Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT
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Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT



By Jeromy-Yu Maximilian Chan for MIT6108, CUHK, on 30-May-2007

By Jeromy-Yu Maximilian Chan for MIT6108, CUHK, on 30-May-2007



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Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT Presentation Transcript

  • WIKIMEDIA, MEDIAWIKI & EDUCATION IN IT By J érômy Chan for MIT6108, CUHK 30-May-2007 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License (3.0, by-nc-nd).
    • The Honorary Guest
    • LAM King Man, Encyclopædist
      • Administrator (Sysop)
      • President, PC of Wikimedia Hong Kong
      • Working in Social Welfare Sector
    Wikipedians in front of You 30-May-2007
    • The Speaker
    • J érômy Maximilien Yu CHAN
      • Senior Chief Editor
      • Administrator (Sysop)
      • MPC, Wikimedia Hong Kong
      • Year 1 Student of HKSYU
    Wikipedians in front of You 30-May-2007
    • A wiki-15/16
    A small quiz first… 30-May-2007
    • 15. The Wikipedia Foundation
    • 16. The Wikimedia Foundation
    Wikipedia is run by…. 30-May-2007
    • 15. a wiki
    • 16. a mediawiki
    John set up…for his students 30-May-2007
    • 15. It’s true
    • 16. It’s false
    All words on Wikipedia are always NPOV. 30-May-2007
    • 15. All Wikis
    • 16. Some wikis
    … are non-profit making & NPOV. 30-May-2007
    • 15. There may be
    • 16. There’s always
    … a wikipedian in any country. 30-May-2007
    • 15. All of the
    • 16. Most of the
    … Wikipedians are male creatures. 30-May-2007
    • 15. Collectors
    • 16. Creators
    Wikipedians are knowledge… 30-May-2007
    • 15. Have
    • 16. Haven’t
    Administrators … excessive powers on editing. 30-May-2007
  • THE WORDPLAY OF THE TITLE Let’s start the talk……. 30-May-2007
  • Wikimedia & MediaWiki
    • Wikimedia
      • Collaboration of projects that runs by Wikimedia Foundation
      • Like Wikipedia, Wikiquote, Wikinews, etc
    • MediaWiki
      • software which Wikimedia Projects runs on
      • A typical Software that powers a wiki
    • By KaurJmeb , used under CC 2.0 (by-sa)
  • WIKIMEDIA 101 Wikipedians, Wikipedia & Wikimedia 30-May-2007
    • 海納百川,有容乃大
    • The Motto of Chinese Wikipedia
    • 語出林則徐贈廣州越華書院之對聯
    • Mar-1839
    Wikipedia 30-May-2007
  • Wikipedia
    • Wiki+encyclopedia
    • The so-called “Free” Encyclopedia
    • Encyclopedia containing more than 7 million articles in 250 languages
    • English edition launched 5-Jan-2001
    • as a complement to Nupedia, an expert-written and now defunct encyclopedia
    • English Version
    Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    • One of the founders of Wikipedia, while he talked for CWMC 2006 in CUHK, by Theodoranian Tang, used under CC 2.0 (by-sa-nc)
    Jimmy Donal "Jimbo" Wales 30-May-2007
  • Chinese Wikipedia
    • Established along with 12 other Wikipedias in May 2001
    • did not support Chinese characters
    • 24-Oct-2002
      • User:Mountain created the first page, Main Page
    • 27-Oct-2002
      • A software update for Chinese input
      • domain 
    • 17-Nov-2002
      • Fir st real article: Computer science ( 計算機科學 )
    • Main page of Chinese Wikipedia
    維基百科 30-May-2007
  • Wikipedians’ Community
    • Hong Kong
      • First gathering 18-Sept-2005
      • CWMC 2006 Aug-2006
      • Gathering & Expedition
      • Wikimedia Hong Kong
    • Worldwide
      • First Wikimania in 2005
      • Wikimania 2007 in Taipei
    • Held in CUHK last year, the first global conference for Chinese Wikimedians around the globe. (Own Work)
    Chinese Wikimedia Conference 2006 30-May-2007
  • Usage of Wikipedia
    • Re ference
    • Research
    • Extensive reading
    • Entertainment & Infotainment
    • Writing & Translating Exercise
    • Community & Socializing
  • Gollum Browser
    • A browser designed for Wikipedia
    • By Harald Hanek
    • Originally for kids reading the site
    • Hide the tools for editing & administration
    • Might be good for presentation
    • Link:
  • Normal View 30-May-2007
  • With Golllum Browser 30-May-2007
  • Compare with counterparts
    • Britannica online, MSN Encarta
      • Have to pay for premium
    • Citizendium
      • opened in Mar-2007 by Larry Sanger
      • Article will be reviewed by experts
    • Baidu Baike ( 百度百科 )
      • hosted by search engine Baidu
      • Pro-CCP point of view
      • Plagiarism of content on Chinese Wikipedia
    • The mission of the Wikimedia Foundation is to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally .
