1. Welfare Policy and LegislationUniversity of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MC Policy Impact Analysis Jennifer Mooney 12/8/2012
2. Welfare Policy and Legislation 1 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MCThe Policy Analyzed The policy I had selected to write about is the University of Toledo Smoke Free- andTobacco- Free Policy. As of August 1, 2011 , The University of Toledo Campuses: MainCampus, Scott Park Campus, Center for the Visual Arts, Lake Erie Center and StranahanArboretum became tobacco-free, established "Designated Tobacco-Use Areas." The policy itselfstates, “Smoking and the use of tobacco products is prohibited in all of the universitys academic and administrative buildings, university vehicles, athletic and recreational facilities, the student union, Greek chapter houses and all residence halls. Tobacco products include and are not limited to cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, snus (chewing tobacco in a porous pouch) and pipes. Use of tobacco products is permitted in personal vehicles.” (ATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health, page1)The policy is to be applied completely towards faculty, staff, students, visitors, and contractorsofthe university. Also, the function of this policy isfor students, staff/faculty, patients andvisitors while on every campus, The University of Toledo is committed to endorsing a safe andhealthy environment.Tobacco-free policies are to benefit,with smokers and nonsmokers,byprotecting all workers and students from unhealthy contact to secondhand smoke. It is said, itwill help provide a supportive environment that helps tobacco users cut back, cease, or quittobaccoproducts. (ATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health,page1) This policy that is enforced right now has created areas in which students, faculty,patients and visitors can have labeled tobacco use areas.
3. Welfare Policy and Legislation 2 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MCBrief History of the Policy At The University of Toledo, Smoke Free- and Tobacco- Free Policy had not alwaysbeen into effect. For example, in the state of Ohio as of July 23, 2012, there had only been a fewcampuses which ban smoking. In addition, before the Ohio Board of Regents voted unanimouslyto approve a resolution presented by Regents’ Chairman James Tuschman recommending thateach board of trustees of the University System of Ohio consider implementing its own policy toestablish its campus as tobacco-free there wasn’t very many campuses in which to desire inhaving their campus smoke-free. With that a statement noted on Ohio higher-ed website said,"Its the right thing to do," Tuschman said. “Statistics prove that a tobacco-free campussignificantly curbs the smoking habits of students, faculty and staff to make campuses healthierenvironments.” (Ohio Board of Regents University System of Ohio) At this board meeting alluniversity’s or college’s board of trustees will choose whether to ban tobacco on their campus.Also, a few other facts about smoking and its history on campuses areAt least seven Ohiocampuses have passed policies prohibition the sale of cigarettes and smoking anyplace oncampus including Miami University, Hocking College, and the Health Sciences Campus at theUniversity of Toledo. This was a step for all of Ohio, especially for The University of Toledo’scampusesleading toward having a policy banning smoking. To conclude, Ohio at this time has astatewide smoking ban that will not permit smoking in any public place or workplace. This was2.2 million voters supporting banby, Ohio citizens approved the ballot issue in November of2006. (Ohio Board of Regents University System of Ohio)Makes a Policy Issue Now
4. Welfare Policy and Legislation 3 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MC As I study this policy, I have become aware that socially everyone is effected some wayor another by smoking and the social justice that comes to society in regard to smoking. Thispolicy has a target group to the norms of society, which are those inand working around thecollege community. A basic human need is physical health and preventing others fromsecondhand smoke falls under having that met. When overlooking the policy, I would say theseadvocates for a wide population and standing on a purpose of reaching/ promoting a healthy andcleaner environment. In chapter 1 of Foundations of Social Policy, David Miller states that weturn to consider determining the effect on a vulnerable population in regards to the social justiceimpact of a proposal.(Barusch, page 66) Also, it describes and meets various components. Forcase in point, human needs are being met and not ignored, and the policy impactsequality.Overall, this is adopting and advising a way of action in relations to physical health byeffects of smoking.Policy GoalsThe major policy goal is stated in the purpose of the policy, “The University of Toledo is committed to promoting a safe and healthy environment forstudents, staff/faculty, patients and visitors while on The University of Toledo campuses and satellite grounds. Tobacco-free policies benefit our campus, including smokers and nonsmokers, by protecting all workers and students from unhealthy exposure to secondhand smoke and providing a supportive environment that helps tobacco users cut back, cease, or quit tobacco products.”(ATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health, page1)
5. Welfare Policy and Legislation 4 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MCWith this statement you can clearly comprehend and grasp the goals. For instance, the purpose inthe policy states one goal being, promoting a safe and healthy environment. Second, caring forthe wellbeing for students, staff/faculty, patients and visitors while on The University of Toledocampuses. Third goal would be benefitting smokers and nonsmokers by providing a supportiveenvironment for those who are smokers. A manifest goal that would come from this policywould be pushing the smoking population to keep off or away from campus as a whole becauseonly a few (seven) designated smoking areas are around campus which may not be convenientfor every smoker in relation to where they are at.When I take another look at the policy directly toward the part declaring, “Tobacco-free policies benefit our campus, including smokers and nonsmokers, by protecting all workers and students from unhealthy exposure to secondhand smoke and providing a supportive environment that helps tobacco users cut back, cease, or quit tobacco products.”(ATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health, page2)I can say that the policy directly has stated that is implementing it wants tobacco users to cutback, cease, or quit tobacco products. Which this is implying that maybe by banning smoking oncampus, the health of everyone would increase because there would be no secondhand smokeand smokers are likely to cut back in the future maybe quit.Benefits and ServicesAfter going through the policy I can identify some benefits and services it carries. For example,the policy directly states many tobacco-freeprograms and services available. There is cessation
