Negation and Inversion

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  • 1. 文法整理第20章 否定句與倒裝句
    Instructor; Jenny Chen
    Taichung Second Senior High
    Date: 2010/10/04
    2010/10/4
    1
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 2. 否定
    2010/10/4
    2
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 3. 否定句形成方式
    否定句的基本形成方式就是在be動詞和助動詞之後加上not
    例如:
    This is KFC.  This is not KFC.
    He loves me.  He doesn't love me.  He loves me.  He doesn't love me.
    注意:
    can + not --> cannot/ can't
    will + not --> won't
    shall + not --> shan't   
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 4. 否定句形成方式
    練習:
    The boy can reach the food on the counter.
     The boy can’t reach the food on the counter.
    That machine has worked properly for years.    
     That machine has not worked properly for years.
    2010/10/4
    4
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 5. 祈使句的否定
    Don’t
    Never
    例如:
    Don't tell him our secret.
    Let's not lose faith in ourselves.
    注意:
    Let + O + V為普通的祈使句,因此否定句為Don't let + O + V喔!
    Don't let him escape!
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 6. 祈使句的否定
    練習:
    Talk to me.
     Don’t talk to me.
    Let's learn English online!
    Let’s not learn English online!
    Let us speak our mind!
     Don’t let us speak our mind!
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 7. 否定的字、副詞和片語
    • 常見帶否定意味的字包括:no, none, nothing, nobody, no one, nowhere, little(很少,後接不可數名詞), few(很少,後接可數名詞)
    • 8. 常見帶否定意味的副詞包括:seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, barely
    • 9. 常見帶否定意味的片語包括:by no means(絕不), in no way(絕不), under no circumstances(絕不), not at all(一點也不), on no account(絕不), no sooner...than...(一...就...), not until(不...直到)
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 10. 否定的字、副詞和片語
    練習:
    Andy很少專心聽課。
     Andy rarely pays attention to class.
    地球絕不會在2013年毀滅!
     The earth will never end in 2013.
    The earth will end in 2013 in no way.
    爸爸一出門,我就打開電視。
     He had no sooner arrived home than I turned on the TV.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 11. 部分否定
    Not all of the children are blonde.
    主詞含有all, both, every等詞時,若句中出現not,則形成部分否定。若要使用全部否定,則使用none of them(三者以上), neither of them(兩者)
    None of the children are blind.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 12. 部分否定
    • 例如:
    • 13. My classmates are not all coming to my birthday party.
    = No all my classmates are coming to my birthday party.(不是大家都會來)
    =All my classmates are not coming to my birthday party.
    None of my classmates are coming to my birthday party.(大家都不會來)
    • Both of my cousins didn't pass the GEPT.
    = Not both of my cousins passed the GEPT.(不是兩個都有過,只有一個有過)
    = One of my cousins passed the GEPT.
    Neither of my cousins passed the GEPT. (兩個都沒過)
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 14. 雙重否定
    所謂負負得正,兩個否定就會變肯定,但通常是用來強調,且在理解上較複雜,沒必要就不要亂用。例如有人要是說:「我不是不喜歡跟你出去」,雖然你稍微想一下就可以懂他的意思,就是他可以接受跟你出去這件事,但他可能也沒有很喜歡,才會用這種複雜的講法。
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 15. 雙重否定
    S+never + V …but 子句 每…必…
    without N.
    他每次進書店一定要買些書
    He never goes to a bookstore _________ he buys some books.
    He never goes to a bookstore _________buying some books.
    but
    without
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 16. 雙重否定
    There be no + N. + but + V 沒有…不…
    沒有一個母親不愛他的子女
    There is no mother but loves her children.
    沒有勝利不是來自於辛勤付出
    There is no victory but comes from hard work.
    …few + Ns + but + V 幾乎每個…都 ...
    幾乎我所認識的每個人都關心環境保護
    I know few people but are concerned about environmental protection.
    2010/10/4
    13
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 17. 意義上為否定的慣用語
    請務必搭配課本p.238-239
    He is the last man I will marry.
    He is the last man for me to marry.
    The team failed to perform well.
    I never fail to keep my word.
    I keep my word without fail.
    We are above doing such silly things.
    We are unwilling to do such silly things.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 18. Jack is a habitual liar.
    He is far from honest.
    He is anything but honest.
    He is by no means honest.
    He is not honest at all.
    He is not honest in the least.
    He is nothing but a child.
    He is nothing more than a child.
    He is only a child.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 19. The boy was all but drowned.
