Status Offenses --acts that when committed by juveniles that are grounds for apprehension and perhaps state custody. Adults would not be charged for these acts. Examples: Smoking, drinking, truancy, curfew violations, running away from home.
Juvenile Delinquency --Illegal acts committed by juveniles. Adults would also be charged for these offenses. Murder, robbery, theft, rape, etc.
Are individuals competent to stand trial as adults at age 14?
Consider: Juveniles are more impulsive, more likely to engage in risky behavior, and less likely to consider the long-term consequences of their actions. They are also more susceptible to peer pressure than adults and are more likely to be arrested as part of a group.
Even if they can understand the difference between right and wrong, can they adequately understand the legal matters involved in a trial?
Roper vs. Simmons (2005)--the Supreme Court ruled that no person can be executed for a murder they commit while under the age of 18.