    • From Article II of Bylaws of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
    Wikimedia 30-May-2007
  • Wikimedia Timeline 30-May-2007 Jan-2001 Jun-2003 Mar-2000
  • Wikimedia Projects 30-May-2007
    • Dictionary cataloging meanings, synonyms, etymologies and translations.
    Wiktionary 30-May-2007
    • Collection of free educational textbooks and learning materials
    Wikibooks 30-May-2007
    • Collection of quotations structured in numerous ways.
    Wikiquote 30-May-2007
    • Project to provide and translate free source documents, such as public domain texts.
    Wikisource 30-May-2007
    • Repository of images, sounds, videos and general media, containing more than 1,000,000 files.
    Wikimedia Commons 30-May-2007
    • Directory of species data on animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, protista and all other forms of life.
    Wikispecies 30-May-2007
    • News source containing original reporting by citizen journalists from many countries
    Wikinews 30-May-2007
    • Courses, course materials, tests. Announced to go into beta testing, little has been officially decided on its structure
    Wikiversity 30-May-2007
    • Meta-Wiki
    • Wikimedia Incubator
    Administrative Wikis 30-May-2007
      • Coordination between different Wikimedia projects
    Meta-Wiki 30-May-2007
      • Used to test possible new Wikimedia projects and new languages for existing projects.
    Wikimedia Incubator 30-May-2007
  • Wiki m edia Foundation
    • Not Wiki p edia Foundation
    • The Resolution of it affects everyone
    • You cannot actually change anything in Wikipedia...
      • Because of the rules set up by the Foundation
    • La présidente : Florence Nibart-Devouard
    • What changes that Wikimedia Brings to us??
    Have a Break & Think about it…….. 30-May-2007
  • MEDIAWIKI & EDUCATION IN IT MediaWiki, Wiki 30-May-2007
    • MediaWiki is a web-based wiki software application used by all projects of the Wikimedia Foundation, all wikis hosted by Wikia, and many other wikis, including some of the largest and most popular ones. Originally developed to serve the needs of the free content Wikipedia encyclopedia, today it has also been deployed by companies as an internal knowledge management solution, and as a content management system.
    • Wikipedia, 2007
    MediaWiki 30-May-2007
  • Key facts
    • written in the PHP
    • can use MySQL or PostgreSQL Database
    • Original Designed for Wikipedia
    • Now used by
      • Wikimedia Projects
      • Wikia
    • One of the most popular Wiki System
  • Key Features 30-May-2007 Features Example Interlinks [[John Smith]] Namespaces Talk: Subpages A/B Categories Category: Sections ==Section== Templates {{template}} Media Content Editable interface
    • Showing thumbnails of pictures & other media files, like Audios & Videos (Usually in Icons)
    MediaWiki Gallery 30-May-2007
  • Interface of English Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    • Pay attention to the tools for Chinese Punctuations
    Interface of Chinese Wikipedia 30-May-2007
    • Pay attention to tools below & Advertisements on the right hand side
    Wikia Itnerface 30-May-2007
    • A wiki is a website that allows visitors to add, remove, and edit content.
    • Wikipedia, 2007
    Wiki 30-May-2007
  • Brief History
    • WikiWikiWeb , the first wiki
    • Ward Cunningham, Its founder
    • Started development in 1994
    • installed it online 25-Mar-1995
    • "wiki" is a Hawaiian word for "quick"
    • Cunningham name the system after a shuttle bus line that runs between the terminals in Honolulu International Airport
    • Which inspired Ward Cunningham to use Wiki to name his new system, by Andrew Laing , used under CC 2.0 (by-sa)
    The Wiki-Wiki Shuttle bus 30-May-2007
  • Types of Wikis 30-May-2007 By KaurJmeb, used under CC 2.0 (by-sa)
  • Why wikis are so special
      • Mass collaboration (D. Tapscott 2006)
      • Openness
      • Peering
      • Sharing
      • Acting Globally
    • Logs
      • Revision History
      • Recent Changes
    • Full of Interlinks
    • New Style of Mark-up language
  • Current Usage
    • External Use
      • Information sharing in Global scale like Wikimedia
      • Documentation
    • Internal Use (Content management system)
      • Team/committee planning
        • Developing a class outline/presentation
      • Collaborative writing
      • Documentation
      • Advisory Council
    • John Dorner of NCSU, 2007
    • New Trends……
      • Some wikis developed their own communities-of-practice……..
    • A glimpse into the wiki-future in education
      • Partly Adapted from Student Journalists Acceptance on Collaborative Writing Wikis
      • W.K. Ma & J. Y. Chan, IRMA, 2007
    Wikis in Education 30-May-2007
  • Wiki is…….
    • Described as one of the most promising and rapidly emerging innovations in knowledge management (Gordon 2006).
    • Basically a type of website that allows users to add, remove, or otherwise edit and change all content very quickly and easily, sometimes without the need for registration. (Wikipedia, 2006).
    • An information resource centralized online database nature and a powerful collaboration tool because of its open editing characteristics (Naish, 2006)
      • While good e-learning is about informing, collaborating and meeting Online, Wikis do all these things well
  • Wiki can….