6. Welfare Policy and Legislation 5 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MCsmoking implement available to all Toledo students and employees. The policy is providing costfree, accessible in person and gives an informational website and contactor. But it does say,“Individuals should see their personal physician for a prescription for cessation aids. Prescriptionproducts may be covered by your health insurance plan, please see your plan formulary for moreinformation.” (ATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health,page3) Also, the policy offers many services because different people need different resources asthey try to stop smoking and quit. Too, there is information and professional assistance availableto help support bothdirect and long-term needs as you become,and remain, a nonsmoker. The lastservice the policy has is a The Ohio Tobacco Quit Line. “The Quit Line is designed for people who are ready to quit using tobacco, and peoplewho want to make sure they have the support and the motivation to staytobacco- free. When you call and enroll, youre paired with an experienced quit specialist who will work with you to set a quit date and design a quit plan customized to your pattern of tobacco use.” (ATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health, Page, 3)Furthermore, the question to answer is if the policy is a strength perspective or if it is not. Iwould say that the policies benefits and services are designed to correct the behavior of thosewho are smoking to get them to stop. But it could go the other way in saying it helps meet theneeds of those who are quitting or have stopped smoking. Also, I wouldn’t say there is much of aclient’s choice permitted. They either don’t smoke on campus at all, smoke in the designedsmoking areas or smoke wherever and get fined by the police for it. With the service I statedavailable for free and locally in Toledo, it has used strengths of resources in the community.
7. Welfare Policy and Legislation 6 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MCThese services to stop smoking will benefit the services by improving with a positive outcomeand could be effective.The Eligibility RulesThe one who are to be given and receive the services are those students and faculty whocurrently are smokers or have been in the past. The one who benefits from the policy are thosewho are nonsmoker because they will have a healthier environment and less of a chance fromgetting secondhand smoke. With eligibility if having the seven designed smoking areas, smokershave equal right to smoke there and for nonsmokers they have a right to have a cleanenvironment to not walk into secondhand smoke in every area on campus. On a strengthsperspective, the guidelines and rules I would say encourage people to develop the capacity tomeet their own needs. For instance, it offers those who are smokers to take steps in quitting andfree service options for when they want to do so. But the positive steps create a loss of benefit tothose who were able to smoke wherever on campus without issues.Services Delivery SystemBased on strength perspective and answering if the service delivery system is built on thecommunity I would say no. But I would agree and say, the service delivery system has set updifferent structures for those who are in the target population of smokers. For example, there arefree services offered for smokers and also more informational websites. Along with that there isan option help groups for those who are smokers wanting to quit or those who did quit and wantto start back up. Another optional route would be to see someone medically to help stop smokingfor better health. This does show that it offers clients choices. The services and programs are for
8. Welfare Policy and Legislation 7 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MCany diverse population and are accessible to people of all ethnic backgrounds. I describe thepolicy to meet the structure of a public program, such as having centralization, staffcharacteristics, citizen participation and having appeal processes.How the Policy Is FinancedThe source of funding comes from the government. The university will get money from thegovernment for having a smoke free campus. And because it’s public funding that is generallymore stable and adequate for the policy. Some funding comes from different departmentcommittees on campus. The services available are public so there is no charge and clientswouldn’t have to pay out of pocket. In reality the outcome of what the policy can have on thecampus is effective to the cost it will have on the university.In conclusion of the policy, when I focus on social justice in society of the University ofToledo’s campus I believe the policy is overall is just. The widespread impact of the policy inlong term is large. It addressed a basic need which is physical health. Also, it has goals andpractical examples. Every person who steps on a campus is affected by the issue of smoking. Thehistory of the problem is known and has valid reason to be implemented. Other universities inthe United States and even in Ohio are dealing with this issue, by going smoke free as well. Theproposal does address the problem of long term effects of smoking, nonsmoking and providesservices for those who do smoke. In addition, in chapter 1 of Foundations of SocialPolicy,Barusch states when balancing the components of social justice, desert, need, rights andequality. I would that this policy is equilibrium of each. (Barusch, page8)
9. Welfare Policy and Legislation 8 University of Toledo Smoke-Free and Tobacco-Free Policy; MC Work CitedBarusch, A. S. (2012). Foundations of social policy, social justice in human perspective.(4 Ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Pub Co.Ohio Board of Regents University System of Ohio. (July, 23 2012). Board of regentsrecommends tobacco ban. Retrieved from https://www.ohiohighered.org/press/board-regents-recommends-tobacco-banATOD Prevention Specialist and Associate Vice President, Safety and Health. (August, 12012). : University of Toledo smoke-free and tobacco-free policy_; mc. Retrieved fromhttp://www.utoledo.edu/policies/administration/safety_health/pdfs/3364-60-09.pdf