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Juvenile Justice System

Juvenile Justice System






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    Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Justice System Presentation Transcript

      • Status Offenses --acts that when committed by juveniles that are grounds for apprehension and perhaps state custody. Adults would not be charged for these acts. Examples: Smoking, drinking, truancy, curfew violations, running away from home. 
      • Juvenile Delinquency --Illegal acts committed by juveniles. Adults would also be charged for these offenses. Murder, robbery, theft, rape, etc.
      • The main goal of the juvenile justice system is REHABILITATION  rather than punishment
      • For status offenders and first-time offenders, diversion programs are the first choice. These include probation, treatment, and restitution.
      • Juvenile delinquents seen as "hardened" are more likely to be transferred to adult court.
      • Some transfers are automatic, depending on the seriousness of the offense.
      • In Minnesota, juveniles as young as 14 can be tried as adults.
      • Judges in twenty-four states can do "reverse transfers"--decide to send juveniles transferred to adult court back to juvenile court.
      • If a person stays in juvenile court, they will go through adjudication instead of arraignment and trial. There are no juries during adjudication. The process is closed to the public.
      • Instead of sentencing, a juvenile who is determined to be delinquent will go through a disposition hearing.  
      • Potential placements include probation (most common), residential treatment programs, and juvenile corrections facilities--"training schools". These often include aftercare.
      • When making decisions in disposition hearings, judges primarily consider the needs of the child.
      • http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/largechart.cfm
      • -Placement programs end (In some cases they last until age 21). If still detained by this age, individuals are released.
      • -Juvenile records are sealed.  (Adult records are permanent).
      • Are individuals competent to stand trial as adults at age 14? 
      • Consider: Juveniles are more impulsive, more likely to engage in risky behavior, and less likely to consider the long-term consequences of their actions. They are also more susceptible to peer pressure than adults and are more likely to be arrested as part of a group.
      • Even if they can understand the difference between right and wrong, can they adequately understand the legal matters involved in a trial?
      • Roper vs. Simmons (2005)--the Supreme Court ruled that no person can be executed for a murder they commit while under the age of 18.