    • Help in Classroom instruction
    • Allow both teachers & students to create content online
    • Help in development of cooperative learning
    • Help in Project Base d Learning
    • Victoria A Davis, 2007 Westwood Schools in Camilla, GA
  • Advantages of Wiki in Education
    • Easy & Flexible to use
      • Web-based
      • Simple commands
    • Anyone can edit
    • Collective intelligence
    • Build-up a culture of sharing & teamwork
    • Gabriela Grosseck, 2007 West University of Timisoara, Romania
    • Running by Journalism & Communication Department, Hong Kong Shue Yan University, setup in Feb-2006
    HKNews of HKSYU 30-May-2007
  • Problems of HKNews
    • Shared resources are not rich enough
      • to create value for students to help the different writing stages in planning, generating ideas, and taking references
      • The contents are very similar, because students are asked to write about the weekly assembly on the site, mostly.
    • resistance to using wiki
      • A really new technology for the most
      • Complains about the strange mark-up-language
      • Complains about the not user-friendly interface
  • Drawbacks of Wikis in Education
    • Openness, Lack of control
      • Vandalism & Spam
      • Disorganized contents
    • Copyright & Legal issue on regarding collaborative works
    • Gabriela Grosseck, 2007
    • Similarity of the work
  • Considerations on introducing Wiki
    • How many people…
      • will be willing to use it?
      • have already mastered it?
      • have already known something about it?
    • Do you have...
      • time to watch out for vandalism?
      • enough content for development?
      • a technician to maintain it?
      • enough storage to run a wiki?
  • Considerations on introducing Wiki
    • Be sure that your audience are
      • Collaborators
      • Synthesizers
      • Explainers
      • Problem Solvers
    • Victoria A. Davis, 2007
    • A wiki farm is a server or a collection of servers that provides wiki hosting, or a group of wikis hosted on such servers.
    • Wikipedia, 2007
    Wiki-farm 30-May-2007
  • Major Wikifarms
    • PeanutButterWiki
      • runs by 3 graduates of Stanford since 2005
      • Runs on their own software
    • Socialtext
      • Perl-Based
    • Wetpaint
      • Runs on their own software
      • Since 2005, originally named Wikisphere
    • PTTWiki
      • Under a Taiwanese BBS system
      • Powered by WikkiTikkiTavi, PHP Based
    • Wikia
  • Wikia
    • One of the Major wikifarms in the world
    • For Free, support multi-Language
    • runs on MediaWiki
    • founded in 2004
    • by Jimmy Wales & Angela Beesley
    • under the name Wikicities
    • One of the Major wikifarms in the world
    • runs on MediaWiki
    • founded in 2004 by Jimmy Wales and Angela Beesley under the name Wikicities
    Wikia 30-May-2007
  • CONCLUSIONS Give me a few more minutes please…… 30-May-2007
  • Glossary
    • Wikipedia (and not The Wikipedia) is the encyclopedia project by Wikimedia.
    • The Wikimedia Foundation , based in the United States, is the nonprofit corporation that maintains the project
    • A wiki is the generic term for web site that anyone can edit, which may run MediaWiki or any of many dozens of other wiki software packages.
    • MediaWiki is the name of the software that runs Wikipedia, and many other independent sites.
    • Wikia is a commercial service, with headquarters in San Mateo, California.
  • Examples of proper usage
    •  "The university started a wiki for its students to collaborate."
    •  "The university started a Wikipedia for its students to collaborate."
    •  "The Wiki m edia Foundation announced a new project today."
    •  "The Wiki p edia Foundation announced a new project today.“
  • Changes brings by Wikis
    • Instant Reference VS traditional Looking up
    • Commons Sense VS Expertise
    • 2-Way-Learning VS Single-Way
    • Mass collaboration VS Individual labour
      • Openness
      • Peering
      • Sharing
      • Acting Globally
      • (D. Tapscott 2006)
  • Special Thanks
    • Prof. Hung FS
    • Ms Grace Wong
    • Mr Will WK MA
    • Mr Shizhao
    • Mr Encyclopedist
    • Ms KaurJmeb
    • Mr Jimmy Wales
  • Reference
    • V.A. Davis , Wikis in the Classroom , College of William and Mary, Williamsburg VA , 2007
    • J. Dorner, Wikis , NCSU, Raleigh, NC, 2007
      • G. Grosseck , A Successful Pedagogical Experiment: Using Wikis in Academic Lectures , Bucharest, 2007
      • KaurJmeb, 維基百科 -- 共創的網路協作時代 , for National Chung Cheng University, Chia-yi, 2006
      • KaurJmeb , 維基百科攻略 : 分享知識最前線 , Pcuser, 2006
      • W.K. Ma & J. Y. Chan, Student Journalists Acceptance on Collaborative Writing Wikis , IRMA, 2007
      • D. Tapscott & A. D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything , Portfolio , 2006
      • Materials on, Wikimedia project Sites &, 2007
    30-May-2007 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License (3.0, by-nc-nd).
  • THANKS FOR LISTENING!!! & your patience……Q&A Section  30-May-2007