Balanced literacy and fluency aug 17 presentation


Published on

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Balanced literacy and fluency aug 17 presentation

  1. 1. Balanced Literacy: The Key to Quality Reading Instruction <ul><li>DeSoto USD 232 </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Development </li></ul><ul><li>August 16, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Jeri Powers, Riverview Elementary </li></ul>
  2. 2. So, What’s the Problem??? <ul><li>“ Overall, national longitudinal studies show that more than 17.5% of the nation’s children – about 10 million children – will encounter reading problems in the crucial first three years of their schooling .” </li></ul><ul><li>--National Reading Panel Progress Report, 2000) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Findings from the National Reading Panel: Big Ideas for Reading Instruction Phonemic Awareness Phonics Vocabulary Text Comprehension Fluency
  4. 4. What is Balanced Literacy? Shared Reading Guided Reading Indep. Reading Literacy Centers Indep. Writing Shared Writing Guided Writing Word Study Read Aloud What is Balanced Literacy?
  5. 5. Literacy Diet <ul><li>Learning to Read </li></ul><ul><li>40% Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>20% Word Study </li></ul><ul><li>20% Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>20% Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Reading to Learn </li></ul><ul><li>20% Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>20% Word Study </li></ul><ul><li>40% Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>20% Writing </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fluency <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Speed: Rate at which students read </li></ul><ul><li>Word Recognition: Instantly and automatically, freedom from word identification problems </li></ul><ul><li>Prosody: Read with expression, appropriate phrasing, intonation </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Slow reading is associated with poor comprehension and poor overall reading performance.” - Rasinski, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Faster readers tend to have better comprehension over what is read and tend to be, overall, more proficient readers – Carver, 1990, Pinnell et al., 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Excessively slow reading leads to reading frustration </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Fluency Practice in the Classroom </li></ul>
  8. 8. Word Study <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>It is an approach that integrates spelling, phonics, and vocabulary development. It teaches students processes and strategies for examining and thinking about words encountered in reading. – Bear, Templeton, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>To read and write words appropriately fluently and to appreciate how words work in context, instruction must balance reading and writing with purposeful word study. —Bear, Templeton, 1998 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Word Study Practice in the Classroom </li></ul>
  10. 10. Comprehension <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing meaning from text through interchange of ideas between reader and message </li></ul><ul><li>Involves vocabulary instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by reader’s prior knowledge and experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>It is the “essence of reading” – Durkin, 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Essential to academic learning and life-long learning – NRP, 2000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Comprehension in the Classroom </li></ul>
  12. 12. Writing <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Shared: Teacher and students work together to compose text, “shared pen” or teacher acting as a scribe </li></ul><ul><li>Guided: Teacher guides student to revise and edit, “cut up sentences” </li></ul><ul><li>Independent: “Free write” - Way to develop personal views and become comfortable with the writing process </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>Children learn to write by writing! </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and reading have a strong relationship </li></ul><ul><li>– Pikulski, 1995, P Cunningham, 1995 </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Writing in the Classroom </li></ul>