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Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
Police notes
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Police notes

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Police notes for Criminology course

Police notes for Criminology course

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  • 1. POLICE Class notes “To Serve and Protect”
  • 2. I. Intro A. 14,000 law enforcement agencies at local, state, and federal level 1. 80% at local level B. 850,000 police officers and detectives 1. Ranges from 1-2 officers in small towns to 40,000 in NYC. 2. 3.5 officers for every 1000 people in the US
  • 3. D. Responsibilities of the police: 1. To enforce laws 2. To provide services 3. To prevent crime 4. To preserve the peace
  • 4. II. Historical Perspective A. NYC--first to have a modern police dept. (1844). B. Police soon became primary agents of social control. C. Two main criticisms: 1. Can be used to preserve position of people in power (corruption) 2. May sweep up innocent people
  • 5. Historical, cont. New York City Police Dept. Budget in 1894: Regular Appropriation…….…….$5,139,148 Brothel Contribution……….…….$8,120,000 Saloon Contributions……….…...$1,820,000 Gambling House Contributions…..$165,000 Merchants, peddlers etc……………$50,000 New Members of Force…………….$60,000 Grand Total……………….…….$15,354,148 Source: The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris (1979) Also published in NYC guidebooks at the time, along with height of the Statue of Liberty, and length of the Brooklyn Bridge
  • 6. III. Local Level A. Rural 1. Less crime, stronger social bond, more social control B. Municipal 1. More crime, weaker social bond, less social control C. County 1. Sheriff is primary officer, elected.
  • 7. IV. State Level A. State Patrol 1. Traffic enforcement B. State Police 1. Wider authority than local 2. Includes enforcing laws on gambling, natural resources, alcohol sale, etc.
  • 8. V. Federal Level A. FBI 1. Founded in 1908 2. Investigates federal crimes 3. Assists state and local agents 3. Director is Robert Mueller (2001) B. Other agencies 1. DEA, ATF, US Marshals, Fish and Wildlife Service, etc.

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