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Bible niv Bible niv Document Transcript

  • Holy BibleNew International VersionAbout the New International Version –The New International Version was undertaken by an independentcommittee in after a general consensus that there was a need for anew, contemporary English translation of the Bible.With the help of scholars from all over the world, and multiple reviewsfrom a committee of multiple denominations, the New InternationalVersion has earned the widespread respect of all Christians as one ofthe best translations available.
  • Old TestamentGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1st Samuel2nd Samuel1st Kings2nd Kings1st Chronicles2nd ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SolomonIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiNew TestamentMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1st Corinthians2nd CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1st Thessalonians2nd Thessalonians1st Timothy2nd TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1st Peter2nd Peter1st John2nd John3rd JohnJudeRevelation
  • Genesis1In the beginning God created theheavens and the earth.2Now the earth was formless and empty,darkness was over the surface of thedeep, and the Spirit of God washovering over the waters.3And God said, "Let there be light," andthere was light.4God saw that the light was good, andhe separated the light from the darkness.5God called the light "day," and thedarkness he called "night." And therewas evening, and there was morning-the first day.6And God said, "Let there be anexpanse between the waters toseparate water from water."7So God made the expanse andseparated the water under the expansefrom the water above it. And it was so.8God called the expanse "sky." Andthere was evening, and there wasmorning-the second day.9And God said, "Let the water under thesky be gathered to one place, and letdry ground appear." And it was so.10God called the dry ground "land," andthe gathered waters he called "seas."And God saw that it was good.11Then God said, "Let the land producevegetation: seed-bearing plants andtrees on the land that bear fruit withseed in it, according to their variouskinds." And it was so.12The land produced vegetation: plantsbearing seed according to their kindsand trees bearing fruit with seed in itaccording to their kinds. And God sawthat it was good.13And there was evening, and there wasmorning-the third day.14And God said, "Let there be lights inthe expanse of the sky to separate theday from the night, and let them serveas signs to mark seasons and days andyears,15and let them be lights in the expanseof the sky to give light on the earth." Andit was so.16God made two great lights-the greaterlight to govern the day and the lesserlight to govern the night. He also madethe stars.17God set them in the expanse of thesky to give light on the earth,18to govern the day and the night, and toseparate light from darkness. And Godsaw that it was good.
  • 19And there was evening, and there wasmorning-the fourth day.20And God said, "Let the water teemwith living creatures, and let birds flyabove the earth across the expanse ofthe sky."21So God created the great creatures ofthe sea and every living and movingthing with which the water teems,according to their kinds, and everywinged bird according to its kind. AndGod saw that it was good.22God blessed them and said, "Befruitful and increase in number and fillthe water in the seas, and let the birdsincrease on the earth."23And there was evening, and there wasmorning-the fifth day.24And God said, "Let the land produceliving creatures according to their kinds:livestock, creatures that move along theground, and wild animals, eachaccording to its kind." And it was so.25God made the wild animals accordingto their kinds, the livestock according totheir kinds, and all the creatures thatmove along the ground according totheir kinds. And God saw that it wasgood.26Then God said, "Let us make man inour image, in our likeness, and let themrule over the fish of the sea and thebirds of the air, over the livestock, overall the earth, and over all the creaturesthat move along the ground."27So God created man in his own image,in the image of God he created him;male and female he created them.28God blessed them and said to them,"Be fruitful and increase in number; fillthe earth and subdue it. Rule over thefish of the sea and the birds of the airand over every living creature thatmoves on the ground."29Then God said, "I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the wholeearth and every tree that has fruit withseed in it. They will be yours for food.30And to all the beasts of the earth andall the birds of the air and all thecreatures that move on the ground-everything that has the breath of life init-I give every green plant for food." Andit was so.31God saw all that he had made, and itwas very good. And there was evening,and there was morning-the sixth day.2Thus the heavens and the earth werecompleted in all their vast array.2By the seventh day God had finishedthe work he had been doing; so on theseventh day he rested from all his work.3And God blessed the seventh day andmade it holy, because on it he restedfrom all the work of creating that he haddone.4This is the account of the heavens andthe earth when they were created.
  • When the Lord God made the earth andthe heavens-5and no shrub of the field had yetappeared on the earth and no plant ofthe field had yet sprung up, for the LordGod had not sent rain on the earth andthere was no man to work the ground,6but streams came up from the earthand watered the whole surface of theground-7the Lord God formed the man from thedust of the ground and breathed into hisnostrils the breath of life, and the manbecame a living being.8Now the Lord God had planted agarden in the east, in Eden; and therehe put the man he had formed.9And the Lord God made all kinds oftrees grow out of the ground-trees thatwere pleasing to the eye and good forfood. In the middle of the garden werethe tree of life and the tree of theknowledge of good and evil.10A river watering the garden flowedfrom Eden; from there it was separatedinto four headwaters.11The name of the first is the Pishon; itwinds through the entire land of Havilah,where there is gold.12(The gold of that land is good;aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)13The name of the second river is theGihon; it winds through the entire land ofCush.14The name of the third river is theTigris; it runs along the east side ofAsshur. And the fourth river is theEuphrates.15The Lord God took the man and puthim in the Garden of Eden to work it andtake care of it.16And the Lord God commanded theman, "You are free to eat from any treein the garden;17but you must not eat from the tree ofthe knowledge of good and evil, forwhen you eat of it you will surely die."18The Lord God said, "It is not good forthe man to be alone. I will make a helpersuitable for him."19Now the Lord God had formed out ofthe ground all the beasts of the field andall the birds of the air. He brought themto the man to see what he would namethem; and whatever the man calledeach living creature, that was its name.20So the man gave names to all thelivestock, the birds of the air and all thebeasts of the field. But for Adam nosuitable helper was found.21So the Lord God caused the man tofall into a deep sleep; and while he wassleeping, he took one of the mans ribsand closed up the place with flesh.22Then the Lord God made a womanfrom the rib he had taken out of the man,and he brought her to the man.
  • 23The man said, "This is now bone of mybones and flesh of my flesh; she shallbe called woman, for she was takenout of man."24For this reason a man will leave hisfather and mother and be united to hiswife, and they will become one flesh.25The man and his wife were both naked,and they felt no shame.3Now the serpent was more craftythan any of the wild animals the LordGod had made. He said to the woman,"Did God really say, You must not eatfrom any tree in the garden?"2The woman said to the serpent, "Wemay eat fruit from the trees in thegarden,3but God did say, You must not eat fruitfrom the tree that is in the middle of thegarden, and you must not touch it, oryou will die. "4"You will not surely die," the serpentsaid to the woman.5"For God knows that when you eat of ityour eyes will be opened, and you willbe like God, knowing good and evil."6When the woman saw that the fruit ofthe tree was good for food and pleasingto the eye, and also desirable forgaining wisdom, she took some and ateit. She also gave some to her husband,who was with her, and he ate it.7Then the eyes of both of them wereopened, and they realized they werenaked; so they sewed fig leavestogether and made coverings forthemselves.8Then the man and his wife heard thesound of the Lord God as he waswalking in the garden in the cool of theday, and they hid from the Lord Godamong the trees of the garden.9But the Lord God called to the man,"Where are you?"10He answered, "I heard you in thegarden, and I was afraid because I wasnaked; so I hid."11And he said, "Who told you that youwere naked? Have you eaten from thetree that I commanded you not to eatfrom?"12The man said, "The woman you puthere with me-she gave me some fruitfrom the tree, and I ate it."13Then the Lord God said to the woman,"What is this you have done?" Thewoman said, "The serpent deceived me,and I ate."14So the Lord God said to the serpent,"Because you have done this, "Cursedare you above all the livestock and allthe wild animals! You will crawl on yourbelly and you will eat dust all the days ofyour life.15And I will put enmity between you andthe woman, and between your offspring
  • and hers; he will crush your head, andyou will strike his heel."16To the woman he said, "I will greatlyincrease your pains in childbearing; withpain you will give birth to children. Yourdesire will be for your husband, and hewill rule over you."17To Adam he said, "Because youlistened to your wife and ate from thetree about which I commanded you,You must not eat of it, "Cursed is theground because of you; through painfultoil you will eat of it all the days of yourlife.18It will produce thorns and thistles foryou, and you will eat the plants of thefield.19By the sweat of your brow you will eatyour food until you return to the ground,since from it you were taken; for dustyou are and to dust you will return."20Adam named his wife Eve, becauseshe would become the mother of all theliving.21The Lord God made garments of skinfor Adam and his wife and clothed them.22And the Lord God said, "The man hasnow become like one of us, knowinggood and evil. He must not be allowedto reach out his hand and take also fromthe tree of life and eat, and live forever."23So the Lord God banished him fromthe Garden of Eden to work the groundfrom which he had been taken.24After he drove the man out, he placedon the east side of the Garden of Edencherubim and a flaming sword flashingback and forth to guard the way to thetree of life.4Adam lay with his wife Eve, and shebecame pregnant and gave birth to Cain.She said, "With the help of the Lord Ihave brought forth a man."2Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain workedthe soil.3In the course of time Cain broughtsome of the fruits of the soil as anoffering to the Lord .4But Abel brought fat portions fromsome of the firstborn of his flock. TheLord looked with favor on Abel and hisoffering,5but on Cain and his offering he did notlook with favor. So Cain was very angry,and his face was downcast.6Then the Lord said to Cain, "Why areyou angry? Why is your face downcast?7If you do what is right, will you not beaccepted? But if you do not do what isright, sin is crouching at your door; itdesires to have you, but you mustmaster it."8Now Cain said to his brother Abel,"Lets go out to the field." And while theywere in the field, Cain attacked hisbrother Abel and killed him.
  • 9Then the Lord said to Cain, "Where isyour brother Abel?" "I dont know," hereplied. "Am I my brothers keeper?"10The Lord said, "What have you done?Listen! Your brothers blood cries out tome from the ground.11Now you are under a curse and drivenfrom the ground, which opened itsmouth to receive your brothers bloodfrom your hand.12When you work the ground, it will nolonger yield its crops for you. You will bea restless wanderer on the earth."13Cain said to the Lord , "My punishmentis more than I can bear.14Today you are driving me from theland, and I will be hidden from yourpresence; I will be a restless wandereron the earth, and whoever finds me willkill me."15But the Lord said to him, "Not so ; ifanyone kills Cain, he will suffervengeance seven times over." Then theLord put a mark on Cain so that no onewho found him would kill him.16So Cain went out from the Lord spresence and lived in the land of Nod,east of Eden.17Cain lay with his wife, and she becamepregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cainwas then building a city, and he namedit after his son Enoch.18To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad wasthe father of Mehujael, and Mehujaelwas the father of Methushael, andMethushael was the father of Lamech.19Lamech married two women, onenamed Adah and the other Zillah.20Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was thefather of those who live in tents andraise livestock.21His brothers name was Jubal; he wasthe father of all who play the harp andflute.22Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, whoforged all kinds of tools out of bronzeand iron. Tubal-Cains sister wasNaamah.23Lamech said to his wives, "Adah andZillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech,hear my words. I have killed a man forwounding me, a young man for injuringme.24If Cain is avenged seven times, thenLamech seventy-seven times."25Adam lay with his wife again, and shegave birth to a son and named him Seth,saying, "God has granted me anotherchild in place of Abel, since Cain killedhim."26Seth also had a son, and he namedhim Enosh. At that time men began tocall on the name of the Lord .5This is the written account of Adamsline. When God created man, he madehim in the likeness of God.
  • 2He created them male and female andblessed them. And when they werecreated, he called them "man. "3When Adam had lived 130 years, hehad a son in his own likeness, in hisown image; and he named him Seth.4After Seth was born, Adam lived 800years and had other sons and daughters.5Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, andthen he died.6When Seth had lived 105 years, hebecame the father of Enosh.7And after he became the father ofEnosh, Seth lived 807 years and hadother sons and daughters.8Altogether, Seth lived 912 years, andthen he died.9When Enosh had lived 90 years, hebecame the father of Kenan.10And after he became the father ofKenan, Enosh lived 815 years and hadother sons and daughters.11Altogether, Enosh lived 905 years, andthen he died.12When Kenan had lived 70 years, hebecame the father of Mahalalel.13And after he became the father ofMahalalel, Kenan lived 840 years andhad other sons and daughters.14Altogether, Kenan lived 910 years, andthen he died.15When Mahalalel had lived 65 years, hebecame the father of Jared.16And after he became the father ofJared, Mahalalel lived 830 years andhad other sons and daughters.17Altogether, Mahalalel lived 895 years,and then he died.18When Jared had lived 162 years, hebecame the father of Enoch.19And after he became the father ofEnoch, Jared lived 800 years and hadother sons and daughters.20Altogether, Jared lived 962 years, andthen he died.21When Enoch had lived 65 years, hebecame the father of Methuselah.22And after he became the father ofMethuselah, Enoch walked with God300 years and had other sons anddaughters.23Altogether, Enoch lived 365 years.24Enoch walked with God; then he wasno more, because God took him away.25When Methuselah had lived 187 years,he became the father of Lamech.26And after he became the father ofLamech, Methuselah lived 782 yearsand had other sons and daughters.
  • 27Altogether, Methuselah lived 969years, and then he died.28When Lamech had lived 182 years, hehad a son.29He named him Noah and said, "He willcomfort us in the labor and painful toil ofour hands caused by the ground theLord has cursed."30After Noah was born, Lamech lived595 years and had other sons anddaughters.31Altogether, Lamech lived 777 years,and then he died.32After Noah was 500 years old, hebecame the father of Shem, Ham andJapheth.6When men began to increase innumber on the earth and daughterswere born to them,2the sons of God saw that the daughtersof men were beautiful, and they marriedany of them they chose.3Then the Lord said, "My Spirit will notcontend with man forever, for he ismortal ; his days will be a hundred andtwenty years."4The Nephilim were on the earth inthose days-and also afterward-when thesons of God went to the daughters ofmen and had children by them. Theywere the heroes of old, men of renown.5The Lord saw how great manswickedness on the earth had become,and that every inclination of the thoughtsof his heart was only evil all the time.6The Lord was grieved that he hadmade man on the earth, and his heartwas filled with pain.7So the Lord said, "I will wipe mankind,whom I have created, from the face ofthe earth-men and animals, andcreatures that move along the ground,and birds of the air-for I am grieved thatI have made them."8But Noah found favor in the eyes of theLord .9This is the account of Noah. Noah wasa righteous man, blameless among thepeople of his time, and he walked withGod.10Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham andJapheth.11Now the earth was corrupt in Godssight and was full of violence.12God saw how corrupt the earth hadbecome, for all the people on earth hadcorrupted their ways.13So God said to Noah, "I am going toput an end to all people, for the earth isfilled with violence because of them. Iam surely going to destroy both themand the earth.14So make yourself an ark of cypresswood; make rooms in it and coat it withpitch inside and out.
  • 15This is how you are to build it: The arkis to be 450 feet long, 75 feet wide and45 feet high.16Make a roof for it and finish the ark towithin 18 inches of the top. Put a door inthe side of the ark and make lower,middle and upper decks.17I am going to bring floodwaters on theearth to destroy all life under theheavens, every creature that has thebreath of life in it. Everything on earthwill perish.18But I will establish my covenant withyou, and you will enter the ark-you andyour sons and your wife and your sonswives with you.19You are to bring into the ark two of allliving creatures, male and female, tokeep them alive with you.20Two of every kind of bird, of every kindof animal and of every kind of creaturethat moves along the ground will cometo you to be kept alive.21You are to take every kind of food thatis to be eaten and store it away as foodfor you and for them."22Noah did everything just as Godcommanded him.7The Lord then said to Noah, "Go intothe ark, you and your whole family,because I have found you righteous inthis generation.2Take with you seven of every kind ofclean animal, a male and its mate, andtwo of every kind of unclean animal, amale and its mate,3and also seven of every kind of bird,male and female, to keep their variouskinds alive throughout the earth.4Seven days from now I will send rain onthe earth for forty days and forty nights,and I will wipe from the face of the earthevery living creature I have made."5And Noah did all that the Lordcommanded him.6Noah was six hundred years old whenthe floodwaters came on the earth.7And Noah and his sons and his wifeand his sons wives entered the ark toescape the waters of the flood.8Pairs of clean and unclean animals, ofbirds and of all creatures that movealong the ground,9male and female, came to Noah andentered the ark, as God hadcommanded Noah.10And after the seven days thefloodwaters came on the earth.11In the six hundredth year of Noahs life,on the seventeenth day of the secondmonth-on that day all the springs of thegreat deep burst forth, and thefloodgates of the heavens were opened.12And rain fell on the earth forty daysand forty nights.
  • 13On that very day Noah and his sons,Shem, Ham and Japheth, together withhis wife and the wives of his three sons,entered the ark.14They had with them every wild animalaccording to its kind, all livestockaccording to their kinds, every creaturethat moves along the ground accordingto its kind and every bird according to itskind, everything with wings.15Pairs of all creatures that have thebreath of life in them came to Noah andentered the ark.16The animals going in were male andfemale of every living thing, as God hadcommanded Noah. Then the Lord shuthim in.17For forty days the flood kept comingon the earth, and as the watersincreased they lifted the ark high abovethe earth.18The waters rose and increased greatlyon the earth, and the ark floated on thesurface of the water.19They rose greatly on the earth, and allthe high mountains under the entireheavens were covered.20The waters rose and covered themountains to a depth of more thantwenty feet. ,21Every living thing that moved on theearth perished-birds, livestock, wildanimals, all the creatures that swarmover the earth, and all mankind.22Everything on dry land that had thebreath of life in its nostrils died.23Every living thing on the face of theearth was wiped out; men and animalsand the creatures that move along theground and the birds of the air werewiped from the earth. Only Noah wasleft, and those with him in the ark.24The waters flooded the earth for ahundred and fifty days.8But God remembered Noah and allthe wild animals and the livestock thatwere with him in the ark, and he sent awind over the earth, and the watersreceded.2Now the springs of the deep and thefloodgates of the heavens had beenclosed, and the rain had stopped fallingfrom the sky.3The water receded steadily from theearth. At the end of the hundred and fiftydays the water had gone down,4and on the seventeenth day of theseventh month the ark came to rest onthe mountains of Ararat.5The waters continued to recede untilthe tenth month, and on the first day ofthe tenth month the tops of themountains became visible.6After forty days Noah opened thewindow he had made in the ark
  • 7and sent out a raven, and it kept flyingback and forth until the water had driedup from the earth.8Then he sent out a dove to see if thewater had receded from the surface ofthe ground.9But the dove could find no place to setits feet because there was water over allthe surface of the earth; so it returned toNoah in the ark. He reached out hishand and took the dove and brought itback to himself in the ark.10He waited seven more days and againsent out the dove from the ark.11When the dove returned to him in theevening, there in its beak was a freshlyplucked olive leaf! Then Noah knew thatthe water had receded from the earth.12He waited seven more days and sentthe dove out again, but this time it didnot return to him.13By the first day of the first month ofNoahs six hundred and first year, thewater had dried up from the earth. Noahthen removed the covering from the arkand saw that the surface of the groundwas dry.14By the twenty-seventh day of thesecond month the earth was completelydry.15Then God said to Noah,16"Come out of the ark, you and yourwife and your sons and their wives.17Bring out every kind of living creaturethat is with you-the birds, the animals,and all the creatures that move alongthe ground-so they can multiply on theearth and be fruitful and increase innumber upon it."18So Noah came out, together with hissons and his wife and his sons wives.19All the animals and all the creaturesthat move along the ground and all thebirds-everything that moves on theearth-came out of the ark, one kind afteranother.20Then Noah built an altar to the Lordand, taking some of all the cleananimals and clean birds, he sacrificedburnt offerings on it.21The Lord smelled the pleasing aromaand said in his heart: "Never again will Icurse the ground because of man, eventhough every inclination of his heart isevil from childhood. And never again willI destroy all living creatures, as I havedone.22"As long as the earth endures,seedtime and harvest, cold and heat,summer and winter, day and night willnever cease."9Then God blessed Noah and hissons, saying to them, "Be fruitful andincrease in number and fill the earth.2The fear and dread of you will fall uponall the beasts of the earth and all thebirds of the air, upon every creature thatmoves along the ground, and upon all
  • the fish of the sea; they are given intoyour hands.3Everything that lives and moves will befood for you. Just as I gave you thegreen plants, I now give you everything.4"But you must not eat meat that has itslifeblood still in it.5And for your lifeblood I will surelydemand an accounting. I will demand anaccounting from every animal. And fromeach man, too, I will demand anaccounting for the life of his fellow man.6"Whoever sheds the blood of man, byman shall his blood be shed; for in theimage of God has God made man.7As for you, be fruitful and increase innumber; multiply on the earth andincrease upon it."8Then God said to Noah and to his sonswith him:9"I now establish my covenant with youand with your descendants after you10and with every living creature that waswith you-the birds, the livestock and allthe wild animals, all those that came outof the ark with you-every living creatureon earth.11I establish my covenant with you:Never again will all life be cut off by thewaters of a flood; never again will therebe a flood to destroy the earth."12And God said, "This is the sign of thecovenant I am making between me andyou and every living creature with you, acovenant for all generations to come:13I have set my rainbow in the clouds,and it will be the sign of the covenantbetween me and the earth.14Whenever I bring clouds over the earthand the rainbow appears in the clouds,15I will remember my covenant betweenme and you and all living creatures ofevery kind. Never again will the watersbecome a flood to destroy all life.16Whenever the rainbow appears in theclouds, I will see it and remember theeverlasting covenant between God andall living creatures of every kind on theearth."17So God said to Noah, "This is the signof the covenant I have establishedbetween me and all life on the earth."18The sons of Noah who came out of theark were Shem, Ham and Japheth.(Ham was the father of Canaan.)19These were the three sons of Noah,and from them came the people whowere scattered over the earth.20Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded toplant a vineyard.21When he drank some of its wine, hebecame drunk and lay uncovered insidehis tent.22Ham, the father of Canaan, saw hisfathers nakedness and told his twobrothers outside.
  • 23But Shem and Japheth took a garmentand laid it across their shoulders; thenthey walked in backward and coveredtheir fathers nakedness. Their faceswere turned the other way so that theywould not see their fathers nakedness.24When Noah awoke from his wine andfound out what his youngest son haddone to him,25he said, "Cursed be Canaan! Thelowest of slaves will he be to hisbrothers."26He also said, "Blessed be the Lord ,the God of Shem! May Canaan be theslave of Shem.27May God extend the territory ofJapheth ; may Japheth live in the tentsof Shem, and may Canaan be hisslave."28After the flood Noah lived 350 years.29Altogether, Noah lived 950 years, andthen he died.10This is the account of Shem, Hamand Japheth, Noahs sons, whothemselves had sons after the flood.The Japhethites2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog,Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech andTiras.3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphathand Togarmah.4The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish,the Kittim and the Rodanim.5(From these the maritime peoplesspread out into their territories by theirclans within their nations, each with itsown language.) The Hamites6The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Putand Canaan.7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah,Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. Thesons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.8Cush was the father of Nimrod, whogrew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.9He was a mighty hunter before theLord ; that is why it is said, "Like Nimrod,a mighty hunter before the Lord ."10The first centers of his kingdom wereBabylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh, inShinar.11From that land he went to Assyria,where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir,Calah12and Resen, which is between Ninevehand Calah; that is the great city.13Mizraim was the father of the Ludites,Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,14Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whomthe Philistines came) and Caphtorites.15Canaan was the father of Sidon hisfirstborn, and of the Hittites,
  • 16Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,18Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.Later the Canaanite clans scattered19and the borders of Canaan reachedfrom Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza,and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah,Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.20These are the sons of Ham by theirclans and languages, in their territoriesand nations. The Semites21Sons were also born to Shem, whoseolder brother was Japheth; Shem wasthe ancestor of all the sons of Eber.22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur,Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Getherand Meshech.24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,and Shelah the father of Eber.25Two sons were born to Eber: One wasnamed Peleg, because in his time theearth was divided; his brother wasnamed Joktan.26Joktan was the father of Almodad,Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,28Obal, Abimael, Sheba,29Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All thesewere sons of Joktan.30The region where they lived stretchedfrom Mesha toward Sephar, in theeastern hill country.31These are the sons of Shem by theirclans and languages, in their territoriesand nations.32These are the clans of Noahs sons,according to their lines of descent,within their nations. From these thenations spread out over the earth afterthe flood.11Now the whole world had onelanguage and a common speech.2As men moved eastward, they found aplain in Shinar and settled there.3They said to each other, "Come, letsmake bricks and bake them thoroughly."They used brick instead of stone, andtar for mortar.4Then they said, "Come, let us buildourselves a city, with a tower thatreaches to the heavens, so that we maymake a name for ourselves and not bescattered over the face of the wholeearth."5But the Lord came down to see the cityand the tower that the men werebuilding.6The Lord said, "If as one peoplespeaking the same language they have
  • begun to do this, then nothing they planto do will be impossible for them.7Come, let us go down and confuse theirlanguage so they will not understandeach other."8So the Lord scattered them from thereover all the earth, and they stoppedbuilding the city.9That is why it was called Babel -because there the Lord confused thelanguage of the whole world. From therethe Lord scattered them over the face ofthe whole earth.10This is the account of Shem. Twoyears after the flood, when Shem was100 years old, he became the father ofArphaxad.11And after he became the father ofArphaxad, Shem lived 500 years andhad other sons and daughters.12When Arphaxad had lived 35 years, hebecame the father of Shelah.13And after he became the father ofShelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years andhad other sons and daughters.14When Shelah had lived 30 years, hebecame the father of Eber.15And after he became the father ofEber, Shelah lived 403 years and hadother sons and daughters.16When Eber had lived 34 years, hebecame the father of Peleg.17And after he became the father ofPeleg, Eber lived 430 years and hadother sons and daughters.18When Peleg had lived 30 years, hebecame the father of Reu.19And after he became the father of Reu,Peleg lived 209 years and had othersons and daughters.20When Reu had lived 32 years, hebecame the father of Serug.21And after he became the father ofSerug, Reu lived 207 years and hadother sons and daughters.22When Serug had lived 30 years, hebecame the father of Nahor.23And after he became the father ofNahor, Serug lived 200 years and hadother sons and daughters.24When Nahor had lived 29 years, hebecame the father of Terah.25And after he became the father ofTerah, Nahor lived 119 years and hadother sons and daughters.26After Terah had lived 70 years, hebecame the father of Abram, Nahor andHaran.27This is the account of Terah. Terahbecame the father of Abram, Nahor andHaran. And Haran became the father ofLot.
  • 28While his father Terah was still alive,Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, inthe land of his birth.29Abram and Nahor both married. Thename of Abrams wife was Sarai, andthe name of Nahors wife was Milcah;she was the daughter of Haran, thefather of both Milcah and Iscah.30Now Sarai was barren; she had nochildren.31Terah took his son Abram, hisgrandson Lot son of Haran, and hisdaughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of hisson Abram, and together they set outfrom Ur of the Chaldeans to go toCanaan. But when they came to Haran,they settled there.32Terah lived 205 years, and he died inHaran.12The Lord had said to Abram,"Leave your country, your people andyour fathers household and go to theland I will show you.2"I will make you into a great nation andI will bless you; I will make your namegreat, and you will be a blessing.3I will bless those who bless you, andwhoever curses you I will curse; and allpeoples on earth will be blessed throughyou."4So Abram left, as the Lord had told him;and Lot went with him. Abram wasseventy-five years old when he set outfrom Haran.5He took his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot,all the possessions they hadaccumulated and the people they hadacquired in Haran, and they set out forthe land of Canaan, and they arrivedthere.6Abram traveled through the land as faras the site of the great tree of Moreh atShechem. At that time the Canaaniteswere in the land.7The Lord appeared to Abram and said,"To your offspring I will give this land."So he built an altar there to the Lord ,who had appeared to him.8From there he went on toward the hillseast of Bethel and pitched his tent, withBethel on the west and Ai on the east.There he built an altar to the Lord andcalled on the name of the Lord .9Then Abram set out and continuedtoward the Negev.10Now there was a famine in the land,and Abram went down to Egypt to livethere for a while because the faminewas severe.11As he was about to enter Egypt, hesaid to his wife Sarai, "I know what abeautiful woman you are.12When the Egyptians see you, they willsay, This is his wife. Then they will killme but will let you live.13Say you are my sister, so that I will betreated well for your sake and my life willbe spared because of you."