    We cannot but laugh.
    We cannot help but laugh.
    We cannot help laughing.
    Time was running out, so we have no choice but to call it a day.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 20. 含有否定字的句型
    It goes without saying that education is important.
    Needless to say, education is important.
    You cannot be too careful when crossing the street.
    He was too sleepy to do his homework.
    He is not so much diligent as clever.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 21. 含有否定字的句型
    There is no accounting for taste.
    There is no denying that there are still a lot of unknown things in the universe.
    Your work leaves nothing to be desired.
    Little did I think we’d got lost. I should bring a map with us.
    Little did I dream of running into you here.
    2010/10/4
    18
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 22. Let’s have a quiz!
    The important thing is _____ this loss reduce our confidence.(A) not to let(B) to not letting(C) don't let(D) don't to let
    Although it's best to be cautious, ______ stranger is dangerous.(A) not any(B) not all(C) not every(D) not each
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    A
    C
  • 23. The good and the beautiful ______ go together.(A) not necessarily(B) are not necessarily(C) do not always(D) does not always
    There is no ______ for taste.(A) account(B) accounting(C) accounted(D) to account
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    20
    C
    B
  • 24. John always goes to work late. He is _______ the employee that our boss likes.(A) nothing but(B) no more than(C) by all means(D) far from
    One of the photo was taken in Seattle and the other in Chicago. ________ of them was taken in New York.(A) No(B) None(C) Nor(D) Neither
    2010/10/4
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
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    D
    D
  • 25. 累了嗎?我們休息一下…
    好,休息完畢。
    2010/10/4
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    22
  • 26. 倒裝
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 27. 倒裝句形成方式
    倒裝句的形式:倒裝句原則為將助動詞或動詞移至主詞前方
    倒裝句的功用:英文中,每句話的主題是放在句首,後面再接新的話題,若要改變英語的詞序,多半是因為
    為談話內容的展開加上變化,也就是在一開始先製造驚奇、強調句首,或把關鍵詞彙擺在後面
    音調的關係
    倒裝句的分類:強調補語、強調受詞、強調副詞
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 28. 倒裝句類別介紹
    地方副詞置於句
    否定副詞置於句首
    Only副詞子句/副詞片語置於句首
    假設語氣的倒裝
    讓步子句的倒裝
    主詞補語的倒裝
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 29. 地方副詞提前的倒裝
    表地方的副詞
    here/there
    地方副詞片語
    S
    V
    表示地方的副詞包括:up, down, back, off, out, away…
    地方副詞片語的倒裝常與動詞be, live, lie, sit, stand, come, go等搭配使用,用於描述地點、位置
    表地方的副詞
    here/there
    地方副詞片語
    V
    S
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 30. 地方副詞提前的倒裝
    The sun rose up.
     Up rose the sun.(太陽出來了!)
    One shoe came off.
     Off came one shoe.(鞋子掉了)
    The bus comes here.
     Here comes the bus.
     Here it comes. (公車來了!)
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 31. 地方副詞提前的倒裝
    A selfish giant lives in the garden.
     In the garden lives a selfish giant. (花園裡住著一個自私的巨人)
    Acruel heart was behind her sweet appearance.
     Behind her sweet appearance was a cruel heart. 她甜美的外表下是一顆殘酷的心)
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 32. 否定副詞至於句首
    表示否定的副詞包括barely, hardly, scarcely, rarely, never, seldom, neither, nor, nowhere, no, few, little
    表示否定的副詞片語包括by no means, in no way, under no circumstances, on no account, not often, not only…but also…, not until, no sooner…than…
    否定副詞
    否定副詞片語
    Be動詞/助動詞
    S
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 33. 否定副詞至於句首
    Success isseldom easy.
    Seldomis success easy.
    You canrarely see so many famous people in one place.
    Rarelycan you see so many famous people in one place.
    I will agree with this conclusion in no way.
    In no waywill I agree with this conclusion.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 34. 否定副詞至於句首
    Velvet will not only look and feel luxurious, but it will also keep you warm.
    Not only will it look and feel luxurious, but velvet will also keep you warm.
    A person doesnot realize the value of health until he loses it.
    Not until a person loses his health does he realize its value.
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
  • 35. Only副詞子句/副詞片語倒裝
    Only之後可接副詞、副詞片語、副詞子句、介係詞片語等,常見的有:only just, only then, only once, only in this way, only if, only after, only when, only by, only later
    2010/10/4
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    副詞
    副詞片語
    副詞子句
    介係詞片語
    Be動詞/助動詞
    S
    Only
  • 36. Only副詞子句/副詞片語倒裝
    It only becomes clear later that Leo, the servant, was actually the leader all along.
