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Wikimedia, MediaWiki & Education in IT
By Jérômy Y Chan
for MIT6108, CUHK
with presence of Mr LAM King Man,
President, PC of Wikimedia Hong Kong
The Wordplay of the title
Wikimedia is a collaboration of projects that runs by Wikimedia Foundation, ike
Wikipedia, Wikiquote, Wikinews, etc.
MediaWiki is software which Wikimedia Projects runs on, & a typical Software
that powers a wiki.
The so-called “Free” Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia containing more than 7 million articles in 250 languages
English edition launched 5-Jan-2001
as a complement to Nupedia, an expert-written and now defunct encyclopedia
Jimmy "Jimbo" Wales was one of the founders of Wikipedia
Established along with 12 other Wikipedias in May 2001
24-Oct-2002 User:Mountain created the first page, Main Page
27-Oct-2002 A software update for Chinese input & domain zh.wikipedia.org
17-Nov-2002 First real article: Computer science (計算機科學)
First gathering 18-Sept-2005
CWMC 2006 Aug-2006
Gathering & Expedition
Wikimedia Hong Kong will be established in Summer 2007
First Wikimania in 2005
Wikimania 2007 in Taipei
Current Usage of Wikipedia
Entertainment & Infotainment
Writing & Translating Exercise
Community & Socializing
A browser designed for Wikipedia by Harald Hanek
Originally for kids reading the site
Hide the tools for editing & administration
Might be good for presentation
Compare with counterparts
Have to pay for premium
opened in Mar-2007 by Larry Sanger
Article will be reviewed by experts
Baidu Baike (百度百科)
hosted by search engine Baidu
Pro-CCP point of view
Plagiarism of content on Chinese Wikipedia
The mission of the Wikimedia Foundation is to empower and engage people around the world
to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to
disseminate it effectively and globally.
From Article II of Bylaws of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
Nupedia Wikipedia Wikimedia
Mar-2000 Jan-2001 Jun-2003
Dictionary cataloging meanings, synonyms, etymologies and translations.
Collection of free educational textbooks and learning materials
Collection of quotations structured in numerous ways.
Project to provide and translate free source documents, such as public domain texts.
Repository of images, sounds, videos and general media, containing more than
Directory of species data on animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, protista and
all other forms of life.
News source containing original reporting by citizen journalists from many
Courses, course materials, tests. Announced to go into beta testing, little has been
officially decided on its structure
Coordination between different Wikimedia projects
Used to test possible new Wikimedia projects and new languages for existing
Not Wikipedia Foundation
The Resolution of it affects everyone
You cannot actually change anything in Wikipedia...
Because of the rules set up by the Foundation
Chair: Florence Nibart-Devouard
Mediawiki & Education in IT
MediaWiki is a web-based wiki software application used by all projects of the
Wikimedia Foundation, all wikis hosted by Wikia, and many other wikis, including
some of the largest and most popular ones. Originally developed to serve the needs of
the free content Wikipedia encyclopedia, today it has also been deployed by
companies as an internal knowledge management solution, and as a content
management system. (Wikipedia, 2007)
written in the PHP
can use MySQL or PostgreSQL Database
Original Designed for Wikipedia
Now used by
One of the most popular Wiki System
Interlinks ([[John Smith]])
A wiki is a website that allows visitors to add, remove, and edit content. (Wikipedia,
WikiWikiWeb, the first wiki
Ward Cunningham, Its founder
Started development in 1994
installed it online 25-Mar-1995
"wiki" is a Hawaiian word for "quick"
Cunningham name the system after a shuttle bus line that runs between the
terminals in Honolulu International Airport
Types of Wikis
As the graph on the left
By KaurJmeb, used under CC 2.0 (by-sa)
Why wikis are so special
Mass collaboration (D. Tapscott 2006)
Full of Interlinks
New Style of Mark-up language
Information sharing in Global scale like Wikimedia
As Content management system in some institutions & communities-of-practice
Some wikis developed their own communities-of-practice……..
Wikis in Education
Described as one of the most promising and rapidly emerging innovations in
knowledge management (Gordon 2006).
Basically a type of website that allows users to add, remove, or otherwise edit and
change all content very quickly and easily, sometimes without the need for
registration. (Wikipedia, 2006).
An information resource centralized online database nature and a powerful
collaboration tool because of its open editing characteristics (Naish, 2006)
While good e-learning is about informing, collaborating and meeting Online,
Wikis do all these things well
HKNews of HKSYU
Running by Journalism & Communication Department, Hong Kong Shue Yan
setup in Feb-2006
Problems of HKNews
Shared resources are not rich enough to create value for students to help the
different writing stages in planning, generating ideas, and taking references (W.K.
Ma & J. Y. Chan, 2007)
The contents are very similar, because students are asked to write about the
weekly assembly on the site, mostly.
resistance to using wiki
A really new technology for the most
Complains about the strange mark-up-language
Complains about the not user-friendly interface
Considerations on introducing Wiki
How many people…
will be willing to use it?
have already mastered it?
have already known something about it?
Do you have...
time to watch out for vandalism?
enough content for development?
a technician to maintain it?
enough storage to run a wiki?
A wiki farm is a server or a collection of servers that provides wiki hosting, or a group
of wikis hosted on such servers. (Wikipedia, 2007)
runs by 3 graduates of Stanford since 2005
Runs on their own software
Runs on their own software
Since 2005, originally named Wikisphere
Under a Taiwanese BBS system
Powered by WikkiTikkiTavi, PHP Based
One of the Major wikifarms in the world
For Free, support multi-Language
runs on MediaWiki
founded in 2004
by Jimmy Wales & Angela Beesley
under the name Wikicities
Wikipedia (and not The Wikipedia) is the encyclopedia project by Wikimedia.
The Wikimedia Foundation, based in the United States, is the nonprofit
corporation that maintains the project
A wiki is the generic term for web site that anyone can edit, which may run
MediaWiki or any of many dozens of other wiki software packages.
MediaWiki is the name of the software that runs Wikipedia, and many other
Wikia is a commercial service, with headquarters in San Mateo, California.
Examples of proper usage
RIGHT: "The university started a wiki for its students to collaborate."
WRONG: "The university started a Wikipedia for its students to collaborate."
RIGHT: "The Wikimedia Foundation announced a new project today."
WRONG: "The Wikipedia Foundation announced a new project today.“
Changes brings by Wikis
Instant Reference VS traditional Looking up
Commons Sense VS Expertise
2-Way-Learning VS Single-Way
Mass collaboration (D. Tapscott 2006) VS Individual labour
KaurJmeb, Presentation materials for National Chung Cheng University, Chia-yi, 2006
KaurJmeb, 維基百科攻略: 分享知識最前線, Pcuser, 2006
W.K. Ma & J. Y. Chan, Student Journalists Acceptance on Collaborative Writing Wikis, IRMA, 2007
D. Tapscott & A. D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything , Portfolio, 2006
Wikimedia Foundation, Materials on its Projects, 2007
Note: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License (3.0, by-nc-nd).