LIBERTY BELL The Liberty Bell is an iconic symbol of American Independence, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Tradition tells of a chime that changed the world on July 8, 1776, with the Liberty Bell ringing out from the tower of Independence Hall summoning the citizens of Philadelphia to hear the ﬁrst public reading of the Declaration of Independence the bell was commissioned from the London ﬁrm of Lester and Pack in 1752 The citizens of Pennsylvania paid about $300 in 1752 to have it built for their State House.
RAISING THE FLAG ON IWO JIMA Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima is a historic photograph taken on February 23, 1945, by Joe RosenthalStarting in 1951, de Weldon was commissioned to design a memorial to the Marine Corps. It took de Weldon and hundreds of his assistants three years to ﬁnish it. The monument was built after the photo of the raising of the ﬂag in Japan as a remembrance It depicts ﬁve United States Marines and a U.S. Navy corpsman raising the ﬂag of the United States atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II. Of the six men depicted in the picture, three were killed during the battle; the three survivors became celebrities upon their identiﬁcation in the photo
HOLLYWOOD SIGNThe Hollywood Sign is a famous landmark in the Hollywood Hills area of Mount Lee, Santa Monica Mountains, in Los Angeles, California. It was created as an advertisement in 1923 The sign makes frequent appearances in popular culture, particularly inestablishing shots for ﬁlms and television programs set in or around HollywoodThe sign was ﬁrst erected in 1923 and originally read "HOLLYWOODLAND". The sign company owner, Thomas Fisk Goff (1890–1984) designed the sign.
THE SUPREME COURT The Supreme Court Building is the seat of the Supreme Court of the United States.On May 4, 1987, the Supreme Court Buildingwas designated a National Historic LandmarkAfter the federal government was established in Washington, the court was housed in a small basement room in the United States Capitol In 1929, Chief Justice William Howard Taftargued successfully for the Court to have its own headquarters to distance itself from Congress as an independent branch of government.The Supreme Court Building is located at 1First Street, NE (across the street from theCapitol) and was designed by architect Cass Gilbert.
VIETNAM VETERANS MEMORIAL The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national memorial in Washington, D.C. It honors U.S. service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War The memorial currently consists of three separate parts: the Three Soldiers statue, the Vietnam Womens Memorial, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall The Memorial Wall was designed by U.S. architect Maya Lin. Their are 58,175 names
WW11 MEMORIALThe U.S. National World War II Memorial is a National Memorial dedicated to Americans who served in the armed forces and as civilians during World War II.Consisting of 56 pillars and a pair of arches surroundinga plaza and fountain, it is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.It was dedicated by President George W. Bush on May 29, 2004 Ground was broken in September 2001.
LINCOLN MEMORIALThe Lincoln Memorial is an American memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.The architect was Henry Bacon, the sculptor of the main statue (Abraham Lincoln,1920) was Daniel Chester French, and the painter of the interior murals was Jules Guerin. designed after the temples of ancient Greece Built: 1912-1922
MONEY The U.S. dollar is the currency most used in international transactions and is one of the worlds reserve currencies The Constitution of the United States of America provides that the United States Congress shall have the power "To coin Money". The U.S. dollar was created and deﬁned by the Coinage Act of 1792. The early currency of the USA did not exhibit faces of presidents, as is the custom now. In fact, George Washington was against having his face on the currency, a practice he compared to the policies of European monarchs
THE AMERICAN BALD EAGLE The Bald Eagle is the national bird of the United States of America. It appears on most of its ofﬁcialseals, including the Seal of the President of the United States. Between 1916 and 1945, the Presidential Flagshowed an eagle facing to its left (the viewers right), which gave rise to the urban legend that the seal is changed to have the eagle face towards the olivebranch in peace, and towards the arrows in wartime The founders of the United States were fond of comparing their new republic with the Roman Republic, in which eagle imagery was prominent. It is said the eagle was used as a national emblem because, at one of the ﬁrst battles of the Revolution (which occurred early in the morning) the noise of the struggle awoke the sleeping eagles on theheights and they ﬂew from their nests and circled about over the headsof the ﬁghting men, all the while giving vent to their raucous cries. "They are shrieking for Freedom," said the patriots.
