Student Work Sickle Cell
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Student Work Sickle Cell

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Student Work Sickle Cell Student Work Sickle Cell Presentation Transcript

  • SICKLE CELL ANEMIA By: Yasmin Korra, Ariana Dominquez, and Britney Bernard
  • WHAT IS IT?
    • Sickle Cell Anemia is a blood disorder where red blood cells are C shaped.
    • Abnormal forms of hemoglobin ( which are oxygen carrying proteins) in red blood cells are what cause them to have a sickle or crescent like shape.
  • Terms You Need Know
    • Anemia: decrease in number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood.
    • Hemoglobin: chemical substance of the red blood cells that carry oxygen to the tissues.
    • Emia: Blood
  • SICKLE CELL TRAITS
    • Inheritance
      • Sickle cell conditions are inherited form parents just like the way blood type, hair color and texture, eye color and other physical traits are inherited. The types of hemoglobin a person makes in the red blood cells. Like most genes, hemoglobin genes are inherited in two sets….one from each parent.
  • SICKLE CELL INHERITANCE
      • Sickle Cell is a disease optained by genes. A person is born with sickle cell disease and can not be cured.
      • If one parent has Sickle Cell Anemia and the other is Normal, all of the children will have sickle cell trait.
      • If one parent has Sickle Cell Anemia and the other has Sickle Cell Trait, there is a 50% chance (or 1 out of 2) of having a baby with either sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait with each pregnancy.
      • When both parents have Sickle Cell Trait, they have a 25% chance (1 of 4) of having a baby with sickle cell disease with each pregnancy.
  • WHY IS THIS HARMFUL?
    • Sickle Cell Anemia makes the cells very fragile and they don’t survive for a long period of time, or as long as normal cells do.
    • Sickle cell also makes the cells inflexible which make them more able to block small blood vessels.
    • Sickle cell disease is inherited, but symptoms only occur after four months of age.
  • MEDICAL PROBLEMS
    • Sickle cells are destroyed in the body of people with the disease that causes anemia, jaundice and the formation of gallstones.
    • Sickle Cell Anemia makes the cells very fragile and they don’t survive for a long period of time, or as long as normal cells do.
    • Sickle cell also makes the cells inflexible which make them more able to block small blood vessels.
  • LONG TERM SYMPTOMS
    • Attacks of Abdominal pain
    • Bone pain
    • Breathlessness
    • Delayed growth and puberty
    • Fatigue
    • Fever
    • Jaundice
    • Paleness
    • Rapid heart rate
    • vulnerability to infections
    • Ulcers on the lower legs
  • COMPLICATIONS WITH THE BODY
    • Higher risk of stroke
    • Acute Chest Syndrome: chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing
    • Organ damage: usually kidneys, liver and spleen
    • Blindess
  • HOW SICKLE CELL DIFFERS FROM NORMAL CELLS
  • DIFFERENT TYPES OF SICKLE CELL
    • The most common:
      • Sickle cell anemia (SS)
      • Sickle-Hemoglobin C disease (SC) n
      • Sickle Beta-plus Thalassemia
      • Sickle Beta-Zero Thalassemia
  • WHAT CAN YOU DO TO STAY WELL?
    • Eat well
    • Drink lots of water
    • Get adequate rest
    • protect yourself from infections
    • Exercise, but limit the amount of time and vigor
    • Avoid extreme heat or cold
    • Avoid Stress
    • Avoid high elevations
  • Some Statistics of Sickle Cell
    • Sickle cell is most common in countries like Africa, South and Central America, The Islands, India and Saudi Arabia.
    • In the U.S:
    • 1 of every 500 African American births will have sickle cell
    • 1 in every 12 African Americans have sickle cell trait.
    • 1 of every 1, 000 to 1, 400 Hispanic births will be affected.
    • Approximately 2 million Americans have sickle cell
  • TREATMENT
    • Sickle cell treatments are available based on the different symptoms a person might have.
    • Treatments of pain can be treated with over the counter medicine.
    • Bone Marrow transplant
    • Medications: Antibiotics, Hydroxyurea (cancer pain medications, only used in sever cases of sickle cell anemia).
    • Blood transfusions
  • CITATION
    • http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Sca/SCA_Causes.html
    • http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Sca/SCA_Treatments.html
    • http://www.sicklecelldisease.org/about_scd/glossary.phtml
    • http://www.clarian.org/ADAM/doc/In-DepthReports/10/000058.htm
    • http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/posters/chromosome/sca.shtml
    • http://www.umm.edu/blood/sickle.htm
    • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sickle-cell-anemia/DS00324/DSECTION=7
    • http://www.vahealth.org/sicklecell/datasc.htm