  • 14When Abram came to Egypt, theEgyptians saw that she was a verybeautiful woman.15And when Pharaohs officials saw her,they praised her to Pharaoh, and shewas taken into his palace.16He treated Abram well for her sake,and Abram acquired sheep and cattle,male and female donkeys, menservantsand maidservants, and camels.17But the Lord inflicted serious diseaseson Pharaoh and his household becauseof Abrams wife Sarai.18So Pharaoh summoned Abram. "Whathave you done to me?" he said. "Whydidnt you tell me she was your wife?19Why did you say, She is my sister, sothat I took her to be my wife? Now then,here is your wife. Take her and go!"20Then Pharaoh gave orders aboutAbram to his men, and they sent him onhis way, with his wife and everything hehad.13So Abram went up from Egypt tothe Negev, with his wife and everythinghe had, and Lot went with him.2Abram had become very wealthy inlivestock and in silver and gold.3From the Negev he went from place toplace until he came to Bethel, to theplace between Bethel and Ai where histent had been earlier4and where he had first built an altar.There Abram called on the name of theLord .5Now Lot, who was moving about withAbram, also had flocks and herds andtents.6But the land could not support themwhile they stayed together, for theirpossessions were so great that theywere not able to stay together.7And quarreling arose between Abramsherdsmen and the herdsmen of Lot. TheCanaanites and Perizzites were alsoliving in the land at that time.8So Abram said to Lot, "Lets not haveany quarreling between you and me, orbetween your herdsmen and mine, forwe are brothers.9Is not the whole land before you? Letspart company. If you go to the left, Ill goto the right; if you go to the right, Ill goto the left."10Lot looked up and saw that the wholeplain of the Jordan was well watered,like the garden of the Lord , like the landof Egypt, toward Zoar. (This was beforethe Lord destroyed Sodom andGomorrah.)11So Lot chose for himself the wholeplain of the Jordan and set out towardthe east. The two men parted company:12Abram lived in the land of Canaan,while Lot lived among the cities of theplain and pitched his tents near Sodom.
  • 13Now the men of Sodom were wickedand were sinning greatly against theLord .14The Lord said to Abram after Lot hadparted from him, "Lift up your eyes fromwhere you are and look north and south,east and west.15All the land that you see I will give toyou and your offspring forever.16I will make your offspring like the dustof the earth, so that if anyone couldcount the dust, then your offspring couldbe counted.17Go, walk through the length andbreadth of the land, for I am giving it toyou."18So Abram moved his tents and went tolive near the great trees of Mamre atHebron, where he built an altar to theLord .14At this time Amraphel king ofShinar, Arioch king of Ellasar,Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidalking of Goiim2went to war against Bera king ofSodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah,Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber kingof Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is,Zoar).3All these latter kings joined forces in theValley of Siddim (the Salt Sea ).4For twelve years they had been subjectto Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenthyear they rebelled.5In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomerand the kings allied with him went outand defeated the Rephaites in AshterothKarnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emitesin Shaveh Kiriathaim6and the Horites in the hill country ofSeir, as far as El Paran near the desert.7Then they turned back and went to EnMishpat (that is, Kadesh), and theyconquered the whole territory of theAmalekites, as well as the Amorites whowere living in Hazazon Tamar.8Then the king of Sodom, the king ofGomorrah, the king of Admah, the kingof Zeboiim and the king of Bela (that is,Zoar) marched out and drew up theirbattle lines in the Valley of Siddim9against Kedorlaomer king of Elam,Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king ofShinar and Arioch king of Ellasar-fourkings against five.10Now the Valley of Siddim was full oftar pits, and when the kings of Sodomand Gomorrah fled, some of the men fellinto them and the rest fled to the hills.11The four kings seized all the goods ofSodom and Gomorrah and all their food;then they went away.12They also carried off Abrams nephewLot and his possessions, since he wasliving in Sodom.
  • 13One who had escaped came andreported this to Abram the Hebrew. NowAbram was living near the great trees ofMamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshcoland Aner, all of whom were allied withAbram.14When Abram heard that his relativehad been taken captive, he called outthe 318 trained men born in hishousehold and went in pursuit as far asDan.15During the night Abram divided hismen to attack them and he routed them,pursuing them as far as Hobah, north ofDamascus.16He recovered all the goods andbrought back his relative Lot and hispossessions, together with the womenand the other people.17After Abram returned from defeatingKedorlaomer and the kings allied withhim, the king of Sodom came out tomeet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is,the Kings Valley).18Then Melchizedek king of Salembrought out bread and wine. He waspriest of God Most High,19and he blessed Abram, saying,"Blessed be Abram by God Most High,Creator of heaven and earth.20And blessed be God Most High, whodelivered your enemies into your hand."Then Abram gave him a tenth ofeverything.21The king of Sodom said to Abram,"Give me the people and keep thegoods for yourself."22But Abram said to the king of Sodom,"I have raised my hand to the Lord , GodMost High, Creator of heaven and earth,and have taken an oath23that I will accept nothing belonging toyou, not even a thread or the thong of asandal, so that you will never be able tosay, I made Abram rich.24I will accept nothing but what my menhave eaten and the share that belongsto the men who went with me-to Aner,Eshcol and Mamre. Let them have theirshare."15After this, the word of the Lordcame to Abram in a vision: "Do not beafraid, Abram. I am your shield, yourvery great reward. "2But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord ,what can you give me since I remainchildless and the one who will inherit myestate is Eliezer of Damascus?"3And Abram said, "You have given meno children; so a servant in myhousehold will be my heir."4Then the word of the Lord came to him:"This man will not be your heir, but ason coming from your own body will beyour heir."5He took him outside and said, "Look upat the heavens and count the stars-if
  • indeed you can count them." Then hesaid to him, "So shall your offspring be."6Abram believed the Lord , and hecredited it to him as righteousness.7He also said to him, "I am the Lord ,who brought you out of Ur of theChaldeans to give you this land to takepossession of it."8But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord ,how can I know that I will gainpossession of it?"9So the Lord said to him, "Bring me aheifer, a goat and a ram, each threeyears old, along with a dove and ayoung pigeon."10Abram brought all these to him, cutthem in two and arranged the halvesopposite each other; the birds, however,he did not cut in half.11Then birds of prey came down on thecarcasses, but Abram drove them away.12As the sun was setting, Abram fell intoa deep sleep, and a thick and dreadfuldarkness came over him.13Then the Lord said to him, "Know forcertain that your descendants will bestrangers in a country not their own, andthey will be enslaved and mistreatedfour hundred years.14But I will punish the nation they serveas slaves, and afterward they will comeout with great possessions.15You, however, will go to your fathers inpeace and be buried at a good old age.16In the fourth generation yourdescendants will come back here, forthe sin of the Amorites has not yetreached its full measure."17When the sun had set and darknesshad fallen, a smoking firepot with ablazing torch appeared and passedbetween the pieces.18On that day the Lord made a covenantwith Abram and said, "To yourdescendants I give this land, from theriver of Egypt to the great river, theEuphrates-19the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites,Kadmonites,20Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites,21Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites andJebusites."16Now Sarai, Abrams wife, hadborne him no children. But she had anEgyptian maidservant named Hagar;2so she said to Abram, "The Lord haskept me from having children. Go, sleepwith my maidservant; perhaps I canbuild a family through her." Abramagreed to what Sarai said.3So after Abram had been living inCanaan ten years, Sarai his wife tookher Egyptian maidservant Hagar andgave her to her husband to be his wife.
  • 4He slept with Hagar, and she conceived.When she knew she was pregnant, shebegan to despise her mistress.5Then Sarai said to Abram, "You areresponsible for the wrong I am suffering.I put my servant in your arms, and nowthat she knows she is pregnant, shedespises me. May the Lord judgebetween you and me."6"Your servant is in your hands," Abramsaid. "Do with her whatever you thinkbest." Then Sarai mistreated Hagar; soshe fled from her.7The angel of the Lord found Hagar neara spring in the desert; it was the springthat is beside the road to Shur.8And he said, "Hagar, servant of Sarai,where have you come from, and whereare you going?" "Im running away frommy mistress Sarai," she answered.9Then the angel of the Lord told her, "Goback to your mistress and submit toher."10The angel added, "I will so increaseyour descendants that they will be toonumerous to count."11The angel of the Lord also said to her:"You are now with child and you willhave a son. You shall name himIshmael, for the Lord has heard of yourmisery.12He will be a wild donkey of a man; hishand will be against everyone andeveryones hand against him, and he willlive in hostility toward all his brothers."13She gave this name to the Lord whospoke to her: "You are the God whosees me," for she said, "I have nowseen the One who sees me."14That is why the well was called BeerLahai Roi ; it is still there, betweenKadesh and Bered.15So Hagar bore Abram a son, andAbram gave the name Ishmael to theson she had borne.16Abram was eighty-six years old whenHagar bore him Ishmael.17When Abram was ninety-nineyears old, the Lord appeared to him andsaid, "I am God Almighty ; walk beforeme and be blameless.2I will confirm my covenant between meand you and will greatly increase yournumbers."3Abram fell facedown, and God said tohim,4"As for me, this is my covenant withyou: You will be the father of manynations.5No longer will you be called Abram ;your name will be Abraham, for I havemade you a father of many nations.6I will make you very fruitful; I will makenations of you, and kings will come fromyou.
  • 7I will establish my covenant as aneverlasting covenant between me andyou and your descendants after you forthe generations to come, to be your Godand the God of your descendants afteryou.8The whole land of Canaan, where youare now an alien, I will give as aneverlasting possession to you and yourdescendants after you; and I will be theirGod."9Then God said to Abraham, "As for you,you must keep my covenant, you andyour descendants after you for thegenerations to come.10This is my covenant with you and yourdescendants after you, the covenantyou are to keep: Every male among youshall be circumcised.11You are to undergo circumcision, andit will be the sign of the covenantbetween me and you.12For the generations to come everymale among you who is eight days oldmust be circumcised, including thoseborn in your household or bought withmoney from a foreigner-those who arenot your offspring.13Whether born in your household orbought with your money, they must becircumcised. My covenant in your fleshis to be an everlasting covenant.14Any uncircumcised male, who has notbeen circumcised in the flesh, will be cutoff from his people; he has broken mycovenant."15God also said to Abraham, "As forSarai your wife, you are no longer to callher Sarai; her name will be Sarah.16I will bless her and will surely give youa son by her. I will bless her so that shewill be the mother of nations; kings ofpeoples will come from her."17Abraham fell facedown; he laughedand said to himself, "Will a son be bornto a man a hundred years old? WillSarah bear a child at the age of ninety?"18And Abraham said to God, "If onlyIshmael might live under your blessing!"19Then God said, "Yes, but your wifeSarah will bear you a son, and you willcall him Isaac. I will establish mycovenant with him as an everlastingcovenant for his descendants after him.20And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: Iwill surely bless him; I will make himfruitful and will greatly increase hisnumbers. He will be the father of twelverulers, and I will make him into a greatnation.21But my covenant I will establish withIsaac, whom Sarah will bear to you bythis time next year."22When he had finished speaking withAbraham, God went up from him.23On that very day Abraham took hisson Ishmael and all those born in hishousehold or bought with his money,every male in his household, andcircumcised them, as God told him.
  • 24Abraham was ninety-nine years oldwhen he was circumcised,25and his son Ishmael was thirteen;26Abraham and his son Ishmael wereboth circumcised on that same day.27And every male in Abrahamshousehold, including those born in hishousehold or bought from a foreigner,was circumcised with him.18The Lord appeared to Abrahamnear the great trees of Mamre while hewas sitting at the entrance to his tent inthe heat of the day.2Abraham looked up and saw three menstanding nearby. When he saw them, hehurried from the entrance of his tent tomeet them and bowed low to the ground.3He said, "If I have found favor in youreyes, my lord, do not pass your servantby.4Let a little water be brought, and thenyou may all wash your feet and restunder this tree.5Let me get you something to eat, soyou can be refreshed and then go onyour way-now that you have come toyour servant." "Very well," theyanswered, "do as you say."6So Abraham hurried into the tent toSarah. "Quick," he said, "get threeseahs of fine flour and knead it andbake some bread."7Then he ran to the herd and selected achoice, tender calf and gave it to aservant, who hurried to prepare it.8He then brought some curds and milkand the calf that had been prepared,and set these before them. While theyate, he stood near them under a tree.9"Where is your wife Sarah?" they askedhim. "There, in the tent," he said.10Then the Lord said, "I will surely returnto you about this time next year, andSarah your wife will have a son." NowSarah was listening at the entrance tothe tent, which was behind him.11Abraham and Sarah were already oldand well advanced in years, and Sarahwas past the age of childbearing.12So Sarah laughed to herself as shethought, "After I am worn out and mymaster is old, will I now have thispleasure?"13Then the Lord said to Abraham, "Whydid Sarah laugh and say, Will I reallyhave a child, now that I am old?14Is anything too hard for the Lord ? I willreturn to you at the appointed time nextyear and Sarah will have a son."15Sarah was afraid, so she lied and said,"I did not laugh." But he said, "Yes, youdid laugh."16When the men got up to leave, theylooked down toward Sodom, andAbraham walked along with them to seethem on their way.
  • 17Then the Lord said, "Shall I hide fromAbraham what I am about to do?18Abraham will surely become a greatand powerful nation, and all nations onearth will be blessed through him.19For I have chosen him, so that he willdirect his children and his householdafter him to keep the way of the Lord bydoing what is right and just, so that theLord will bring about for Abraham whathe has promised him."20Then the Lord said, "The outcryagainst Sodom and Gomorrah is sogreat and their sin so grievous21that I will go down and see if what theyhave done is as bad as the outcry thathas reached me. If not, I will know."22The men turned away and wenttoward Sodom, but Abraham remainedstanding before the Lord .23Then Abraham approached him andsaid: "Will you sweep away therighteous with the wicked?24What if there are fifty righteous peoplein the city? Will you really sweep it awayand not spare the place for the sake ofthe fifty righteous people in it?25Far be it from you to do such a thing-tokill the righteous with the wicked,treating the righteous and the wickedalike. Far be it from you! Will not theJudge of all the earth do right?"26The Lord said, "If I find fifty righteouspeople in the city of Sodom, I will sparethe whole place for their sake."27Then Abraham spoke up again: "Nowthat I have been so bold as to speak tothe Lord, though I am nothing but dustand ashes,28what if the number of the righteous isfive less than fifty? Will you destroy thewhole city because of five people?" "If Ifind forty-five there," he said, "I will notdestroy it."29Once again he spoke to him, "What ifonly forty are found there?" He said,"For the sake of forty, I will not do it."30Then he said, "May the Lord not beangry, but let me speak. What if onlythirty can be found there?" He answered,"I will not do it if I find thirty there."31Abraham said, "Now that I have beenso bold as to speak to the Lord, what ifonly twenty can be found there?" Hesaid, "For the sake of twenty, I will notdestroy it."32Then he said, "May the Lord not beangry, but let me speak just once more.What if only ten can be found there?" Heanswered, "For the sake of ten, I will notdestroy it."33When the Lord had finished speakingwith Abraham, he left, and Abrahamreturned home.19The two angels arrived at Sodomin the evening, and Lot was sitting in the
  • gateway of the city. When he saw them,he got up to meet them and boweddown with his face to the ground.2"My lords," he said, "please turn asideto your servants house. You can washyour feet and spend the night and thengo on your way early in the morning.""No," they answered, "we will spend thenight in the square."3But he insisted so strongly that they didgo with him and entered his house. Heprepared a meal for them, baking breadwithout yeast, and they ate.4Before they had gone to bed, all themen from every part of the city ofSodom-both young and old-surroundedthe house.5They called to Lot, "Where are the menwho came to you tonight? Bring themout to us so that we can have sex withthem."6Lot went outside to meet them and shutthe door behind him7and said, "No, my friends. Dont do thiswicked thing.8Look, I have two daughters who havenever slept with a man. Let me bringthem out to you, and you can do whatyou like with them. But dont do anythingto these men, for they have come underthe protection of my roof."9"Get out of our way," they replied. Andthey said, "This fellow came here as analien, and now he wants to play thejudge! Well treat you worse than them."They kept bringing pressure on Lot andmoved forward to break down the door.10But the men inside reached out andpulled Lot back into the house and shutthe door.11Then they struck the men who were atthe door of the house, young and old,with blindness so that they could not findthe door.12The two men said to Lot, "Do you haveanyone else here-sons-in-law, sons ordaughters, or anyone else in the citywho belongs to you? Get them out ofhere,13because we are going to destroy thisplace. The outcry to the Lord against itspeople is so great that he has sent us todestroy it."14So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry hisdaughters. He said, "Hurry and get outof this place, because the Lord is aboutto destroy the city!" But his sons-in-lawthought he was joking.15With the coming of dawn, the angelsurged Lot, saying, "Hurry! Take yourwife and your two daughters who arehere, or you will be swept away whenthe city is punished."16When he hesitated, the men graspedhis hand and the hands of his wife andof his two daughters and led them safelyout of the city, for the Lord was mercifulto them.
  • 17As soon as they had brought them out,one of them said, "Flee for your lives!Dont look back, and dont stopanywhere in the plain! Flee to themountains or you will be swept away!"18But Lot said to them, "No, my lords,please!19Your servant has found favor in youreyes, and you have shown greatkindness to me in sparing my life. But Icant flee to the mountains; this disasterwill overtake me, and Ill die.20Look, here is a town near enough torun to, and it is small. Let me flee to it-itis very small, isnt it? Then my life will bespared."21He said to him, "Very well, I will grantthis request too; I will not overthrow thetown you speak of.22But flee there quickly, because Icannot do anything until you reach it."(That is why the town was called Zoar. )23By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sunhad risen over the land.24Then the Lord rained down burningsulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah-fromthe Lord out of the heavens.25Thus he overthrew those cities and theentire plain, including all those living inthe cities-and also the vegetation in theland.26But Lots wife looked back, and shebecame a pillar of salt.27Early the next morning Abraham gotup and returned to the place where hehad stood before the Lord .28He looked down toward Sodom andGomorrah, toward all the land of theplain, and he saw dense smoke risingfrom the land, like smoke from a furnace.29So when God destroyed the cities ofthe plain, he remembered Abraham, andhe brought Lot out of the catastrophethat overthrew the cities where Lot hadlived.30Lot and his two daughters left Zoarand settled in the mountains, for he wasafraid to stay in Zoar. He and his twodaughters lived in a cave.31One day the older daughter said to theyounger, "Our father is old, and there isno man around here to lie with us, as isthe custom all over the earth.32Lets get our father to drink wine andthen lie with him and preserve our familyline through our father."33That night they got their father to drinkwine, and the older daughter went inand lay with him. He was not aware of itwhen she lay down or when she got up.34The next day the older daughter saidto the younger, "Last night I lay with myfather. Lets get him to drink wine againtonight, and you go in and lie with himso we can preserve our family linethrough our father."35So they got their father to drink winethat night also, and the younger
  • daughter went and lay with him. Againhe was not aware of it when she laydown or when she got up.36So both of Lots daughters becamepregnant by their father.37The older daughter had a son, and shenamed him Moab ; he is the father of theMoabites of today.38The younger daughter also had a son,and she named him Ben-Ammi ; he isthe father of the Ammonites of today.20Now Abraham moved on fromthere into the region of the Negev andlived between Kadesh and Shur. For awhile he stayed in Gerar,2and there Abraham said of his wifeSarah, "She is my sister." ThenAbimelech king of Gerar sent for Sarahand took her.3But God came to Abimelech in a dreamone night and said to him, "You are asgood as dead because of the womanyou have taken; she is a marriedwoman."4Now Abimelech had not gone near her,so he said, "Lord, will you destroy aninnocent nation?5Did he not say to me, She is my sister,and didnt she also say, He is mybrother? I have done this with a clearconscience and clean hands."6Then God said to him in the dream,"Yes, I know you did this with a clearconscience, and so I have kept you fromsinning against me. That is why I did notlet you touch her.7Now return the mans wife, for he is aprophet, and he will pray for you andyou will live. But if you do not return her,you may be sure that you and all yourswill die."8Early the next morning Abimelechsummoned all his officials, and when hetold them all that had happened, theywere very much afraid.9Then Abimelech called Abraham in andsaid, "What have you done to us? Howhave I wronged you that you havebrought such great guilt upon me andmy kingdom? You have done things tome that should not be done."10And Abimelech asked Abraham, "Whatwas your reason for doing this?"11Abraham replied, "I said to myself,There is surely no fear of God in thisplace, and they will kill me because ofmy wife.12Besides, she really is my sister, thedaughter of my father though not of mymother; and she became my wife.13And when God had me wander frommy fathers household, I said to her,This is how you can show your love tome: Everywhere we go, say of me, "Heis my brother." "14Then Abimelech brought sheep andcattle and male and female slaves and
  • gave them to Abraham, and he returnedSarah his wife to him.15And Abimelech said, "My land isbefore you; live wherever you like."16To Sarah he said, "I am giving yourbrother a thousand shekels of silver.This is to cover the offense against youbefore all who are with you; you arecompletely vindicated."17Then Abraham prayed to God, andGod healed Abimelech, his wife and hisslave girls so they could have childrenagain,18for the Lord had closed up everywomb in Abimelechs householdbecause of Abrahams wife Sarah.21Now the Lord was gracious toSarah as he had said, and the Lord didfor Sarah what he had promised.2Sarah became pregnant and bore ason to Abraham in his old age, at thevery time God had promised him.3Abraham gave the name Isaac to theson Sarah bore him.4When his son Isaac was eight days old,Abraham circumcised him, as Godcommanded him.5Abraham was a hundred years oldwhen his son Isaac was born to him.6Sarah said, "God has brought melaughter, and everyone who hears aboutthis will laugh with me."7And she added, "Who would have saidto Abraham that Sarah would nursechildren? Yet I have borne him a son inhis old age."8The child grew and was weaned, andon the day Isaac was weaned Abrahamheld a great feast.9But Sarah saw that the son whomHagar the Egyptian had borne toAbraham was mocking,10and she said to Abraham, "Get rid ofthat slave woman and her son, for thatslave womans son will never share inthe inheritance with my son Isaac."11The matter distressed Abrahamgreatly because it concerned his son.12But God said to him, "Do not be sodistressed about the boy and yourmaidservant. Listen to whatever Sarahtells you, because it is through Isaacthat your offspring will be reckoned.13I will make the son of the maidservantinto a nation also, because he is youroffspring."14Early the next morning Abraham tooksome food and a skin of water and gavethem to Hagar. He set them on hershoulders and then sent her off with theboy. She went on her way andwandered in the desert of Beersheba.
  • 15When the water in the skin was gone,she put the boy under one of the bushes.16Then she went off and sat downnearby, about a bowshot away, for shethought, "I cannot watch the boy die."And as she sat there nearby, she beganto sob.17God heard the boy crying, and theangel of God called to Hagar fromheaven and said to her, "What is thematter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; Godhas heard the boy crying as he liesthere.18Lift the boy up and take him by thehand, for I will make him into a greatnation."19Then God opened her eyes and shesaw a well of water. So she went andfilled the skin with water and gave theboy a drink.20God was with the boy as he grew up.He lived in the desert and became anarcher.21While he was living in the Desert ofParan, his mother got a wife for himfrom Egypt.22At that time Abimelech and Phicol thecommander of his forces said toAbraham, "God is with you in everythingyou do.23Now swear to me here before God thatyou will not deal falsely with me or mychildren or my descendants. Show tome and the country where you are livingas an alien the same kindness I haveshown to you."24Abraham said, "I swear it."25Then Abraham complained toAbimelech about a well of water thatAbimelechs servants had seized.26But Abimelech said, "I dont know whohas done this. You did not tell me, and Iheard about it only today."27So Abraham brought sheep and cattleand gave them to Abimelech, and thetwo men made a treaty.28Abraham set apart seven ewe lambsfrom the flock,29and Abimelech asked Abraham, "Whatis the meaning of these seven ewelambs you have set apart bythemselves?"30He replied, "Accept these seven lambsfrom my hand as a witness that I dugthis well."31So that place was called Beersheba,because the two men swore an oaththere.32After the treaty had been made atBeersheba, Abimelech and Phicol thecommander of his forces returned to theland of the Philistines.33Abraham planted a tamarisk tree inBeersheba, and there he called uponthe name of the Lord , the Eternal God.
  • 34And Abraham stayed in the land of thePhilistines for a long time.22Some time later God testedAbraham. He said to him, "Abraham!""Here I am," he replied.2Then God said, "Take your son, youronly son, Isaac, whom you love, and goto the region of Moriah. Sacrifice himthere as a burnt offering on one of themountains I will tell you about."3Early the next morning Abraham got upand saddled his donkey. He took withhim two of his servants and his sonIsaac. When he had cut enough woodfor the burnt offering, he set out for theplace God had told him about.4On the third day Abraham looked upand saw the place in the distance.5He said to his servants, "Stay here withthe donkey while I and the boy go overthere. We will worship and then we willcome back to you."6Abraham took the wood for the burntoffering and placed it on his son Isaac,and he himself carried the fire and theknife. As the two of them went ontogether,7Isaac spoke up and said to his fatherAbraham, "Father?" "Yes, my son?"Abraham replied. "The fire and wood arehere," Isaac said, "but where is the lambfor the burnt offering?"8Abraham answered, "God himself willprovide the lamb for the burnt offering,my son." And the two of them went ontogether.9When they reached the place God hadtold him about, Abraham built an altarthere and arranged the wood on it. Hebound his son Isaac and laid him on thealtar, on top of the wood.10Then he reached out his hand andtook the knife to slay his son.11But the angel of the Lord called out tohim from heaven, "Abraham! Abraham!""Here I am," he replied.12"Do not lay a hand on the boy," hesaid. "Do not do anything to him. Now Iknow that you fear God, because youhave not withheld from me your son,your only son."13Abraham looked up and there in athicket he saw a ram caught by its horns.He went over and took the ram andsacrificed it as a burnt offering instead ofhis son.14So Abraham called that place TheLord Will Provide. And to this day it issaid, "On the mountain of the Lord it willbe provided."15The angel of the Lord called toAbraham from heaven a second time16and said, "I swear by myself, declaresthe Lord , that because you have donethis and have not withheld your son,your only son,17I will surely bless you and make yourdescendants as numerous as the stars
  • in the sky and as the sand on theseashore. Your descendants will takepossession of the cities of their enemies,18and through your offspring all nationson earth will be blessed, because youhave obeyed me."19Then Abraham returned to hisservants, and they set off together forBeersheba. And Abraham stayed inBeersheba.20Some time later Abraham was told,"Milcah is also a mother; she has bornesons to your brother Nahor:21Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother,Kemuel (the father of Aram),22Kesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph andBethuel."23Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.Milcah bore these eight sons toAbrahams brother Nahor.24His concubine, whose name wasReumah, also had sons: Tebah, Gaham,Tahash and Maacah.23Sarah lived to be a hundred andtwenty-seven years old.2She died at Kiriath Arba (that is,Hebron) in the land of Canaan, andAbraham went to mourn for Sarah andto weep over her.3Then Abraham rose from beside hisdead wife and spoke to the Hittites. Hesaid,4"I am an alien and a stranger amongyou. Sell me some property for a burialsite here so I can bury my dead."5The Hittites replied to Abraham,6"Sir, listen to us. You are a mightyprince among us. Bury your dead in thechoicest of our tombs. None of us willrefuse you his tomb for burying yourdead."7Then Abraham rose and bowed downbefore the people of the land, theHittites.8He said to them, "If you are willing to letme bury my dead, then listen to me andintercede with Ephron son of Zohar onmy behalf9so he will sell me the cave ofMachpelah, which belongs to him and isat the end of his field. Ask him to sell itto me for the full price as a burial siteamong you."10Ephron the Hittite was sitting amonghis people and he replied to Abraham inthe hearing of all the Hittites who hadcome to the gate of his city.11"No, my lord," he said. "Listen to me; Igive you the field, and I give you thecave that is in it. I give it to you in thepresence of my people. Bury yourdead."
  • 12Again Abraham bowed down beforethe people of the land13and he said to Ephron in their hearing,"Listen to me, if you will. I will pay theprice of the field. Accept it from me so Ican bury my dead there."14Ephron answered Abraham,15"Listen to me, my lord; the land isworth four hundred shekels of silver, butwhat is that between me and you? Buryyour dead."16Abraham agreed to Ephrons termsand weighed out for him the price hehad named in the hearing of the Hittites:four hundred shekels of silver, accordingto the weight current among themerchants.17So Ephrons field in Machpelah nearMamre-both the field and the cave in it,and all the trees within the borders ofthe field-was deeded18to Abraham as his property in thepresence of all the Hittites who hadcome to the gate of the city.19Afterward Abraham buried his wifeSarah in the cave in the field ofMachpelah near Mamre (which is atHebron) in the land of Canaan.20So the field and the cave in it weredeeded to Abraham by the Hittites as aburial site.24Abraham was now old and welladvanced in years, and the Lord hadblessed him in every way.2He said to the chief servant in hishousehold, the one in charge of all thathe had, "Put your hand under my thigh.3I want you to swear by the Lord , theGod of heaven and the God of earth,that you will not get a wife for my sonfrom the daughters of the Canaanites,among whom I am living,4but will go to my country and my ownrelatives and get a wife for my sonIsaac."5The servant asked him, "What if thewoman is unwilling to come back withme to this land? Shall I then take yourson back to the country you camefrom?"6"Make sure that you do not take my sonback there," Abraham said.7"The Lord , the God of heaven, whobrought me out of my fathers householdand my native land and who spoke tome and promised me on oath, saying,To your offspring I will give this land-hewill send his angel before you so thatyou can get a wife for my son from there.8If the woman is unwilling to come backwith you, then you will be released fromthis oath of mine. Only do not take myson back there."
