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Build the Base (Vocabulary Instruction) Hutchinson Build the Base (Vocabulary Instruction) Hutchinson Presentation Transcript

  • Vocabulary Instruction Across the Disciplines Jennifer McCarty Plucker, Ed. D. JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  I can clarify Greek and Latin Prefix, Suffix, Base, Root I can develop a motivation for sharing the wealth I can glimpse into techniques for teaching the word parts JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • ~ Rasinski, et. al., 2008, p.33 ROOT Prefix base suffix JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • 90 % of English words with more than one syllable are Latin basedMost of remaining 10% are Greek basedA single Latin root generates 5-20 English words. ~Rasinsky, et. al, 2008 JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • 9080706050 Percentile40 rank on30 test2010 0 No vocab Direct Direct instruction Vocab instruction Instruction related to Content JMPlucker, Ed. D. Marzano, 2004, p. 69
  •  Essential Vocabulary  2-3 words per week (per class) is all students can handle.  Do the math: Word Parts  2-3 per week  5-20 additional words generated from that part  Do the math: JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Essential Vocabulary  2-3 words per week (per class) is all students can handle.  Do the math: 6 hours x 3 essential vocabulary words x 38 weeks= 684 words. JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Essential Vocabulary  2-3 words per week (per class) is all students can handle.  Do the math: 684 words Word Parts  2-3 per week  5-20 additional words generated from that part  Do the math: JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Essential Vocabulary  2-3 words per week (per class) is all students can handle.  Do the math: 684 words Word Parts  2-3 per week  5-20 additional words generated from that part  Do the math: 6 periods x 3 essential words x 38 weeks x 5-20 addition09al words generated from each word part= 3420—13,6 80 words. JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  mort (death) chrom (color) aud (hear) script (write) psych (mind) JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • A brief message written inside a book is an inscription.What does the base “script” mean?  to hear  time  to write JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • A political agitator appealing to a mob of people is called a demagogue.What does the prefix “dem” mean?  to believe  to drag, draw  distance, from afar  people JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Look at these words: benefit, benevolent, beneficiaryWhat does the prefix “bene-” mean?  good, well  people  time JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Look at these words: chronicle, chronological, chronicWhat does the base “chrono-” mean? life time outside self JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilico-volcanoconiosis JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • (pneu-), or (pneumo-) means “lung”(ultra) means “extreme”(micro) means “small”(scopic) refers to an instrument for viewing(silico) refers to silicon, and (volcano) refers to the mineral particles that make up a volcano(coni-), is a derivative of the Greek word konis meaning “dust” JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Collaborate with colleagues for teaching ideas, word part lists, and efficiency tricks. Make the word parts/ essential vocabulary VISIBLE. Expect students to use them on tests, in papers, in academic dialogue. Break words apart as you lead whole group instruction. JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Collaborate to determine which word parts should be taught/reinforced in each discipline.Example: Science Word part Meaning Example words bio life biology; biodegradable; ecto, exo outside, external ectoderm, ectoplasm, ectopic, exothermic scope see microscope, telescope, scope JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Example: ArtWord Part Meaning Example Wordschrom color, pigmant achromatic, monochromaticdur harden, to last durable, enduringfac do, make factory, manufacture, facsimile JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Examine 30 most common word parts and highlight or underline those that fit with your current curriculum JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Once word parts are chosen determine where they logically fit into your curriculum/essential learningsTeach them. . .support on how to do so will be provided.Reinforce—word consciousness (word walls) JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Brick and Mortar words:Brick words: Specific to a discipline (our essential content vocabulary)Mortar Terms: Academic Vocabulary— “general but sophisticated words used across domains that mature users use to communicate complex thoughts.” ~Zwiers, p. 22 Jennifer McCarty Plucker, EdD
  • Essential vs. “Non-essential”• Choose essential words—2-3 per week.• Give students non-essential words to have. – Ideally, K-12 lists by content area. – Better, 9-12 by content area—academic vocabulary across the school. – Good, by grade and content – At least, by unit within your class. Jennifer McCarty Plucker, EdD
  • Demonstration Lesson from Building Academic Vocabulary (Marzano and Pickering, 2005) opineStep 1: Explanation and Choral Repeathttp://wordcentral.comStep 2: Pair/ShareStep 3: Non-Linguistic ActivitySteps 1-3 would be done in 10-15 minutes of first day. Do with each essential word. Jennifer McCarty Plucker, EdD
  •  Word: Opine Linking Word: First word that comes to mind Caption: sentence using both word and linking word Cartoon: JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  •  Word: Opine Linking Word: Pine Tree Caption: The child opined to his dog that this pine tree would make THE perfect Christmas tree! Cartoon: JMPlucker, Ed. D.
  • Step 4: Independent activity with the wordStep 5: Collaborative work with the term.Step 6: Play games and have fun with the term Jennifer McCarty Plucker, EdD
  • Opine Passionate, firm Debating, expressing, speaking Heart of our elections Rant One word (subject or noun) Two words (adjectives) Three words (action verbs)Four words (feelings or statement) One word (synonym) Jennifer McCarty Plucker, EdD
  • Take MORE time with essential vocabulary and worry less/ let go of/ give to students “non-essential” vocab.If possible, teach word PARTS to : BUILD the BASE Jennifer McCarty Plucker, EdD
  • WordPart Shair Carlson, 2006
  • WordPartShair Carlson, 2006
  • Word Part Shair Carlson, 2006