Additional ResourcesAdditional ReadingQuestions for ReflectionValuable Teaching ToolsAdditional ReadingValuable resources related to each lessonWhy Vote? Voter Turnout & Our Right and Responsibility to VoteRick Mercer Report: Rick’s Rant – Voting 101http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UOWtXc2dUHwCanadian Charter of Rights and Freedomshttp://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/charter/1.htmlFundamental Freedoms: The Charter of Rights and Freedomshttp://www.charterofrights.ca/Estimation of Voter Turnout by Age Group at the 39th Federal General Electionhttp://www.elections.ca/loi/res/rep39ge/estimation39ge_e.pdfElections Ontario Statisticshttp://results.elections.on.ca/results/history/statistics/default.jsp?flag=E&layout=G2006 Ontario Municipal Elections Reporthttp://www.amcto.com/wb3/db2file.asp?fileid=25094Volunteering in Ontariohttp://www.givingandvolunteering.ca/files/giving/en/factsheets/volunteering/volunteering_ontario_2004.pdfCanada’s Top 20 Under 20http://www.top20under20.ca/Ontario Student Trustees Associationhttp://www.osta-aeco.org/World Youth Movement for Democracyhttp://www.wymd.org/Taking IT Globalhttp://www.tigweb.org/The Canadian Vimy Memorialhttp://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=memorials/ww1mem/vimyJuno Beach Centrehttp://www.junobeach.org/e/2/can-eve-rod-nor-e.htmConstitution Acts, 1867 to 1982http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/1.htmlOntario Education Act, 1990http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_90e02_e.htmGovernment Across Canada: Providing Guidance, Boundaries & StructureParliament of Canadahttp://www.parl.gc.ca/Legislative Assembly of Ontariohttp://www.ontla.on.ca/web/home.doyourlocalgovernment.com (provides links to municipal government websites)http://www.yourlocalgovernment.com/ylg/ontario.html#REGIONSOntario Municipalities, Municipal Status, and Geographic Areahttp://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Page1591.aspxConstitution Acts, 1867 to 1982http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/Const_index.htmlOntario Municipal Act, 2001
http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_01m25_e.htm#BK10Canadian Municipal Historyhttp://www.localgovernment.ca/show_libary.cfm?id=56How Canadians Govern Themselveshttp://www2.parl.gc.ca/sites/lop/aboutparliament/forsey/PDFs/How_Canadians_Govern_Themselves-7ed.pdfConstitution Acts, 1867 to 1982http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/1.htmlAMCTO Primer on Local Governmenthttp://www.amcto.com/wb3/db2file.asp?fileid=26643Municipal Governments & CouncillorsOntario Municipalities, Municipal Status, and Geographic Areahttp://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Page1591.aspxPresent and Previous Municipal Boundarieshttp://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Page5383.aspxyourlocalgovernment.com (provides links to municipal government websites)http://www.yourlocalgovernment.com/ylg/ontario.html#REGIONSAMCTO Primer on Local Governmenthttp://www.amcto.com/wb3/db2file.asp?fileid=26643Ontario Municipal Elections Act, 1996http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_96m32_e.htm2010 Ontario Municipal Elections Guidehttp://www.mah.gov.on.ca/AssetFactory.aspx?did=7269School Boards & TrusteesOntario School Board Boundary Mapshttp://esip.edu.gov.on.ca/english/core/BoardByBoundaryMap.aspOntario School Boards and Authoritieshttp://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/sbinfo/boardList.htmlOntario Education Act, 1990http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_90e02_e.htmOntario Public School Boards’ Associationhttp://www.opsba.org/Ontario Catholic School Trustees’ Associationhttp://www.ocsta.on.ca/OPSBA Guide for School Board Trustee Candidateshttp://www.opsba.org/files/2010PreElectionGuide.pdfWho’s Responsible for Your Child’s Education?http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/document/brochure/whosresp.htmlOntario Municipal Elections Act, 1996http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_96m32_e.htm2010 Ontario Municipal Elections Guidehttp://www.mah.gov.on.ca/AssetFactory.aspx?did=7269 “School Boards Pain Is Not Unique” The Globe and Mailhttp://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/british-columbia/gary_mason/vancouver-school-boards-pain-is-not-unique/article1618959/“Should Governments Close Our School Boards?” The Globe and Mailhttp://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/should-governments-close-our-school-boards/article1643119/“Schools Under Fire” The Mark Newshttp://www.themarknews.com/articles/1963-school-boards-under-fire“Editor’s Note: Is It Time to Eliminate the Middle Man in Education?” The Walrus
http://walrusmagazine.com/articles/2010.09-editors-note-editors-note/Possible Extension: Evolution of Public Education in Ontario – Archives of Ontario “Vancouverhttp://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/education/index.aspxElection Issues in Your Municipality & School BoardOntario School Boards and Authoritieshttp://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/sbinfo/boardList.htmlyourlocalgovernment.com (provides links to municipal government websites)http://www.yourlocalgovernment.com/ylg/ontario.html#REGIONSGoogle Alertshttp://www.google.com/alertsWhat is Media Literacy?http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/teachers/media_literacy/what_is_media_literacy.cfmIssue Importance and Performance Votinghttp://www.crcee.umontreal.ca/pdf/blais004.pdfCandidates in Your Municipality & School BoardOntario School Boards and Authoritieshttp://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/sbinfo/boardList.htmlyourlocalgovernment.com (provides links to municipal government websites)http://www.yourlocalgovernment.com/ylg/ontario.html#REGIONSGoogle Alertshttp://www.google.com/alertsCanada Federal Leaders’ Debates (1968-2008)http://archives.cbc.ca/politics/elections/topics/3601/Does the Local Candidate