  • 9So the servant put his hand under thethigh of his master Abraham and sworean oath to him concerning this matter.10Then the servant took ten of hismasters camels and left, taking with himall kinds of good things from his master.He set out for Aram Naharaim andmade his way to the town of Nahor.11He had the camels kneel down nearthe well outside the town; it was towardevening, the time the women go out todraw water.12Then he prayed, "O Lord , God of mymaster Abraham, give me successtoday, and show kindness to my masterAbraham.13See, I am standing beside this spring,and the daughters of the townspeopleare coming out to draw water.14May it be that when I say to a girl,Please let down your jar that I may havea drink, and she says, Drink, and Illwater your camels too-let her be theone you have chosen for your servantIsaac. By this I will know that you haveshown kindness to my master."15Before he had finished praying,Rebekah came out with her jar on hershoulder. She was the daughter ofBethuel son of Milcah, who was the wifeof Abrahams brother Nahor.16The girl was very beautiful, a virgin; noman had ever lain with her. She wentdown to the spring, filled her jar andcame up again.17The servant hurried to meet her andsaid, "Please give me a little water fromyour jar."18"Drink, my lord," she said, and quicklylowered the jar to her hands and gavehim a drink.19After she had given him a drink, shesaid, "Ill draw water for your camels too,until they have finished drinking."20So she quickly emptied her jar into thetrough, ran back to the well to drawmore water, and drew enough for all hiscamels.21Without saying a word, the manwatched her closely to learn whether ornot the Lord had made his journeysuccessful.22When the camels had finished drinking,the man took out a gold nose ringweighing a beka and two gold braceletsweighing ten shekels.23Then he asked, "Whose daughter areyou? Please tell me, is there room inyour fathers house for us to spend thenight?"24She answered him, "I am the daughterof Bethuel, the son that Milcah bore toNahor."25And she added, "We have plenty ofstraw and fodder, as well as room foryou to spend the night."26Then the man bowed down andworshiped the Lord ,
  • 27saying, "Praise be to the Lord , theGod of my master Abraham, who hasnot abandoned his kindness andfaithfulness to my master. As for me, theLord has led me on the journey to thehouse of my masters relatives."28The girl ran and told her mothershousehold about these things.29Now Rebekah had a brother namedLaban, and he hurried out to the man atthe spring.30As soon as he had seen the nose ring,and the bracelets on his sisters arms,and had heard Rebekah tell what theman said to her, he went out to the manand found him standing by the camelsnear the spring.31"Come, you who are blessed by theLord ," he said. "Why are you standingout here? I have prepared the houseand a place for the camels."32So the man went to the house, and thecamels were unloaded. Straw andfodder were brought for the camels, andwater for him and his men to wash theirfeet.33Then food was set before him, but hesaid, "I will not eat until I have told youwhat I have to say." "Then tell us,"Laban said.34So he said, "I am Abrahams servant.35The Lord has blessed my masterabundantly, and he has become wealthy.He has given him sheep and cattle,silver and gold, menservants andmaidservants, and camels and donkeys.36My masters wife Sarah has borne hima son in her old age, and he has givenhim everything he owns.37And my master made me swear anoath, and said, You must not get a wifefor my son from the daughters of theCanaanites, in whose land I live,38but go to my fathers family and to myown clan, and get a wife for my son.39"Then I asked my master, What if thewoman will not come back with me?40"He replied, The Lord , before whom Ihave walked, will send his angel withyou and make your journey a success,so that you can get a wife for my sonfrom my own clan and from my fathersfamily.41Then, when you go to my clan, you willbe released from my oath even if theyrefuse to give her to you-you will bereleased from my oath.42"When I came to the spring today, Isaid, O Lord , God of my masterAbraham, if you will, please grantsuccess to the journey on which I havecome.43See, I am standing beside this spring;if a maiden comes out to draw waterand I say to her, "Please let me drink alittle water from your jar,"44and if she says to me, "Drink, and Illdraw water for your camels too," let her
  • be the one the Lord has chosen for mymasters son.45"Before I finished praying in my heart,Rebekah came out, with her jar on hershoulder. She went down to the springand drew water, and I said to her,Please give me a drink.46"She quickly lowered her jar from hershoulder and said, Drink, and Ill wateryour camels too. So I drank, and shewatered the camels also.47"I asked her, Whose daughter areyou? "She said, The daughter ofBethuel son of Nahor, whom Milcahbore to him. "Then I put the ring in hernose and the bracelets on her arms,48and I bowed down and worshiped theLord . I praised the Lord , the God of mymaster Abraham, who had led me onthe right road to get the granddaughterof my masters brother for his son.49Now if you will show kindness andfaithfulness to my master, tell me; and ifnot, tell me, so I may know which way toturn."50Laban and Bethuel answered, "This isfrom the Lord ; we can say nothing toyou one way or the other.51Here is Rebekah; take her and go, andlet her become the wife of your mastersson, as the Lord has directed."52When Abrahams servant heard whatthey said, he bowed down to the groundbefore the Lord .53Then the servant brought out gold andsilver jewelry and articles of clothing andgave them to Rebekah; he also gavecostly gifts to her brother and to hermother.54Then he and the men who were withhim ate and drank and spent the nightthere. When they got up the nextmorning, he said, "Send me on my wayto my master."55But her brother and her mother replied,"Let the girl remain with us ten days orso; then you may go."56But he said to them, "Do not detain me,now that the Lord has granted successto my journey. Send me on my way so Imay go to my master."57Then they said, "Lets call the girl andask her about it."58So they called Rebekah and asked her,"Will you go with this man?" "I will go,"she said.59So they sent their sister Rebekah onher way, along with her nurse andAbrahams servant and his men.60And they blessed Rebekah and said toher, "Our sister, may you increase tothousands upon thousands; may youroffspring possess the gates of theirenemies."61Then Rebekah and her maids gotready and mounted their camels andwent back with the man. So the servanttook Rebekah and left.
  • 62Now Isaac had come from Beer LahaiRoi, for he was living in the Negev.63He went out to the field one evening tomeditate, and as he looked up, he sawcamels approaching.64Rebekah also looked up and sawIsaac. She got down from her camel65and asked the servant, "Who is thatman in the field coming to meet us?""He is my master," the servantanswered. So she took her veil andcovered herself.66Then the servant told Isaac all he haddone.67Isaac brought her into the tent of hismother Sarah, and he married Rebekah.So she became his wife, and he lovedher; and Isaac was comforted after hismothers death.25Abraham took another wife,whose name was Keturah.2She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan,Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.3Jokshan was the father of Sheba andDedan; the descendants of Dedan werethe Asshurites, the Letushites and theLeummites.4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher,Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All thesewere descendants of Keturah.5Abraham left everything he owned toIsaac.6But while he was still living, he gavegifts to the sons of his concubines andsent them away from his son Isaac tothe land of the east.7Altogether, Abraham lived a hundredand seventy-five years.8Then Abraham breathed his last anddied at a good old age, an old man andfull of years; and he was gathered to hispeople.9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried himin the cave of Machpelah near Mamre,in the field of Ephron son of Zohar theHittite,10the field Abraham had bought from theHittites. There Abraham was buried withhis wife Sarah.11After Abrahams death, God blessedhis son Isaac, who then lived near BeerLahai Roi.12This is the account of Abrahams sonIshmael, whom Sarahs maidservant,Hagar the Egyptian, bore to Abraham.13These are the names of the sons ofIshmael, listed in the order of their birth:Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar,Adbeel, Mibsam,14Mishma, Dumah, Massa,15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish andKedemah.
  • 16These were the sons of Ishmael, andthese are the names of the twelve tribalrulers according to their settlements andcamps.17Altogether, Ishmael lived a hundredand thirty-seven years. He breathed hislast and died, and he was gathered tohis people.18His descendants settled in the areafrom Havilah to Shur, near the border ofEgypt, as you go toward Asshur. Andthey lived in hostility toward all theirbrothers.19This is the account of Abrahams sonIsaac. Abraham became the father ofIsaac,20and Isaac was forty years old when hemarried Rebekah daughter of Bethuelthe Aramean from Paddan Aram andsister of Laban the Aramean.21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf ofhis wife, because she was barren. TheLord answered his prayer, and his wifeRebekah became pregnant.22The babies jostled each other withinher, and she said, "Why is thishappening to me?" So she went toinquire of the Lord .23The Lord said to her, "Two nations arein your womb, and two peoples fromwithin you will be separated; one peoplewill be stronger than the other, and theolder will serve the younger."24When the time came for her to givebirth, there were twin boys in her womb.25The first to come out was red, and hiswhole body was like a hairy garment; sothey named him Esau.26After this, his brother came out, withhis hand grasping Esaus heel; so hewas named Jacob. Isaac was sixtyyears old when Rebekah gave birth tothem.27The boys grew up, and Esau becamea skillful hunter, a man of the opencountry, while Jacob was a quiet man,staying among the tents.28Isaac, who had a taste for wild game,loved Esau, but Rebekah loved Jacob.29Once when Jacob was cooking somestew, Esau came in from the opencountry, famished.30He said to Jacob, "Quick, let me havesome of that red stew! Im famished!"(That is why he was also called Edom. )31Jacob replied, "First sell me yourbirthright."32"Look, I am about to die," Esau said."What good is the birthright to me?"33But Jacob said, "Swear to me first." Sohe swore an oath to him, selling hisbirthright to Jacob.34Then Jacob gave Esau some breadand some lentil stew. He ate and drank,and then got up and left. So Esaudespised his birthright.
  • 26Now there was a famine in theland-besides the earlier famine ofAbrahams time-and Isaac went toAbimelech king of the Philistines inGerar.2The Lord appeared to Isaac and said,"Do not go down to Egypt; live in theland where I tell you to live.3Stay in this land for a while, and I willbe with you and will bless you. For toyou and your descendants I will give allthese lands and will confirm the oath Iswore to your father Abraham.4I will make your descendants asnumerous as the stars in the sky andwill give them all these lands, andthrough your offspring all nations onearth will be blessed,5because Abraham obeyed me and keptmy requirements, my commands, mydecrees and my laws."6So Isaac stayed in Gerar.7When the men of that place asked himabout his wife, he said, "She is mysister," because he was afraid to say,"She is my wife." He thought, "The menof this place might kill me on account ofRebekah, because she is beautiful."8When Isaac had been there a long time,Abimelech king of the Philistines lookeddown from a window and saw Isaaccaressing his wife Rebekah.9So Abimelech summoned Isaac andsaid, "She is really your wife! Why didyou say, She is my sister?" Isaacanswered him, "Because I thought Imight lose my life on account of her."10Then Abimelech said, "What is thisyou have done to us? One of the menmight well have slept with your wife, andyou would have brought guilt upon us."11So Abimelech gave orders to all thepeople: "Anyone who molests this manor his wife shall surely be put to death."12Isaac planted crops in that land andthe same year reaped a hundredfold,because the Lord blessed him.13The man became rich, and his wealthcontinued to grow until he became verywealthy.14He had so many flocks and herds andservants that the Philistines envied him.15So all the wells that his fathersservants had dug in the time of hisfather Abraham, the Philistines stoppedup, filling them with earth.16Then Abimelech said to Isaac, "Moveaway from us; you have become toopowerful for us."17So Isaac moved away from there andencamped in the Valley of Gerar andsettled there.18Isaac reopened the wells that hadbeen dug in the time of his fatherAbraham, which the Philistines hadstopped up after Abraham died, and hegave them the same names his fatherhad given them.
  • 19Isaacs servants dug in the valley anddiscovered a well of fresh water there.20But the herdsmen of Gerar quarreledwith Isaacs herdsmen and said, "Thewater is ours!" So he named the wellEsek, because they disputed with him.21Then they dug another well, but theyquarreled over that one also; so henamed it Sitnah.22He moved on from there and duganother well, and no one quarreled overit. He named it Rehoboth, saying, "Nowthe Lord has given us room and we willflourish in the land."23From there he went up to Beersheba.24That night the Lord appeared to himand said, "I am the God of your fatherAbraham. Do not be afraid, for I am withyou; I will bless you and will increase thenumber of your descendants for thesake of my servant Abraham."25Isaac built an altar there and called onthe name of the Lord . There he pitchedhis tent, and there his servants dug awell.26Meanwhile, Abimelech had come tohim from Gerar, with Ahuzzath hispersonal adviser and Phicol thecommander of his forces.27Isaac asked them, "Why have youcome to me, since you were hostile tome and sent me away?"28They answered, "We saw clearly thatthe Lord was with you; so we said,There ought to be a sworn agreementbetween us-between us and you. Let usmake a treaty with you29that you will do us no harm, just as wedid not molest you but always treatedyou well and sent you away in peace.And now you are blessed by the Lord ."30Isaac then made a feast for them, andthey ate and drank.31Early the next morning the men sworean oath to each other. Then Isaac sentthem on their way, and they left him inpeace.32That day Isaacs servants came andtold him about the well they had dug.They said, "Weve found water!"33He called it Shibah, and to this day thename of the town has been Beersheba.34When Esau was forty years old, hemarried Judith daughter of Beeri theHittite, and also Basemath daughter ofElon the Hittite.35They were a source of grief to Isaacand Rebekah.27When Isaac was old and his eyeswere so weak that he could no longersee, he called for Esau his older sonand said to him, "My son." "Here I am,"he answered.2Isaac said, "I am now an old man anddont know the day of my death.
  • 3Now then, get your weapons-yourquiver and bow-and go out to the opencountry to hunt some wild game for me.4Prepare me the kind of tasty food I likeand bring it to me to eat, so that I maygive you my blessing before I die."5Now Rebekah was listening as Isaacspoke to his son Esau. When Esau leftfor the open country to hunt game andbring it back,6Rebekah said to her son Jacob, "Look,I overheard your father say to yourbrother Esau,7Bring me some game and prepare mesome tasty food to eat, so that I maygive you my blessing in the presence ofthe Lord before I die.8Now, my son, listen carefully and dowhat I tell you:9Go out to the flock and bring me twochoice young goats, so I can preparesome tasty food for your father, just theway he likes it.10Then take it to your father to eat, sothat he may give you his blessing beforehe dies."11Jacob said to Rebekah his mother,"But my brother Esau is a hairy man,and Im a man with smooth skin.12What if my father touches me? I wouldappear to be tricking him and wouldbring down a curse on myself ratherthan a blessing."13His mother said to him, "My son, letthe curse fall on me. Just do what I say;go and get them for me."14So he went and got them and broughtthem to his mother, and she preparedsome tasty food, just the way his fatherliked it.15Then Rebekah took the best clothes ofEsau her older son, which she had inthe house, and put them on her youngerson Jacob.16She also covered his hands and thesmooth part of his neck with thegoatskins.17Then she handed to her son Jacob thetasty food and the bread she had made.18He went to his father and said, "Myfather." "Yes, my son," he answered."Who is it?"19Jacob said to his father, "I am Esauyour firstborn. I have done as you toldme. Please sit up and eat some of mygame so that you may give me yourblessing."20Isaac asked his son, "How did you findit so quickly, my son?" "The Lord yourGod gave me success," he replied.21Then Isaac said to Jacob, "Come nearso I can touch you, my son, to knowwhether you really are my son Esau ornot."22Jacob went close to his father Isaac,who touched him and said, "The voice is
  • the voice of Jacob, but the hands arethe hands of Esau."23He did not recognize him, for hishands were hairy like those of hisbrother Esau; so he blessed him.24"Are you really my son Esau?" heasked. "I am," he replied.25Then he said, "My son, bring me someof your game to eat, so that I may giveyou my blessing." Jacob brought it tohim and he ate; and he brought somewine and he drank.26Then his father Isaac said to him,"Come here, my son, and kiss me."27So he went to him and kissed him.When Isaac caught the smell of hisclothes, he blessed him and said, "Ah,the smell of my son is like the smell of afield that the Lord has blessed.28May God give you of heavens dewand of earths richness- an abundanceof grain and new wine.29May nations serve you and peoplesbow down to you. Be lord over yourbrothers, and may the sons of yourmother bow down to you. May thosewho curse you be cursed and those whobless you be blessed."30After Isaac finished blessing him andJacob had scarcely left his fatherspresence, his brother Esau came infrom hunting.31He too prepared some tasty food andbrought it to his father. Then he said tohim, "My father, sit up and eat some ofmy game, so that you may give me yourblessing."32His father Isaac asked him, "Who areyou?" "I am your son," he answered,"your firstborn, Esau."33Isaac trembled violently and said,"Who was it, then, that hunted gameand brought it to me? I ate it just beforeyou came and I blessed him-and indeedhe will be blessed!"34When Esau heard his fathers words,he burst out with a loud and bitter cryand said to his father, "Bless me-me too,my father!"35But he said, "Your brother camedeceitfully and took your blessing."36Esau said, "Isnt he rightly namedJacob ? He has deceived me these twotimes: He took my birthright, and nowhes taken my blessing!" Then he asked,"Havent you reserved any blessing forme?"37Isaac answered Esau, "I have madehim lord over you and have made all hisrelatives his servants, and I havesustained him with grain and new wine.So what can I possibly do for you, myson?"38Esau said to his father, "Do you haveonly one blessing, my father? Bless metoo, my father!" Then Esau wept aloud.39His father Isaac answered him, "Yourdwelling will be away from the earths
  • richness, away from the dew of heavenabove.40You will live by the sword and you willserve your brother. But when you growrestless, you will throw his yoke from offyour neck."41Esau held a grudge against Jacobbecause of the blessing his father hadgiven him. He said to himself, "The daysof mourning for my father are near; thenI will kill my brother Jacob."42When Rebekah was told what herolder son Esau had said, she sent forher younger son Jacob and said to him,"Your brother Esau is consoling himselfwith the thought of killing you.43Now then, my son, do what I say: Fleeat once to my brother Laban in Haran.44Stay with him for a while until yourbrothers fury subsides.45When your brother is no longer angrywith you and forgets what you did to him,Ill send word for you to come back fromthere. Why should I lose both of you inone day?"46Then Rebekah said to Isaac, "Imdisgusted with living because of theseHittite women. If Jacob takes a wife fromamong the women of this land, fromHittite women like these, my life will notbe worth living."28So Isaac called for Jacob andblessed him and commanded him: "Donot marry a Canaanite woman.2Go at once to Paddan Aram, to thehouse of your mothers father Bethuel.Take a wife for yourself there, fromamong the daughters of Laban, yourmothers brother.3May God Almighty bless you and makeyou fruitful and increase your numbersuntil you become a community ofpeoples.4May he give you and your descendantsthe blessing given to Abraham, so thatyou may take possession of the landwhere you now live as an alien, the landGod gave to Abraham."5Then Isaac sent Jacob on his way, andhe went to Paddan Aram, to Laban sonof Bethuel the Aramean, the brother ofRebekah, who was the mother of Jacoband Esau.6Now Esau learned that Isaac hadblessed Jacob and had sent him toPaddan Aram to take a wife from there,and that when he blessed him hecommanded him, "Do not marry aCanaanite woman,"7and that Jacob had obeyed his fatherand mother and had gone to PaddanAram.8Esau then realized how displeasing theCanaanite women were to his fatherIsaac;9so he went to Ishmael and marriedMahalath, the sister of Nebaioth anddaughter of Ishmael son of Abraham, inaddition to the wives he already had.
  • 10Jacob left Beersheba and set out forHaran.11When he reached a certain place, hestopped for the night because the sunhad set. Taking one of the stones there,he put it under his head and lay down tosleep.12He had a dream in which he saw astairway resting on the earth, with its topreaching to heaven, and the angels ofGod were ascending and descending onit.13There above it stood the Lord , and hesaid: "I am the Lord , the God of yourfather Abraham and the God of Isaac. Iwill give you and your descendants theland on which you are lying.14Your descendants will be like the dustof the earth, and you will spread out tothe west and to the east, to the northand to the south. All peoples on earthwill be blessed through you and youroffspring.15I am with you and will watch over youwherever you go, and I will bring youback to this land. I will not leave youuntil I have done what I have promisedyou."16When Jacob awoke from his sleep, hethought, "Surely the Lord is in this place,and I was not aware of it."17He was afraid and said, "Howawesome is this place! This is noneother than the house of God; this is thegate of heaven."18Early the next morning Jacob took thestone he had placed under his head andset it up as a pillar and poured oil on topof it.19He called that place Bethel, though thecity used to be called Luz.20Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "IfGod will be with me and will watch overme on this journey I am taking and willgive me food to eat and clothes to wear21so that I return safely to my fathershouse, then the Lord will be my God22and this stone that I have set up as apillar will be Gods house, and of all thatyou give me I will give you a tenth."29Then Jacob continued on hisjourney and came to the land of theeastern peoples.2There he saw a well in the field, withthree flocks of sheep lying near itbecause the flocks were watered fromthat well. The stone over the mouth ofthe well was large.3When all the flocks were gathered there,the shepherds would roll the stone awayfrom the wells mouth and water thesheep. Then they would return the stoneto its place over the mouth of the well.4Jacob asked the shepherds, "Mybrothers, where are you from?" "Werefrom Haran," they replied.
  • 5He said to them, "Do you know Laban,Nahors grandson?" "Yes, we knowhim," they answered.6Then Jacob asked them, "Is he well?""Yes, he is," they said, "and here comeshis daughter Rachel with the sheep."7"Look," he said, "the sun is still high; itis not time for the flocks to be gathered.Water the sheep and take them back topasture."8"We cant," they replied, "until all theflocks are gathered and the stone hasbeen rolled away from the mouth of thewell. Then we will water the sheep."9While he was still talking with them,Rachel came with her fathers sheep, forshe was a shepherdess.10When Jacob saw Rachel daughter ofLaban, his mothers brother, andLabans sheep, he went over and rolledthe stone away from the mouth of thewell and watered his uncles sheep.11Then Jacob kissed Rachel and beganto weep aloud.12He had told Rachel that he was arelative of her father and a son ofRebekah. So she ran and told her father.13As soon as Laban heard the newsabout Jacob, his sisters son, he hurriedto meet him. He embraced him andkissed him and brought him to his home,and there Jacob told him all these things.14Then Laban said to him, "You are myown flesh and blood." After Jacob hadstayed with him for a whole month,15Laban said to him, "Just because youare a relative of mine, should you workfor me for nothing? Tell me what yourwages should be."16Now Laban had two daughters; thename of the older was Leah, and thename of the younger was Rachel.17Leah had weak eyes, but Rachel waslovely in form, and beautiful.18Jacob was in love with Rachel andsaid, "Ill work for you seven years inreturn for your younger daughterRachel."19Laban said, "Its better that I give herto you than to some other man. Stayhere with me."20So Jacob served seven years to getRachel, but they seemed like only a fewdays to him because of his love for her.21Then Jacob said to Laban, "Give memy wife. My time is completed, and Iwant to lie with her."22So Laban brought together all thepeople of the place and gave a feast.23But when evening came, he took hisdaughter Leah and gave her to Jacob,and Jacob lay with her.24And Laban gave his servant girl Zilpahto his daughter as her maidservant.
  • 25When morning came, there was Leah!So Jacob said to Laban, "What is thisyou have done to me? I served you forRachel, didnt I? Why have youdeceived me?"26Laban replied, "It is not our customhere to give the younger daughter inmarriage before the older one.27Finish this daughters bridal week; thenwe will give you the younger one also, inreturn for another seven years of work."28And Jacob did so. He finished theweek with Leah, and then Laban gavehim his daughter Rachel to be his wife.29Laban gave his servant girl Bilhah tohis daughter Rachel as her maidservant.30Jacob lay with Rachel also, and heloved Rachel more than Leah. And heworked for Laban another seven years.31When the Lord saw that Leah was notloved, he opened her womb, but Rachelwas barren.32Leah became pregnant and gave birthto a son. She named him Reuben, forshe said, "It is because the Lord hasseen my misery. Surely my husband willlove me now."33She conceived again, and when shegave birth to a son she said, "Becausethe Lord heard that I am not loved, hegave me this one too." So she namedhim Simeon.34Again she conceived, and when shegave birth to a son she said, "Now atlast my husband will become attachedto me, because I have borne him threesons." So he was named Levi.35She conceived again, and when shegave birth to a son she said, "This time Iwill praise the Lord ." So she named himJudah. Then she stopped havingchildren.30When Rachel saw that she wasnot bearing Jacob any children, shebecame jealous of her sister. So shesaid to Jacob, "Give me children, or Illdie!"2Jacob became angry with her and said,"Am I in the place of God, who has keptyou from having children?"3Then she said, "Here is Bilhah, mymaidservant. Sleep with her so that shecan bear children for me and thatthrough her I too can build a family."4So she gave him her servant Bilhah asa wife. Jacob slept with her,5and she became pregnant and borehim a son.6Then Rachel said, "God has vindicatedme; he has listened to my plea andgiven me a son." Because of this shenamed him Dan.7Rachels servant Bilhah conceivedagain and bore Jacob a second son.8Then Rachel said, "I have had a greatstruggle with my sister, and I have won."So she named him Naphtali.
  • 9When Leah saw that she had stoppedhaving children, she took hermaidservant Zilpah and gave her toJacob as a wife.10Leahs servant Zilpah bore Jacob ason.11Then Leah said, "What good fortune!"So she named him Gad.12Leahs servant Zilpah bore Jacob asecond son.13Then Leah said, "How happy I am!The women will call me happy." So shenamed him Asher.14During wheat harvest, Reuben wentout into the fields and found somemandrake plants, which he brought tohis mother Leah. Rachel said to Leah,"Please give me some of your sonsmandrakes."15But she said to her, "Wasnt it enoughthat you took away my husband? Willyou take my sons mandrakes too?""Very well," Rachel said, "he can sleepwith you tonight in return for your sonsmandrakes."16So when Jacob came in from the fieldsthat evening, Leah went out to meet him."You must sleep with me," she said. "Ihave hired you with my sonsmandrakes." So he slept with her thatnight.17God listened to Leah, and she becamepregnant and bore Jacob a fifth son.18Then Leah said, "God has rewardedme for giving my maidservant to myhusband." So she named him Issachar.19Leah conceived again and bore Jacoba sixth son.20Then Leah said, "God has presentedme with a precious gift. This time myhusband will treat me with honor,because I have borne him six sons." Soshe named him Zebulun.21Some time later she gave birth to adaughter and named her Dinah.22Then God remembered Rachel; helistened to her and opened her womb.23She became pregnant and gave birthto a son and said, "God has taken awaymy disgrace."24She named him Joseph, and said,"May the Lord add to me another son."25After Rachel gave birth to Joseph,Jacob said to Laban, "Send me on myway so I can go back to my ownhomeland.26Give me my wives and children, forwhom I have served you, and I will beon my way. You know how much workIve done for you."27But Laban said to him, "If I have foundfavor in your eyes, please stay. I havelearned by divination that the Lord hasblessed me because of you."28He added, "Name your wages, and Iwill pay them."
  • 29Jacob said to him, "You know how Ihave worked for you and how yourlivestock has fared under my care.30The little you had before I came hasincreased greatly, and the Lord hasblessed you wherever I have been. Butnow, when may I do something for myown household?"31"What shall I give you?" he asked."Dont give me anything," Jacob replied."But if you will do this one thing for me, Iwill go on tending your flocks andwatching over them:32Let me go through all your flocks todayand remove from them every speckledor spotted sheep, every dark-coloredlamb and every spotted or speckledgoat. They will be my wages.33And my honesty will testify for me inthe future, whenever you check on thewages you have paid me. Any goat inmy possession that is not speckled orspotted, or any lamb that is not dark-colored, will be considered stolen."34"Agreed," said Laban. "Let it be as youhave said."35That same day he removed all themale goats that were streaked orspotted, and all the speckled or spottedfemale goats (all that had white onthem) and all the dark-colored lambs,and he placed them in the care of hissons.36Then he put a three-day journeybetween himself and Jacob, while Jacobcontinued to tend the rest of Labansflocks.37Jacob, however, took fresh-cutbranches from poplar, almond and planetrees and made white stripes on themby peeling the bark and exposing thewhite inner wood of the branches.38Then he placed the peeled branchesin all the watering troughs, so that theywould be directly in front of the flockswhen they came to drink. When theflocks were in heat and came to drink,39they mated in front of the branches.And they bore young that were streakedor speckled or spotted.40Jacob set apart the young of the flockby themselves, but made the rest facethe streaked and dark-colored animalsthat belonged to Laban. Thus he madeseparate flocks for himself and did notput them with Labans animals.41Whenever the stronger females werein heat, Jacob would place the branchesin the troughs in front of the animals sothey would mate near the branches,42but if the animals were weak, he wouldnot place them there. So the weakanimals went to Laban and the strongones to Jacob.43In this way the man grew exceedinglyprosperous and came to own largeflocks, and maidservants andmenservants, and camels and donkeys.
  • 31Jacob heard that Labans sonswere saying, "Jacob has takeneverything our father owned and hasgained all this wealth from whatbelonged to our father."2And Jacob noticed that Labans attitudetoward him was not what it had been.3Then the Lord said to Jacob, "Go backto the land of your fathers and to yourrelatives, and I will be with you."4So Jacob sent word to Rachel andLeah to come out to the fields where hisflocks were.5He said to them, "I see that yourfathers attitude toward me is not what itwas before, but the God of my fatherhas been with me.6You know that Ive worked for yourfather with all my strength,7yet your father has cheated me bychanging my wages ten times. However,God has not allowed him to harm me.8If he said, The speckled ones will beyour wages, then all the flocks gavebirth to speckled young; and if he said,The streaked ones will be your wages,then all the flocks bore streaked young.9So God has taken away your fatherslivestock and has given them to me.10"In breeding season I once had adream in which I looked up and saw thatthe male goats mating with the flockwere streaked, speckled or spotted.11The angel of God said to me in thedream, Jacob. I answered, Here I am.12And he said, Look up and see that allthe male goats mating with the flock arestreaked, speckled or spotted, for I haveseen all that Laban has been doing toyou.13I am the God of Bethel, where youanointed a pillar and where you made avow to me. Now leave this land at onceand go back to your native land. "14Then Rachel and Leah replied, "Do westill have any share in the inheritance ofour fathers estate?15Does he not regard us as foreigners?Not only has he sold us, but he hasused up what was paid for us.16Surely all the wealth that God tookaway from our father belongs to us andour children. So do whatever God hastold you."17Then Jacob put his children and hiswives on camels,18and he drove all his livestock ahead ofhim, along with all the goods he hadaccumulated in Paddan Aram, to go tohis father Isaac in the land of Canaan.19When Laban had gone to shear hissheep, Rachel stole her fathershousehold gods.20Moreover, Jacob deceived Laban theAramean by not telling him he wasrunning away.
