Unidad 4


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Unidad 4

  1. 1. He estado He estadoUsted ha sido Usted ha sidoHa sido Ha sidoElla ha sido Ella ha estadoSe ha Ha sidoJohn ha sido John ha sidoEl coche ha sido El coche ha sidoHemos sido Hemos sidoHan sido Han sido
  2. 2.  Se denominan irregulares porque no siguen una regla determinada para construir su pasado por lo que deben estudiarse de memoria. Veremos que en la columna central se encuentra el infinitivo y el presente, ambos tienen la misma forma salvo que el infinitivo va precedido por la partícula TO .
  3. 3. INFINITIVO /ESPAÑOL PASADO SIMPLE PRESENTE SIMPLEComenzar To begin beganApostar To bet betMorder To bite bitRomper To break brokeConstruir To build builtComprar To buy boughtElegir To choose choseCortar To cut cutDibujar To draw drewBeber To drink drankComer To eat ate
  4. 4. The students write reports . ”Change into passive “Reports are written by thestudents .
  5. 5. The students wrote reports . ” Change into passive “Reports were written by thestudents .
  6. 6. ” Change intopassive “
  7. 7. ” change into passive “
  8. 8. ” change into passive “
  9. 9. ” change into passive “
  10. 10. I will travel to Japan nextyear → decisionI am going to study German atschool plan
  11. 11. The Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will"and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes beused interchangeably, they often express two very differentmeanings as mentioned before. I will probably go to Italy next Summer I am going to fly to Italy next Saturday
  12. 12. Affirmative: I will travel to Madrid in OctoberInterrogative : Will you travel by bus?Negative : I will not travel - won’tWill you travel by train or by bus?I won’t travel by bus I will probably travel by train
  13. 13. 1- Instant decisions: Ok, I’ll see you on Friday2- Predictions based in what we think: It will rain in the evening3- Promises and offers: Don’t worry, I’ll go and buy some food for you
  14. 14. Affirmative: I am going to travel by planeInterrogative : Are you going to travel? by plane’Negative : I am not going to travel by plane because I am going to fly in a hot air balloon
  15. 15. 1- Future plans and intentions: Im going to buy a new laptop computer next week2- Predictions based in what we can see at the moment: Look at that car! it is going to crash into the lamp post
  16. 16. TIME EXPRESSIONS: Tomorrow, next week, next month, next year,I am going to travel to Copenhagen next year
  17. 17. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I …………………….. (write) a letter to my friends back home in Texas A: Im about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I (get)………………… you a cup of coffee. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We………………………. (visit) Paris, Nice and Grenoble. I think he …………………. (be) the next British Prime Minister.
  18. 18. The simple present and present progressive are also used to expressfuture time. These are often used used in connection with schedules.The train leaves at 6:00 a.m. tomorrow.She is meeting a new client at six o’clock in the evening and she is travellingby byke through the forest.
  19. 19. This tense is used to describe an event or action that willoccur over a period of time at a specific point in the future.They will be sailing in the Atlantic ocean by the time you arriveat the Island.
  20. 20. This tense is used to describe an event or action that will becompleted before another event or time in the future.We will have finished the exam by the timeclass ends tomorrow.