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  • 1. POLICE
    Class notes
    “To Serve and Protect”
  • 2.
  • 3. I. Intro
    14,000 law enforcement agencies at local, state, and federal level
    1. 80% at local level
    850,000 police officers and detectives
    1. Ranges from 1-2 officers in small towns to 40,000 in NYC.
    2. 3.5 officers for every 1000 people in the US
  • 4. D. Responsibilities of the police:
    To enforce laws
    To provide services
    To prevent crime
    To preserve the peace
  • 5. II. Historical Perspective
    NYC--first to have a modern police dept. (1844).
    Police soon became primary agents of social control.
    Two main criticisms:
    Can be used to preserve position of people in power (corruption)
    May sweep up innocent people
  • 6. Historical, cont.
    New York City Police Dept. Budget in 1894:
    Regular Appropriation…….…….$5,139,148
    Brothel Contribution……….…….$8,120,000
    Saloon Contributions……….…...$1,820,000
    Gambling House Contributions…..$165,000
    Merchants, peddlers etc……………$50,000
    New Members of Force…………….$60,000
    Grand Total……………….…….$15,354,148
    Source: The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris (1979)
    Also published in NYC guidebooks at the time, along with height of the Statue of Liberty, and length of the Brooklyn Bridge
  • 7. III. Local Level
    Rural
    1. Less crime, stronger social bond, more social control
    Municipal
    1. More crime, weaker social bond, less social control
    County
    1. Sheriff is primary officer, elected.
  • 8. IV. State Level
    State Patrol
    1. Traffic enforcement
    State Police
    Wider authority than local
    Includes enforcing laws on gambling, natural resources, alcohol sale, etc.
  • 9. V. Federal Level
    FBI
    Founded in 1908
    Investigates federal crimes
    Assists state and local agents
    3. Director is Robert Mueller (2001)
    Other agencies
    1. DEA, ATF, US Marshals, Fish and Wildlife Service, etc.