You can’t learn from books you can’t read. science is one content area with particularly intense literacy expectations. “The sheer number of science concepts included in science texts almost precludes anything but listlike study of vocabulary that can only be cursorily explained in the space allowed. Often the vocabulary in a 1-week science unit is greater than that of a similar unit in a foreign language” (Elyon & Linn, 1988, as cited in Grossen, Ramance, & Vitale, p. 444).
Liberty and Justice for All: Literacy in the Social Studies. February 16, 2011 Jennifer McCarty Plucker, Ed. D. Reading Specialist, Eastview High School (Apple Valley, MN) Carl Plucker American Studies Teacher, BlackHawk Middle School (Eagan, MN)
“ Kids need to read a lot if they are to become good readers. Reading and writing [should] be integrated across all subject areas . . . . [A] plan should encompass grades K-12, not just the elementary grades.”
“ . . . Research has well demonstrated the need for students to have instructional texts that they can read accurately, fluently, and with good comprehension if we hope to foster academic achievement.”
“ Beyond” the text a.k.a. After Reading Strategies
Value added assessments
McCarty Plucker, 2011 Role Audience Format Topic Newspaper Reporter (unbiased scribe of the times) Mainstream average local citizen article Based on content (for example, emancipation proclamation) Abraham Lincoln Local citizens, political and business leaders, newspaper reporters, soldiers. speech Will we ‘walk the walk’ in terms of having a nation with the idea that all men are created equal.