Under the title of chief administrator, applying most federal law is a day-to-day job which fall into the hands of many governmental departments. Those 2.7 million are subject to the President’s control and direction
The unwritten rule of senatorial courtesy plays an important part in this process. The rule applies choice. So the President has the ability to personally hand pick people for the positions previously mentioned
In addition, the Constitution also allows the President to make recess appoints, so like a substitute teacher, they fill the vacancies and their time expires at the end of the congressional term
The power to remove is critically important to a President’s success. Yet the Constitution does not say how or by whom appointed officers many be dismissed, whether for incompetence, for opposition to presidential policies, or for any other cause
Historically, The First Congress gave the removal power to the President
Then the Tenure of Office Act was created to prevent Presidential removal during Johnson’s Presidency
Finally the removal fell into the Courts hands in 1926
As a general rule, the President may remove those whom the President appoints. Occasionally the President does have to remove someone. Most often, however, what was in fact a dismissal is called a resignation.