Fetal Alchohol Syndrome


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Fetal Alchohol Syndrome

  1. 1. Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
  2. 2. <ul><li>Fetal alcohol syndrome refers to the growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The cause of FAS is when a women consumes alcohol while she is pregnant. The severity of FAS is based on the amount of alcohol consumed and when it is consumed while the women is pregnant. </li></ul><ul><li>Larger amounts of alcohol and consuming the alcohol while in the first 3 months of pregnancy (1st trimester), appear to increase the problems. </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>‘ Surveys found that in the United States, 10-15% of pregnant women admit to having recently used alcohol, and up to 30% use alcohol at some point during pregnancy’ </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Failure to thrive due to being </li></ul><ul><li>premature </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental delays </li></ul><ul><li>Organ dysfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Poor growth while the baby </li></ul><ul><li>is in the womb and after birth </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased muscle tone and poor coordination </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Heart defects </li></ul><ul><li>Structural problems with the face </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties with their respiratory system </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>low birth weight </li></ul><ul><li>small head circumference </li></ul><ul><li>poor coordination/fine motor </li></ul><ul><li>skills </li></ul><ul><li>poor socialization skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learning difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural problems </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Structural problems with the face: </li></ul><ul><li>- Narrow, small eyes with large epicanthal folds </li></ul><ul><li>- Small head </li></ul><ul><li>- Small upper jaw </li></ul><ul><li>- Smooth groove in upper lip </li></ul><ul><li>- Smooth and thin upper lip </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Low birth weight </li></ul><ul><li>Small head circumference </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Facial abnormalities, including smaller eye openings, flattened cheekbones, and indistinct philtrum (an underdeveloped groove between the nose and the upper lip)’ </li></ul><ul><li>mailto:http//kidshealth.org/parent/medical/brais/fas.html </li></ul><ul><li>Poor coordination/fine motor skills </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>Structural problems with the face, including: </li></ul><ul><li>- Narrow, small eyes with large epicanthal folds </li></ul><ul><li>- Small head </li></ul><ul><li>- Small upper jaw </li></ul><ul><li>- Smooth groove in upper lip </li></ul><ul><li>- Smooth and thin upper lip </li></ul>
  11. 18. <ul><li>Developmental delays/ </li></ul><ul><li>Learning difficulties: </li></ul><ul><li>- poor memory </li></ul><ul><li>- Inability to understand concepts such as time and money </li></ul><ul><li>- Poor language comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>- Poor problem-solving skills </li></ul>
  12. 19. <ul><li>. Lack of imagination or </li></ul><ul><li>curiosity </li></ul>
  13. 20. <ul><li>Poor socialization skills: </li></ul><ul><li>- Difficulty building and maintaining friendships and relating to groups </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural problems: </li></ul><ul><li>- Hyperactivity </li></ul><ul><li>- Inability to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>- Social withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>- Stubbornness </li></ul><ul><li>- Impulsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>- Anxiety </li></ul>
  14. 21. <ul><li>Poor language comprehension </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>Structural Modifications </li></ul><ul><li>And </li></ul><ul><li>Program Modifications </li></ul>
  16. 23. <ul><li>A child with FAS physical development is </li></ul><ul><li>mostly aesthetic, their muscle tone is </li></ul><ul><li>Increased, the structure of their head </li></ul><ul><li>and face are altered; yet their motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>are not usually effected. </li></ul><ul><li>For this reason there are no need for </li></ul><ul><li>additional structural modifications. </li></ul>
  17. 24. <ul><li>Extensive training and education for all who are involved with the child, will need to be included in the centres programming. These people will be the parents, child care educators and any other professional (healthcare, tutors etc). Hold in centre training nights and staff meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Group times: </li></ul><ul><li>- I would need to account for the child that has concentration issues. Plan for group time to be optional for all the children at the centre. The child will need extra support from staff in relating to large groups. </li></ul>
  18. 25. <ul><li>Language and literacy: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the centre includes books of all levels to be laid out, through out the centre. When these books are read in groups times, allow these group times to be optional. Have a trained professional- teachers aid- to teach the child with FAS language and literacy skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Music times: </li></ul><ul><li>Music times will be planned the same, yet with alterations to take place if needed. These alterations can be to have a staff member present to accompany the child with staying focused in a group. </li></ul>