  • 21So he fled with all he had, andcrossing the River, he headed for the hillcountry of Gilead.22On the third day Laban was told thatJacob had fled.23Taking his relatives with him, hepursued Jacob for seven days andcaught up with him in the hill country ofGilead.24Then God came to Laban theAramean in a dream at night and said tohim, "Be careful not to say anything toJacob, either good or bad."25Jacob had pitched his tent in the hillcountry of Gilead when Laban overtookhim, and Laban and his relativescamped there too.26Then Laban said to Jacob, "What haveyou done? Youve deceived me, andyouve carried off my daughters likecaptives in war.27Why did you run off secretly anddeceive me? Why didnt you tell me, so Icould send you away with joy andsinging to the music of tambourines andharps?28You didnt even let me kiss mygrandchildren and my daughters good-by. You have done a foolish thing.29I have the power to harm you; but lastnight the God of your father said to me,Be careful not to say anything to Jacob,either good or bad.30Now you have gone off because youlonged to return to your fathers house.But why did you steal my gods?"31Jacob answered Laban, "I was afraid,because I thought you would take yourdaughters away from me by force.32But if you find anyone who has yourgods, he shall not live. In the presenceof our relatives, see for yourself whetherthere is anything of yours here with me;and if so, take it." Now Jacob did notknow that Rachel had stolen the gods.33So Laban went into Jacobs tent andinto Leahs tent and into the tent of thetwo maidservants, but he found nothing.After he came out of Leahs tent, heentered Rachels tent.34Now Rachel had taken the householdgods and put them inside her camelssaddle and was sitting on them. Labansearched through everything in the tentbut found nothing.35Rachel said to her father, "Dont beangry, my lord, that I cannot stand up inyour presence; Im having my period."So he searched but could not find thehousehold gods.36Jacob was angry and took Laban totask. "What is my crime?" he askedLaban. "What sin have I committed thatyou hunt me down?37Now that you have searched throughall my goods, what have you found thatbelongs to your household? Put it herein front of your relatives and mine, andlet them judge between the two of us.
  • 38"I have been with you for twenty yearsnow. Your sheep and goats have notmiscarried, nor have I eaten rams fromyour flocks.39I did not bring you animals torn by wildbeasts; I bore the loss myself. And youdemanded payment from me forwhatever was stolen by day or night.40This was my situation: The heatconsumed me in the daytime and thecold at night, and sleep fled from myeyes.41It was like this for the twenty years Iwas in your household. I worked for youfourteen years for your two daughtersand six years for your flocks, and youchanged my wages ten times.42If the God of my father, the God ofAbraham and the Fear of Isaac, had notbeen with me, you would surely havesent me away empty-handed. But Godhas seen my hardship and the toil of myhands, and last night he rebuked you."43Laban answered Jacob, "The womenare my daughters, the children are mychildren, and the flocks are my flocks.All you see is mine. Yet what can I dotoday about these daughters of mine, orabout the children they have borne?44Come now, lets make a covenant, youand I, and let it serve as a witnessbetween us."45So Jacob took a stone and set it up asa pillar.46He said to his relatives, "Gather somestones." So they took stones and piledthem in a heap, and they ate there bythe heap.47Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, andJacob called it Galeed.48Laban said, "This heap is a witnessbetween you and me today." That is whyit was called Galeed.49It was also called Mizpah, because hesaid, "May the Lord keep watch betweenyou and me when we are away fromeach other.50If you mistreat my daughters or if youtake any wives besides my daughters,even though no one is with us,remember that God is a witnessbetween you and me."51Laban also said to Jacob, "Here is thisheap, and here is this pillar I have set upbetween you and me.52This heap is a witness, and this pillaris a witness, that I will not go past thisheap to your side to harm you and thatyou will not go past this heap and pillarto my side to harm me.53May the God of Abraham and the Godof Nahor, the God of their father, judgebetween us." So Jacob took an oath inthe name of the Fear of his father Isaac.54He offered a sacrifice there in the hillcountry and invited his relatives to ameal. After they had eaten, they spentthe night there.
  • 55Early the next morning Laban kissedhis grandchildren and his daughters andblessed them. Then he left and returnedhome.32Jacob also went on his way, andthe angels of God met him.2When Jacob saw them, he said, "Thisis the camp of God!" So he named thatplace Mahanaim.3Jacob sent messengers ahead of himto his brother Esau in the land of Seir,the country of Edom.4He instructed them: "This is what youare to say to my master Esau: Yourservant Jacob says, I have been stayingwith Laban and have remained there tillnow.5I have cattle and donkeys, sheep andgoats, menservants and maidservants.Now I am sending this message to mylord, that I may find favor in your eyes. "6When the messengers returned toJacob, they said, "We went to yourbrother Esau, and now he is coming tomeet you, and four hundred men arewith him."7In great fear and distress Jacob dividedthe people who were with him into twogroups, and the flocks and herds andcamels as well.8He thought, "If Esau comes and attacksone group, the group that is left mayescape."9Then Jacob prayed, "O God of myfather Abraham, God of my father Isaac,O Lord , who said to me, Go back toyour country and your relatives, and Iwill make you prosper,10I am unworthy of all the kindness andfaithfulness you have shown yourservant. I had only my staff when Icrossed this Jordan, but now I havebecome two groups.11Save me, I pray, from the hand of mybrother Esau, for I am afraid he willcome and attack me, and also themothers with their children.12But you have said, I will surely makeyou prosper and will make yourdescendants like the sand of the sea,which cannot be counted. "13He spent the night there, and fromwhat he had with him he selected a giftfor his brother Esau:14two hundred female goats and twentymale goats, two hundred ewes andtwenty rams,15thirty female camels with their young,forty cows and ten bulls, and twentyfemale donkeys and ten male donkeys.16He put them in the care of his servants,each herd by itself, and said to hisservants, "Go ahead of me, and keepsome space between the herds."17He instructed the one in the lead:"When my brother Esau meets you andasks, To whom do you belong, and
  • where are you going, and who owns allthese animals in front of you?18then you are to say, They belong toyour servant Jacob. They are a gift sentto my lord Esau, and he is comingbehind us. "19He also instructed the second, thethird and all the others who followed theherds: "You are to say the same thing toEsau when you meet him.20And be sure to say, Your servantJacob is coming behind us. " For hethought, "I will pacify him with these giftsI am sending on ahead; later, when Isee him, perhaps he will receive me."21So Jacobs gifts went on ahead of him,but he himself spent the night in thecamp.22That night Jacob got up and took histwo wives, his two maidservants and hiseleven sons and crossed the ford of theJabbok.23After he had sent them across thestream, he sent over all his possessions.24So Jacob was left alone, and a manwrestled with him till daybreak.25When the man saw that he could notoverpower him, he touched the socketof Jacobs hip so that his hip waswrenched as he wrestled with the man.26Then the man said, "Let me go, for it isdaybreak." But Jacob replied, "I will notlet you go unless you bless me."27The man asked him, "What is yourname?" "Jacob," he answered.28Then the man said, "Your name will nolonger be Jacob, but Israel, becauseyou have struggled with God and withmen and have overcome."29Jacob said, "Please tell me yourname." But he replied, "Why do you askmy name?" Then he blessed him there.30So Jacob called the place Peniel,saying, "It is because I saw God face toface, and yet my life was spared."31The sun rose above him as he passedPeniel, and he was limping because ofhis hip.32Therefore to this day the Israelites donot eat the tendon attached to thesocket of the hip, because the socket ofJacobs hip was touched near thetendon.33Jacob looked up and there wasEsau, coming with his four hundredmen; so he divided the children amongLeah, Rachel and the two maidservants.2He put the maidservants and theirchildren in front, Leah and her childrennext, and Rachel and Joseph in the rear.3He himself went on ahead and boweddown to the ground seven times as heapproached his brother.4But Esau ran to meet Jacob andembraced him; he threw his arms
  • around his neck and kissed him. Andthey wept.5Then Esau looked up and saw thewomen and children. "Who are thesewith you?" he asked. Jacob answered,"They are the children God hasgraciously given your servant."6Then the maidservants and theirchildren approached and bowed down.7Next, Leah and her children came andbowed down. Last of all came Josephand Rachel, and they too bowed down.8Esau asked, "What do you mean by allthese droves I met?" "To find favor inyour eyes, my lord," he said.9But Esau said, "I already have plenty,my brother. Keep what you have foryourself."10"No, please!" said Jacob. "If I havefound favor in your eyes, accept this giftfrom me. For to see your face is likeseeing the face of God, now that youhave received me favorably.11Please accept the present that wasbrought to you, for God has beengracious to me and I have all I need."And because Jacob insisted, Esauaccepted it.12Then Esau said, "Let us be on ourway; Ill accompany you."13But Jacob said to him, "My lord knowsthat the children are tender and that Imust care for the ewes and cows thatare nursing their young. If they aredriven hard just one day, all the animalswill die.14So let my lord go on ahead of hisservant, while I move along slowly at thepace of the droves before me and thatof the children, until I come to my lord inSeir."15Esau said, "Then let me leave some ofmy men with you." "But why do that?"Jacob asked. "Just let me find favor inthe eyes of my lord."16So that day Esau started on his wayback to Seir.17Jacob, however, went to Succoth,where he built a place for himself andmade shelters for his livestock. That iswhy the place is called Succoth.18After Jacob came from Paddan Aram,he arrived safely at the city of Shechemin Canaan and camped within sight ofthe city.19For a hundred pieces of silver, hebought from the sons of Hamor, thefather of Shechem, the plot of groundwhere he pitched his tent.20There he set up an altar and called itEl Elohe Israel.34Now Dinah, the daughter Leahhad borne to Jacob, went out to visit thewomen of the land.2When Shechem son of Hamor theHivite, the ruler of that area, saw her, hetook her and violated her.
  • 3His heart was drawn to Dinah daughterof Jacob, and he loved the girl andspoke tenderly to her.4And Shechem said to his father Hamor,"Get me this girl as my wife."5When Jacob heard that his daughterDinah had been defiled, his sons werein the fields with his livestock; so he keptquiet about it until they came home.6Then Shechems father Hamor wentout to talk with Jacob.7Now Jacobs sons had come in fromthe fields as soon as they heard whathad happened. They were filled withgrief and fury, because Shechem haddone a disgraceful thing in Israel bylying with Jacobs daughter-a thing thatshould not be done.8But Hamor said to them, "My sonShechem has his heart set on yourdaughter. Please give her to him as hiswife.9Intermarry with us; give us yourdaughters and take our daughters foryourselves.10You can settle among us; the land isopen to you. Live in it, trade in it, andacquire property in it."11Then Shechem said to Dinahs fatherand brothers, "Let me find favor in youreyes, and I will give you whatever youask.12Make the price for the bride and thegift I am to bring as great as you like,and Ill pay whatever you ask me. Onlygive me the girl as my wife."13Because their sister Dinah had beendefiled, Jacobs sons replied deceitfullyas they spoke to Shechem and hisfather Hamor.14They said to them, "We cant do sucha thing; we cant give our sister to a manwho is not circumcised. That would be adisgrace to us.15We will give our consent to you on onecondition only: that you become like usby circumcising all your males.16Then we will give you our daughtersand take your daughters for ourselves.Well settle among you and become onepeople with you.17But if you will not agree to becircumcised, well take our sister andgo."18Their proposal seemed good to Hamorand his son Shechem.19The young man, who was the mosthonored of all his fathers household,lost no time in doing what they said,because he was delighted with Jacobsdaughter.20So Hamor and his son Shechem wentto the gate of their city to speak to theirfellow townsmen.21"These men are friendly toward us,"they said. "Let them live in our land andtrade in it; the land has plenty of room
  • for them. We can marry their daughtersand they can marry ours.22But the men will consent to live with usas one people only on the condition thatour males be circumcised, as theythemselves are.23Wont their livestock, their property andall their other animals become ours? Solet us give our consent to them, andthey will settle among us."24All the men who went out of the citygate agreed with Hamor and his sonShechem, and every male in the citywas circumcised.25Three days later, while all of themwere still in pain, two of Jacobs sons,Simeon and Levi, Dinahs brothers, tooktheir swords and attacked theunsuspecting city, killing every male.26They put Hamor and his son Shechemto the sword and took Dinah fromShechems house and left.27The sons of Jacob came upon thedead bodies and looted the city wheretheir sister had been defiled.28They seized their flocks and herds anddonkeys and everything else of theirs inthe city and out in the fields.29They carried off all their wealth and alltheir women and children, taking asplunder everything in the houses.30Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi,"You have brought trouble on me bymaking me a stench to the Canaanitesand Perizzites, the people living in thisland. We are few in number, and if theyjoin forces against me and attack me, Iand my household will be destroyed."31But they replied, "Should he havetreated our sister like a prostitute?"35Then God said to Jacob, "Go upto Bethel and settle there, and build analtar there to God, who appeared to youwhen you were fleeing from your brotherEsau."2So Jacob said to his household and toall who were with him, "Get rid of theforeign gods you have with you, andpurify yourselves and change yourclothes.3Then come, let us go up to Bethel,where I will build an altar to God, whoanswered me in the day of my distressand who has been with me wherever Ihave gone."4So they gave Jacob all the foreign godsthey had and the rings in their ears, andJacob buried them under the oak atShechem.5Then they set out, and the terror of Godfell upon the towns all around them sothat no one pursued them.6Jacob and all the people with him cameto Luz (that is, Bethel) in the land ofCanaan.7There he built an altar, and he calledthe place El Bethel, because it was
  • there that God revealed himself to himwhen he was fleeing from his brother.8Now Deborah, Rebekahs nurse, diedand was buried under the oak belowBethel. So it was named Allon Bacuth.9After Jacob returned from PaddanAram, God appeared to him again andblessed him.10God said to him, "Your name is Jacob,but you will no longer be called Jacob;your name will be Israel. " So he namedhim Israel.11And God said to him, "I am GodAlmighty ; be fruitful and increase innumber. A nation and a community ofnations will come from you, and kingswill come from your body.12The land I gave to Abraham and IsaacI also give to you, and I will give thisland to your descendants after you."13Then God went up from him at theplace where he had talked with him.14Jacob set up a stone pillar at the placewhere God had talked with him, and hepoured out a drink offering on it; he alsopoured oil on it.15Jacob called the place where God hadtalked with him Bethel.16Then they moved on from Bethel.While they were still some distance fromEphrath, Rachel began to give birth andhad great difficulty.17And as she was having great difficultyin childbirth, the midwife said to her,"Dont be afraid, for you have anotherson."18As she breathed her last-for she wasdying-she named her son Ben-Oni. Buthis father named him Benjamin.19So Rachel died and was buried on theway to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).20Over her tomb Jacob set up a pillar,and to this day that pillar marks Rachelstomb.21Israel moved on again and pitched histent beyond Migdal Eder.22While Israel was living in that region,Reuben went in and slept with hisfathers concubine Bilhah, and Israelheard of it. Jacob had twelve sons:23The sons of Leah: Reuben thefirstborn of Jacob, Simeon, Levi, Judah,Issachar and Zebulun.24The sons of Rachel: Joseph andBenjamin.25The sons of Rachels maidservantBilhah: Dan and Naphtali.26The sons of Leahs maidservantZilpah: Gad and Asher. These were thesons of Jacob, who were born to him inPaddan Aram.27Jacob came home to his father Isaacin Mamre, near Kiriath Arba (that is,Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac hadstayed.
  • 28Isaac lived a hundred and eighty years.29Then he breathed his last and diedand was gathered to his people, old andfull of years. And his sons Esau andJacob buried him.36This is the account of Esau (that is,Edom).2Esau took his wives from the women ofCanaan: Adah daughter of Elon theHittite, and Oholibamah daughter ofAnah and granddaughter of Zibeon theHivite-3also Basemath daughter of Ishmaeland sister of Nebaioth.4Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemathbore Reuel,5and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalamand Korah. These were the sons ofEsau, who were born to him in Canaan.6Esau took his wives and sons anddaughters and all the members of hishousehold, as well as his livestock andall his other animals and all the goodshe had acquired in Canaan, and movedto a land some distance from his brotherJacob.7Their possessions were too great forthem to remain together; the land wherethey were staying could not supportthem both because of their livestock.8So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in thehill country of Seir.9This is the account of Esau the father ofthe Edomites in the hill country of Seir.10These are the names of Esaus sons:Eliphaz, the son of Esaus wife Adah,and Reuel, the son of Esaus wifeBasemath.11The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar,Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.12Esaus son Eliphaz also had aconcubine named Timna, who bore himAmalek. These were grandsons ofEsaus wife Adah.13The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah,Shammah and Mizzah. These weregrandsons of Esaus wife Basemath.14The sons of Esaus wife Oholibamahdaughter of Anah and granddaughter ofZibeon, whom she bore to Esau: Jeush,Jalam and Korah.15These were the chiefs among Esausdescendants: The sons of Eliphaz thefirstborn of Esau: Chiefs Teman, Omar,Zepho, Kenaz,16Korah, Gatam and Amalek. Thesewere the chiefs descended from Eliphazin Edom; they were grandsons of Adah.17The sons of Esaus son Reuel: ChiefsNahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah.These were the chiefs descended fromReuel in Edom; they were grandsons ofEsaus wife Basemath.18The sons of Esaus wife Oholibamah:Chiefs Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These
  • were the chiefs descended from Esauswife Oholibamah daughter of Anah.19These were the sons of Esau (that is,Edom), and these were their chiefs.20These were the sons of Seir the Horite,who were living in the region: Lotan,Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,21Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These sonsof Seir in Edom were Horite chiefs.22The sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam.Timna was Lotans sister.23The sons of Shobal: Alvan, Manahath,Ebal, Shepho and Onam.24The sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah.This is the Anah who discovered the hotsprings in the desert while he wasgrazing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.25The children of Anah: Dishon andOholibamah daughter of Anah.26The sons of Dishon : Hemdan, Eshban,Ithran and Keran.27The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan andAkan.28The sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran.29These were the Horite chiefs: Lotan,Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,30Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. These werethe Horite chiefs, according to theirdivisions, in the land of Seir.31These were the kings who reigned inEdom before any Israelite king reigned :32Bela son of Beor became king ofEdom. His city was named Dinhabah.33When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerahfrom Bozrah succeeded him as king.34When Jobab died, Husham from theland of the Temanites succeeded him asking.35When Husham died, Hadad son ofBedad, who defeated Midian in thecountry of Moab, succeeded him as king.His city was named Avith.36When Hadad died, Samlah fromMasrekah succeeded him as king.37When Samlah died, Shaul fromRehoboth on the river succeeded him asking.38When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son ofAcbor succeeded him as king.39When Baal-Hanan son of Acbor died,Hadad succeeded him as king. His citywas named Pau, and his wifes namewas Mehetabel daughter of Matred, thedaughter of Me-Zahab.40These were the chiefs descended fromEsau, by name, according to their clansand regions: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,41Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,42Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,
  • 43Magdiel and Iram. These were thechiefs of Edom, according to theirsettlements in the land they occupied.This was Esau the father of theEdomites.37Jacob lived in the land where hisfather had stayed, the land of Canaan.2This is the account of Jacob. Joseph, ayoung man of seventeen, was tendingthe flocks with his brothers, the sons ofBilhah and the sons of Zilpah, hisfathers wives, and he brought theirfather a bad report about them.3Now Israel loved Joseph more than anyof his other sons, because he had beenborn to him in his old age; and he madea richly ornamented robe for him.4When his brothers saw that their fatherloved him more than any of them, theyhated him and could not speak a kindword to him.5Joseph had a dream, and when he toldit to his brothers, they hated him all themore.6He said to them, "Listen to this dream Ihad:7We were binding sheaves of grain outin the field when suddenly my sheafrose and stood upright, while yoursheaves gathered around mine andbowed down to it."8His brothers said to him, "Do you intendto reign over us? Will you actually ruleus?" And they hated him all the morebecause of his dream and what he hadsaid.9Then he had another dream, and hetold it to his brothers. "Listen," he said, "Ihad another dream, and this time thesun and moon and eleven stars werebowing down to me."10When he told his father as well as hisbrothers, his father rebuked him andsaid, "What is this dream you had? Willyour mother and I and your brothersactually come and bow down to theground before you?"11His brothers were jealous of him, buthis father kept the matter in mind.12Now his brothers had gone to grazetheir fathers flocks near Shechem,13and Israel said to Joseph, "As youknow, your brothers are grazing theflocks near Shechem. Come, I am goingto send you to them." "Very well," hereplied.14So he said to him, "Go and see if all iswell with your brothers and with theflocks, and bring word back to me."Then he sent him off from the Valley ofHebron. When Joseph arrived atShechem,15a man found him wandering around inthe fields and asked him, "What are youlooking for?"16He replied, "Im looking for my brothers.Can you tell me where they are grazingtheir flocks?"
  • 17"They have moved on from here," theman answered. "I heard them say, Letsgo to Dothan. " So Joseph went afterhis brothers and found them nearDothan.18But they saw him in the distance, andbefore he reached them, they plotted tokill him.19"Here comes that dreamer!" they saidto each other.20"Come now, lets kill him and throwhim into one of these cisterns and saythat a ferocious animal devoured him.Then well see what comes of hisdreams."21When Reuben heard this, he tried torescue him from their hands. "Lets nottake his life," he said.22"Dont shed any blood. Throw him intothis cistern here in the desert, but dontlay a hand on him." Reuben said this torescue him from them and take himback to his father.23So when Joseph came to his brothers,they stripped him of his robe-the richlyornamented robe he was wearing-24and they took him and threw him intothe cistern. Now the cistern was empty;there was no water in it.25As they sat down to eat their meal,they looked up and saw a caravan ofIshmaelites coming from Gilead. Theircamels were loaded with spices, balmand myrrh, and they were on their wayto take them down to Egypt.26Judah said to his brothers, "What willwe gain if we kill our brother and coverup his blood?27Come, lets sell him to the Ishmaelitesand not lay our hands on him; after all,he is our brother, our own flesh andblood." His brothers agreed.28So when the Midianite merchantscame by, his brothers pulled Joseph upout of the cistern and sold him for twentyshekels of silver to the Ishmaelites, whotook him to Egypt.29When Reuben returned to the cisternand saw that Joseph was not there, hetore his clothes.30He went back to his brothers and said,"The boy isnt there! Where can I turnnow?"31Then they got Josephs robe,slaughtered a goat and dipped the robein the blood.32They took the ornamented robe backto their father and said, "We found this.Examine it to see whether it is yoursons robe."33He recognized it and said, "It is mysons robe! Some ferocious animal hasdevoured him. Joseph has surely beentorn to pieces."34Then Jacob tore his clothes, put onsackcloth and mourned for his son manydays.35All his sons and daughters came tocomfort him, but he refused to be
  • comforted. "No," he said, "in mourningwill I go down to the grave to my son."So his father wept for him.36Meanwhile, the Midianites sold Josephin Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaohsofficials, the captain of the guard.38At that time, Judah left hisbrothers and went down to stay with aman of Adullam named Hirah.2There Judah met the daughter of aCanaanite man named Shua. Hemarried her and lay with her;3she became pregnant and gave birth toa son, who was named Er.4She conceived again and gave birth toa son and named him Onan.5She gave birth to still another son andnamed him Shelah. It was at Kezib thatshe gave birth to him.6Judah got a wife for Er, his firstborn,and her name was Tamar.7But Er, Judahs firstborn, was wicked inthe Lord s sight; so the Lord put him todeath.8Then Judah said to Onan, "Lie withyour brothers wife and fulfill your duty toher as a brother-in-law to produceoffspring for your brother."9But Onan knew that the offspring wouldnot be his; so whenever he lay with hisbrothers wife, he spilled his semen onthe ground to keep from producingoffspring for his brother.10What he did was wicked in the Lord ssight; so he put him to death also.11Judah then said to his daughter-in-lawTamar, "Live as a widow in your fathershouse until my son Shelah grows up."For he thought, "He may die too, justlike his brothers." So Tamar went to livein her fathers house.12After a long time Judahs wife, thedaughter of Shua, died. When Judahhad recovered from his grief, he went upto Timnah, to the men who wereshearing his sheep, and his friend Hirahthe Adullamite went with him.13When Tamar was told, "Your father-in-law is on his way to Timnah to shear hissheep,"14she took off her widows clothes,covered herself with a veil to disguiseherself, and then sat down at theentrance to Enaim, which is on the roadto Timnah. For she saw that, thoughShelah had now grown up, she had notbeen given to him as his wife.15When Judah saw her, he thought shewas a prostitute, for she had coveredher face.16Not realizing that she was hisdaughter-in-law, he went over to her bythe roadside and said, "Come now, letme sleep with you." "And what will yougive me to sleep with you?" she asked.
  • 17"Ill send you a young goat from myflock," he said. "Will you give mesomething as a pledge until you sendit?" she asked.18He said, "What pledge should I giveyou?" "Your seal and its cord, and thestaff in your hand," she answered. So hegave them to her and slept with her, andshe became pregnant by him.19After she left, she took off her veil andput on her widows clothes again.20Meanwhile Judah sent the young goatby his friend the Adullamite in order toget his pledge back from the woman,but he did not find her.21He asked the men who lived there,"Where is the shrine prostitute who wasbeside the road at Enaim?" "Therehasnt been any shrine prostitute here,"they said.22So he went back to Judah and said, "Ididnt find her. Besides, the men wholived there said, There hasnt been anyshrine prostitute here. "23Then Judah said, "Let her keep whatshe has, or we will become alaughingstock. After all, I did send herthis young goat, but you didnt find her."24About three months later Judah wastold, "Your daughter-in-law Tamar isguilty of prostitution, and as a result sheis now pregnant." Judah said, "Bring herout and have her burned to death!"25As she was being brought out, shesent a message to her father-in-law. "Iam pregnant by the man who ownsthese," she said. And she added, "See ifyou recognize whose seal and cord andstaff these are."26Judah recognized them and said, "Sheis more righteous than I, since I wouldntgive her to my son Shelah." And he didnot sleep with her again.27When the time came for her to givebirth, there were twin boys in her womb.28As she was giving birth, one of themput out his hand; so the midwife took ascarlet thread and tied it on his wrist andsaid, "This one came out first."29But when he drew back his hand, hisbrother came out, and she said, "So thisis how you have broken out!" And hewas named Perez.30Then his brother, who had the scarletthread on his wrist, came out and hewas given the name Zerah.39Now Joseph had been takendown to Egypt. Potiphar, an Egyptianwho was one of Pharaohs officials, thecaptain of the guard, bought him fromthe Ishmaelites who had taken him there.2The Lord was with Joseph and heprospered, and he lived in the house ofhis Egyptian master.3When his master saw that the Lord waswith him and that the Lord gave himsuccess in everything he did,
  • 4Joseph found favor in his eyes andbecame his attendant. Potiphar put himin charge of his household, and heentrusted to his care everything heowned.5From the time he put him in charge ofhis household and of all that he owned,the Lord blessed the household of theEgyptian because of Joseph. Theblessing of the Lord was on everythingPotiphar had, both in the house and inthe field.6So he left in Josephs care everythinghe had; with Joseph in charge, he didnot concern himself with anythingexcept the food he ate. Now Josephwas well-built and handsome,7and after a while his masters wife tooknotice of Joseph and said, "Come to bedwith me!"8But he refused. "With me in charge," hetold her, "my master does not concernhimself with anything in the house;everything he owns he has entrusted tomy care.9No one is greater in this house than Iam. My master has withheld nothingfrom me except you, because you arehis wife. How then could I do such awicked thing and sin against God?"10And though she spoke to Joseph dayafter day, he refused to go to bed withher or even be with her.11One day he went into the house toattend to his duties, and none of thehousehold servants was inside.12She caught him by his cloak and said,"Come to bed with me!" But he left hiscloak in her hand and ran out of thehouse.13When she saw that he had left hiscloak in her hand and had run out of thehouse,14she called her household servants."Look," she said to them, "this Hebrewhas been brought to us to make sport ofus! He came in here to sleep with me,but I screamed.15When he heard me scream for help,he left his cloak beside me and ran outof the house."16She kept his cloak beside her until hismaster came home.17Then she told him this story: "ThatHebrew slave you brought us came tome to make sport of me.18But as soon as I screamed for help, heleft his cloak beside me and ran out ofthe house."19When his master heard the story hiswife told him, saying, "This is how yourslave treated me," he burned with anger.20Josephs master took him and put himin prison, the place where the kingsprisoners were confined. But whileJoseph was there in the prison,21the Lord was with him; he showed himkindness and granted him favor in theeyes of the prison warden.
