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Reconstruction and it Effects

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Transcript

  • 1. RECONSTRUCTION AND ITS EFFECTS
  • 2.
    • Political
    • Readmitting southern states into the union leads to legislative vs. executive branch power struggle
    • Citizenship of African-Americans
    • Impeached Johnson, not guilty by one vote
    • 1867 legislation to readmit a state after approving 14 th amendment and giving African-American men the right to vote
    • 14 th Amendment: Born or naturalized= citizens
    • 15 th Amendment: Voting right not based on race or color of skin
    • Blacks elected to political office
    • KKK terrorized and killed blacks
    • Problems
    • Responses
  • 3.
    • Economic
    • Devastation of industry, infrastructure, agriculture, and end of slave labor
    • Severe problems with value of property, investment gone, small farms ruined
    • 1/5 of adult white males and tens of thousands of black men died in the war
    • Sherman’s march = Massive destruction
    • Who will control the land?
    • Southern government increased taxes
    • Scalawags: white southerners who joined the Republican Party to improve economic position against wealthy landowners
    • Carpetbaggers: Northerners who moved South to help with reconstruction
    • Sherman promised 40 acres and a mule to former slaves who followed the Northern Army, but months later, Johnson returned the land to original owners
    • Plantations were replaced with sharecropping, whites controlled land, African-American “rented” land to grow crops on
  • 4.
    • Social
    • Helping former slaves
    • Freedman’s Bureau: Medical aid and education to freed slaves and war refugees
    • Civil Rights Act 1866: Equal protection under law to African-Americans
    • Civil Rights Act 1875: Outlawed racial segregation in public services