Communism In China

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Communism In China

  1. 1. Communism in China After WWII
  2. 2. • By the end of WWII, Chinese Communists had gained control of Northern China • The Communists led by Mao Zedong were now fighting a civil war against the Nationalists headed by Jiang Jieshi • Mao’s forces swept to victory and set up the People’s Republic of China • The defeated Nationalists followed Jiang Jieshi, and fled to the island of Taiwan
  3. 3. How the Communists Won • Mao Zedong’s Communists were triumphant for several reasons 1. Mao had won the support of China’s huge peasant population. Peasants had long suffered from brutal landlords and crushing taxes. The Communists redistributed land to poor peasants and ended oppression by landlords
  4. 4. 2. Support for the Communists grew, while the Nationalist lost popularity. Nationalist policies had lead to widespread economic hardship. Many people resented corruption in Jiang’s government because of their support for the Western Imperialist Powers (United States) 3. Widespread support for the Communists in the countryside helped them capture rail lines and surround Nationalist held cities. One after another, these cities fell
  5. 5. 4.Mao’s People Liberation Army emerged victorious. After their victory against the Nationalist, the Communist conquered Tibet in 1950. Tibet’s most revered religious leader the Dalai Lama was forced to flee the country

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