  • 22So the warden put Joseph in charge ofall those held in the prison, and he wasmade responsible for all that was donethere.23The warden paid no attention toanything under Josephs care, becausethe Lord was with Joseph and gave himsuccess in whatever he did.40Some time later, the cupbearerand the baker of the king of Egyptoffended their master, the king of Egypt.2Pharaoh was angry with his twoofficials, the chief cupbearer and thechief baker,3and put them in custody in the house ofthe captain of the guard, in the sameprison where Joseph was confined.4The captain of the guard assigned themto Joseph, and he attended them. Afterthey had been in custody for some time,5each of the two men-the cupbearer andthe baker of the king of Egypt, who werebeing held in prison-had a dream thesame night, and each dream had ameaning of its own.6When Joseph came to them the nextmorning, he saw that they were dejected.7So he asked Pharaohs officials whowere in custody with him in his mastershouse, "Why are your faces so sadtoday?"8"We both had dreams," they answered,"but there is no one to interpret them."Then Joseph said to them, "Do notinterpretations belong to God? Tell meyour dreams."9So the chief cupbearer told Joseph hisdream. He said to him, "In my dream Isaw a vine in front of me,10and on the vine were three branches.As soon as it budded, it blossomed, andits clusters ripened into grapes.11Pharaohs cup was in my hand, and Itook the grapes, squeezed them intoPharaohs cup and put the cup in hishand."12"This is what it means," Joseph said tohim. "The three branches are three days.13Within three days Pharaoh will lift upyour head and restore you to yourposition, and you will put Pharaohs cupin his hand, just as you used to do whenyou were his cupbearer.14But when all goes well with you,remember me and show me kindness;mention me to Pharaoh and get me outof this prison.15For I was forcibly carried off from theland of the Hebrews, and even here Ihave done nothing to deserve being putin a dungeon."16When the chief baker saw that Josephhad given a favorable interpretation, hesaid to Joseph, "I too had a dream: Onmy head were three baskets of bread.17In the top basket were all kinds ofbaked goods for Pharaoh, but the birds
  • were eating them out of the basket onmy head."18"This is what it means," Joseph said."The three baskets are three days.19Within three days Pharaoh will lift offyour head and hang you on a tree. Andthe birds will eat away your flesh."20Now the third day was Pharaohsbirthday, and he gave a feast for all hisofficials. He lifted up the heads of thechief cupbearer and the chief baker inthe presence of his officials:21He restored the chief cupbearer to hisposition, so that he once again put thecup into Pharaohs hand,22but he hanged the chief baker, just asJoseph had said to them in hisinterpretation.23The chief cupbearer, however, did notremember Joseph; he forgot him.41When two full years had passed,Pharaoh had a dream: He was standingby the Nile,2when out of the river there came upseven cows, sleek and fat, and theygrazed among the reeds.3After them, seven other cows, ugly andgaunt, came up out of the Nile andstood beside those on the riverbank.4And the cows that were ugly and gauntate up the seven sleek, fat cows. ThenPharaoh woke up.5He fell asleep again and had a seconddream: Seven heads of grain, healthyand good, were growing on a singlestalk.6After them, seven other heads of grainsprouted-thin and scorched by the eastwind.7The thin heads of grain swallowed upthe seven healthy, full heads. ThenPharaoh woke up; it had been a dream.8In the morning his mind was troubled,so he sent for all the magicians andwise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told themhis dreams, but no one could interpretthem for him.9Then the chief cupbearer said toPharaoh, "Today I am reminded of myshortcomings.10Pharaoh was once angry with hisservants, and he imprisoned me and thechief baker in the house of the captainof the guard.11Each of us had a dream the samenight, and each dream had a meaning ofits own.12Now a young Hebrew was there withus, a servant of the captain of the guard.We told him our dreams, and heinterpreted them for us, giving each manthe interpretation of his dream.
  • 13And things turned out exactly as heinterpreted them to us: I was restored tomy position, and the other man washanged. "14So Pharaoh sent for Joseph, and hewas quickly brought from the dungeon.When he had shaved and changed hisclothes, he came before Pharaoh.15Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I had adream, and no one can interpret it. But Ihave heard it said of you that when youhear a dream you can interpret it."16"I cannot do it," Joseph replied toPharaoh, "but God will give Pharaoh theanswer he desires."17Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "In mydream I was standing on the bank of theNile,18when out of the river there came upseven cows, fat and sleek, and theygrazed among the reeds.19After them, seven other cows cameup-scrawny and very ugly and lean. Ihad never seen such ugly cows in all theland of Egypt.20The lean, ugly cows ate up the sevenfat cows that came up first.21But even after they ate them, no onecould tell that they had done so; theylooked just as ugly as before. Then Iwoke up.22"In my dreams I also saw seven headsof grain, full and good, growing on asingle stalk.23After them, seven other headssprouted-withered and thin andscorched by the east wind.24The thin heads of grain swallowed upthe seven good heads. I told this to themagicians, but none could explain it tome."25Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, "Thedreams of Pharaoh are one and thesame. God has revealed to Pharaohwhat he is about to do.26The seven good cows are seven years,and the seven good heads of grain areseven years; it is one and the samedream.27The seven lean, ugly cows that cameup afterward are seven years, and soare the seven worthless heads of grainscorched by the east wind: They areseven years of famine.28"It is just as I said to Pharaoh: God hasshown Pharaoh what he is about to do.29Seven years of great abundance arecoming throughout the land of Egypt,30but seven years of famine will followthem. Then all the abundance in Egyptwill be forgotten, and the famine willravage the land.31The abundance in the land will not beremembered, because the famine thatfollows it will be so severe.32The reason the dream was given toPharaoh in two forms is that the matter
  • has been firmly decided by God, andGod will do it soon.33"And now let Pharaoh look for adiscerning and wise man and put him incharge of the land of Egypt.34Let Pharaoh appoint commissionersover the land to take a fifth of theharvest of Egypt during the seven yearsof abundance.35They should collect all the food ofthese good years that are coming andstore up the grain under the authority ofPharaoh, to be kept in the cities for food.36This food should be held in reserve forthe country, to be used during the sevenyears of famine that will come uponEgypt, so that the country may not beruined by the famine."37The plan seemed good to Pharaohand to all his officials.38So Pharaoh asked them, "Can we findanyone like this man, one in whom isthe spirit of God ?"39Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "SinceGod has made all this known to you,there is no one so discerning and wiseas you.40You shall be in charge of my palace,and all my people are to submit to yourorders. Only with respect to the thronewill I be greater than you."41So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I herebyput you in charge of the whole land ofEgypt."42Then Pharaoh took his signet ring fromhis finger and put it on Josephs finger.He dressed him in robes of fine linenand put a gold chain around his neck.43He had him ride in a chariot as hissecond-in-command, and men shoutedbefore him, "Make way !" Thus he puthim in charge of the whole land of Egypt.44Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I amPharaoh, but without your word no onewill lift hand or foot in all Egypt."45Pharaoh gave Joseph the nameZaphenath-Paneah and gave himAsenath daughter of Potiphera, priest ofOn, to be his wife. And Joseph wentthroughout the land of Egypt.46Joseph was thirty years old when heentered the service of Pharaoh king ofEgypt. And Joseph went out fromPharaohs presence and traveledthroughout Egypt.47During the seven years of abundancethe land produced plentifully.48Joseph collected all the food producedin those seven years of abundance inEgypt and stored it in the cities. In eachcity he put the food grown in the fieldssurrounding it.49Joseph stored up huge quantities ofgrain, like the sand of the sea; it was somuch that he stopped keeping recordsbecause it was beyond measure.50Before the years of famine came, twosons were born to Joseph by Asenathdaughter of Potiphera, priest of On.
  • 51Joseph named his firstborn Manassehand said, "It is because God has mademe forget all my trouble and all myfathers household."52The second son he named Ephraimand said, "It is because God has mademe fruitful in the land of my suffering."53The seven years of abundance inEgypt came to an end,54and the seven years of famine began,just as Joseph had said. There wasfamine in all the other lands, but in thewhole land of Egypt there was food.55When all Egypt began to feel thefamine, the people cried to Pharaoh forfood. Then Pharaoh told all theEgyptians, "Go to Joseph and do whathe tells you."56When the famine had spread over thewhole country, Joseph opened thestorehouses and sold grain to theEgyptians, for the famine was severethroughout Egypt.57And all the countries came to Egypt tobuy grain from Joseph, because thefamine was severe in all the world.42When Jacob learned that therewas grain in Egypt, he said to his sons,"Why do you just keep looking at eachother?"2He continued, "I have heard that thereis grain in Egypt. Go down there andbuy some for us, so that we may liveand not die."3Then ten of Josephs brothers wentdown to buy grain from Egypt.4But Jacob did not send Benjamin,Josephs brother, with the others,because he was afraid that harm mightcome to him.5So Israels sons were among thosewho went to buy grain, for the faminewas in the land of Canaan also.6Now Joseph was the governor of theland, the one who sold grain to all itspeople. So when Josephs brothersarrived, they bowed down to him withtheir faces to the ground.7As soon as Joseph saw his brothers,he recognized them, but he pretendedto be a stranger and spoke harshly tothem. "Where do you come from?" heasked. "From the land of Canaan," theyreplied, "to buy food."8Although Joseph recognized hisbrothers, they did not recognize him.9Then he remembered his dreams aboutthem and said to them, "You are spies!You have come to see where our land isunprotected."10"No, my lord," they answered. "Yourservants have come to buy food.11We are all the sons of one man. Yourservants are honest men, not spies."12"No!" he said to them. "You have cometo see where our land is unprotected."
  • 13But they replied, "Your servants weretwelve brothers, the sons of one man,who lives in the land of Canaan. Theyoungest is now with our father, and oneis no more."14Joseph said to them, "It is just as I toldyou: You are spies!15And this is how you will be tested: Assurely as Pharaoh lives, you will notleave this place unless your youngestbrother comes here.16Send one of your number to get yourbrother; the rest of you will be kept inprison, so that your words may betested to see if you are telling the truth.If you are not, then as surely asPharaoh lives, you are spies!"17And he put them all in custody forthree days.18On the third day, Joseph said to them,"Do this and you will live, for I fear God:19If you are honest men, let one of yourbrothers stay here in prison, while therest of you go and take grain back foryour starving households.20But you must bring your youngestbrother to me, so that your words maybe verified and that you may not die."This they proceeded to do.21They said to one another, "Surely weare being punished because of ourbrother. We saw how distressed he waswhen he pleaded with us for his life, butwe would not listen; thats why thisdistress has come upon us."22Reuben replied, "Didnt I tell you not tosin against the boy? But you wouldntlisten! Now we must give an accountingfor his blood."23They did not realize that Joseph couldunderstand them, since he was using aninterpreter.24He turned away from them and beganto weep, but then turned back andspoke to them again. He had Simeontaken from them and bound before theireyes.25Joseph gave orders to fill their bagswith grain, to put each mans silver backin his sack, and to give them provisionsfor their journey. After this was done forthem,26they loaded their grain on theirdonkeys and left.27At the place where they stopped forthe night one of them opened his sackto get feed for his donkey, and he sawhis silver in the mouth of his sack.28"My silver has been returned," he saidto his brothers. "Here it is in my sack."Their hearts sank and they turned toeach other trembling and said, "What isthis that God has done to us?"29When they came to their father Jacobin the land of Canaan, they told him allthat had happened to them. They said,30"The man who is lord over the landspoke harshly to us and treated us asthough we were spying on the land.
  • 31But we said to him, We are honestmen; we are not spies.32We were twelve brothers, sons of onefather. One is no more, and theyoungest is now with our father inCanaan.33"Then the man who is lord over theland said to us, This is how I will knowwhether you are honest men: Leave oneof your brothers here with me, and takefood for your starving households andgo.34But bring your youngest brother to meso I will know that you are not spies buthonest men. Then I will give yourbrother back to you, and you can tradein the land. "35As they were emptying their sacks,there in each mans sack was his pouchof silver! When they and their father sawthe money pouches, they werefrightened.36Their father Jacob said to them, "Youhave deprived me of my children.Joseph is no more and Simeon is nomore, and now you want to takeBenjamin. Everything is against me!"37Then Reuben said to his father, "Youmay put both of my sons to death if I donot bring him back to you. Entrust him tomy care, and I will bring him back."38But Jacob said, "My son will not godown there with you; his brother is deadand he is the only one left. If harmcomes to him on the journey you aretaking, you will bring my gray headdown to the grave in sorrow."43Now the famine was still severe inthe land.2So when they had eaten all the grainthey had brought from Egypt, their fathersaid to them, "Go back and buy us alittle more food."3But Judah said to him, "The manwarned us solemnly, You will not seemy face again unless your brother iswith you.4If you will send our brother along withus, we will go down and buy food foryou.5But if you will not send him, we will notgo down, because the man said to us,You will not see my face again unlessyour brother is with you. "6Israel asked, "Why did you bring thistrouble on me by telling the man youhad another brother?"7They replied, "The man questioned usclosely about ourselves and our family.Is your father still living? he asked us.Do you have another brother? Wesimply answered his questions. Howwere we to know he would say, Bringyour brother down here?"8Then Judah said to Israel his father,"Send the boy along with me and we willgo at once, so that we and you and ourchildren may live and not die.
  • 9I myself will guarantee his safety; youcan hold me personally responsible forhim. If I do not bring him back to youand set him here before you, I will bearthe blame before you all my life.10As it is, if we had not delayed, wecould have gone and returned twice."11Then their father Israel said to them, "Ifit must be, then do this: Put some of thebest products of the land in your bagsand take them down to the man as agift-a little balm and a little honey, somespices and myrrh, some pistachio nutsand almonds.12Take double the amount of silver withyou, for you must return the silver thatwas put back into the mouths of yoursacks. Perhaps it was a mistake.13Take your brother also and go back tothe man at once.14And may God Almighty grant youmercy before the man so that he will letyour other brother and Benjamin comeback with you. As for me, if I ambereaved, I am bereaved."15So the men took the gifts and doublethe amount of silver, and Benjamin also.They hurried down to Egypt andpresented themselves to Joseph.16When Joseph saw Benjamin with them,he said to the steward of his house,"Take these men to my house, slaughteran animal and prepare dinner; they areto eat with me at noon."17The man did as Joseph told him andtook the men to Josephs house.18Now the men were frightened whenthey were taken to his house. Theythought, "We were brought herebecause of the silver that was put backinto our sacks the first time. He wants toattack us and overpower us and seizeus as slaves and take our donkeys."19So they went up to Josephs stewardand spoke to him at the entrance to thehouse.20"Please, sir," they said, "we camedown here the first time to buy food.21But at the place where we stopped forthe night we opened our sacks and eachof us found his silver-the exact weight-inthe mouth of his sack. So we havebrought it back with us.22We have also brought additional silverwith us to buy food. We dont know whoput our silver in our sacks."23"Its all right," he said. "Dont be afraid.Your God, the God of your father, hasgiven you treasure in your sacks; Ireceived your silver." Then he broughtSimeon out to them.24The steward took the men intoJosephs house, gave them water towash their feet and provided fodder fortheir donkeys.25They prepared their gifts for Josephsarrival at noon, because they had heardthat they were to eat there.
  • 26When Joseph came home, theypresented to him the gifts they hadbrought into the house, and they boweddown before him to the ground.27He asked them how they were, andthen he said, "How is your aged fatheryou told me about? Is he still living?"28They replied, "Your servant our fatheris still alive and well." And they bowedlow to pay him honor.29As he looked about and saw hisbrother Benjamin, his own mothers son,he asked, "Is this your youngest brother,the one you told me about?" And hesaid, "God be gracious to you, my son."30Deeply moved at the sight of hisbrother, Joseph hurried out and lookedfor a place to weep. He went into hisprivate room and wept there.31After he had washed his face, hecame out and, controlling himself, said,"Serve the food."32They served him by himself, thebrothers by themselves, and theEgyptians who ate with him bythemselves, because Egyptians couldnot eat with Hebrews, for that isdetestable to Egyptians.33The men had been seated before himin the order of their ages, from thefirstborn to the youngest; and theylooked at each other in astonishment.34When portions were served to themfrom Josephs table, Benjamins portionwas five times as much as anyoneelses. So they feasted and drank freelywith him.44Now Joseph gave theseinstructions to the steward of his house:"Fill the mens sacks with as much foodas they can carry, and put each manssilver in the mouth of his sack.2Then put my cup, the silver one, in themouth of the youngest ones sack, alongwith the silver for his grain." And he didas Joseph said.3As morning dawned, the men were senton their way with their donkeys.4They had not gone far from the citywhen Joseph said to his steward, "Goafter those men at once, and when youcatch up with them, say to them, Whyhave you repaid good with evil?5Isnt this the cup my master drinks fromand also uses for divination? This is awicked thing you have done. "6When he caught up with them, herepeated these words to them.7But they said to him, "Why does mylord say such things? Far be it from yourservants to do anything like that!8We even brought back to you from theland of Canaan the silver we foundinside the mouths of our sacks. So whywould we steal silver or gold from yourmasters house?
  • 9If any of your servants is found to haveit, he will die; and the rest of us willbecome my lords slaves."10"Very well, then," he said, "let it be asyou say. Whoever is found to have it willbecome my slave; the rest of you will befree from blame."11Each of them quickly lowered his sackto the ground and opened it.12Then the steward proceeded to search,beginning with the oldest and endingwith the youngest. And the cup wasfound in Benjamins sack.13At this, they tore their clothes. Thenthey all loaded their donkeys andreturned to the city.14Joseph was still in the house whenJudah and his brothers came in, andthey threw themselves to the groundbefore him.15Joseph said to them, "What is this youhave done? Dont you know that a manlike me can find things out bydivination?"16"What can we say to my lord?" Judahreplied. "What can we say? How can weprove our innocence? God hasuncovered your servants guilt. We arenow my lords slaves-we ourselves andthe one who was found to have thecup."17But Joseph said, "Far be it from me todo such a thing! Only the man who wasfound to have the cup will become myslave. The rest of you, go back to yourfather in peace."18Then Judah went up to him and said:"Please, my lord, let your servant speaka word to my lord. Do not be angry withyour servant, though you are equal toPharaoh himself.19My lord asked his servants, Do youhave a father or a brother?20And we answered, We have an agedfather, and there is a young son born tohim in his old age. His brother is dead,and he is the only one of his motherssons left, and his father loves him.21"Then you said to your servants, Bringhim down to me so I can see him formyself.22And we said to my lord, The boycannot leave his father; if he leaves him,his father will die.23But you told your servants, Unlessyour youngest brother comes down withyou, you will not see my face again.24When we went back to your servantmy father, we told him what my lord hadsaid.25"Then our father said, Go back andbuy a little more food.26But we said, We cannot go down.Only if our youngest brother is with uswill we go. We cannot see the mansface unless our youngest brother is withus.
  • 27"Your servant my father said to us,You know that my wife bore me twosons.28One of them went away from me, and Isaid, "He has surely been torn topieces." And I have not seen him since.29If you take this one from me too andharm comes to him, you will bring mygray head down to the grave in misery.30"So now, if the boy is not with us whenI go back to your servant my father andif my father, whose life is closely boundup with the boys life,31sees that the boy isnt there, he will die.Your servants will bring the gray head ofour father down to the grave in sorrow.32Your servant guaranteed the boyssafety to my father. I said, If I do notbring him back to you, I will bear theblame before you, my father, all my life!33"Now then, please let your servantremain here as my lords slave in placeof the boy, and let the boy return withhis brothers.34How can I go back to my father if theboy is not with me? No! Do not let mesee the misery that would come uponmy father."45Then Joseph could no longercontrol himself before all his attendants,and he cried out, "Have everyone leavemy presence!" So there was no one withJoseph when he made himself known tohis brothers.2And he wept so loudly that theEgyptians heard him, and Pharaohshousehold heard about it.3Joseph said to his brothers, "I amJoseph! Is my father still living?" But hisbrothers were not able to answer him,because they were terrified at hispresence.4Then Joseph said to his brothers,"Come close to me." When they haddone so, he said, "I am your brotherJoseph, the one you sold into Egypt!5And now, do not be distressed and donot be angry with yourselves for sellingme here, because it was to save livesthat God sent me ahead of you.6For two years now there has beenfamine in the land, and for the next fiveyears there will not be plowing andreaping.7But God sent me ahead of you topreserve for you a remnant on earth andto save your lives by a great deliverance.8"So then, it was not you who sent mehere, but God. He made me father toPharaoh, lord of his entire householdand ruler of all Egypt.9Now hurry back to my father and say tohim, This is what your son Joseph says:God has made me lord of all Egypt.Come down to me; dont delay.10You shall live in the region of Goshenand be near me-you, your children andgrandchildren, your flocks and herds,and all you have.
  • 11I will provide for you there, becausefive years of famine are still to come.Otherwise you and your household andall who belong to you will becomedestitute.12"You can see for yourselves, and socan my brother Benjamin, that it is reallyI who am speaking to you.13Tell my father about all the honoraccorded me in Egypt and abouteverything you have seen. And bring myfather down here quickly."14Then he threw his arms around hisbrother Benjamin and wept, andBenjamin embraced him, weeping.15And he kissed all his brothers andwept over them. Afterward his brotherstalked with him.16When the news reached Pharaohspalace that Josephs brothers had come,Pharaoh and all his officials werepleased.17Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Tell yourbrothers, Do this: Load your animalsand return to the land of Canaan,18and bring your father and your familiesback to me. I will give you the best ofthe land of Egypt and you can enjoy thefat of the land.19"You are also directed to tell them, Dothis: Take some carts from Egypt foryour children and your wives, and getyour father and come.20Never mind about your belongings,because the best of all Egypt will beyours. "21So the sons of Israel did this. Josephgave them carts, as Pharaoh hadcommanded, and he also gave themprovisions for their journey.22To each of them he gave new clothing,but to Benjamin he gave three hundredshekels of silver and five sets of clothes.23And this is what he sent to his father:ten donkeys loaded with the best thingsof Egypt, and ten female donkeysloaded with grain and bread and otherprovisions for his journey.24Then he sent his brothers away, andas they were leaving he said to them,"Dont quarrel on the way!"25So they went up out of Egypt andcame to their father Jacob in the land ofCanaan.26They told him, "Joseph is still alive! Infact, he is ruler of all Egypt." Jacob wasstunned; he did not believe them.27But when they told him everythingJoseph had said to them, and when hesaw the carts Joseph had sent to carryhim back, the spirit of their father Jacobrevived.28And Israel said, "Im convinced! Myson Joseph is still alive. I will go and seehim before I die."
  • 46So Israel set out with all that washis, and when he reached Beersheba,he offered sacrifices to the God of hisfather Isaac.2And God spoke to Israel in a vision atnight and said, "Jacob! Jacob!" "Here Iam," he replied.3"I am God, the God of your father," hesaid. "Do not be afraid to go down toEgypt, for I will make you into a greatnation there.4I will go down to Egypt with you, and Iwill surely bring you back again. AndJosephs own hand will close youreyes."5Then Jacob left Beersheba, and Israelssons took their father Jacob and theirchildren and their wives in the carts thatPharaoh had sent to transport him.6They also took with them their livestockand the possessions they had acquiredin Canaan, and Jacob and all hisoffspring went to Egypt.7He took with him to Egypt his sons andgrandsons and his daughters andgranddaughters-all his offspring.8These are the names of the sons ofIsrael (Jacob and his descendants) whowent to Egypt: Reuben the firstborn ofJacob.9The sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu,Hezron and Carmi.10The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin,Ohad, Jakin, Zohar and Shaul the son ofa Canaanite woman.11The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohathand Merari.12The sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah,Perez and Zerah (but Er and Onan haddied in the land of Canaan). The sons ofPerez: Hezron and Hamul.13The sons of Issachar: Tola, Puah,Jashub and Shimron.14The sons of Zebulun: Sered, Elon andJahleel.15These were the sons Leah bore toJacob in Paddan Aram, besides hisdaughter Dinah. These sons anddaughters of his were thirty-three in all.16The sons of Gad: Zephon, Haggi,Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Areli.17The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah,Ishvi and Beriah. Their sister was Serah.The sons of Beriah: Heber and Malkiel.18These were the children born to Jacobby Zilpah, whom Laban had given to hisdaughter Leah-sixteen in all.19The sons of Jacobs wife Rachel:Joseph and Benjamin.20In Egypt, Manasseh and Ephraim wereborn to Joseph by Asenath daughter ofPotiphera, priest of On.
  • 21The sons of Benjamin: Bela, Beker,Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh,Muppim, Huppim and Ard.22These were the sons of Rachel whowere born to Jacob-fourteen in all.23The son of Dan: Hushim.24The sons of Naphtali: Jahziel, Guni,Jezer and Shillem.25These were the sons born to Jacob byBilhah, whom Laban had given to hisdaughter Rachel-seven in all.26All those who went to Egypt withJacob-those who were his directdescendants, not counting his sonswives-numbered sixty-six persons.27With the two sons who had been bornto Joseph in Egypt, the members ofJacobs family, which went to Egypt,were seventy in all.28Now Jacob sent Judah ahead of himto Joseph to get directions to Goshen.When they arrived in the region ofGoshen,29Joseph had his chariot made readyand went to Goshen to meet his fatherIsrael. As soon as Joseph appearedbefore him, he threw his arms aroundhis father and wept for a long time.30Israel said to Joseph, "Now I am readyto die, since I have seen for myself thatyou are still alive."31Then Joseph said to his brothers andto his fathers household, "I will go upand speak to Pharaoh and will say tohim, My brothers and my fathershousehold, who were living in the landof Canaan, have come to me.32The men are shepherds; they tendlivestock, and they have brought alongtheir flocks and herds and everythingthey own.33When Pharaoh calls you in and asks,What is your occupation?34you should answer, Your servantshave tended livestock from our boyhoodon, just as our fathers did. Then you willbe allowed to settle in the region ofGoshen, for all shepherds aredetestable to the Egyptians."47Joseph went and told Pharaoh,"My father and brothers, with their flocksand herds and everything they own,have come from the land of Canaan andare now in Goshen."2He chose five of his brothers andpresented them before Pharaoh.3Pharaoh asked the brothers, "What isyour occupation?" "Your servants areshepherds," they replied to Pharaoh,"just as our fathers were."4They also said to him, "We have cometo live here awhile, because the famineis severe in Canaan and your servantsflocks have no pasture. So now, pleaselet your servants settle in Goshen."5Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Your fatherand your brothers have come to you,
  • 6and the land of Egypt is before you;settle your father and your brothers inthe best part of the land. Let them live inGoshen. And if you know of any amongthem with special ability, put them incharge of my own livestock."7Then Joseph brought his father Jacobin and presented him before Pharaoh.After Jacob blessed Pharaoh,8Pharaoh asked him, "How old areyou?"9And Jacob said to Pharaoh, "The yearsof my pilgrimage are a hundred andthirty. My years have been few anddifficult, and they do not equal the yearsof the pilgrimage of my fathers."10Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh andwent out from his presence.11So Joseph settled his father and hisbrothers in Egypt and gave themproperty in the best part of the land, thedistrict of Rameses, as Pharaohdirected.12Joseph also provided his father andhis brothers and all his fathershousehold with food, according to thenumber of their children.13There was no food, however, in thewhole region because the famine wassevere; both Egypt and Canaan wastedaway because of the famine.14Joseph collected all the money thatwas to be found in Egypt and Canaan inpayment for the grain they were buying,and he brought it to Pharaohs palace.15When the money of the people ofEgypt and Canaan was gone, all Egyptcame to Joseph and said, "Give us food.Why should we die before your eyes?Our money is used up."16"Then bring your livestock," saidJoseph. "I will sell you food in exchangefor your livestock, since your money isgone."17So they brought their livestock toJoseph, and he gave them food inexchange for their horses, their sheepand goats, their cattle and donkeys. Andhe brought them through that year withfood in exchange for all their livestock.18When that year was over, they cameto him the following year and said, "Wecannot hide from our lord the fact thatsince our money is gone and ourlivestock belongs to you, there isnothing left for our lord except ourbodies and our land.19Why should we perish before youreyes-we and our land as well? Buy usand our land in exchange for food, andwe with our land will be in bondage toPharaoh. Give us seed so that we maylive and not die, and that the land maynot become desolate."20So Joseph bought all the land in Egyptfor Pharaoh. The Egyptians, one and all,sold their fields, because the faminewas too severe for them. The landbecame Pharaohs,21and Joseph reduced the people toservitude, from one end of Egypt to theother.