     Only later does it become clear that Leo was actually the leader all along.
    We canonly win by working hard.
    Only by working hardcan we win.
    He realized he had made a big mistake only after he had spoken.
     Only after he had spokendidhe realize he had made a big mistake.
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  • 37. 假設語氣的倒裝
    2010/10/4
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  • 38. 「也」、「也不」
    Terence has witnessed a UFO nearby. Dick has also witnessed a UFO nearby.
    Terence has witnessed a UFO nearby, and Dick has, too.
    Terence has witnessed a UFO nearby, and so has Dick.
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  • 39. 「也」、「也不」
    Ken will not dye his hair blue. Jeff will not dye his hair blue.
    Ken will not dye his hair blue, and Jeff won’t, either.
     Ken will not dye his hair blue (and) nor will Jeff.
     Ken will not dye his hair blue and neither will Jeff.
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    36
  • 40. 你累了嗎?接下來的超級重要啊!
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  • 41. 讓步子句的倒裝
    2010/10/4
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    副詞
    形容詞
    名詞
    Though
    Although
    Although he worked
    hard, he failed.
     Hard as he worked, he failed.
    Although Jack is rich, he is not happy.
     Rich as he is, Jack is not happy.
    Although she is a woman, she is brave.
     Woman as she is, she is brave.
    S
    V
    副詞
    形容詞
    名詞
    as
    S
    V
  • 42. 讓步子句的倒裝
    Although he was blind, the old man gazed at the painting.
     Blind as he was, the old man gazed at the painting.
    Although they tried hard, Lisbeth and Anna Maria could no longer hold back their tears.
     Hard as they tried, Lisbeth and Anna Maria could no longer hold back their tears.
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    39
  • 43. 主詞補語的倒裝
    So + Adj. + be + S + that …
    The suggestion wasso great that the two employees were praised.
     So great was the suggestion that the two employees were praised.
    His gaze and movements wereso convincing that Mr. Rackner couldn’t help but lean forward to read the inscription.
    So convincingwere his gaze and movements that Mr. Rackner couldn’t help but lean forward to read the inscription.
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  • 44. 主詞補語的倒裝
    Such + be + S + that…
    Her fright wassuch (=so great) that she closed her eyes.
     Suchwas her fright that she closed her eyes.
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    41
  • 45. 主詞補語的倒裝
    主詞補語 +V+S+[修飾語]
    Those who always help others are happy.
     Happy are those who always help others.
    The pure in heart are blessed, for they shall see God.
     Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
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  • 46. 2010/10/4
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    43
  • 47. Quiz time!
    Out of the building ______ a great number of people because of a big fire.
    (A) does rush
    (B) did rush
    (C) to rush
    (D) rushed
    Only after I had reached the station _______ that I had forgotten to take my ticket with me.
    (A) I realized
    (B) do I realize
    (C) did I realize
    (D) I will realize
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    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    44
    D
    C
  • 48. Jenny:Where is your homework?
    Anna: __________.
    (A) Here you are.
    (B) Here are you.
    (C) There it goes.
    (D) There goes it.
    ___________ as my brother is, he is afraid when ___________ death.
    (A) Brave; faced of
    (B) Doctor; faced with
    (C) A doctor; facing with
    (D) Brave; he facing with
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    45
    A
    B
  • 49. Franz’s wife can no longer hold back her tears, __________.
    (A) and so can his daughter.
    (B) and nor can his daughter.
    (C) and his daughter, too.
    (D) neither can’t his daughter.
    So __________ that Larry’s wife was determined to divorce him.
    (A) were Larry’s cruel words
    (B) were cruel Larry’s words
    (C) cruel were Larry’s words
    (D) cruel Larry’s words were
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    46
    B
    C
  • 50. Choose the correct sentence.
    (A) So rude David was that he offended that old lady.
    (B) Diligent as Zack was, but he still failed the exam.
    (C) Tight as the T-shirt is that I cannot put it on.
    (D) How mysterious accidents they are!
    (E) Calmly as he acted, Rick was actually angry about the girl’s rudeness.
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    47
    E
  • 51. Congratulations! Mission accomplished!
    Write to me if you are interested in this slide, thanks!
    foolishhjenny@gmail.com
    2010/10/4
    Instructor: Jenny Chen
    48