Balanced literacy and fluency aug 17 presentation

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Balanced literacy and fluency aug 17 presentation

  1. 1. Balanced Literacy: The Key to Quality Reading Instruction <ul><li>DeSoto USD 232 </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Development </li></ul><ul><li>August 16, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Jeri Powers, Riverview Elementary </li></ul>
  2. 2. So, What’s the Problem??? <ul><li>“ Overall, national longitudinal studies show that more than 17.5% of the nation’s children – about 10 million children – will encounter reading problems in the crucial first three years of their schooling .” </li></ul><ul><li>--National Reading Panel Progress Report, 2000) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Findings from the National Reading Panel: Big Ideas for Reading Instruction Phonemic Awareness Phonics Vocabulary Text Comprehension Fluency www.nationalreadingpanel.org/
  4. 4. What is Balanced Literacy? Shared Reading Guided Reading Indep. Reading Literacy Centers Indep. Writing Shared Writing Guided Writing Word Study Read Aloud What is Balanced Literacy?
  5. 5. Literacy Diet <ul><li>Learning to Read </li></ul><ul><li>40% Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>20% Word Study </li></ul><ul><li>20% Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>20% Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Reading to Learn </li></ul><ul><li>20% Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>20% Word Study </li></ul><ul><li>40% Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>20% Writing </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fluency <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Speed: Rate at which students read </li></ul><ul><li>Word Recognition: Instantly and automatically, freedom from word identification problems </li></ul><ul><li>Prosody: Read with expression, appropriate phrasing, intonation </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Slow reading is associated with poor comprehension and poor overall reading performance.” - Rasinski, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Faster readers tend to have better comprehension over what is read and tend to be, overall, more proficient readers – Carver, 1990, Pinnell et al., 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Excessively slow reading leads to reading frustration </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Fluency Practice in the Classroom </li></ul>
  8. 8. Word Study <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>It is an approach that integrates spelling, phonics, and vocabulary development. It teaches students processes and strategies for examining and thinking about words encountered in reading. – Bear, Templeton, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>To read and write words appropriately fluently and to appreciate how words work in context, instruction must balance reading and writing with purposeful word study. —Bear, Templeton, 1998 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Word Study Practice in the Classroom </li></ul>
  10. 10. Comprehension <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing meaning from text through interchange of ideas between reader and message </li></ul><ul><li>Involves vocabulary instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by reader’s prior knowledge and experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>It is the “essence of reading” – Durkin, 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Essential to academic learning and life-long learning – NRP, 2000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Comprehension in the Classroom </li></ul>
  12. 12. Writing <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Shared: Teacher and students work together to compose text, “shared pen” or teacher acting as a scribe </li></ul><ul><li>Guided: Teacher guides student to revise and edit, “cut up sentences” </li></ul><ul><li>Independent: “Free write” - Way to develop personal views and become comfortable with the writing process </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>Children learn to write by writing! </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and reading have a strong relationship </li></ul><ul><li>– Pikulski, 1995, P Cunningham, 1995 </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Ways to Incorporate Writing in the Classroom </li></ul>

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