  • 22However, he did not buy the land ofthe priests, because they received aregular allotment from Pharaoh and hadfood enough from the allotment Pharaohgave them. That is why they did not selltheir land.23Joseph said to the people, "Now that Ihave bought you and your land today forPharaoh, here is seed for you so youcan plant the ground.24But when the crop comes in, give afifth of it to Pharaoh. The other four-fifthsyou may keep as seed for the fields andas food for yourselves and yourhouseholds and your children."25"You have saved our lives," they said."May we find favor in the eyes of ourlord; we will be in bondage to Pharaoh."26So Joseph established it as a lawconcerning land in Egypt-still in forcetoday-that a fifth of the produce belongsto Pharaoh. It was only the land of thepriests that did not become Pharaohs.27Now the Israelites settled in Egypt inthe region of Goshen. They acquiredproperty there and were fruitful andincreased greatly in number.28Jacob lived in Egypt seventeen years,and the years of his life were a hundredand forty-seven.29When the time drew near for Israel todie, he called for his son Joseph andsaid to him, "If I have found favor in youreyes, put your hand under my thigh andpromise that you will show me kindnessand faithfulness. Do not bury me inEgypt,30but when I rest with my fathers, carryme out of Egypt and bury me wherethey are buried." "I will do as you say,"he said.31"Swear to me," he said. Then Josephswore to him, and Israel worshiped ashe leaned on the top of his staff.48Some time later Joseph was told,"Your father is ill." So he took his twosons Manasseh and Ephraim along withhim.2When Jacob was told, "Your sonJoseph has come to you," Israel ralliedhis strength and sat up on the bed.3Jacob said to Joseph, "God Almightyappeared to me at Luz in the land ofCanaan, and there he blessed me4and said to me, I am going to makeyou fruitful and will increase yournumbers. I will make you a communityof peoples, and I will give this land as aneverlasting possession to yourdescendants after you.5"Now then, your two sons born to youin Egypt before I came to you here willbe reckoned as mine; Ephraim andManasseh will be mine, just as Reubenand Simeon are mine.6Any children born to you after them willbe yours; in the territory they inherit theywill be reckoned under the names oftheir brothers.
  • 7As I was returning from Paddan, to mysorrow Rachel died in the land ofCanaan while we were still on the way,a little distance from Ephrath. So Iburied her there beside the road toEphrath" (that is, Bethlehem).8When Israel saw the sons of Joseph,he asked, "Who are these?"9"They are the sons God has given mehere," Joseph said to his father. ThenIsrael said, "Bring them to me so I maybless them."10Now Israels eyes were failing becauseof old age, and he could hardly see. SoJoseph brought his sons close to him,and his father kissed them andembraced them.11Israel said to Joseph, "I neverexpected to see your face again, andnow God has allowed me to see yourchildren too."12Then Joseph removed them fromIsraels knees and bowed down with hisface to the ground.13And Joseph took both of them,Ephraim on his right toward Israels lefthand and Manasseh on his left towardIsraels right hand, and brought themclose to him.14But Israel reached out his right handand put it on Ephraims head, though hewas the younger, and crossing his arms,he put his left hand on Manassehs head,even though Manasseh was thefirstborn.15Then he blessed Joseph and said,"May the God before whom my fathersAbraham and Isaac walked, the Godwho has been my shepherd all my life tothis day,16the Angel who has delivered me fromall harm -may he bless these boys. Maythey be called by my name and thenames of my fathers Abraham andIsaac, and may they increase greatlyupon the earth."17When Joseph saw his father placinghis right hand on Ephraims head hewas displeased; so he took hold of hisfathers hand to move it from Ephraimshead to Manassehs head.18Joseph said to him, "No, my father,this one is the firstborn; put your righthand on his head."19But his father refused and said, "Iknow, my son, I know. He too willbecome a people, and he too willbecome great. Nevertheless, hisyounger brother will be greater than he,and his descendants will become agroup of nations."20He blessed them that day and said, "Inyour name will Israel pronounce thisblessing: May God make you likeEphraim and Manasseh. " So he putEphraim ahead of Manasseh.21Then Israel said to Joseph, "I amabout to die, but God will be with youand take you back to the land of yourfathers.
  • 22And to you, as one who is over yourbrothers, I give the ridge of land I tookfrom the Amorites with my sword andmy bow."49Then Jacob called for his sonsand said: "Gather around so I can tellyou what will happen to you in days tocome.2"Assemble and listen, sons of Jacob;listen to your father Israel.3"Reuben, you are my firstborn, mymight, the first sign of my strength,excelling in honor, excelling in power.4Turbulent as the waters, you will nolonger excel, for you went up onto yourfathers bed, onto my couch and defiledit.5"Simeon and Levi are brothers- theirswords are weapons of violence.6Let me not enter their council, let menot join their assembly, for they havekilled men in their anger and hamstrungoxen as they pleased.7Cursed be their anger, so fierce, andtheir fury, so cruel! I will scatter them inJacob and disperse them in Israel.8"Judah, your brothers will praise you;your hand will be on the neck of yourenemies; your fathers sons will bowdown to you.9You are a lions cub, O Judah; youreturn from the prey, my son. Like a lionhe crouches and lies down, like alioness-who dares to rouse him?10The scepter will not depart from Judah,nor the rulers staff from between hisfeet, until he comes to whom it belongsand the obedience of the nations is his.11He will tether his donkey to a vine, hiscolt to the choicest branch; he will washhis garments in wine, his robes in theblood of grapes.12His eyes will be darker than wine, histeeth whiter than milk.13"Zebulun will live by the seashore andbecome a haven for ships; his borderwill extend toward Sidon.14"Issachar is a rawboned donkey lyingdown between two saddlebags.15When he sees how good is his restingplace and how pleasant is his land, hewill bend his shoulder to the burden andsubmit to forced labor.16"Dan will provide justice for his peopleas one of the tribes of Israel.17Dan will be a serpent by the roadside,a viper along the path, that bites thehorses heels so that its rider tumblesbackward.18"I look for your deliverance, O Lord .19"Gad will be attacked by a band ofraiders, but he will attack them at theirheels.
  • 20"Ashers food will be rich; he willprovide delicacies fit for a king.21"Naphtali is a doe set free that bearsbeautiful fawns.22"Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vinenear a spring, whose branches climbover a wall.23With bitterness archers attacked him;they shot at him with hostility.24But his bow remained steady, hisstrong arms stayed limber, because ofthe hand of the Mighty One of Jacob,because of the Shepherd, the Rock ofIsrael,25because of your fathers God, whohelps you, because of the Almighty, whoblesses you with blessings of theheavens above, blessings of the deepthat lies below, blessings of the breastand womb.26Your fathers blessings are greaterthan the blessings of the ancientmountains, than the bounty of the age-old hills. Let all these rest on the head ofJoseph, on the brow of the princeamong his brothers.27"Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; in themorning he devours the prey, in theevening he divides the plunder."28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel,and this is what their father said to themwhen he blessed them, giving each theblessing appropriate to him.29Then he gave them these instructions:"I am about to be gathered to my people.Bury me with my fathers in the cave inthe field of Ephron the Hittite,30the cave in the field of Machpelah,near Mamre in Canaan, which Abrahambought as a burial place from Ephronthe Hittite, along with the field.31There Abraham and his wife Sarahwere buried, there Isaac and his wifeRebekah were buried, and there I buriedLeah.32The field and the cave in it werebought from the Hittites. "33When Jacob had finished givinginstructions to his sons, he drew his feetup into the bed, breathed his last andwas gathered to his people.50Joseph threw himself upon hisfather and wept over him and kissed him.2Then Joseph directed the physicians inhis service to embalm his father Israel.So the physicians embalmed him,3taking a full forty days, for that was thetime required for embalming. And theEgyptians mourned for him seventydays.4When the days of mourning hadpassed, Joseph said to Pharaohs court,"If I have found favor in your eyes,speak to Pharaoh for me. Tell him,5My father made me swear an oath andsaid, "I am about to die; bury me in the
  • tomb I dug for myself in the land ofCanaan." Now let me go up and bury myfather; then I will return. "6Pharaoh said, "Go up and bury yourfather, as he made you swear to do."7So Joseph went up to bury his father.All Pharaohs officials accompanied him-the dignitaries of his court and all thedignitaries of Egypt-8besides all the members of Josephshousehold and his brothers and thosebelonging to his fathers household.Only their children and their flocks andherds were left in Goshen.9Chariots and horsemen also went upwith him. It was a very large company.10When they reached the threshing floorof Atad, near the Jordan, they lamentedloudly and bitterly; and there Josephobserved a seven-day period ofmourning for his father.11When the Canaanites who lived theresaw the mourning at the threshing floorof Atad, they said, "The Egyptians areholding a solemn ceremony ofmourning." That is why that place nearthe Jordan is called Abel Mizraim.12So Jacobs sons did as he hadcommanded them:13They carried him to the land ofCanaan and buried him in the cave inthe field of Machpelah, near Mamre,which Abraham had bought as a burialplace from Ephron the Hittite, along withthe field.14After burying his father, Josephreturned to Egypt, together with hisbrothers and all the others who hadgone with him to bury his father.15When Josephs brothers saw that theirfather was dead, they said, "What ifJoseph holds a grudge against us andpays us back for all the wrongs we didto him?"16So they sent word to Joseph, saying,"Your father left these instructionsbefore he died:17This is what you are to say to Joseph:I ask you to forgive your brothers thesins and the wrongs they committed intreating you so badly. Now pleaseforgive the sins of the servants of theGod of your father." When theirmessage came to him, Joseph wept.18His brothers then came and threwthemselves down before him. "We areyour slaves," they said.19But Joseph said to them, "Dont beafraid. Am I in the place of God?20You intended to harm me, but Godintended it for good to accomplish whatis now being done, the saving of manylives.21So then, dont be afraid. I will providefor you and your children." And hereassured them and spoke kindly tothem.22Joseph stayed in Egypt, along with allhis fathers family. He lived a hundredand ten years
  • 23and saw the third generation ofEphraims children. Also the children ofMakir son of Manasseh were placed atbirth on Josephs knees.24Then Joseph said to his brothers, "Iam about to die. But God will surelycome to your aid and take you up out ofthis land to the land he promised onoath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob."25And Joseph made the sons of Israelswear an oath and said, "God will surelycome to your aid, and then you mustcarry my bones up from this place."26So Joseph died at the age of ahundred and ten. And after theyembalmed him, he was placed in acoffin in Egypt.
  • Exodus1These are the names of the sons ofIsrael who went to Egypt with Jacob,each with his family:2Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah;3Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin;4Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.5The descendants of Jacob numberedseventy in all; Joseph was already inEgypt.6Now Joseph and all his brothers and allthat generation died,7but the Israelites were fruitful andmultiplied greatly and becameexceedingly numerous, so that the landwas filled with them.8Then a new king, who did not knowabout Joseph, came to power in Egypt.9"Look," he said to his people, "theIsraelites have become much toonumerous for us.10Come, we must deal shrewdly withthem or they will become even morenumerous and, if war breaks out, willjoin our enemies, fight against us andleave the country."11So they put slave masters over themto oppress them with forced labor, andthey built Pithom and Rameses as storecities for Pharaoh.12But the more they were oppressed, themore they multiplied and spread; so theEgyptians came to dread the Israelites13and worked them ruthlessly.14They made their lives bitter with hardlabor in brick and mortar and with allkinds of work in the fields; in all theirhard labor the Egyptians used themruthlessly.15The king of Egypt said to the Hebrewmidwives, whose names were Shiphrahand Puah,16"When you help the Hebrew women inchildbirth and observe them on thedelivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but ifit is a girl, let her live."17The midwives, however, feared Godand did not do what the king of Egypthad told them to do; they let the boyslive.18Then the king of Egypt summoned themidwives and asked them, "Why haveyou done this? Why have you let theboys live?"19The midwives answered Pharaoh,"Hebrew women are not like Egyptianwomen; they are vigorous and give birthbefore the midwives arrive."
  • 20So God was kind to the midwives andthe people increased and became evenmore numerous.21And because the midwives feared God,he gave them families of their own.22Then Pharaoh gave this order to all hispeople: "Every boy that is born you mustthrow into the Nile, but let every girllive."2Now a man of the house of Levimarried a Levite woman,2and she became pregnant and gavebirth to a son. When she saw that hewas a fine child, she hid him for threemonths.3But when she could hide him no longer,she got a papyrus basket for him andcoated it with tar and pitch. Then sheplaced the child in it and put it amongthe reeds along the bank of the Nile.4His sister stood at a distance to seewhat would happen to him.5Then Pharaohs daughter went down tothe Nile to bathe, and her attendantswere walking along the river bank. Shesaw the basket among the reeds andsent her slave girl to get it.6She opened it and saw the baby. Hewas crying, and she felt sorry for him."This is one of the Hebrew babies," shesaid.7Then his sister asked Pharaohsdaughter, "Shall I go and get one of theHebrew women to nurse the baby foryou?"8"Yes, go," she answered. And the girlwent and got the babys mother.9Pharaohs daughter said to her, "Takethis baby and nurse him for me, and Iwill pay you." So the woman took thebaby and nursed him.10When the child grew older, she tookhim to Pharaohs daughter and hebecame her son. She named him Moses,saying, "I drew him out of the water."11One day, after Moses had grown up,he went out to where his own peoplewere and watched them at their hardlabor. He saw an Egyptian beating aHebrew, one of his own people.12Glancing this way and that and seeingno one, he killed the Egyptian and hidhim in the sand.13The next day he went out and saw twoHebrews fighting. He asked the one inthe wrong, "Why are you hitting yourfellow Hebrew?"14The man said, "Who made you rulerand judge over us? Are you thinking ofkilling me as you killed the Egyptian?"Then Moses was afraid and thought,"What I did must have become known."15When Pharaoh heard of this, he triedto kill Moses, but Moses fled fromPharaoh and went to live in Midian,where he sat down by a well.
  • 16Now a priest of Midian had sevendaughters, and they came to draw waterand fill the troughs to water their fathersflock.17Some shepherds came along anddrove them away, but Moses got up andcame to their rescue and watered theirflock.18When the girls returned to Reuel theirfather, he asked them, "Why have youreturned so early today?"19They answered, "An Egyptian rescuedus from the shepherds. He even drewwater for us and watered the flock."20"And where is he?" he asked hisdaughters. "Why did you leave him?Invite him to have something to eat."21Moses agreed to stay with the man,who gave his daughter Zipporah toMoses in marriage.22Zipporah gave birth to a son, andMoses named him Gershom, saying, "Ihave become an alien in a foreign land."23During that long period, the king ofEgypt died. The Israelites groaned intheir slavery and cried out, and their cryfor help because of their slavery went upto God.24God heard their groaning and heremembered his covenant with Abraham,with Isaac and with Jacob.25So God looked on the Israelites andwas concerned about them.3Now Moses was tending the flock ofJethro his father-in-law, the priest ofMidian, and he led the flock to the farside of the desert and came to Horeb,the mountain of God.2There the angel of the Lord appearedto him in flames of fire from within abush. Moses saw that though the bushwas on fire it did not burn up.3So Moses thought, "I will go over andsee this strange sight-why the bushdoes not burn up."4When the Lord saw that he had goneover to look, God called to him fromwithin the bush, "Moses! Moses!" AndMoses said, "Here I am."5"Do not come any closer," God said."Take off your sandals, for the placewhere you are standing is holy ground."6Then he said, "I am the God of yourfather, the God of Abraham, the God ofIsaac and the God of Jacob." At this,Moses hid his face, because he wasafraid to look at God.7The Lord said, "I have indeed seen themisery of my people in Egypt. I haveheard them crying out because of theirslave drivers, and I am concerned abouttheir suffering.8So I have come down to rescue themfrom the hand of the Egyptians and tobring them up out of that land into agood and spacious land, a land flowingwith milk and honey-the home of the
  • Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites,Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.9And now the cry of the Israelites hasreached me, and I have seen the waythe Egyptians are oppressing them.10So now, go. I am sending you toPharaoh to bring my people theIsraelites out of Egypt."11But Moses said to God, "Who am I,that I should go to Pharaoh and bringthe Israelites out of Egypt?"12And God said, "I will be with you. Andthis will be the sign to you that it is I whohave sent you: When you have broughtthe people out of Egypt, you will worshipGod on this mountain."13Moses said to God, "Suppose I go tothe Israelites and say to them, The Godof your fathers has sent me to you, andthey ask me, What is his name? Thenwhat shall I tell them?"14God said to Moses, "I am who I am .This is what you are to say to theIsraelites: IAM has sent me to you. "15God also said to Moses, "Say to theIsraelites, The Lord , the God of yourfathers-the God of Abraham, the God ofIsaac and the God of Jacob-has sentme to you. This is my name forever, thename by which I am to be rememberedfrom generation to generation.16"Go, assemble the elders of Israel andsay to them, The Lord , the God of yourfathers-the God of Abraham, Isaac andJacob-appeared to me and said: I havewatched over you and have seen whathas been done to you in Egypt.17And I have promised to bring you upout of your misery in Egypt into the landof the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites,Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites-a landflowing with milk and honey.18"The elders of Israel will listen to you.Then you and the elders are to go to theking of Egypt and say to him, The Lord ,the God of the Hebrews, has met withus. Let us take a three-day journey intothe desert to offer sacrifices to the Lordour God.19But I know that the king of Egypt willnot let you go unless a mighty handcompels him.20So I will stretch out my hand and strikethe Egyptians with all the wonders that Iwill perform among them. After that, hewill let you go.21"And I will make the Egyptiansfavorably disposed toward this people,so that when you leave you will not goempty-handed.22Every woman is to ask her neighborand any woman living in her house forarticles of silver and gold and forclothing, which you will put on your sonsand daughters. And so you will plunderthe Egyptians."4Moses answered, "What if they donot believe me or listen to me and say,The Lord did not appear to you?"
  • 2Then the Lord said to him, "What is thatin your hand?" "A staff," he replied.3The Lord said, "Throw it on theground." Moses threw it on the groundand it became a snake, and he ran fromit.4Then the Lord said to him, "Reach outyour hand and take it by the tail." SoMoses reached out and took hold of thesnake and it turned back into a staff inhis hand.5"This," said the Lord , "is so that theymay believe that the Lord , the God oftheir fathers-the God of Abraham, theGod of Isaac and the God of Jacob-hasappeared to you."6Then the Lord said, "Put your handinside your cloak." So Moses put hishand into his cloak, and when he took itout, it was leprous, like snow.7"Now put it back into your cloak," hesaid. So Moses put his hand back intohis cloak, and when he took it out, it wasrestored, like the rest of his flesh.8Then the Lord said, "If they do notbelieve you or pay attention to the firstmiraculous sign, they may believe thesecond.9But if they do not believe these twosigns or listen to you, take some waterfrom the Nile and pour it on the dryground. The water you take from theriver will become blood on the ground."10Moses said to the Lord , "O Lord, Ihave never been eloquent, neither in thepast nor since you have spoken to yourservant. I am slow of speech andtongue."11The Lord said to him, "Who gave manhis mouth? Who makes him deaf ormute? Who gives him sight or makeshim blind? Is it not I, the Lord ?12Now go; I will help you speak and willteach you what to say."13But Moses said, "O Lord, please sendsomeone else to do it."14Then the Lord s anger burned againstMoses and he said, "What about yourbrother, Aaron the Levite? I know hecan speak well. He is already on his wayto meet you, and his heart will be gladwhen he sees you.15You shall speak to him and put wordsin his mouth; I will help both of youspeak and will teach you what to do.16He will speak to the people for you,and it will be as if he were your mouthand as if you were God to him.17But take this staff in your hand so youcan perform miraculous signs with it."18Then Moses went back to Jethro hisfather-in-law and said to him, "Let me goback to my own people in Egypt to see ifany of them are still alive." Jethro said,"Go, and I wish you well."19Now the Lord had said to Moses inMidian, "Go back to Egypt, for all themen who wanted to kill you are dead."
  • 20So Moses took his wife and sons, putthem on a donkey and started back toEgypt. And he took the staff of God inhis hand.21The Lord said to Moses, "When youreturn to Egypt, see that you performbefore Pharaoh all the wonders I havegiven you the power to do. But I willharden his heart so that he will not letthe people go.22Then say to Pharaoh, This is what theLord says: Israel is my firstborn son,23and I told you, "Let my son go, so hemay worship me." But you refused to lethim go; so I will kill your firstborn son. "24At a lodging place on the way, theLord met [Moses] and was about to killhim.25But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut offher sons foreskin and touched [Moses]feet with it. "Surely you are abridegroom of blood to me," she said26So the Lord let him alone. (At that timeshe said "bridegroom of blood," referringto circumcision.)27The Lord said to Aaron, "Go into thedesert to meet Moses." So he metMoses at the mountain of God andkissed him.28Then Moses told Aaron everything theLord had sent him to say, and alsoabout all the miraculous signs he hadcommanded him to perform.29Moses and Aaron brought together allthe elders of the Israelites,30and Aaron told them everything theLord had said to Moses. He alsoperformed the signs before the people,31and they believed. And when theyheard that the Lord was concernedabout them and had seen their misery,they bowed down and worshiped.5Afterward Moses and Aaron went toPharaoh and said, "This is what theLord , the God of Israel, says: Let mypeople go, so that they may hold afestival to me in the desert. "2Pharaoh said, "Who is the Lord , that Ishould obey him and let Israel go? I donot know the Lord and I will not let Israelgo."3Then they said, "The God of theHebrews has met with us. Now let ustake a three-day journey into the desertto offer sacrifices to the Lord our God, orhe may strike us with plagues or withthe sword."4But the king of Egypt said, "Moses andAaron, why are you taking the peopleaway from their labor? Get back to yourwork!"5Then Pharaoh said, "Look, the peopleof the land are now numerous, and youare stopping them from working."6That same day Pharaoh gave this orderto the slave drivers and foremen incharge of the people:
  • 7"You are no longer to supply the peoplewith straw for making bricks; let them goand gather their own straw.8But require them to make the samenumber of bricks as before; dont reducethe quota. They are lazy; that is whythey are crying out, Let us go andsacrifice to our God.9Make the work harder for the men sothat they keep working and pay noattention to lies."10Then the slave drivers and theforemen went out and said to the people,"This is what Pharaoh says: I will notgive you any more straw.11Go and get your own straw whereveryou can find it, but your work will not bereduced at all. "12So the people scattered all over Egyptto gather stubble to use for straw.13The slave drivers kept pressing them,saying, "Complete the work required ofyou for each day, just as when you hadstraw."14The Israelite foremen appointed byPharaohs slave drivers were beatenand were asked, "Why didnt you meetyour quota of bricks yesterday or today,as before?"15Then the Israelite foremen went andappealed to Pharaoh: "Why have youtreated your servants this way?16Your servants are given no straw, yetwe are told, Make bricks! Your servantsare being beaten, but the fault is withyour own people."17Pharaoh said, "Lazy, thats what youare-lazy! That is why you keep saying,Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord .18Now get to work. You will not be givenany straw, yet you must produce yourfull quota of bricks."19The Israelite foremen realized theywere in trouble when they were told,"You are not to reduce the number ofbricks required of you for each day."20When they left Pharaoh, they foundMoses and Aaron waiting to meet them,21and they said, "May the Lord lookupon you and judge you! You havemade us a stench to Pharaoh and hisofficials and have put a sword in theirhand to kill us."22Moses returned to the Lord and said,"O Lord, why have you brought troubleupon this people? Is this why you sentme?23Ever since I went to Pharaoh to speakin your name, he has brought troubleupon this people, and you have notrescued your people at all."6Then the Lord said to Moses, "Nowyou will see what I will do to Pharaoh:Because of my mighty hand he will letthem go; because of my mighty hand hewill drive them out of his country."2God also said to Moses, "I am the Lord .
  • 3I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and toJacob as God Almighty, but by my namethe Lord I did not make myself known tothem.4I also established my covenant withthem to give them the land of Canaan,where they lived as aliens.5Moreover, I have heard the groaning ofthe Israelites, whom the Egyptians areenslaving, and I have remembered mycovenant.6"Therefore, say to the Israelites: I amthe Lord , and I will bring you out fromunder the yoke of the Egyptians. I willfree you from being slaves to them, andI will redeem you with an outstretchedarm and with mighty acts of judgment.7I will take you as my own people, and Iwill be your God. Then you will knowthat I am the Lord your God, whobrought you out from under the yoke ofthe Egyptians.8And I will bring you to the land I sworewith uplifted hand to give to Abraham, toIsaac and to Jacob. I will give it to youas a possession. I am the Lord . "9Moses reported this to the Israelites,but they did not listen to him because oftheir discouragement and cruel bondage.10Then the Lord said to Moses,11"Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to letthe Israelites go out of his country."12But Moses said to the Lord , "If theIsraelites will not listen to me, why wouldPharaoh listen to me, since I speak withfaltering lips ?"13Now the Lord spoke to Moses andAaron about the Israelites and Pharaohking of Egypt, and he commanded themto bring the Israelites out of Egypt.14These were the heads of theirfamilies : The sons of Reuben thefirstborn son of Israel were Hanoch andPallu, Hezron and Carmi. These werethe clans of Reuben.15The sons of Simeon were Jemuel,Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar and Shaulthe son of a Canaanite woman. Thesewere the clans of Simeon.16These were the names of the sons ofLevi according to their records: Gershon,Kohath and Merari. Levi lived 137 years.17The sons of Gershon, by clans, wereLibni and Shimei.18The sons of Kohath were Amram,Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. Kohath lived133 years.19The sons of Merari were Mahli andMushi. These were the clans of Leviaccording to their records.20Amram married his fathers sisterJochebed, who bore him Aaron andMoses. Amram lived 137 years.21The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nephegand Zicri.22The sons of Uzziel were Mishael,Elzaphan and Sithri.