  19. 26. <ul><li>Outdoor play: </li></ul><ul><li>The environment is the key issue here. The environment needs to be spacious, so the child with FAS can run with out obstacles in the way. The outdoor planning can stay the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Play with others: </li></ul><ul><li>Due to one of the symptoms being poor socialization skills, the child may need assistance in building and maintaining friendships. This will be every staff members duty, yet it will be the child’s PCG focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Routines: </li></ul><ul><li>The planning of routines will be the same. Routines will not be at set times, they will be intertwined with the rest of the programme through out the day. This allows for flexibility and freedom through out the day, for every child. </li></ul>
  20. 27. <ul><li>You could place pamphlets in the foyer stating the dangerous effects of consuming alcohol and drugs while pregnant. </li></ul><ul><li>These pamphlets will have information about organisations from the community, that can help families with issues surrounding FAS. </li></ul><ul><li>These pamphlets and any other relevant information, could come from your local medical community centre </li></ul>
  21. 28. <ul><li>If a child comes into your centre for their first day (with their biological parents) with a clear case of FAS: </li></ul><ul><li>What would be your feelings towards the: </li></ul><ul><li>. Mother? </li></ul><ul><li>. Father? </li></ul><ul><li>. Child? </li></ul>
  22. 29. <ul><li>Judging will stall the positive partnership we are aiming to gain with the child’s family. </li></ul>
  23. 30. <ul><li>WE NEED TO STOP JUDGING </li></ul><ul><li>There may have been or still continuing serious dysfunction in the family- this is a hard cycle to break. </li></ul><ul><li>Parent’s may have a mental illness, causing them to not be aware of the effects of maternal alcohol consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance: we need to educate </li></ul>
  24. 31. <ul><li>Focus on taking positive steps forward in supporting the child’s development </li></ul><ul><li>In order to do this we need to stop focusing on what the parents have done and start focusing on what we can do for the parent’s and their child; right now. </li></ul>
  25. 32. <ul><li>Because foetal Alcohol Syndrome is an additional need that is the direct result of the mother’s choices; it may be a touchy subject to approach with the biological parents. We need to remember we are professional, who are trained to support all children and their families. As a professional in the child care industry you are to act in the ‘ best interests of the child’ , Barblett , Buckell, Cheeseman, Clyde, Fasoli, Hydon, Kennedy, Newman, Pollnitz , Styles, Thomas, Eiszele, Woodrow , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>You need to be careful not to offend the parents and you need to not judge. You need to focus on talking about the positive steps in helping their child, through any possible addition needs they may have developed. </li></ul>
  26. 33. <ul><li>Have a face to face meeting with the parents/carers and discuss any additional needs that you have documented or that they would like to discuss. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a plan together to identify the positive steps everyone involved can take (in the centre and outside the centre), to support the child’s additional need/s. An inclusion plan. </li></ul><ul><li>During this meeting you will not be judging or discussing the child’s diagnosis; you will be discussing the child’s additional needs. </li></ul>
  27. 34. <ul><li>This meeting can be an opportunity for the director to ask the parents if they need any additional help. The director can give the parents relevant referrals </li></ul><ul><li>Organise a meeting with the parents, PCG, the director and any other relevant professionals in the child’s life. The director needs the parents consent to start the organising of the meeting. The purpose of this meeting will be to discuss the Inclusion plan and any relevant discussion around the child’s additional need/s </li></ul>
  28. 35. <ul><li>Do your part to raise public awareness about FAS by ringing a bell on </li></ul><ul><li>September, 9, at 9:09 a.m.  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/kids/kfaspage.htm </li></ul>
  29. 36. <ul><li>Barblett , Buckell, Cheeseman, Clyde, Fasoli, Hydon, Kennedy, Newman, Pollnitz , Styles, Thomas, Eiszele, Woodrow. 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Code of Ethics ’, < http://earlychildhoodaustralia.org.au/pdf/code_of_ethics/code_of_ethics_web.pdf > (17 August 2007, 20 August 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Illawarra Institute NSW TAFE.2008, ‘ Foetal Alcohol Syndrome ’ <http://iiblogs.net/childandfamilyservices/?s=foetal+alcohol+syndrom> (11 th November 2008, 20th August 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>Kids Health. 2008, ‘Foetal Alcohol Syndrome’< http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/brain/fas.html# > (June 2008, 1 st August 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>National Centre on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. 2006, ‘Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Quest’ http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/kids/kfaspage.htm (28th September 2006, 21st August 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Havens , Simmons , Shannon , Hansen. 2008, ‘ Factors associated with substance use during pregnancy: Results from a national sample . Drug and alcohol dependence’ <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fetal_alcohol_syndrome> ’ ( September 2008, august 2009). </li></ul>