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Online Reading Comprehension: New Challenge for (Language) Teachers

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Presentation 18th Conference on Reading Jönköping Sweden August 6-9 2013

Presentation 18th Conference on Reading Jönköping Sweden August 6-9 2013

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  • 1. dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 2. Online Reading Comprehension: A new Challenge for (Language) Teachers ? dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 3. Go to: www.vot.rs Enter 962 37 to vote Twitter use #EurConf13jeroencl the presentation will be online working together dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 4. background • in education since 1975 • language teacher, teacher trainer, head language department, trainer / consultant, developer, member of IDEC / FELA / IRA • 10 years ago: back to the basics as a classroom teacher • since 2011 50% researcher Online Reading comprehension dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 5. Research Online Reading Comprehension • secondary schools / language teachers • Phase 1 literature study • Phase 2 survey language teachers • Phase 3 PD program using Teacher Design Teams (TDT) dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 6. • information > knowledge > network society • vast ocean of always changing information • understanding and sharing information even more important • ways of communication have changed • texts have changed Context: Society of today dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 7. Context: schools dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 8. • school tasks require the use of internet and the comprehension of online information Context: schools dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 9. • school tasks require the use of internet and the comprehension of online information • Beljaarts (2006) 87 procent of students use internet. Only 4 procent use books Context: schools dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 10. • school tasks require the use of internet and the comprehension of online information • Beljaarts (2006) 87 procent of students use internet. Only 4 procent use books • in Netherlands language teachers don’t teach online reading comprehension Context: schools dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 11. • school tasks require the use of internet and the comprehension of online information • Beljaarts (2006) 87 procent of students use internet. Only 4 procent use books • in Netherlands language teachers don’t teach online reading comprehension • in Netherlands in textbooks, attainment goals, testing / exams no online reading comprehension Context: schools dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 12. • school tasks require the use of internet and the comprehension of online information • Beljaarts (2006) 87 procent of students use internet. Only 4 procent use books • in Netherlands language teachers don’t teach online reading comprehension • in Netherlands in textbooks, attainment goals, testing / exams no online reading comprehension • How about you? Context: schools dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 13. we really have to teach online reading comprehension? • Digital Natives are capable • They know so much more about technology than we do? dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 14. Online Reading Comprehension • Digital Literacies: Reading and writing that takes place through / with / in in digital media (Jacky Marsh) • Online Reading Comprehension: Understanding Online Texts so you can use it. dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 15. Rouet,  Lowe  en  Schnotz  (2008)   (Online) Reading Comprehension dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 16. student skills scientific evidence • PISA 2009 Results: Students On Line. Digital technologies and Performance • ORCA since 2004 Leu, Coiro, Castec e.a. dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 17. PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 18. PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 19. • tests for offline RC and online RC PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 20. • tests for offline RC and online RC • 18% severe problems ORC PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 21. • tests for offline RC and online RC • 18% severe problems ORC • large differences ( Bolivia 70%, Zuid Korea 9%) PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 22. • tests for offline RC and online RC • 18% severe problems ORC • large differences ( Bolivia 70%, Zuid Korea 9%) • offline reading comprehension does not always predict ORC PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 23. • tests for offline RC and online RC • 18% severe problems ORC • large differences ( Bolivia 70%, Zuid Korea 9%) • offline reading comprehension does not always predict ORC • gap between boys and girls is smaller in ORC than in offline TC PISA 2009 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 24. texts • new genres: weblogs, websites, forums, blogs, twitter • non-lineair, hypertexts, cluster of texts • multimedia / multimodal: text, images, animation, audio, video • in open web: changing frequently • authorship less defined • ocean of information: search, choose, decide dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 25. context • tasks: more complex, self directed, open web, abundance of information • conditions: ict environment, assignments, textbooks • support: textbooks, competency teachers, no