  • 23Aaron married Elisheba, daughter ofAmminadab and sister of Nahshon, andshe bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazarand Ithamar.24The sons of Korah were Assir,Elkanah and Abiasaph. These were theKorahite clans.25Eleazar son of Aaron married one ofthe daughters of Putiel, and she borehim Phinehas. These were the heads ofthe Levite families, clan by clan.26It was this same Aaron and Moses towhom the Lord said, "Bring the Israelitesout of Egypt by their divisions."27They were the ones who spoke toPharaoh king of Egypt about bringingthe Israelites out of Egypt. It was thesame Moses and Aaron.28Now when the Lord spoke to Moses inEgypt,29he said to him, "I am the Lord . TellPharaoh king of Egypt everything I tellyou."30But Moses said to the Lord , "Since Ispeak with faltering lips, why wouldPharaoh listen to me?"7Then the Lord said to Moses, "See, Ihave made you like God to Pharaoh,and your brother Aaron will be yourprophet.2You are to say everything I commandyou, and your brother Aaron is to tellPharaoh to let the Israelites go out of hiscountry.3But I will harden Pharaohs heart, andthough I multiply my miraculous signsand wonders in Egypt,4he will not listen to you. Then I will laymy hand on Egypt and with mighty actsof judgment I will bring out my divisions,my people the Israelites.5And the Egyptians will know that I amthe Lord when I stretch out my handagainst Egypt and bring the Israelitesout of it."6Moses and Aaron did just as the Lordcommanded them.7Moses was eighty years old and Aaroneighty-three when they spoke toPharaoh.8The Lord said to Moses and Aaron,9"When Pharaoh says to you, Perform amiracle, then say to Aaron, Take yourstaff and throw it down before Pharaoh,and it will become a snake."10So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaohand did just as the Lord commanded.Aaron threw his staff down in front ofPharaoh and his officials, and it becamea snake.11Pharaoh then summoned wise menand sorcerers, and the Egyptianmagicians also did the same things bytheir secret arts:
  • 12Each one threw down his staff and itbecame a snake. But Aarons staffswallowed up their staffs.13Yet Pharaohs heart became hard andhe would not listen to them, just as theLord had said.14Then the Lord said to Moses,"Pharaohs heart is unyielding; herefuses to let the people go.15Go to Pharaoh in the morning as hegoes out to the water. Wait on the bankof the Nile to meet him, and take in yourhand the staff that was changed into asnake.16Then say to him, The Lord , the Godof the Hebrews, has sent me to say toyou: Let my people go, so that they mayworship me in the desert. But until nowyou have not listened.17This is what the Lord says: By this youwill know that I am the Lord : With thestaff that is in my hand I will strike thewater of the Nile, and it will be changedinto blood.18The fish in the Nile will die, and theriver will stink; the Egyptians will not beable to drink its water. "19The Lord said to Moses, "Tell Aaron,Take your staff and stretch out yourhand over the waters of Egypt-over thestreams and canals, over the ponds andall the reservoirs-and they will turn toblood. Blood will be everywhere in Egypt,even in the wooden buckets and stonejars."20Moses and Aaron did just as the Lordhad commanded. He raised his staff inthe presence of Pharaoh and hisofficials and struck the water of the Nile,and all the water was changed intoblood.21The fish in the Nile died, and the riversmelled so bad that the Egyptians couldnot drink its water. Blood waseverywhere in Egypt.22But the Egyptian magicians did thesame things by their secret arts, andPharaohs heart became hard; he wouldnot listen to Moses and Aaron, just asthe Lord had said.23Instead, he turned and went into hispalace, and did not take even this toheart.24And all the Egyptians dug along theNile to get drinking water, because theycould not drink the water of the river.25Seven days passed after the Lordstruck the Nile.8Then the Lord said to Moses, "Go toPharaoh and say to him, This is whatthe Lord says: Let my people go, so thatthey may worship me.2If you refuse to let them go, I will plagueyour whole country with frogs.3The Nile will teem with frogs. They willcome up into your palace and yourbedroom and onto your bed, into thehouses of your officials and on your
  • people, and into your ovens andkneading troughs.4The frogs will go up on you and yourpeople and all your officials. "5Then the Lord said to Moses, "TellAaron, Stretch out your hand with yourstaff over the streams and canals andponds, and make frogs come up on theland of Egypt. "6So Aaron stretched out his hand overthe waters of Egypt, and the frogs cameup and covered the land.7But the magicians did the same thingsby their secret arts; they also madefrogs come up on the land of Egypt.8Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaronand said, "Pray to the Lord to take thefrogs away from me and my people, andI will let your people go to offersacrifices to the Lord ."9Moses said to Pharaoh, "I leave to youthe honor of setting the time for me topray for you and your officials and yourpeople that you and your houses maybe rid of the frogs, except for those thatremain in the Nile."10"Tomorrow," Pharaoh said. Mosesreplied, "It will be as you say, so thatyou may know there is no one like theLord our God.11The frogs will leave you and yourhouses, your officials and your people;they will remain only in the Nile."12After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh,Moses cried out to the Lord about thefrogs he had brought on Pharaoh.13And the Lord did what Moses asked.The frogs died in the houses, in thecourtyards and in the fields.14They were piled into heaps, and theland reeked of them.15But when Pharaoh saw that there wasrelief, he hardened his heart and wouldnot listen to Moses and Aaron, just asthe Lord had said.16Then the Lord said to Moses, "TellAaron, Stretch out your staff and strikethe dust of the ground, and throughoutthe land of Egypt the dust will becomegnats."17They did this, and when Aaronstretched out his hand with the staff andstruck the dust of the ground, gnatscame upon men and animals. All thedust throughout the land of Egyptbecame gnats.18But when the magicians tried toproduce gnats by their secret arts, theycould not. And the gnats were on menand animals.19The magicians said to Pharaoh, "Thisis the finger of God." But Pharaohsheart was hard and he would not listen,just as the Lord had said.20Then the Lord said to Moses, "Get upearly in the morning and confrontPharaoh as he goes to the water andsay to him, This is what the Lord says:
  • Let my people go, so that they mayworship me.21If you do not let my people go, I willsend swarms of flies on you and yourofficials, on your people and into yourhouses. The houses of the Egyptianswill be full of flies, and even the groundwhere they are.22" But on that day I will deal differentlywith the land of Goshen, where mypeople live; no swarms of flies will bethere, so that you will know that I, theLord , am in this land.23I will make a distinction between mypeople and your people. Thismiraculous sign will occur tomorrow. "24And the Lord did this. Dense swarmsof flies poured into Pharaohs palaceand into the houses of his officials, andthroughout Egypt the land was ruined bythe flies.25Then Pharaoh summoned Moses andAaron and said, "Go, sacrifice to yourGod here in the land."26But Moses said, "That would not beright. The sacrifices we offer the Lordour God would be detestable to theEgyptians. And if we offer sacrifices thatare detestable in their eyes, will they notstone us?27We must take a three-day journey intothe desert to offer sacrifices to the Lordour God, as he commands us."28Pharaoh said, "I will let you go to offersacrifices to the Lord your God in thedesert, but you must not go very far.Now pray for me."29Moses answered, "As soon as I leaveyou, I will pray to the Lord , andtomorrow the flies will leave Pharaohand his officials and his people. Only besure that Pharaoh does not actdeceitfully again by not letting thepeople go to offer sacrifices to theLord ."30Then Moses left Pharaoh and prayedto the Lord ,31and the Lord did what Moses asked:The flies left Pharaoh and his officialsand his people; not a fly remained.32But this time also Pharaoh hardenedhis heart and would not let the peoplego.9Then the Lord said to Moses, "Go toPharaoh and say to him, This is whatthe Lord , the God of the Hebrews, says:"Let my people go, so that they mayworship me."2If you refuse to let them go andcontinue to hold them back,3the hand of the Lord will bring a terribleplague on your livestock in the field-onyour horses and donkeys and camelsand on your cattle and sheep and goats.4But the Lord will make a distinctionbetween the livestock of Israel and thatof Egypt, so that no animal belonging tothe Israelites will die. "
  • 5The Lord set a time and said,"Tomorrow the Lord will do this in theland."6And the next day the Lord did it: All thelivestock of the Egyptians died, but notone animal belonging to the Israelitesdied.7Pharaoh sent men to investigate andfound that not even one of the animalsof the Israelites had died. Yet his heartwas unyielding and he would not let thepeople go.8Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron,"Take handfuls of soot from a furnaceand have Moses toss it into the air in thepresence of Pharaoh.9It will become fine dust over the wholeland of Egypt, and festering boils willbreak out on men and animalsthroughout the land."10So they took soot from a furnace andstood before Pharaoh. Moses tossed itinto the air, and festering boils broke outon men and animals.11The magicians could not stand beforeMoses because of the boils that were onthem and on all the Egyptians.12But the Lord hardened Pharaohs heartand he would not listen to Moses andAaron, just as the Lord had said toMoses.13Then the Lord said to Moses, "Get upearly in the morning, confront Pharaohand say to him, This is what the Lord ,the God of the Hebrews, says: Let mypeople go, so that they may worship me,14or this time I will send the full force ofmy plagues against you and againstyour officials and your people, so youmay know that there is no one like me inall the earth.15For by now I could have stretched outmy hand and struck you and yourpeople with a plague that would havewiped you off the earth.16But I have raised you up for this verypurpose, that I might show you mypower and that my name might beproclaimed in all the earth.17You still set yourself against mypeople and will not let them go.18Therefore, at this time tomorrow I willsend the worst hailstorm that has everfallen on Egypt, from the day it wasfounded till now.19Give an order now to bring yourlivestock and everything you have in thefield to a place of shelter, because thehail will fall on every man and animalthat has not been brought in and is stillout in the field, and they will die. "20Those officials of Pharaoh who fearedthe word of the Lord hurried to bringtheir slaves and their livestock inside.21But those who ignored the word of theLord left their slaves and livestock in thefield.
  • 22Then the Lord said to Moses, "Stretchout your hand toward the sky so that hailwill fall all over Egypt-on men andanimals and on everything growing inthe fields of Egypt."23When Moses stretched out his stafftoward the sky, the Lord sent thunderand hail, and lightning flashed down tothe ground. So the Lord rained hail onthe land of Egypt;24hail fell and lightning flashed back andforth. It was the worst storm in all theland of Egypt since it had become anation.25Throughout Egypt hail struckeverything in the fields-both men andanimals; it beat down everythinggrowing in the fields and stripped everytree.26The only place it did not hail was theland of Goshen, where the Israeliteswere.27Then Pharaoh summoned Moses andAaron. "This time I have sinned," he saidto them. "The Lord is in the right, and Iand my people are in the wrong.28Pray to the Lord , for we have hadenough thunder and hail. I will let yougo; you dont have to stay any longer."29Moses replied, "When I have gone outof the city, I will spread out my hands inprayer to the Lord . The thunder will stopand there will be no more hail, so youmay know that the earth is the Lord s.30But I know that you and your officialsstill do not fear the Lord God."31(The flax and barley were destroyed,since the barley had headed and theflax was in bloom.32The wheat and spelt, however, werenot destroyed, because they ripen later.)33Then Moses left Pharaoh and went outof the city. He spread out his handstoward the Lord ; the thunder and hailstopped, and the rain no longer poureddown on the land.34When Pharaoh saw that the rain andhail and thunder had stopped, he sinnedagain: He and his officials hardenedtheir hearts.35So Pharaohs heart was hard and hewould not let the Israelites go, just asthe Lord had said through Moses.10Then the Lord said to Moses, "Goto Pharaoh, for I have hardened hisheart and the hearts of his officials sothat I may perform these miraculoussigns of mine among them2that you may tell your children andgrandchildren how I dealt harshly withthe Egyptians and how I performed mysigns among them, and that you mayknow that I am the Lord ."3So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaohand said to him, "This is what the Lord ,the God of the Hebrews, says: Howlong will you refuse to humble yourself
  • before me? Let my people go, so thatthey may worship me.4If you refuse to let them go, I will bringlocusts into your country tomorrow.5They will cover the face of the groundso that it cannot be seen. They willdevour what little you have left after thehail, including every tree that is growingin your fields.6They will fill your houses and those ofall your officials and all the Egyptians-something neither your fathers nor yourforefathers have ever seen from the daythey settled in this land till now. " ThenMoses turned and left Pharaoh.7Pharaohs officials said to him, "Howlong will this man be a snare to us? Letthe people go, so that they may worshipthe Lord their God. Do you not yetrealize that Egypt is ruined?"8Then Moses and Aaron were broughtback to Pharaoh. "Go, worship the Lordyour God," he said. "But just who will begoing?"9Moses answered, "We will go with ouryoung and old, with our sons anddaughters, and with our flocks andherds, because we are to celebrate afestival to the Lord ."10Pharaoh said, "The Lord be with you-ifI let you go, along with your women andchildren! Clearly you are bent on evil.11No! Have only the men go; andworship the Lord , since thats what youhave been asking for." Then Moses andAaron were driven out of Pharaohspresence.12And the Lord said to Moses, "Stretchout your hand over Egypt so that locustswill swarm over the land and devoureverything growing in the fields,everything left by the hail."13So Moses stretched out his staff overEgypt, and the Lord made an east windblow across the land all that day and allthat night. By morning the wind hadbrought the locusts;14they invaded all Egypt and settleddown in every area of the country ingreat numbers. Never before had therebeen such a plague of locusts, nor willthere ever be again.15They covered all the ground until itwas black. They devoured all that wasleft after the hail-everything growing inthe fields and the fruit on the trees.Nothing green remained on tree or plantin all the land of Egypt.16Pharaoh quickly summoned Mosesand Aaron and said, "I have sinnedagainst the Lord your God and againstyou.17Now forgive my sin once more andpray to the Lord your God to take thisdeadly plague away from me."18Moses then left Pharaoh and prayed tothe Lord .19And the Lord changed the wind to avery strong west wind, which caught upthe locusts and carried them into the
  • Red Sea. Not a locust was leftanywhere in Egypt.20But the Lord hardened Pharaohs heart,and he would not let the Israelites go.21Then the Lord said to Moses, "Stretchout your hand toward the sky so thatdarkness will spread over Egypt-darkness that can be felt."22So Moses stretched out his handtoward the sky, and total darknesscovered all Egypt for three days.23No one could see anyone else orleave his place for three days. Yet allthe Israelites had light in the placeswhere they lived.24Then Pharaoh summoned Moses andsaid, "Go, worship the Lord . Even yourwomen and children may go with you;only leave your flocks and herdsbehind."25But Moses said, "You must allow us tohave sacrifices and burnt offerings topresent to the Lord our God.26Our livestock too must go with us; nota hoof is to be left behind. We have touse some of them in worshiping theLord our God, and until we get there wewill not know what we are to use toworship the Lord ."27But the Lord hardened Pharaohs heart,and he was not willing to let them go.28Pharaoh said to Moses, "Get out of mysight! Make sure you do not appearbefore me again! The day you see myface you will die."29"Just as you say," Moses replied, "I willnever appear before you again."11Now the Lord had said to Moses,"I will bring one more plague onPharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he willlet you go from here, and when he does,he will drive you out completely.2Tell the people that men and womenalike are to ask their neighbors forarticles of silver and gold."3(The Lord made the Egyptiansfavorably disposed toward the people,and Moses himself was highly regardedin Egypt by Pharaohs officials and bythe people.)4So Moses said, "This is what the Lordsays: About midnight I will gothroughout Egypt.5Every firstborn son in Egypt will die,from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, whosits on the throne, to the firstborn son ofthe slave girl, who is at her hand mill,and all the firstborn of the cattle as well.6There will be loud wailing throughoutEgypt-worse than there has ever beenor ever will be again.7But among the Israelites not a dog willbark at any man or animal. Then youwill know that the Lord makes adistinction between Egypt and Israel.
  • 8All these officials of yours will come tome, bowing down before me and saying,Go, you and all the people who followyou! After that I will leave." Then Moses,hot with anger, left Pharaoh.9The Lord had said to Moses, "Pharaohwill refuse to listen to you-so that mywonders may be multiplied in Egypt."10Moses and Aaron performed all thesewonders before Pharaoh, but the Lordhardened Pharaohs heart, and hewould not let the Israelites go out of hiscountry.12The Lord said to Moses andAaron in Egypt,2"This month is to be for you the firstmonth, the first month of your year.3Tell the whole community of Israel thaton the tenth day of this month each manis to take a lamb for his family, one foreach household.4If any household is too small for awhole lamb, they must share one withtheir nearest neighbor, having taken intoaccount the number of people there are.You are to determine the amount oflamb needed in accordance with whateach person will eat.5The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you maytake them from the sheep or the goats.6Take care of them until the fourteenthday of the month, when all the people ofthe community of Israel must slaughterthem at twilight.7Then they are to take some of theblood and put it on the sides and tops ofthe doorframes of the houses wherethey eat the lambs.8That same night they are to eat themeat roasted over the fire, along withbitter herbs, and bread made withoutyeast.9Do not eat the meat raw or cooked inwater, but roast it over the fire-head,legs and inner parts.10Do not leave any of it till morning; ifsome is left till morning, you must burn it.11This is how you are to eat it: with yourcloak tucked into your belt, your sandalson your feet and your staff in your hand.Eat it in haste; it is the Lord s Passover.12"On that same night I will pass throughEgypt and strike down every firstborn-both men and animals-and I will bringjudgment on all the gods of Egypt. I amthe Lord .13The blood will be a sign for you on thehouses where you are; and when I seethe blood, I will pass over you. Nodestructive plague will touch you when Istrike Egypt.14"This is a day you are tocommemorate; for the generations tocome you shall celebrate it as a festivalto the Lord -a lasting ordinance.
  • 15For seven days you are to eat breadmade without yeast. On the first dayremove the yeast from your houses, forwhoever eats anything with yeast in itfrom the first day through the seventhmust be cut off from Israel.16On the first day hold a sacredassembly, and another one on theseventh day. Do no work at all on thesedays, except to prepare food foreveryone to eat-that is all you may do.17"Celebrate the Feast of UnleavenedBread, because it was on this very daythat I brought your divisions out of Egypt.Celebrate this day as a lastingordinance for the generations to come.18In the first month you are to eat breadmade without yeast, from the evening ofthe fourteenth day until the evening ofthe twenty-first day.19For seven days no yeast is to be foundin your houses. And whoever eatsanything with yeast in it must be cut offfrom the community of Israel, whetherhe is an alien or native-born.20Eat nothing made with yeast.Wherever you live, you must eatunleavened bread."21Then Moses summoned all the eldersof Israel and said to them, "Go at onceand select the animals for your familiesand slaughter the Passover lamb.22Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into theblood in the basin and put some of theblood on the top and on both sides ofthe doorframe. Not one of you shall goout the door of his house until morning.23When the Lord goes through the landto strike down the Egyptians, he will seethe blood on the top and sides of thedoorframe and will pass over thatdoorway, and he will not permit thedestroyer to enter your houses andstrike you down.24"Obey these instructions as a lastingordinance for you and your descendants.25When you enter the land that the Lordwill give you as he promised, observethis ceremony.26And when your children ask you, Whatdoes this ceremony mean to you?27then tell them, It is the Passoversacrifice to the Lord , who passed overthe houses of the Israelites in Egypt andspared our homes when he struck downthe Egyptians. " Then the people boweddown and worshiped.28The Israelites did just what the Lordcommanded Moses and Aaron.29At midnight the Lord struck down allthe firstborn in Egypt, from the firstbornof Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, tothe firstborn of the prisoner, who was inthe dungeon, and the firstborn of all thelivestock as well.30Pharaoh and all his officials and all theEgyptians got up during the night, andthere was loud wailing in Egypt, forthere was not a house without someonedead.
  • 31During the night Pharaoh summonedMoses and Aaron and said, "Up! Leavemy people, you and the Israelites! Go,worship the Lord as you have requested.32Take your flocks and herds, as youhave said, and go. And also bless me."33The Egyptians urged the people tohurry and leave the country. "Forotherwise," they said, "we will all die!"34So the people took their dough beforethe yeast was added, and carried it ontheir shoulders in kneading troughswrapped in clothing.35The Israelites did as Moses instructedand asked the Egyptians for articles ofsilver and gold and for clothing.36The Lord had made the Egyptiansfavorably disposed toward the people,and they gave them what they askedfor; so they plundered the Egyptians.37The Israelites journeyed fromRameses to Succoth. There were aboutsix hundred thousand men on foot,besides women and children.38Many other people went up with them,as well as large droves of livestock, bothflocks and herds.39With the dough they had brought fromEgypt, they baked cakes of unleavenedbread. The dough was without yeastbecause they had been driven out ofEgypt and did not have time to preparefood for themselves.40Now the length of time the Israelitepeople lived in Egypt was 430 years.41At the end of the 430 years, to the veryday, all the Lord s divisions left Egypt.42Because the Lord kept vigil that nightto bring them out of Egypt, on this nightall the Israelites are to keep vigil tohonor the Lord for the generations tocome.43The Lord said to Moses and Aaron,"These are the regulations for thePassover: "No foreigner is to eat of it.44Any slave you have bought may eat ofit after you have circumcised him,45but a temporary resident and a hiredworker may not eat of it.46"It must be eaten inside one house;take none of the meat outside the house.Do not break any of the bones.47The whole community of Israel mustcelebrate it.48"An alien living among you who wantsto celebrate the Lord s Passover musthave all the males in his householdcircumcised; then he may take part likeone born in the land. No uncircumcisedmale may eat of it.49The same law applies to the native-born and to the alien living among you."50All the Israelites did just what the Lordhad commanded Moses and Aaron.
  • 51And on that very day the Lord broughtthe Israelites out of Egypt by theirdivisions.13The Lord said to Moses,2"Consecrate to me every firstborn male.The first offspring of every womb amongthe Israelites belongs to me, whetherman or animal."3Then Moses said to the people,"Commemorate this day, the day youcame out of Egypt, out of the land ofslavery, because the Lord brought youout of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothingcontaining yeast.4Today, in the month of Abib, you areleaving.5When the Lord brings you into the landof the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites,Hivites and Jebusites-the land he sworeto your forefathers to give you, a landflowing with milk and honey-you are toobserve this ceremony in this month:6For seven days eat bread made withoutyeast and on the seventh day hold afestival to the Lord .7Eat unleavened bread during thoseseven days; nothing with yeast in it is tobe seen among you, nor shall any yeastbe seen anywhere within your borders.8On that day tell your son, I do thisbecause of what the Lord did for mewhen I came out of Egypt.9This observance will be for you like asign on your hand and a reminder onyour forehead that the law of the Lord isto be on your lips. For the Lord broughtyou out of Egypt with his mighty hand.10You must keep this ordinance at theappointed time year after year.11"After the Lord brings you into the landof the Canaanites and gives it to you, ashe promised on oath to you and yourforefathers,12you are to give over to the Lord thefirst offspring of every womb. All thefirstborn males of your livestock belongto the Lord .13Redeem with a lamb every firstborndonkey, but if you do not redeem it,break its neck. Redeem every firstbornamong your sons.14"In days to come, when your son asksyou, What does this mean? say to him,With a mighty hand the Lord brought usout of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.15When Pharaoh stubbornly refused tolet us go, the Lord killed every firstbornin Egypt, both man and animal. This iswhy I sacrifice to the Lord the first maleoffspring of every womb and redeemeach of my firstborn sons.16And it will be like a sign on your handand a symbol on your forehead that theLord brought us out of Egypt with hismighty hand."17When Pharaoh let the people go, Goddid not lead them on the road through
  • the Philistine country, though that wasshorter. For God said, "If they face war,they might change their minds andreturn to Egypt."18So God led the people around by thedesert road toward the Red Sea. TheIsraelites went up out of Egypt armed forbattle.19Moses took the bones of Joseph withhim because Joseph had made the sonsof Israel swear an oath. He had said,"God will surely come to your aid, andthen you must carry my bones up withyou from this place."20After leaving Succoth they camped atEtham on the edge of the desert.21By day the Lord went ahead of them ina pillar of cloud to guide them on theirway and by night in a pillar of fire to givethem light, so that they could travel byday or night.22Neither the pillar of cloud by day northe pillar of fire by night left its place infront of the people.14Then the Lord said to Moses,2"Tell the Israelites to turn back andencamp near Pi Hahiroth, betweenMigdol and the sea. They are to encampby the sea, directly opposite BaalZephon.3Pharaoh will think, The Israelites arewandering around the land in confusion,hemmed in by the desert.4And I will harden Pharaohs heart, andhe will pursue them. But I will gain gloryfor myself through Pharaoh and all hisarmy, and the Egyptians will know that Iam the Lord ." So the Israelites did this.5When the king of Egypt was told thatthe people had fled, Pharaoh and hisofficials changed their minds about themand said, "What have we done? Wehave let the Israelites go and have losttheir services!"6So he had his chariot made ready andtook his army with him.7He took six hundred of the best chariots,along with all the other chariots of Egypt,with officers over all of them.8The Lord hardened the heart ofPharaoh king of Egypt, so that hepursued the Israelites, who weremarching out boldly.9The Egyptians-all Pharaohs horsesand chariots, horsemen and troops-pursued the Israelites and overtookthem as they camped by the sea near PiHahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.10As Pharaoh approached, the Israeliteslooked up, and there were the Egyptians,marching after them. They were terrifiedand cried out to the Lord .11They said to Moses, "Was it becausethere were no graves in Egypt that youbrought us to the desert to die? Whathave you done to us by bringing us outof Egypt?
  • 12Didnt we say to you in Egypt, Leaveus alone; let us serve the Egyptians? Itwould have been better for us to servethe Egyptians than to die in the desert!"13Moses answered the people, "Do notbe afraid. Stand firm and you will seethe deliverance the Lord will bring youtoday. The Egyptians you see today youwill never see again.14The Lord will fight for you; you needonly to be still."15Then the Lord said to Moses, "Whyare you crying out to me? Tell theIsraelites to move on.16Raise your staff and stretch out yourhand over the sea to divide the water sothat the Israelites can go through thesea on dry ground.17I will harden the hearts of theEgyptians so that they will go in afterthem. And I will gain glory throughPharaoh and all his army, through hischariots and his horsemen.18The Egyptians will know that I am theLord when I gain glory through Pharaoh,his chariots and his horsemen."19Then the angel of God, who had beentraveling in front of Israels army,withdrew and went behind them. Thepillar of cloud also moved from in frontand stood behind them,20coming between the armies of Egyptand Israel. Throughout the night thecloud brought darkness to the one sideand light to the other side; so neitherwent near the other all night long.21Then Moses stretched out his handover the sea, and all that night the Lorddrove the sea back with a strong eastwind and turned it into dry land. Thewaters were divided,22and the Israelites went through the seaon dry ground, with a wall of water ontheir right and on their left.23The Egyptians pursued them, and allPharaohs horses and chariots andhorsemen followed them into the sea.24During the last watch of the night theLord looked down from the pillar of fireand cloud at the Egyptian army andthrew it into confusion.25He made the wheels of their chariotscome off so that they had difficultydriving. And the Egyptians said, "Letsget away from the Israelites! The Lord isfighting for them against Egypt."26Then the Lord said to Moses, "Stretchout your hand over the sea so that thewaters may flow back over theEgyptians and their chariots andhorsemen."27Moses stretched out his hand over thesea, and at daybreak the sea went backto its place. The Egyptians were fleeingtoward it, and the Lord swept them intothe sea.28The water flowed back and coveredthe chariots and horsemen-the entirearmy of Pharaoh that had followed the
  • Israelites into the sea. Not one of themsurvived.29But the Israelites went through the seaon dry ground, with a wall of water ontheir right and on their left.30That day the Lord saved Israel fromthe hands of the Egyptians, and Israelsaw the Egyptians lying dead on theshore.31And when the Israelites saw the greatpower the Lord displayed against theEgyptians, the people feared the Lordand put their trust in him and in Moseshis servant.15Then Moses and the Israelitessang this song to the Lord : "I will sing tothe Lord , for he is highly exalted. Thehorse and its rider he has hurled into thesea.2The Lord is my strength and my song;he has become my salvation. He is myGod, and I will praise him, my fathersGod, and I will exalt him.3The Lord is a warrior; the Lord is hisname.4Pharaohs chariots and his army he hashurled into the sea. The best ofPharaohs officers are drowned in theRed Sea.5The deep waters have covered them;they sank to the depths like a stone.6"Your right hand, O Lord , was majesticin power. Your right hand, O Lord ,shattered the enemy.7In the greatness of your majesty youthrew down those who opposed you.You unleashed your burning anger; itconsumed them like stubble.8By the blast of your nostrils the waterspiled up. The surging waters stood firmlike a wall; the deep waters congealed inthe heart of the sea.9"The enemy boasted, I will pursue, Iwill overtake them. I will divide thespoils; I will gorge myself on them. I willdraw my sword and my hand willdestroy them.10But you blew with your breath, and thesea covered them. They sank like leadin the mighty waters.11"Who among the gods is like you, OLord ? Who is like you- majestic inholiness, awesome in glory, workingwonders?12You stretched out your right hand andthe earth swallowed them.13"In your unfailing love you will lead thepeople you have redeemed. In yourstrength you will guide them to your holydwelling.14The nations will hear and tremble;anguish will grip the people of Philistia.15The chiefs of Edom will be terrified, theleaders of Moab will be seized with
  • trembling, the people of Canaan willmelt away;16terror and dread will fall upon them. Bythe power of your arm they will be asstill as a stone- until your people passby, O Lord , until the people you boughtpass by.17You will bring them in and plant themon the mountain of your inheritance- theplace, O Lord , you made for yourdwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, yourhands established.18The Lord will reign for ever and ever."19When Pharaohs horses, chariots andhorsemen went into the sea, the Lordbrought the waters of the sea back overthem, but the Israelites walked throughthe sea on dry ground.20Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaronssister, took a tambourine in her hand,and all the women followed her, withtambourines and dancing.21Miriam sang to them: "Sing to theLord , for he is highly exalted. The horseand its rider he has hurled into the sea."22Then Moses led Israel from the RedSea and they went into the Desert ofShur. For three days they traveled in thedesert without finding water.23When they came to Marah, they couldnot drink its water because it was bitter.(That is why the place is called Marah. )24So the people grumbled againstMoses, saying, "What are we to drink?"25Then Moses cried out to the Lord , andthe Lord showed him a piece of wood.He threw it into the water, and the waterbecame sweet. There the Lord made adecree and a law for them, and there hetested them.26He said, "If you listen carefully to thevoice of the Lord your God and do whatis right in his eyes, if you pay attentionto his commands and keep all hisdecrees, I will not bring on you any ofthe diseases I brought on the Egyptians,for I am the Lord , who heals you."27Then they came to Elim, where therewere twelve springs and seventy palmtrees, and they camped there near thewater.16The whole Israelite community setout from Elim and came to the Desert ofSin, which is between Elim and Sinai, onthe fifteenth day of the second monthafter they had come out of Egypt.2In the desert the whole communitygrumbled against Moses and Aaron.3The Israelites said to them, "If only wehad died by the Lord s hand in Egypt!There we sat around pots of meat andate all the food we wanted, but you havebrought us out into this desert to starvethis entire assembly to death."4Then the Lord said to Moses, "I will raindown bread from heaven for you. Thepeople are to go out each day andgather enough for that day. In this way Iwill test them and see whether they willfollow my instructions.
  • 5On the sixth day they are to preparewhat they bring in, and that is to betwice as much as they gather on theother days."6So Moses and Aaron said to all theIsraelites, "In the evening you will knowthat it was the Lord who brought you outof Egypt,7and in the morning you will see theglory of the Lord , because he has heardyour grumbling against him. Who are we,that you should grumble against us?"8Moses also said, "You will know that itwas the Lord when he gives you meat toeat in the evening and all the bread youwant in the morning, because he hasheard your grumbling against him. Whoare we? You are not grumbling againstus, but against the Lord ."9Then Moses told Aaron, "Say to theentire Israelite community, Come beforethe Lord , for he has heard yourgrumbling. "10While Aaron was speaking to thewhole Israelite community, they lookedtoward the desert, and there was theglory of the Lord appearing in the cloud.11The Lord said to Moses,12"I have heard the grumbling of theIsraelites. Tell them, At twilight you willeat meat, and in the morning you will befilled with bread. Then you will know thatI am the Lord your God. "13That evening quail came and coveredthe camp, and in the morning there wasa layer of dew around the camp.14When the dew was gone, thin flakeslike frost on the ground appeared on thedesert floor.15When the Israelites saw it, they said toeach other, "What is it?" For they did notknow what it was. Moses said to them,"It is the bread the Lord has given you toeat.16This is what the Lord has commanded:Each one is to gather as much as heneeds. Take an omer for each personyou have in your tent. "17The Israelites did as they were told;some gathered much, some little.18And when they measured it by theomer, he who gathered much did nothave too much, and he who gatheredlittle did not have too little. Each onegathered as much as he needed.19Then Moses said to them, "No one isto keep any of it until morning."20However, some of them paid noattention to Moses; they kept part of ituntil morning, but it was full of maggotsand began to smell. So Moses wasangry with them.21Each morning everyone gathered asmuch as he needed, and when the sungrew hot, it melted away.22On the sixth day, they gathered twiceas much-two omers for each person-and
  • the leaders of the community came andreported this to Moses.23He said to them, "This is what the Lordcommanded: Tomorrow is to be a dayof rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord . Sobake what you want to bake and boilwhat you want to boil. Save whatever isleft and keep it until morning. "24So they saved it until morning, asMoses commanded, and it did not stinkor get maggots in it.25"Eat it today," Moses said, "becausetoday is a Sabbath to the Lord . You willnot find any of it on the ground today.26Six days you are to gather it, but onthe seventh day, the Sabbath, there willnot be any."27Nevertheless, some of the peoplewent out on the seventh day to gather it,but they found none.28Then the Lord said to Moses, "Howlong will you refuse to keep mycommands and my instructions?29Bear in mind that the Lord has givenyou the Sabbath; that is why on the sixthday he gives you bread for two days.Everyone is to stay where he is on theseventh day; no one is to go out."30So the people rested on the seventhday.31The people of Israel called the breadmanna. It was white like coriander seedand tasted like wafers made with honey.32Moses said, "This is what the Lord hascommanded: Take an omer of mannaand keep it for the generations to come,so they can see the bread I gave you toeat in the desert when I brought you outof Egypt. "33So Moses said to Aaron, "Take a jarand put an omer of manna in it. Thenplace it before the Lord to be kept forthe generations to come."34As the Lord commanded Moses,Aaron put the manna in front of theTestimony, that it might be kept.35The Israelites ate manna forty years,until they came to a land that wassettled; they ate manna until theyreached the border of Canaan.36(An omer is one tenth of an ephah.)17The whole Israelite community setout from the Desert of Sin, travelingfrom place to place as the Lordcommanded. They camped at Rephidim,but there was no water for the people todrink.2So they quarreled with Moses and said,"Give us water to drink." Moses replied,"Why do you quarrel with me? Why doyou put the Lord to the test?"3But the people were thirsty for waterthere, and they grumbled against Moses.They said, "Why did you bring us up outof Egypt to make us and our childrenand livestock die of thirst?"
