CPR

14,650 views
14,277 views

Published on

ECG
Deepa Merin Kuriakose
Asst.Professor
Govt.College of Nursing, Kottayam
Kerala, India
jensensaam@gmail.com

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
21 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
14,650
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,542
Comments
0
Likes
21
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

CPR

  1. 1. BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS)
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES Participants should be able to demonstrate: How to assess the collapsed victim How to perform chest compressions and rescue breathing How to place an unconscious breathing victim in the recovery position.
  3. 3. The American Heart Association (AHA) estimates that about 3,50,000 people die of cardiac arrest each year. Approximately 4280 out of every one lakh people die every year from Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) in India alone. About 74-80% of all sudden cardiac arrests happen at home; so being trained in CPR can mean the difference between life & death for a member of your family. BACKGROUND
  4. 4. Approximately 10% of SCA events occur among people less than 40 years of age. Effective bystander CPR, provided immediately after sudden cardiac arrest, can double victims chance of survival. The survival rates for performing basic life support alone are reported between 0% & 6%. CPR cannot ‘restart’ the heart, but it can keep blood and oxygen moving through the victim’s body until medical help arrives. BACKGROUND CONTINUED…
  5. 5. CHAIN OF SURVIVAL
  6. 6. SEQUENCES OF PROCEDURES PERFORMED TO RESTORE THE CIRCULATION OF OXYGENATED BLOOD AFTER A SUDDEN PULMONARY AND/OR CARDIAC ARREST. CHEST COMPRESSIONS AND PULMONARY VENTILATION PERFORMED BY ANYONE WHO KNOWS HOW TO DO IT, ANYWHERE, IMMEDIATELY, WITHOUT ANY OTHER EQUIPMENT OTHER THAN A PROTECTIVE DEVICE. BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
  7. 7. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths
  8. 8. Scene Rescuer Victim Bystanders Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths APPROACH SAFELY
  9. 9. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths CHECK RESPONSE
  10. 10.  Shake shoulders gently Ask “Are you all right?” If he responds Leave as you find him.  Find out what is wrong.  Reassess regularly. CHECK RESPONSE
  11. 11. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths SHOUT FOR HELP
  12. 12. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths OPEN AIRWAY
  13. 13. Head tilt, chin lift + jaw thrust - healthcare professionals
  14. 14. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths CHECK BREATHING
  15. 15. Look, listen and feel for NORMAL breathing Do not confuse agonal breathing with NORMAL breathing CHECK BREATHING
  16. 16. Occurs shortly after the heart stops in up to 40% of cardiac arrests Described as barely, heavy, noisy or gasping breathing Recognise as a sign of cardiac arrest Erroneous information can result in withholding CPR from cardiac arrest victim AGONAL BREATHING
  17. 17. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths 30 CHEST COMPRESSIONS
  18. 18. • Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the chest • Place other hand on top • Interlock fingers • Compress the chest – Rate 100 min-1 – Depth 4-5 cm – Equal compression : relaxation • When possible change CPR operator every 2 min CHEST COMPRESSIONS
  19. 19. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths RESCUE BREATHS
  20. 20. RESCUE BREATHS Pinch the nose Take a normal breath Place lips over mouth Blow until the chest rises Take about 1 second Allow chest to fall Repeat
  21. 21. RECOMMENDATIONS: - Tidal volume 500 – 600 ml - Respiratory rate give each breaths over about 1s with enough volume to make the victim’s chest rise - Chest-compression-only continuously at a rate of 100 min RESCUE BREATHS
  22. 22. CONTINUE C P R 30 2
  23. 23. Approach safely Check response Shout for help Open airway Check breathing 30 chest compressions 2 rescue breaths
  24. 24. IF VICTIM STARTS TO BREATHE NORMALLY PLACE IN RECOVERY POSITION
  25. 25.  Qualified help arrives and takes over  The victim starts breathing normally  Rescuer becomes exhausted CONTINUE RESUSCITATION UNTIL
  26. 26. SPONTANEOUS signs of circulation are restored. TURNED over to medical services or properly trained and authorized personnel. OPERATOR is already exhausted & cannot continue CPR. PHYSICIAN assumes responsibility (declares death, take over etc) WHEN TO STOP CPR
  27. 27. To save one life is as if to save the world- - The Talmud
  28. 28. Thank You…………… - Deepa Merin Kuriakose

×