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Criminology and crime notes

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Introduction to criminology notes

Introduction to criminology notes

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    Criminology and crime notes Criminology and crime notes Document Transcript

    • Criminology and Crime Notes:
      A brief overview
      Criminology
    • What is Criminology?
      I. Criminology
      A. The scientific approach to studying criminal behavior.
      An interdisciplinary science that seeks to explain the causes, extent, and nature of crime in society.
    • 1. Individual and societal causes of
      crime (sociological and psychological)
      2. Incidence and forms of crime
      (statistics)
      3. The definition of crime in terms of
      law (legal)
      4. Reaction toward law breaking
      (punishment and rehabilitation) 
    • What is Criminology?
      B. Closely related to the field of
      criminal justice, which is the study
      of agencies of social control that
      handle criminal offenders.
    • Why is crime so riveting?
      Why do we pay so much attention to crime?
      ·According to Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs”, feeling safe is our most important need after our basic physiological needs for air, water, and food.
    • Why is crime so riveting?
      ·Or, in a darker view, we are filled with repressed criminal impulses and we seek a vicarious outlet for our aggression…
      ·There are many other explanations, but whatever the case, our view of the nature and extent of crime is often distorted by news reports, TV, and movies. It is everywhere in the media, and we can’t get enough!
      http://www.newsweek.com/2009/07/31/true-crime.html
    • How is crime portrayed in the media (TV/movies/news)?
      Criminals?
      Victims?
      Criminal justice system?
    • II. Crime
      A. Definition: A wrong against society proclaimed by law and, if committed under certain circumstances, punishable by society.
      Remember:As society changes, what is defined as a crime changes.
      B. Two Models of Crime
      1. Consensus Model--People agree on
      basic norms and values. Those who break
      them must be sanctioned. Laws set boundaries for acceptable behavior within
      the society.
    • 2. Conflict Model—There are different value systems and norms between groups. The most powerful group imposes its definition of crime on the rest, and the justice system primarily serves them and reinforces their power.
    • C. Crime vs. Deviance
      1. Deviance is abnormal behavior
      2. Not all deviance is criminal.
    • 3. And not all crime is deviant behavior.
    • D. Types of Crime
      1. Violent Crime--crimes against persons
      2. Property Crime
      3. Public Order Crime--contrary to moral
      values
      4. White Collar Crime--Business related
      5. Organized Crime--illegal acts by illegal
      organizations
      6. High Tech Crime
      What types of crimes are these?
      Embezzlement
      Grand Theft Auto
      Murder
      Prostitution
      Credit Card Fraud
      Assault
      Vandalism
      Bank Robbery
      Bribery
      Illegal Gambling Operations (Bookmaking)
      Arson
      Public Drunkenness
    • III. The Criminal Justice System
      A. Purposes
      1. Control Crime
      2. Prevent Crime
      3. To provide and maintain justice
      B. Organization
      1. Local law enforcement
      2. State and federal law enforcement
      3. Courts
      4. Corrections
      C. Ideologies: Crime Control (Punish)
      vs. Due Process (Protect)
      1. Informal justice system