THE AMERICAN FLAG The ﬂag of the United States is one of the nations most widely recognized symbols.The United States Flag Code outlines certain guidelines for the use, display, and disposal of the ﬂag. The design of the ﬂag has been modiﬁed 26 times since it was ﬁrst adopted in 1777.Traditionally, the ﬂag of the United States plays a role in military funerals, and occasionally in those over other civil servants such as the President.After the ﬂag is completely folded and tucked in, it takes on the appearance of a bicorne,reminding the American of the soldiers who served under General George Washington
UNCLE SAM Uncle Sam is a common national personiﬁcation of the American government originally used during the War of 1812. He is depicted as a stern elderly man with white hair and a goatee beard Typically he is dressed in clothing that recalls the design elements of the ﬂag of the United States The well-known "recruitment" image of Uncle Sam was created by James Montgomery Flagg More than four million copies of this image were printed between 1917 and 1918.
SMOKEY THE BEAR Smokey Bear is a mascot of the United States ForestService created to educate the public about the dangers of forest ﬁres From the beginning, Smokeys name was intentionally spelled differently from the adjective smoky.The living symbol of Smokey Bear was an American black bear cub who in the spring of 1950 was caught in the Capitan Gap ﬁre, a wildﬁre that burned 17,000 acres in the Lincoln National Forest Smokey Bears name and image are protected by U.S. federal law, the Smokey Bear Act of 1952
BROTHER JONATHAN Brother Jonathan was a ﬁctional character created to personify the entire United States, in the early days of the countrys existence. In editorial cartoons and patriotic posters, Brother Jonathan was usually depicted as a typical American revolutionary, with tri-cornered hat and long military jacket. Originally, from 1776 to 1783, "Brother Jonathan" was a mildly derisive term used by the Loyalists to describe the Patriots. However, Brother Jonathan, and variants of the name Jonathan continued to be used as slang references to Americans through the American Civil War. For example Johnny Reb meant a Confederate soldier Brother Jonathan was replaced by the female personiﬁcation Columbia and the increasingly popular Uncle Sam
COLUMBIAColumbia, is a poetic name for the Americas and the feminine personiﬁcation of the United States of America.The name Columbia for "America" ﬁrst appeared in 1738 in the weekly publication of the debates of the British Parliament in Edward Caves The Gentlemans Magazine.By the time of the Revolution, the name Columbia had lost the comic overtone of its "Lilliputian" origins and had become established as an alternative, or poetic name for America.
Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink sold in the stores, restaurants, and vending machines of more than 200 countries It is produced by The Coca-Cola Company of Atlanta, Georgia, and is often referred to simply as Coke (aregistered trademark of The Coca-Cola Company in the United States since March 27, 1944)Coca-Cola was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coke to itsdominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century The Coca-Cola Company has, on occasion, introducedother cola drinks under the Coke brand name. The most common of these is Diet Coke, with others including Caffeine-Free Coca-Cola, Diet Coke Caffeine-Free, Coca-Cola Cherry, Coca-Cola Zero, Coca-Cola Vanilla, and special editions with lemon, lime or coffee.
STATUE OF LIBERTY a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor designed by Frédéric Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886. The statue is a gift to the United States from the people of France The statue is of a robed female ﬁgure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue has become an icon of freedom and of the United States.
WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze.It commemorates General George Washingtons crossing of the Delaware River on December 25, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.That action was the ﬁrst move in a surprise attack against theHessian forces at Trenton, New Jersey in the Battle of Trenton. In 2004 the painting became part of the permanent collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
MONTICELLO Monticello is a National Historic Landmark just outside Charlottesville, Virginia, United States It was the estate of Thomas Jefferson, the principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence, third President of the United States, and founder of the University of Virginia it is also, at his direction, the site of Jeffersons burial place.The house, which Jefferson designed, was based on the neoclassical principles described in the books of the Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio An image of the west front of Monticello by Felix Schlag has been featured on the reverse of the nickel minted since 1938
MOUNT VERNON Mount Vernon, located near Alexandria, Virginia, was the plantation home of the first President of the United States, George WashingtonThe mansion is built of wood in neoclassical Georgian architectural style, and the estate is located on the banks of the Potomac River.Mount Vernon was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is owned and maintained in trust by The Mount Vernon Ladies Association