa son, who was named Er.4She conceived again and gave birth toa s