<ul><li>When Europeans began to expand overseas-they adopted the doctrine to take the land of non-Christians </li></ul><ul><li>The doctrine to give the pope sovereignty to lands not possessed by Christians </li></ul>
<ul><li>1454 Pope Nicholas V granted the Portuguese title over territories along the African coast </li></ul><ul><li>Upon Columbus return from the new world, Pope Alexander redrew the lines giving all lands 100 leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands to Spain and east to Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>1494, Spain and Portugal re-negotiated the lines (Treaty of Tordesillas) moving it 270 leagues further west </li></ul>
<ul><li>Italians and Portuguese were informed and experienced sailors. They were ready to carry on explorations if they were sponsored by a monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Tordesillas made things tricky for Spain. They sent Magellan to Asia to find spices but did so by going west . </li></ul><ul><li>While in the Philippines, Magellan and 40 of his crew members were killed in a local war. But determined to complete the journey, the remaining Spaniards collected spices and set sail for Seville. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Between 1500 and 1520 the world saw the Age of Explores </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous navigators searched the Atlantic Ocean looking for passageways to the New World </li></ul><ul><li>Cortes and Pizarro inspired other conquistadors to march through the American continent to look for booty by sharing their adventures and returning to Europe with gold and silver from the New World </li></ul>
<ul><li>The exploitation of the natives, along with the economic opportunities for the mother country created a European domination through the globe </li></ul><ul><li>European expansion overseas and overland was at an unprecedented widening of horizons </li></ul><ul><li>No longer was geographic knowledge limited to one region or continent or hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>The next frontier for European domination was Asia </li></ul>
<ul><li>Spices, Silks, Precious Stones and Perfumes were all exported good in high demand in Europe. However, creating a formal trade with the Asian countries for these good became a struggle </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese were not going to let Europeans threaten their peace and prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>The Ming Dynasty with it emperor, Hongwu pushed the Chinese to return to the moral standard of Confucianism. A merit-based civil service examination system. </li></ul>
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