Asian Nationalism

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Asian Nationalism

  1. 1. INTRUSIVE AND EXPLOITIVE WESTERNERS NATIONALISM
  2. 2.  Love of country  Realization to defend one’s country against oppressive outsiders  Consciousness of a group that they are unified  Connotes pride of one’s race
  3. 3. TAIPING REBELLION BOXER REBELLION •1850S •China vs. Manchus (Q’ing Dynasty) •Hung Hsiu Ch’uan new dynasty (T’ai P’ing/ Great Peace) install Christianity •1900 •Supported Manchus and criticized the Westerners •Goal: to expel Westerners from China •Boxer Harmony Fists vs. Foreigners
  4. 4. Democratic Communism •Sun Yat Sen – Father of the Chinese Republic 3 principles: a. nationalism b. democracy c. people’s livelihood forging national unity vs. Westerners •Mao Zedong Marxism (bourgeoisie or capitalist vs. proletariat or workers) Chinese Communist Party
  5. 5. Democratic Communism •Sun Yat Sen – Father of the Chinese Republic -equality of land ownership -regulation of capital -avoidance of internal conflict -promotion of progress – compromise and concillation Republic of China and Nationalist Party/Kuomintang •Chiang Kai Shek continued what Sun Yat Sen left behind •Mao Zedong Chinese Communist Party
  6. 6. CHIANG KAI SHEK MAO ZEDONG UNITED FRONT -set aside their conflict and fought the Japanese but failled CIVIL WAR IN CHINA -Kuomintang vs. Communists (U.S.) (Russian) (Chinese Peasants) -Communists won – People’s Republic of China -Kuomintang failed – Taiwan –Republic of China
  7. 7.  2 STAGES OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM A. TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE -foreign missionaries went to Japan -rejected Christianity solution: Sakoku Period/Isolation
  8. 8.  2 STAGES OF WESTERN IMPERIALISM B. MEIJI RESTORATION (MUTSUHITO) -forcibly opened by Comm. Matthew Perry -Japan responded positively to Westerners modification and modernization a. 1889 Constitution – Germany constitution b. army and navy c. Western scholars to teach Japanese d. Japanese students are sent overseas e. Japanese education – U.S. and European f. allowed Christianity
  9. 9.  Indians vs. English -exploitation of natural resources and manpower -abolishment of sati and female infaticide -Sepoy Rebellion -racial discriminations in the government -Amritsar Massacre
  10. 10. HINDUS MUSLIMS •1884-1885 •Allan Hume •Composed of Hindu professionals whose goal was to regain India’s independence •1905 •Muhammad Ali Jinnah •Goal: a separate state for Muslims
  11. 11.  Hindu; educated in England  Advocated for peaceful or non- violent means to campaign for Indian independence ahimsa -Jainism concept -”non-violence”  He called for satyagraha = “truth- force”
  12. 12.  He called for: a. prayers b. meditation c. fasting d. petition e. boycott  Indians called him = MAHATMA = Great Soul  Assassinated by a Hindu fanatic
  13. 13.  Declaration of Indian Independence REPUBLIC OF INDIA – August 15, 1947 President: Jawarhalal Nehru while…  Muslim Indians – separate state Pakistan – August 15, 1947 President: Mohamed Ali Jinnah
  14. 14.  Under the Ottoman Empire  1918 – After WWI – Westerners were able to exploit West Asia Kuwait – 1759 Lebanon – 1926; under French rule Iraq - 1932
  15. 15. PHILIPPINE NATIONALISM TRIBUTE COLLECTION FORCED LABOR MONOPOLIES RACIAL DISCRIMINATION ILLUSTRADOS “REFORM/ PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT” KKK PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION FILIPINOS VS. SPANISH GOVERNMENT
  16. 16.  June 12, 1898 = Republic of the Philippines colonized by U.S.
  17. 17.  Escaped colonization but was forced to give some lands to Britain and France
  18. 18.  Gained independence from English
  19. 19.  Budi Otomo – Nationalist Movement  Achmed Sukarno – Nationalist Party of Indonesia gained independence from Dutch
  20. 20.  After WWII…  Under France, turned over to U.S.  Vietnam War - U.S. vs. Vietnam War -U.S. failed -1935 – gained Independence – socialist NORTH VIETNAM SOUTH VIETNAM Communist ideology Socialist State Democratic Capitalist
  21. 21.  Mongol Empire – Genghis Khan vs. Russia and China
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