Module #5 Adverb english presentation group 4 Presentation Transcript
ADVERB An adverb is a part of speech that modifies a verb, an adjective and another adverb. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, or degree and answers questions such as how, when, where, in what manner or to what extent an action is performed. 1
Adverb as Modifiers 2
An adverb that modifies a verb
John speaks loudly.
Mike snored melodically.
Mary lives locally.
The seamstress quickly made the mourning clothes.
The midwives waited patiently through a long labour.
An adverb that modifies an adjective
He is really handsome.
That was extremely kind of you.
They were really unhappy.
My brother is completely fearless.
I know she is very careful.
An adverb that modifies another adverb
He drives extremely fast.
We urged him to dial the number more expeditiously.
He is almost always hungry.
John plays tennis very well.
You never can work too carefully.
Some adverbs have no particular form. But not all words that end in -ly are adverbs.
These words are adjectives Note that the form of adverb can also change to make it comparative or superlative. 6
COMPARISON OF ADVERBS 7
IRREGULAR COMPARISON 8
ADVERB FORMATIONAdverbs that end in –ly are formed by adding –ly to an adjective, a present participle, or a past participle. 9
Basic rules about spelling for –ly adverbs 10
KINDS OF ADVERB ADVERBS OF MANNER Adverbs of Manner tell us the manner or way in which something happens. They answer the question “how?” Adverbs of Manner mainly modify verbs. Example
He speaks slowly.
They helped us cheerfully.
James bond drives his cars fast.
List of common single-word adverbs of manner Accidentally angrily Anxiously awkwardly Badly beautifully Blindly courageously Enthusiastically gracefully Adverbs of manner that do not end in –ly Fast hard So well 13
ADVERBS OF PLACE Adverbs of place tell us the place where something happens. They answer the question “where?”. Adverbs of place mainly modify verbs. Example
Please sit here.
They looked everywhere.
Two cars were parked outside.
List of common single-word adverbs of place About above Anywhere behind Below downstairs Indoors under Nearby here Outside there 15
ADVERBS OF TIME Adverbs of Time tell us something about the time that something happens. Adverbs of Time mainly modify verbs. They can answer the questions “when?” Example
He came yesterday.
I want it now.
He has not played chess recently.
List of common single-word adverbs of time Now Then Today Tomorrow Tonight Yesterday 17
ADVERBS OF DEGREE Adverbs of Degree tell us the degree or extent to which something happens. They answer the question “how much?” or “to what degree?”. Adverbs of Degree can modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Example
Alene entirely agrees with Clarissa.
Gina is very beautiful.
Jun drove quite dangerously.
List of common single-word Adverb of Degrees Almost completely Absolutely deeply Extremely entirely Indeed highly Incredibly fully Perfectly enormously Positively greatly 19