Cyborgs Powerpoint

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Cyborgs Powerpoint

  1. 1. Cyborgs A cyborg manifesto Donna Haraway
  2. 2. What is a cyborg? ‘A cyborg is a cybernetic organism, a hybrid of machine and organism, a creature of social reality as well as a creature of fiction’ – Donna Haraway A Cyborg Manifesto http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urVXWUD8Q3Y http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQiwRrR-LeE&feature=PlayList&p=C925E7278B12CA06&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=7
  3. 3. Domination <ul><li>Haraway labels the postmodern technological configuration the ‘informatics of domination’ </li></ul><ul><li>Representation Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Bourgeois novel, realism Science fiction,postmodernism </li></ul><ul><li>Organism Biotic Component </li></ul><ul><li>Depth, integrity Surface, boundary </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Biology as clinical practice Biology as inscription </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology Communications Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Small group Subsystem </li></ul><ul><li>Perfection Optimization </li></ul><ul><li>Eugenics Population Control </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Genetic engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Labour Robotics </li></ul><ul><li>Mind Artificial intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Second World War Star Wars </li></ul><ul><li>White Capitalis Patriarchy Informatics of Domination </li></ul>
  4. 4. Breaking down binaries <ul><li>Human/nonhuman </li></ul><ul><li>Culture/nature </li></ul><ul><li>Male/female </li></ul><ul><li>Technology/biology </li></ul><ul><li>Divine /man made </li></ul><ul><li>Reality/ representation </li></ul><ul><li>Subject/ object </li></ul>Vs.
  5. 5. Cyborgs, sex and gender <ul><li>Cyborgs challenge gender binaries and support the idea that gender is socially acquired. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;There is nothing about being female that naturally binds women. There is not even such a state as 'being' female, itself a highly complex category constructed in contested sexual scientific discourses and other social practices&quot;-Haraway, &quot;Cyborg Manifesto&quot; (155). </li></ul><ul><li>Gender as language, codes and signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Halberstam states ‘ gender is also not innate or essential, but learned imitative behaviour that can be progammed’ and ‘feminity and masculinity are always mechanical and artificial’ </li></ul><ul><li>The cyborg transgresses gender sterotypes and is a liminal being with it its own subjectivity. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cyborgs and Feminism <ul><li>Donna Haraway- Influential in feminist discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Ecofeminists versus technofeminists </li></ul><ul><li>Ecofeminists critique technology </li></ul><ul><li>Technofeminists argue technology is empowering </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber-feminism </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The cyborg is a kind of disassembled and reassembled, postodern collective and personal self. This is a self feminists must code.’ ( Haraway 163) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cyborg- Online identities <ul><li>Heightened connection to machine </li></ul><ul><li>Online identities - Multi identity, partiality </li></ul><ul><li>The internet allows for the deconstruction of binary genders </li></ul><ul><li>“ The new identity is formed from the relationship between the original identity and the internet. It is a cyborg identity, part machine, part human </li></ul><ul><li>-Ted Kaiser </li></ul><ul><li>The user as a cyborg </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bibliography <ul><li>Sofoulis, Zoe (2002) ‘Cyberquake: Haraway’s manifesto’ in Tofts, Darren, Annemarie Jonson and Allesio Cavallaro (2002) Prefiguring cyberculture: an intellectual history , Sydney: Power Publications, pp 84-103. </li></ul><ul><li>Haraway, Donna (1991) ‘A Cyborg Manifesto’ in Haraway, Donna J (1991) Simians, cyborgs and women. Reinvention of nature , New York: Routledge, pp 149-181. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Cyborg_Manifesto </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cyberartsweb.org/cpace/cyborg/advant.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.egs.edu/faculty/haraway.html </li></ul>

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