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Police notes

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Police notes for Criminology course

Police notes for Criminology course

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    Police notes Police notes Presentation Transcript

    • POLICE
      Class notes
      “To Serve and Protect”
    • I. Intro
      14,000 law enforcement agencies at local, state, and federal level
      1. 80% at local level
      850,000 police officers and detectives
      1. Ranges from 1-2 officers in small towns to 40,000 in NYC.
      2. 3.5 officers for every 1000 people in the US
    • D. Responsibilities of the police:
      To enforce laws
      To provide services
      To prevent crime
      To preserve the peace
    • II. Historical Perspective
      NYC--first to have a modern police dept. (1844).
      Police soon became primary agents of social control.
      Two main criticisms:
      Can be used to preserve position of people in power (corruption)
      May sweep up innocent people
    • Historical, cont.
      New York City Police Dept. Budget in 1894:
      Regular Appropriation…….…….$5,139,148
      Brothel Contribution……….…….$8,120,000
      Saloon Contributions……….…...$1,820,000
      Gambling House Contributions…..$165,000
      Merchants, peddlers etc……………$50,000
      New Members of Force…………….$60,000
      Grand Total……………….…….$15,354,148
      Source: The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris (1979)
      Also published in NYC guidebooks at the time, along with height of the Statue of Liberty, and length of the Brooklyn Bridge
    • III. Local Level
      Rural
      1. Less crime, stronger social bond, more social control
      Municipal
      1. More crime, weaker social bond, less social control
      County
      1. Sheriff is primary officer, elected.
    • IV. State Level
      State Patrol
      1. Traffic enforcement
      State Police
      Wider authority than local
      Includes enforcing laws on gambling, natural resources, alcohol sale, etc.
    • V. Federal Level
      FBI
      Founded in 1908
      Investigates federal crimes
      Assists state and local agents
      3. Director is Robert Mueller (2001)
      Other agencies
      1. DEA, ATF, US Marshals, Fish and Wildlife Service, etc.