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Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
Chinese exclusion Act
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Chinese exclusion Act


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  • 1.  
  • 2. Early Chinese Immigration
    • In the 1800s, Chinese government was unstable
    • The Gold Rush in California offered young Chinese men the opportunity to earn a fortune by taking a 60 day journey over the Pacific Ocean and trying that hand at mining in the gold fields.
    • By the year 1852 over 20,000 Chinese immigrants had immigrated to the United States
  • 3. Competition Leads to Violence
    • While in the mining fields, white miners resented Chinese competition
    • Chinese miners were forced to operate in less desirable sites and worked In large numbers for protection
    • Chinese were called “a danger to the welfare of the state of California” and a special tax was passed that forced Chinese to pay ½ of their wages to the state
    • Atrocities against Chinese became common “a Chinaman’s chance”=no chance at all
    • Chinese and Native Americans could not testify against whites
    • Many Chinese left the gold mining fields for Chinatown in San Francisco or returned home to China
  • 4. Transcontinental Railroad
    • July 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Act, this gave the Central Pacific & the Union Pacific approval to construct the RR
    • Central Pacific could not find white men to lay the dangerous tracks so they recruited Chinese laborers (500-1,000 men lost their lives)
    • Chinese workers were paid $35 per month but had to provide their own food
    • Chinese laid about 1 mile of track per day
    • In 1869 the Trans-Continental Railroad was completed but the Chinese were not recognized for their labor
  • 5.  
  • 6. Anti-Chinese Violence
    • The 1870s was a downturn in American economy.
    • Unemployment increased, whites blamed the Chinese for taking their jobs
          • Forced to shave off queues (braids)
          • Taxed Chinese laundries out of business
          • Children prohibited from attending public school
          • 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act designed to stop nearly all immigration from China (immigrants allowed: teachers, students merchants, and those related to American citizens)
  • 7. Angel Island Processing Center
    • Between 1910-1940, all Chinese arriving in America were processed on Angel Island
    • Chinese were taken to barracks for processing.
    • At any given time the barracks would hold
          • 200-300 men
          • 30-50 women
    • The process could take weeks and even several months before officials processed their immigration papers and interrogated them
    • The interrogation forced Chinese immigrants to prove they were merchants, teachers, or joining an American citizen family member, otherwise they were sent back