Matter?http://www.crcee.umontreal.ca/pdf/blais004.pdfMaking Your DecisionViewpoint: The Youth Vote – CBChttp://www.cbc.ca/news/viewpoint/vp_holukoff/20051206.htmlQuestions for ReflectionQuestions intended for focusing journaling and discussion at home and in the classroomWhy Vote? Voter Turnout & Our Right and Responsibility to VoteEssential: Why should voting be considered both a right and a responsibility?Essential: How can I “have a voice” in my community?Essential: What are the characteristics of a democracy?Essential: Why should I pay attention to elections now if I cannot legally vote?Who should have a say in how my community is run?What would I like to change or keep the same in my community?Who is affected when a person decides to vote or not to vote?How can my participation in an election improve my life or the lives of others?How does my opinion count in how my school is led?How does my opinion count in how my community grows and how my community is used?When is democracy not the best option?What would it be like to live within another form of government?How much consideration are minorities given in a democracy?Are elections with high voter turnout evidence of a healthy democracy?Why are people becoming uninterested in voting?How might low voter turnout look from the perspective of a politician?What should be done to ensure that people understand the importance of voting?
Should voting in elections be compulsory?Government Across Canada: Providing Guidance, Boundaries & StructureEssential: How do the purposes of separate levels of government differ?Essential: How is the Canadian citizen connected to each of the separate levels of government?Essential: How is the Canadian citizen represented by each of the separate levels of government?What is the purpose of a government?Why are there different levels of government?What level of government is most important to me?What departments in each level of government are most important to me?How do the different levels of government affect my daily life?How are governments connected to one another?How would questions or problems be effectively addressed to government?Municipal Governments & CouncillorsEssential: What does a councillor do and what does a council do?Essential: How do municipal councillors plan for a safe, sustainable community?Essential: How is my municipality structured and how does it function?What is a municipality?Who leads a municipality?What do councilors do once they’re elected?What do I know about my municipality?What subdivisions of government make up my municipality?Who is involved in an election?What is your municipality involved in the most?What is the electoral process for a municipality?How does one become a councillor and what do you need to do to be a candidate?How do you fill out a ballot to elect a councillor?School Boards & TrusteesEssential: What does a school board do and what does a school board trustee do?Essential: How do trustees make an impact on education of students?Essential: Has my school board been functioning effectively?What is my school board and who is my trustee?Where are school boards located?What are the responsibilities and functions of school boards?How do school boards come to decisions?How do students, teachers, and parents communicate with trustees?How are trustees held accountable to their constituents?How does one become a trustee and what do you need to do to be a candidate?How do you fill out a ballot to elect a trustee?Election Issues in Your Municipality & School BoardEssential: What are the issues in my community?Essential: Where can I get reliable information about these issues?Essential: What issues am I concerned about?What do I know about the election?What is an example of good reporting?What is an example of poor or biased reporting?Which type of reporting has a greater impact on the way that people vote or engage with others?What do I want to see happen in an election?How can I define issues of importance to me?What are the issues in my community and about which I care?
What are the different perspectives to these issues?How can I get people to care or give an opinion of my issue of choice?Candidates in Your Municipality & School BoardEssential: Who are the candidates?Essential: What are the differences between the candidates?Essential: What candidates reflect my own beliefs?Why is it important to know the candidates?What issues are represented by the candidates?How well are the issues represented by the candidates?What are the qualities of a strong candidate?What if only one candidate is running for a particular position?Is competition between two or more candidates beneficial for voters?Are acclamations necessarily negative?Making Your DecisionEssential: What information am I using to back up my voting decision for a particular candidate?Essential: In general, what should I know and/or have done before I make a voting decision?Essential: Do I feel I have enough information to vote?How do you support a candidate?How do you mark a ballot?How does your ballot translate into the election of a candidate?How do you show that you do not support any of the candidates or the election campaign?What information should be used when making a decision on who to vote for?Valuable Teaching ToolsInternet Resources and ToolsAnthologizehttp://anthologize.org/Bitstripshttp://www.bitstripsforschools.com/Edublogshttp://edublogs.org/Prezihttp://prezi.com/Text 2 Mindmaphttp://www.text2mindmap.com/Think Literacy Libraryhttp://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/studentsuccess/thinkliteracy/library.htmlWordlehttp://www.wordle.net/abc123 – Ontario Literacy and Numeracy ResourceCurriculum, Planning, and AssessmentReeves, Douglas, ed. Ahead of the Curve, The Power of Assessment to Transform Teaching andLearning. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree, 2007.Wiggins, Grant and McTighe, Jay. Understanding By Design, 2nd Edition. Alexandria: Associationfor Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2005.