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US Enters The War (WWII)
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US Enters The War (WWII)

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • Who created this political cartoon?
    • What is it about? Explain its significance in a paragraph. What was going on in the US up to the point of WWII?
  • 2. The US Joins WWII
  • 3. Isolationism
    • In the 1920s & 1930s, the US avoided economic and political entanglements with other countries
    • The Neutrality Acts of 1935-1936, outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war (two or more nations fighting) and nations in civil wars (fighting within one country)
  • 4. FDR (Franklin Delano Roosevelt)
    • 1937, FDR gave a speech for quarantine. Peace-loving nations must quarantine, or isolate, from aggressors. Nations need to stop the spread of war. This speech lead to a backlash against the American population.
    • American clung to isolationism
    • “ Cash & Carry” clause. In 1939, nations were allowed to buy US arms if they paid in cash and carried good home on their own ships
  • 5. Congress boosts defense spending
    • By 1940, congress approves of a peacetime draft
    • Roosevelt is re-elected for the 3 rd presidential term.
    • FDR continued to push for isolationism/what the people wanted and continued to stay isolated
  • 6. Lend-Lease Plan
    • By 1941, Great Britain and Soviet Russia (USSR) had run out of cash, but still needed supplies.
    • The Lend-Lease Plan was established as way to lend military aid from the US with the agreement they would be reimbursed after the war
    • Even before the US entered the war, Americans and the English agreed on the correct principles for fighting against the Germans in the Atlantic Charter
  • 7. Pearl Harbor
    • Dec. 7, 1941
    • A secret attack by the Japanese military on the US pacific fleet in Hawaii
    • Over 2,000 servicemen were killed
    • By Dec. 8 th President Roosevelt declared war and the US entered WWII on the Allied Powers side
    • Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, Russia, and US
    • Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, and Japan

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