Criminology and crime notes
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Introduction to criminology notes

Introduction to criminology notes

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Criminology and crime notes Document Transcript

  • 1. Criminology and Crime Notes:
    A brief overview
    Criminology
  • 2. What is Criminology?
    I. Criminology
    A. The scientific approach to studying criminal behavior.
    An interdisciplinary science that seeks to explain the causes, extent, and nature of crime in society.
  • 3. 1. Individual and societal causes of
    crime (sociological and psychological)
    2. Incidence and forms of crime
    (statistics)
    3. The definition of crime in terms of
    law (legal)
    4. Reaction toward law breaking
    (punishment and rehabilitation) 
  • 4. What is Criminology?
    B. Closely related to the field of
    criminal justice, which is the study
    of agencies of social control that
    handle criminal offenders.
  • 5. Why is crime so riveting?
    Why do we pay so much attention to crime?
    ·According to Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs”, feeling safe is our most important need after our basic physiological needs for air, water, and food.
  • 6. Why is crime so riveting?
    ·Or, in a darker view, we are filled with repressed criminal impulses and we seek a vicarious outlet for our aggression…
    ·There are many other explanations, but whatever the case, our view of the nature and extent of crime is often distorted by news reports, TV, and movies. It is everywhere in the media, and we can’t get enough!
    http://www.newsweek.com/2009/07/31/true-crime.html
  • 7. How is crime portrayed in the media (TV/movies/news)?
    Criminals?
    Victims?
    Criminal justice system?
  • 8. II. Crime
    A. Definition: A wrong against society proclaimed by law and, if committed under certain circumstances, punishable by society.
    Remember:As society changes, what is defined as a crime changes.
    B. Two Models of Crime
    1. Consensus Model--People agree on
    basic norms and values. Those who break
    them must be sanctioned. Laws set boundaries for acceptable behavior within
    the society.
  • 9. 2. Conflict Model—There are different value systems and norms between groups. The most powerful group imposes its definition of crime on the rest, and the justice system primarily serves them and reinforces their power.
  • 10. C. Crime vs. Deviance
    1. Deviance is abnormal behavior
    2. Not all deviance is criminal.
  • 11. 3. And not all crime is deviant behavior.
  • 12. D. Types of Crime
    1. Violent Crime--crimes against persons
    2. Property Crime
    3. Public Order Crime--contrary to moral
    values
    4. White Collar Crime--Business related
    5. Organized Crime--illegal acts by illegal
    organizations
    6. High Tech Crime
    What types of crimes are these?
    Embezzlement
    Grand Theft Auto
    Murder
    Prostitution
    Credit Card Fraud
    Assault
    Vandalism
    Bank Robbery
    Bribery
    Illegal Gambling Operations (Bookmaking)
    Arson
    Public Drunkenness
  • 13. III. The Criminal Justice System
    A. Purposes
    1. Control Crime
    2. Prevent Crime
    3. To provide and maintain justice
    B. Organization
    1. Local law enforcement
    2. State and federal law enforcement
    3. Courts
    4. Corrections
    C. Ideologies: Crime Control (Punish)
    vs. Due Process (Protect)
    1. Informal justice system