  • 4Then Moses cried out to the Lord ,"What am I to do with these people?They are almost ready to stone me."5The Lord answered Moses, "Walk onahead of the people. Take with yousome of the elders of Israel and take inyour hand the staff with which youstruck the Nile, and go.6I will stand there before you by the rockat Horeb. Strike the rock, and water willcome out of it for the people to drink."So Moses did this in the sight of theelders of Israel.7And he called the place Massah andMeribah because the Israelitesquarreled and because they tested theLord saying, "Is the Lord among us ornot?"8The Amalekites came and attacked theIsraelites at Rephidim.9Moses said to Joshua, "Choose someof our men and go out to fight theAmalekites. Tomorrow I will stand on topof the hill with the staff of God in myhands."10So Joshua fought the Amalekites asMoses had ordered, and Moses, Aaronand Hur went to the top of the hill.11As long as Moses held up his hands,the Israelites were winning, butwhenever he lowered his hands, theAmalekites were winning.12When Moses hands grew tired, theytook a stone and put it under him and hesat on it. Aaron and Hur held his handsup-one on one side, one on the other-sothat his hands remained steady tillsunset.13So Joshua overcame the Amalekitearmy with the sword.14Then the Lord said to Moses, "Writethis on a scroll as something to beremembered and make sure thatJoshua hears it, because I willcompletely blot out the memory ofAmalek from under heaven."15Moses built an altar and called it TheLord is my Banner.16He said, "For hands were lifted up tothe throne of the Lord . The Lord will beat war against the Amalekites fromgeneration to generation."18Now Jethro, the priest of Midianand father-in-law of Moses, heard ofeverything God had done for Moses andfor his people Israel, and how the Lordhad brought Israel out of Egypt.2After Moses had sent away his wifeZipporah, his father-in-law Jethroreceived her3and her two sons. One son was namedGershom, for Moses said, "I havebecome an alien in a foreign land";4and the other was named Eliezer, forhe said, "My fathers God was myhelper; he saved me from the sword ofPharaoh."
  • 5Jethro, Moses father-in-law, togetherwith Moses sons and wife, came to himin the desert, where he was campednear the mountain of God.6Jethro had sent word to him, "I, yourfather-in-law Jethro, am coming to youwith your wife and her two sons."7So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and kissed him.They greeted each other and then wentinto the tent.8Moses told his father-in-law abouteverything the Lord had done toPharaoh and the Egyptians for Israelssake and about all the hardships theyhad met along the way and how theLord had saved them.9Jethro was delighted to hear about allthe good things the Lord had done forIsrael in rescuing them from the hand ofthe Egyptians.10He said, "Praise be to the Lord , whorescued you from the hand of theEgyptians and of Pharaoh, and whorescued the people from the hand of theEgyptians.11Now I know that the Lord is greaterthan all other gods, for he did this tothose who had treated Israel arrogantly."12Then Jethro, Moses father-in-law,brought a burnt offering and othersacrifices to God, and Aaron came withall the elders of Israel to eat bread withMoses father-in-law in the presence ofGod.13The next day Moses took his seat toserve as judge for the people, and theystood around him from morning tillevening.14When his father-in-law saw all thatMoses was doing for the people, he said,"What is this you are doing for thepeople? Why do you alone sit as judge,while all these people stand around youfrom morning till evening?"15Moses answered him, "Because thepeople come to me to seek Gods will.16Whenever they have a dispute, it isbrought to me, and I decide between theparties and inform them of Godsdecrees and laws."17Moses father-in-law replied, "Whatyou are doing is not good.18You and these people who come toyou will only wear yourselves out. Thework is too heavy for you; you cannothandle it alone.19Listen now to me and I will give yousome advice, and may God be with you.You must be the peoples representativebefore God and bring their disputes tohim.20Teach them the decrees and laws, andshow them the way to live and theduties they are to perform.21But select capable men from all thepeople-men who fear God, trustworthymen who hate dishonest gain-andappoint them as officials over thousands,hundreds, fifties and tens.
  • 22Have them serve as judges for thepeople at all times, but have them bringevery difficult case to you; the simplecases they can decide themselves. Thatwill make your load lighter, becausethey will share it with you.23If you do this and God so commands,you will be able to stand the strain, andall these people will go home satisfied."24Moses listened to his father-in-law anddid everything he said.25He chose capable men from all Israeland made them leaders of the people,officials over thousands, hundreds,fifties and tens.26They served as judges for the peopleat all times. The difficult cases theybrought to Moses, but the simple onesthey decided themselves.27Then Moses sent his father-in-law onhis way, and Jethro returned to his owncountry.19In the third month after theIsraelites left Egypt-on the very day-theycame to the Desert of Sinai.2After they set out from Rephidim, theyentered the Desert of Sinai, and Israelcamped there in the desert in front ofthe mountain.3Then Moses went up to God, and theLord called to him from the mountainand said, "This is what you are to say tothe house of Jacob and what you are totell the people of Israel:4You yourselves have seen what I did toEgypt, and how I carried you on eagleswings and brought you to myself.5Now if you obey me fully and keep mycovenant, then out of all nations you willbe my treasured possession. Althoughthe whole earth is mine,6you will be for me a kingdom of priestsand a holy nation. These are the wordsyou are to speak to the Israelites."7So Moses went back and summonedthe elders of the people and set beforethem all the words the Lord hadcommanded him to speak.8The people all responded together,"We will do everything the Lord hassaid." So Moses brought their answerback to the Lord .9The Lord said to Moses, "I am going tocome to you in a dense cloud, so thatthe people will hear me speaking withyou and will always put their trust inyou." Then Moses told the Lord what thepeople had said.10And the Lord said to Moses, "Go to thepeople and consecrate them today andtomorrow. Have them wash their clothes11and be ready by the third day,because on that day the Lord will comedown on Mount Sinai in the sight of allthe people.12Put limits for the people around themountain and tell them, Be careful thatyou do not go up the mountain or touch
  • the foot of it. Whoever touches themountain shall surely be put to death.13He shall surely be stoned or shot witharrows; not a hand is to be laid on him.Whether man or animal, he shall not bepermitted to live. Only when the ramshorn sounds a long blast may they goup to the mountain."14After Moses had gone down themountain to the people, he consecratedthem, and they washed their clothes.15Then he said to the people, "Prepareyourselves for the third day. Abstainfrom sexual relations."16On the morning of the third day therewas thunder and lightning, with a thickcloud over the mountain, and a veryloud trumpet blast. Everyone in thecamp trembled.17Then Moses led the people out of thecamp to meet with God, and they stoodat the foot of the mountain.18Mount Sinai was covered with smoke,because the Lord descended on it in fire.The smoke billowed up from it likesmoke from a furnace, the wholemountain trembled violently,19and the sound of the trumpet grewlouder and louder. Then Moses spokeand the voice of God answered him.20The Lord descended to the top ofMount Sinai and called Moses to the topof the mountain. So Moses went up21and the Lord said to him, "Go downand warn the people so they do notforce their way through to see the Lordand many of them perish.22Even the priests, who approach theLord , must consecrate themselves, orthe Lord will break out against them."23Moses said to the Lord , "The peoplecannot come up Mount Sinai, becauseyou yourself warned us, Put limitsaround the mountain and set it apart asholy. "24The Lord replied, "Go down and bringAaron up with you. But the priests andthe people must not force their waythrough to come up to the Lord , or hewill break out against them."25So Moses went down to the peopleand told them.20And God spoke all these words:2"I am the Lord your God, who broughtyou out of Egypt, out of the land ofslavery.3"You shall have no other gods beforeme.4"You shall not make for yourself an idolin the form of anything in heaven aboveor on the earth beneath or in the watersbelow.5You shall not bow down to them orworship them; for I, the Lord your God,am a jealous God, punishing thechildren for the sin of the fathers to the
  • third and fourth generation of those whohate me,6but showing love to a thousand[generations] of those who love me andkeep my commandments.7"You shall not misuse the name of theLord your God, for the Lord will not holdanyone guiltless who misuses his name.8"Remember the Sabbath day bykeeping it holy.9Six days you shall labor and do all yourwork,10but the seventh day is a Sabbath tothe Lord your God. On it you shall notdo any work, neither you, nor your sonor daughter, nor your manservant ormaidservant, nor your animals, nor thealien within your gates.11For in six days the Lord made theheavens and the earth, the sea, and allthat is in them, but he rested on theseventh day. Therefore the Lord blessedthe Sabbath day and made it holy.12"Honor your father and your mother,so that you may live long in the land theLord your God is giving you.13"You shall not murder.14"You shall not commit adultery.15"You shall not steal.16"You shall not give false testimonyagainst your neighbor.17"You shall not covet your neighborshouse. You shall not covet yourneighbors wife, or his manservant ormaidservant, his ox or donkey, oranything that belongs to your neighbor."18When the people saw the thunder andlightning and heard the trumpet and sawthe mountain in smoke, they trembledwith fear. They stayed at a distance19and said to Moses, "Speak to usyourself and we will listen. But do nothave God speak to us or we will die."20Moses said to the people, "Do not beafraid. God has come to test you, sothat the fear of God will be with you tokeep you from sinning."21The people remained at a distance,while Moses approached the thickdarkness where God was.22Then the Lord said to Moses, "Tell theIsraelites this: You have seen foryourselves that I have spoken to youfrom heaven:23Do not make any gods to be alongsideme; do not make for yourselves gods ofsilver or gods of gold.24" Make an altar of earth for me andsacrifice on it your burnt offerings andfellowship offerings, your sheep andgoats and your cattle. Wherever I causemy name to be honored, I will come toyou and bless you.25If you make an altar of stones for me,do not build it with dressed stones, foryou will defile it if you use a tool on it.
  • 26And do not go up to my altar on steps,lest your nakedness be exposed on it.21"These are the laws you are to setbefore them:2"If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is toserve you for six years. But in theseventh year, he shall go free, withoutpaying anything.3If he comes alone, he is to go freealone; but if he has a wife when hecomes, she is to go with him.4If his master gives him a wife and shebears him sons or daughters, thewoman and her children shall belong toher master, and only the man shall gofree.5"But if the servant declares, I love mymaster and my wife and children and donot want to go free,6then his master must take him beforethe judges. He shall take him to the dooror the doorpost and pierce his ear withan awl. Then he will be his servant forlife.7"If a man sells his daughter as aservant, she is not to go free asmenservants do.8If she does not please the master whohas selected her for himself, he must lether be redeemed. He has no right to sellher to foreigners, because he hasbroken faith with her.9If he selects her for his son, he mustgrant her the rights of a daughter.10If he marries another woman, he mustnot deprive the first one of her food,clothing and marital rights.11If he does not provide her with thesethree things, she is to go free, withoutany payment of money.12"Anyone who strikes a man and killshim shall surely be put to death.13However, if he does not do itintentionally, but God lets it happen, heis to flee to a place I will designate.14But if a man schemes and kills anotherman deliberately, take him away frommy altar and put him to death.15"Anyone who attacks his father or hismother must be put to death.16"Anyone who kidnaps another andeither sells him or still has him when heis caught must be put to death.17"Anyone who curses his father ormother must be put to death.18"If men quarrel and one hits the otherwith a stone or with his fist and he doesnot die but is confined to bed,19the one who struck the blow will not beheld responsible if the other gets up andwalks around outside with his staff;however, he must pay the injured manfor the loss of his time and see that he iscompletely healed.
  • 20"If a man beats his male or femaleslave with a rod and the slave dies as adirect result, he must be punished,21but he is not to be punished if theslave gets up after a day or two, sincethe slave is his property.22"If men who are fighting hit a pregnantwoman and she gives birth prematurelybut there is no serious injury, theoffender must be fined whatever thewomans husband demands and thecourt allows.23But if there is serious injury, you are totake life for life,24eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand forhand, foot for foot,25burn for burn, wound for wound, bruisefor bruise.26"If a man hits a manservant ormaidservant in the eye and destroys it,he must let the servant go free tocompensate for the eye.27And if he knocks out the tooth of amanservant or maidservant, he must letthe servant go free to compensate forthe tooth.28"If a bull gores a man or a woman todeath, the bull must be stoned to death,and its meat must not be eaten. But theowner of the bull will not be heldresponsible.29If, however, the bull has had the habitof goring and the owner has beenwarned but has not kept it penned upand it kills a man or woman, the bullmust be stoned and the owner alsomust be put to death.30However, if payment is demanded ofhim, he may redeem his life by payingwhatever is demanded.31This law also applies if the bull gores ason or daughter.32If the bull gores a male or female slave,the owner must pay thirty shekels ofsilver to the master of the slave, and thebull must be stoned.33"If a man uncovers a pit or digs oneand fails to cover it and an ox or adonkey falls into it,34the owner of the pit must pay for theloss; he must pay its owner, and thedead animal will be his.35"If a mans bull injures the bull ofanother and it dies, they are to sell thelive one and divide both the money andthe dead animal equally.36However, if it was known that the bullhad the habit of goring, yet the ownerdid not keep it penned up, the ownermust pay, animal for animal, and thedead animal will be his.22"If a man steals an ox or a sheepand slaughters it or sells it, he must payback five head of cattle for the ox andfour sheep for the sheep.
  • 2"If a thief is caught breaking in and isstruck so that he dies, the defender isnot guilty of bloodshed;3but if it happens after sunrise, he isguilty of bloodshed. "A thief mustcertainly make restitution, but if he hasnothing, he must be sold to pay for histheft.4"If the stolen animal is found alive in hispossession-whether ox or donkey orsheep-he must pay back double.5"If a man grazes his livestock in a fieldor vineyard and lets them stray and theygraze in another mans field, he mustmake restitution from the best of his ownfield or vineyard.6"If a fire breaks out and spreads intothornbushes so that it burns shocks ofgrain or standing grain or the whole field,the one who started the fire must makerestitution.7"If a man gives his neighbor silver orgoods for safekeeping and they arestolen from the neighbors house, thethief, if he is caught, must pay backdouble.8But if the thief is not found, the owner ofthe house must appear before thejudges to determine whether he has laidhis hands on the other mans property.9In all cases of illegal possession of anox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, orany other lost property about whichsomebody says, This is mine, bothparties are to bring their cases beforethe judges. The one whom the judgesdeclare guilty must pay back double tohis neighbor.10"If a man gives a donkey, an ox, asheep or any other animal to hisneighbor for safekeeping and it dies oris injured or is taken away while no oneis looking,11the issue between them will be settledby the taking of an oath before the Lordthat the neighbor did not lay hands onthe other persons property. The owneris to accept this, and no restitution isrequired.12But if the animal was stolen from theneighbor, he must make restitution tothe owner.13If it was torn to pieces by a wild animal,he shall bring in the remains asevidence and he will not be required topay for the torn animal.14"If a man borrows an animal from hisneighbor and it is injured or dies whilethe owner is not present, he must makerestitution.15But if the owner is with the animal, theborrower will not have to pay. If theanimal was hired, the money paid forthe hire covers the loss.16"If a man seduces a virgin who is notpledged to be married and sleeps withher, he must pay the bride-price, andshe shall be his wife.17If her father absolutely refuses to giveher to him, he must still pay the bride-price for virgins.
  • 18"Do not allow a sorceress to live.19"Anyone who has sexual relations withan animal must be put to death.20"Whoever sacrifices to any god otherthan the Lord must be destroyed.21"Do not mistreat an alien or oppresshim, for you were aliens in Egypt.22"Do not take advantage of a widow oran orphan.23If you do and they cry out to me, I willcertainly hear their cry.24My anger will be aroused, and I will killyou with the sword; your wives willbecome widows and your childrenfatherless.25"If you lend money to one of mypeople among you who is needy, do notbe like a moneylender; charge him nointerest.26If you take your neighbors cloak as apledge, return it to him by sunset,27because his cloak is the only coveringhe has for his body. What else will hesleep in? When he cries out to me, I willhear, for I am compassionate.28"Do not blaspheme God or curse theruler of your people.29"Do not hold back offerings from yourgranaries or your vats. "You must giveme the firstborn of your sons.30Do the same with your cattle and yoursheep. Let them stay with their mothersfor seven days, but give them to me onthe eighth day.31"You are to be my holy people. So donot eat the meat of an animal torn bywild beasts; throw it to the dogs.23"Do not spread false reports. Donot help a wicked man by being amalicious witness.2"Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong.When you give testimony in a lawsuit,do not pervert justice by siding with thecrowd,3and do not show favoritism to a poorman in his lawsuit.4"If you come across your enemys ox ordonkey wandering off, be sure to take itback to him.5If you see the donkey of someone whohates you fallen down under its load, donot leave it there; be sure you help himwith it.6"Do not deny justice to your poorpeople in their lawsuits.7Have nothing to do with a false chargeand do not put an innocent or honestperson to death, for I will not acquit theguilty.8"Do not accept a bribe, for a bribeblinds those who see and twists thewords of the righteous.
  • 9"Do not oppress an alien; youyourselves know how it feels to bealiens, because you were aliens inEgypt.10"For six years you are to sow yourfields and harvest the crops,11but during the seventh year let theland lie unplowed and unused. Then thepoor among your people may get foodfrom it, and the wild animals may eatwhat they leave. Do the same with yourvineyard and your olive grove.12"Six days do your work, but on theseventh day do not work, so that your oxand your donkey may rest and the slaveborn in your household, and the alien aswell, may be refreshed.13"Be careful to do everything I havesaid to you. Do not invoke the names ofother gods; do not let them be heard onyour lips.14"Three times a year you are tocelebrate a festival to me.15"Celebrate the Feast of UnleavenedBread; for seven days eat bread madewithout yeast, as I commanded you. Dothis at the appointed time in the monthof Abib, for in that month you came outof Egypt. "No one is to appear beforeme empty-handed.16"Celebrate the Feast of Harvest withthe firstfruits of the crops you sow inyour field. "Celebrate the Feast ofIngathering at the end of the year, whenyou gather in your crops from the field.17"Three times a year all the men are toappear before the Sovereign Lord .18"Do not offer the blood of a sacrifice tome along with anything containing yeast."The fat of my festival offerings must notbe kept until morning.19"Bring the best of the firstfruits of yoursoil to the house of the Lord your God."Do not cook a young goat in itsmothers milk.20"See, I am sending an angel ahead ofyou to guard you along the way and tobring you to the place I have prepared.21Pay attention to him and listen to whathe says. Do not rebel against him; hewill not forgive your rebellion, since myName is in him.22If you listen carefully to what he saysand do all that I say, I will be an enemyto your enemies and will oppose thosewho oppose you.23My angel will go ahead of you andbring you into the land of the Amorites,Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivitesand Jebusites, and I will wipe them out.24Do not bow down before their gods orworship them or follow their practices.You must demolish them and break theirsacred stones to pieces.25Worship the Lord your God, and hisblessing will be on your food and water.I will take away sickness from amongyou,
  • 26and none will miscarry or be barren inyour land. I will give you a full life span.27"I will send my terror ahead of you andthrow into confusion every nation youencounter. I will make all your enemiesturn their backs and run.28I will send the hornet ahead of you todrive the Hivites, Canaanites andHittites out of your way.29But I will not drive them out in a singleyear, because the land would becomedesolate and the wild animals toonumerous for you.30Little by little I will drive them outbefore you, until you have increasedenough to take possession of the land.31"I will establish your borders from theRed Sea to the Sea of the Philistines,and from the desert to the River. I willhand over to you the people who live inthe land and you will drive them outbefore you.32Do not make a covenant with them orwith their gods.33Do not let them live in your land, orthey will cause you to sin against me,because the worship of their gods willcertainly be a snare to you."24Then he said to Moses, "Come upto the Lord , you and Aaron, Nadab andAbihu, and seventy of the elders ofIsrael. You are to worship at a distance,2but Moses alone is to approach theLord ; the others must not come near.And the people may not come up withhim."3When Moses went and told the peopleall the Lord s words and laws, theyresponded with one voice, "Everythingthe Lord has said we will do."4Moses then wrote down everything theLord had said. He got up early the nextmorning and built an altar at the foot ofthe mountain and set up twelve stonepillars representing the twelve tribes ofIsrael.5Then he sent young Israelite men, andthey offered burnt offerings andsacrificed young bulls as fellowshipofferings to the Lord .6Moses took half of the blood and put itin bowls, and the other half he sprinkledon the altar.7Then he took the Book of the Covenantand read it to the people. Theyresponded, "We will do everything theLord has said; we will obey."8Moses then took the blood, sprinkled iton the people and said, "This is theblood of the covenant that the Lord hasmade with you in accordance with allthese words."9Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu,and the seventy elders of Israel went up10and saw the God of Israel. Under hisfeet was something like a pavementmade of sapphire, clear as the sky itself.
  • 11But God did not raise his hand againstthese leaders of the Israelites; they sawGod, and they ate and drank.12The Lord said to Moses, "Come up tome on the mountain and stay here, and Iwill give you the tablets of stone, withthe law and commands I have written fortheir instruction."13Then Moses set out with Joshua hisaide, and Moses went up on themountain of God.14He said to the elders, "Wait here for usuntil we come back to you. Aaron andHur are with you, and anyone involvedin a dispute can go to them."15When Moses went up on the mountain,the cloud covered it,16and the glory of the Lord settled onMount Sinai. For six days the cloudcovered the mountain, and on theseventh day the Lord called to Mosesfrom within the cloud.17To the Israelites the glory of the Lordlooked like a consuming fire on top ofthe mountain.18Then Moses entered the cloud as hewent on up the mountain. And he stayedon the mountain forty days and fortynights.25The Lord said to Moses,2"Tell the Israelites to bring me anoffering. You are to receive the offeringfor me from each man whose heartprompts him to give.3These are the offerings you are toreceive from them: gold, silver andbronze;4blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finelinen; goat hair;5ram skins dyed red and hides of seacows ; acacia wood;6olive oil for the light; spices for theanointing oil and for the fragrantincense;7and onyx stones and other gems to bemounted on the ephod and breastpiece.8"Then have them make a sanctuary forme, and I will dwell among them.9Make this tabernacle and all itsfurnishings exactly like the pattern I willshow you.10"Have them make a chest of acaciawood-two and a half cubits long, a cubitand a half wide, and a cubit and a halfhigh.11Overlay it with pure gold, both insideand out, and make a gold moldingaround it.12Cast four gold rings for it and fastenthem to its four feet, with two rings onone side and two rings on the other.13Then make poles of acacia wood andoverlay them with gold.
  • 14Insert the poles into the rings on thesides of the chest to carry it.15The poles are to remain in the rings ofthis ark; they are not to be removed.16Then put in the ark the Testimony,which I will give you.17"Make an atonement cover of puregold-two and a half cubits long and acubit and a half wide.18And make two cherubim out ofhammered gold at the ends of the cover.19Make one cherub on one end and thesecond cherub on the other; make thecherubim of one piece with the cover, atthe two ends.20The cherubim are to have their wingsspread upward, overshadowing thecover with them. The cherubim are toface each other, looking toward thecover.21Place the cover on top of the ark andput in the ark the Testimony, which I willgive you.22There, above the cover between thetwo cherubim that are over the ark of theTestimony, I will meet with you and giveyou all my commands for the Israelites.23"Make a table of acacia wood-twocubits long, a cubit wide and a cubit anda half high.24Overlay it with pure gold and make agold molding around it.25Also make around it a rim ahandbreadth wide and put a goldmolding on the rim.26Make four gold rings for the table andfasten them to the four corners, wherethe four legs are.27The rings are to be close to the rim tohold the poles used in carrying the table.28Make the poles of acacia wood,overlay them with gold and carry thetable with them.29And make its plates and dishes of puregold, as well as its pitchers and bowlsfor the pouring out of offerings.30Put the bread of the Presence on thistable to be before me at all times.31"Make a lampstand of pure gold andhammer it out, base and shaft; itsflowerlike cups, buds and blossomsshall be of one piece with it.32Six branches are to extend from thesides of the lampstand-three on oneside and three on the other.33Three cups shaped like almondflowers with buds and blossoms are tobe on one branch, three on the nextbranch, and the same for all sixbranches extending from the lampstand.34And on the lampstand there are to befour cups shaped like almond flowerswith buds and blossoms.35One bud shall be under the first pair ofbranches extending from the lampstand,
  • a second bud under the second pair,and a third bud under the third pair-sixbranches in all.36The buds and branches shall all be ofone piece with the lampstand,hammered out of pure gold.37"Then make its seven lamps and setthem up on it so that they light the spacein front of it.38Its wick trimmers and trays are to be ofpure gold.39A talent of pure gold is to be used forthe lampstand and all these accessories.40See that you make them according tothe pattern shown you on the mountain.26"Make the tabernacle with tencurtains of finely twisted linen and blue,purple and scarlet yarn, with cherubimworked into them by a skilled craftsman.2All the curtains are to be the same size-twenty-eight cubits long and four cubitswide.3Join five of the curtains together, anddo the same with the other five.4Make loops of blue material along theedge of the end curtain in one set, anddo the same with the end curtain in theother set.5Make fifty loops on one curtain and fiftyloops on the end curtain of the other set,with the loops opposite each other.6Then make fifty gold clasps and usethem to fasten the curtains together sothat the tabernacle is a unit.7"Make curtains of goat hair for the tentover the tabernacle-eleven altogether.8All eleven curtains are to be the samesize-thirty cubits long and four cubitswide.9Join five of the curtains together intoone set and the other six into anotherset. Fold the sixth curtain double at thefront of the tent.10Make fifty loops along the edge of theend curtain in one set and also alongthe edge of the end curtain in the otherset.11Then make fifty bronze clasps and putthem in the loops to fasten the tenttogether as a unit.12As for the additional length of the tentcurtains, the half curtain that is left overis to hang down at the rear of thetabernacle.13The tent curtains will be a cubit longeron both sides; what is left will hang overthe sides of the tabernacle so as tocover it.14Make for the tent a covering of ramskins dyed red, and over that a coveringof hides of sea cows.15"Make upright frames of acacia woodfor the tabernacle.
  • 16Each frame is to be ten cubits longand a cubit and a half wide,17with two projections set parallel toeach other. Make all the frames of thetabernacle in this way.18Make twenty frames for the south sideof the tabernacle19and make forty silver bases to gounder them-two bases for each frame,one under each projection.20For the other side, the north side of thetabernacle, make twenty frames21and forty silver bases-two under eachframe.22Make six frames for the far end, that is,the west end of the tabernacle,23and make two frames for the cornersat the far end.24At these two corners they must bedouble from the bottom all the way tothe top, and fitted into a single ring; bothshall be like that.25So there will be eight frames andsixteen silver bases-two under eachframe.26"Also make crossbars of acacia wood:five for the frames on one side of thetabernacle,27five for those on the other side, andfive for the frames on the west, at the farend of the tabernacle.28The center crossbar is to extend fromend to end at the middle of the frames.29Overlay the frames with gold andmake gold rings to hold the crossbars.Also overlay the crossbars with gold.30"Set up the tabernacle according to theplan shown you on the mountain.31"Make a curtain of blue, purple andscarlet yarn and finely twisted linen, withcherubim worked into it by a skilledcraftsman.32Hang it with gold hooks on four postsof acacia wood overlaid with gold andstanding on four silver bases.33Hang the curtain from the clasps andplace the ark of the Testimony behindthe curtain. The curtain will separate theHoly Place from the Most Holy Place.34Put the atonement cover on the ark ofthe Testimony in the Most Holy Place.35Place the table outside the curtain onthe north side of the tabernacle and putthe lampstand opposite it on the southside.36"For the entrance to the tent make acurtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarnand finely twisted linen-the work of anembroiderer.37Make gold hooks for this curtain andfive posts of acacia wood overlaid withgold. And cast five bronze bases forthem.