Philosophies of the Constitution
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  • 1. 6 Philosophies Found in the Constitution:
    • Republican Government: government by the people through representatives
    • Limited Government: limits the powers of our leaders/rulers
    • Individual Rights: the rights each person has based in natural rights
    • Popular Sovereignty: rule of, by, and for the people
    • Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances: divides power in the government so no one branch can take control
    • Federalism: support of a strong national/central government
  • 2. The Bill of Rights: What, Why, and Who?
    • What?
        • Formal summary of citizens’ rights and freedoms
    • Why?
        • Constitution contained no guarantee that new US government would protect rights of people or of states
        • Some Constitution supporters didn’t want to ratify it without a bill of rights
        • Anti-federalists feared strong central government (it might take peoples’/states’ liberties away when it was wanted/needed)
    • Who? (more like the not included)
        • Native Americans
        • Slaves
        • Women
        • Free Blacks