formative or summative assessment, dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 26. they are just poor readers ? go to www.vot.rs and enter 91 91 to vote skills for offline RC and online RC are identical dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 27. dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 28. • RAND Reading Studygroep (RRSG, 2002) “[E]lectronic texts that incorporate hyperlinks and hypermedia . . . require skills and abilities beyond those required for the comprehension of conventional, linear print” dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 29. • RAND Reading Studygroep (RRSG, 2002) “[E]lectronic texts that incorporate hyperlinks and hypermedia . . . require skills and abilities beyond those required for the comprehension of conventional, linear print” • (Coiro, J. and J. Castec, 2010 )”..we argue that traditional offline reading comprehension skills are necessary, but not sufficient, to read and learn from information on the Internet” dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 30. • RAND Reading Studygroep (RRSG, 2002) “[E]lectronic texts that incorporate hyperlinks and hypermedia . . . require skills and abilities beyond those required for the comprehension of conventional, linear print” • (Coiro, J. and J. Castec, 2010 )”..we argue that traditional offline reading comprehension skills are necessary, but not sufficient, to read and learn from information on the Internet” • (Coiro, 2011) “..the skills and strategies required to comprehend printed text are intertwined with a set of new and more complex skills and strategies to read successfully for understanding on the Internet” dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 31. • metacognitive, e.g. navigation skills • knowledge more complex structures of texts: simple paragraphs >> hypertexts >> blog interactions • critical reading • deal with changing texts and multple authors what’s new ? dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 32. change agents: teachers • most important factor for improvement • Hew & Brush (2006) • attitude, knowledge and skills • resources, culture and organisation • In my pilot survey I adressed these factors • secondary school teachers dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 33. confusion for teachers dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 34. different views skills offline RC are identical to skills offline RC agree disagree pilot survey Dutch Language Teachers march 2013 dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 35. lack of knowledge? Students find online texts easier to understand than offline texts pilot survey Dutch Language Teachers march 2013 disagree agree dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 36. Teaching Offline Reading Comprehension is sufficient for Online RC go to www.vot.rs and enter 174636 to vote dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 37. pilot survey Dutch Language Teachers march 2013 teaching offline reading comprehension is sufficient to learn offline reading comprehension agree disagree dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 38. Online Reading Comprehension must be taught in the curriculum go to www.vot.rs and enter 73 50 75 to vote dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 39. pilot survey Dutch Language Teachers march 2013 students must have training in online reading comprehension agree disagree dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 40. Is teaching Online RC primary the responsibility of Language Teachers ? dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 41. pilot survey Dutch Language Teachers march 2013 who should teach online reading comprehension? Language Teacher all teachers new subject ICT teacher dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 42. need for professional development pilot survey Dutch Language Teachers march 2013 agree disagree dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 43. how about you? go to www.vot.rs and enter 49 48 77 to vote dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 44. the future • what are our fears / what holds us back • what are our challenges • what do we need dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 45. tips for reading • Coiro,  J.  L.,  &  Moore,  D.  W.  (2012).  New  Literacies  and  Adolescent  Learners:  An  Interview  With  Julie   Coiro.  Journal  of  Adolescent  &  Adult  Literacy,  55(6),  551–553.  doi:10.1002/JAAL.00065 • Lankshear,  C.,  &  Knobel,  M.  (2011).  New  Literacies  (third.).  McGraw  Hill  Open  University  Press. • Leu,  D.  J.,  Kinzer,  C.  K.,  Coiro,  J.  L.,  Castek,  J.,  &  Henry,  L.  A.  (2013).  New  Literacies:  A  Dual-­‐Level   Theory  of  the  Changing  Nature  of  Literacy,  Instruction,  and  Assessment.  In  D.  E.  Alvermann,  N.  J.   Unrau,  &  R.  B.  Rudell  (Eds.),  Theoretical  Models  and  Processes  of  Reading  (6th  ed.)  (6  ed.,  pp.  1–32).   International  Reading  Association.  Download  for  free  from  IRA  http://www.reading.org/Libraries/ books/IRA-­‐710-­‐chapter42.pdf • Perkins,  R.,  Moran,  G.,  Shiel,  G.,  &  Cosgrove,  J.  (2013).  Reading  Literacy  in  PISA  2009:  A  Guide  for   Teachers  (pp.  1–96).  Educational  Research  Centre,  St  Patricks'  College. dinsdag 13 augustus 13
  • 46. • http://about.me/jeroenclemens http://jeroenclemens.nl jeroencl@gmail.com @jeroencl • Presentation online: http://www.slideshare.net/jeroencl/ • Short online questionaire will come. Go to this online form to let me know that you are interested http://bit.ly/1bbNzG7 dinsdag 13 augustus 13