PASSIVE VERBS<br />By Miss Jenny Lou Sasoy<br />
The man must have eaten five hamburgers.<br />The man (subject) is doing the eating (verb). ACTIVE<br /><ul><li>Five hambu...
When is Passive used?<br />When we want to focus on the receiver of the action rather than the agent (doer)<br />Examples<...
Lindsay was arrested for violating her probation.</li></li></ul><li>When the agent is less important than the receiver<br ...
When we want to avoid mentioning the agent<br />Examples<br /><ul><li>The rules were deliberately broken.</li></ul>(We may...
Passive Verb Forms<br />
be + past participle<br />
Change the auxiliary be to indicate singular or plural.<br />is recognized<br />are watched<br />was booked<br />were forg...
<ul><li>Change the auxiliary be to indicate time frame and aspect.</li></ul>is helped<br />was written<br />has been appli...
Let’s Dig Deeper<br />
Simple Present<br />is/am/are+ past participle<br />Present Progressive<br />is /are/ am + being+ past participle<br />Sim...
Present Perfect<br />has/have+ been + past participle<br />Present Perfect Progressive<br />has/have+ been +being+ past pa...
Future Perfect<br />will have+ been + past participle<br />Future Perfect Progressive<br />will have+ been + being+ past p...
Passive verbs
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Passive verbs

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Passive verbs

  1. 1. PASSIVE VERBS<br />By Miss Jenny Lou Sasoy<br />
  2. 2. The man must have eaten five hamburgers.<br />The man (subject) is doing the eating (verb). ACTIVE<br /><ul><li>Five hamburgers must have been eaten by the man.</li></ul>Hamburgers (subject) are being eaten (verb). PASSIVE<br />
  3. 3. When is Passive used?<br />When we want to focus on the receiver of the action rather than the agent (doer)<br />Examples<br /><ul><li>That boy was kicked out of school because of misdemeanors.
  4. 4. Lindsay was arrested for violating her probation.</li></li></ul><li>When the agent is less important than the receiver<br />Examples<br /><ul><li>The new students’ centre was completed last week.</li></ul>(The people who build the centre are unnecessary information for the meaning of the sentence.)<br /><ul><li>The road was blocked because it was being repaired.</li></li></ul><li>When the agent is obvious from the context<br />Examples<br /><ul><li>I was born in 1985.</li></ul>(Everyone knows that it was my mother bore me then)<br /><ul><li>Noynoy Aquino was electedas the 15th president of the Philippines.</li></ul>(Of course, the Filipino people elected him.)<br />
  5. 5. When we want to avoid mentioning the agent<br />Examples<br /><ul><li>The rules were deliberately broken.</li></ul>(We may not want to say who is responsible for the wrongdoing)<br /><ul><li>The money was stolen.</li></ul>(The agent is unknown.)<br />
  6. 6. Passive Verb Forms<br />
  7. 7. be + past participle<br />
  8. 8. Change the auxiliary be to indicate singular or plural.<br />is recognized<br />are watched<br />was booked<br />were forgotten<br /><ul><li>Change the auxiliary be to indicate affirmative or negative.</li></ul>isn‘t heard<br />aren‘t remembered<br />wasn‘t called<br />weren‘t allowed<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li>Change the auxiliary be to indicate time frame and aspect.</li></ul>is helped<br />was written<br />has been applied<br />had been caught<br /><ul><li>Modal information (prediction, possibility, ability etc.)</li></ul>may be recalled<br />could be damaged<br />
  10. 10. Let’s Dig Deeper<br />
  11. 11. Simple Present<br />is/am/are+ past participle<br />Present Progressive<br />is /are/ am + being+ past participle<br />Simple Past<br />was/were + past participle<br />Past Progressive<br />was/were + being+ past participle<br />
  12. 12. Present Perfect<br />has/have+ been + past participle<br />Present Perfect Progressive<br />has/have+ been +being+ past participle<br />Past Perfect<br />had + been + past participle<br />Simple Future<br />will + be+ past participle<br />
  13. 13. Future Perfect<br />will have+ been + past participle<br />Future Perfect Progressive<br />will have+ been + being+ past participle<br />
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