Before making claims1) Find the issues through research, brainstorm and analysis (issues are questions)Pick one quality issue. 2) Answer the issue (question) the answer iscalled “contention”Use the contention to make a statement.
A claim is… a single statement. the topic of an argument. not a question. phrased against the status quo. phrased in a way that burdens are clearto both sides of the claim.
Burdens in ClaimsBurden of proof (pro side of an argument/claim)Burden of Presumption (con side)Burden to make a prima facie case (pro/con side)Burden of Rebutal (pro/con side)
Three types of Claims Claim of Fact Claim of Value Claim of Policy
Claim of FactIs a statement of something that has existed (past), exists (present) or will exist (future) Ex:”The oldest known disease in the world is leprosy”.
Claim of Value A claim of value is based on preference such as likes /dislikes (good or bad)Ex: The Lakers are a the best team in the NBA.
Claim of PolicyIs a statement that Indicatesthat an action must be takenin specific policies.Ex: . Congress should pass the dream act.
Claims are debated in 7 EnvironmentsPolitical debate claims of policy.Scholarly and Business debate claims of fact.Legal debate claims of fact and policy.Educational debate claims of value andpolicy.Religious debate of fact and value claimsSocial debates all claims (fact, value, policy)
More examples of types of claims1. Yougurtland is better than Pinkberry(claim of value)2. China will be the number one Englishspeaking country. (claim of fact)3. Congress should reduce the drinking ageto 18. (claim of policy)