instructional repertoire: teaching skills and strategies


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This is a PPT I created to better illustrate the teaching strategies teachers must have in the portfolio of strategies. Integrated pedagogies, concepts, skills, tactics, organizers.

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instructional repertoire: teaching skills and strategies

  1. 1. Instructional Repertoire PED 2145
  2. 2. Instructional Repertoire • Integrated Pedagogies • Instructional Concepts • Instructional Skills • Instructional Tactics • Instructional Strategies • Instructional Organizers
  3. 3. Instructional Pedagogies Collective term for all the pedagogical practices, approaches and processes that define you as a teacher and separate you from others who work with students.
  4. 4. Instructional Pedagogies Theorists: •Piaget - Cognitive development •Erikson - Psychosocial Collective term for all the pedagogical practices, approaches and processes that define you as a teacher and separate you from others who work with students. •Kohlberg & Gilligan: Morals & values •Maslow - Self-actualization •Pavlov - Behaviour modification •Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences •Bandura’s Social Learning Theory
  5. 5. Instructional Concepts The qualities you demonstrate as an educator: Emotional Intelligence (Daniel Goleman) Intrapersonal Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence
  6. 6. Instructional Skills Instructional actions (behaviours) to increase the chances that more complex instructional processes are effectively implemented.
  7. 7. Instructional Tactics Actions invoked by the teacher that cut across subject & grade levels. Spence Rogers:
  8. 8. Instructional Tactics Actions invoked by the teacher that cut across subject & grade levels. Venn Diagrams Numbered heads Think/pair/share Walk about P.M.I. Round Robin Brainstorming Examine Both Sides Inside/Outside circles Place Mat Four Corners Graffitti Games-Jeopardy
  9. 9. Instructional Tactics
  10. 10. Instructional Strategies Complex processes driven by theory and provide theory-specific results: •Choices empower the learner (Encourages them to take responsibility) Holistic approach
  11. 11. Instructional Organizers -emerge from beliefs or philosophies about teaching. e.g. Brain Research
  12. 12. Emotional & Instructional Intelligence •Expect and teach respect •Welcome each student •Behave as if •all students belong •all students can learn •All: welcome addition to classroom community •all students can succeed •No student is stupid, but they may act stupidly! •If you want true power you must give it away.
  13. 13. *Only the Brave Should Teach Only the brave. Only the brave should teach. Only those who love the young should teach. Teaching is a vocation. It is as sacred as the priesthood; as innate a desire as inescapable as the genius which compels an artist. If he has not the concern for humanity, the love of living creatures, the vision of the priest and the artist, he must not teach. -Pearl S. Buck
  14. 14. Questioning & Discussion Techniques
  15. 15. Questioning & Discussion Techniques 1. Get their Attention (vs. boredom) - Brain Research 2. Concentration levels - Maslow, nutrition 3. Teacher Questions • Bloom, Piaget, de Bono, Reflective Thinking 4. Student Response a) Affective -feelings b) Practical -action 5. Student Risk assessment: • too embarrassed to get involved • fear of failure - involves mastering your fear of change - in oneself & of other’s disappointment 6. Motivation & Relevance - payoff, no reward or honour.
  16. 16. Shaping Behaviour
  17. 17. Emotional Intelligence Catch them being good! Call them by name Celebrate birthdays & success Smile Focus on +ve Compliment privately Phone parents with good news!
  18. 18. Instructional Strategies Ensure instructions are clear. Do not ask a question to which you expect a particular answer: “Do you want to go to bed now?” “Are you ready to start math?”
  19. 19. Effective Directions
  20. 20. Instructional Intelligence Be positive Have high expectations
  21. 21. Be authentic Congruency…you are the key. Don’t blame anyone else. Label cans, not kids.
  22. 22. Prepare them for anything…
  23. 23. Light the lamp of learning! “Curiosity is the very basis of education, and if you tell me that curiosity killed the cat, I say only the cat died nobly.” Arnold Edinborough
  24. 24. What is knowledge?
  25. 25. Influence “A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.” -H.B.Adams If you think education is expensive - try ignorance.
  26. 26. Accentuate The Positive! Build them up.
  27. 27. As Leo Tolstoy said, " It is going from error to error that we discover the truth ."
  28. 28. Teach individuals
  29. 29. Instructional Strategies
  30. 30. Co-operative Learning Two are better than one for if they fall, one will lift up his fellow, but woe to him that is alone when he falleth, and hath not another to lift him up. -Ecclesiastes
  31. 31. Congruent Learning
  32. 32. You are the inspiring force! “Kids under construction Maybe the paint is still wet. Kids under construction We might not be finished yet.” “The secret of teaching is to appear to have known all your life what you learned this afternoon.” “Day-behind book”
  33. 33. Thinking Questions QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Jamie McKenzie
  34. 34. Reflective Thinking Attributes 1. 2. I can identify a problem situation. I analyze a problem based upon the needs of the student. 3. I seek evidence which supports or refutes my decision. 4. I view problem situations in a ethical context. 5. I use an organized approach to problem solving. 6. I am intuitive in making judgments. 7. I creatively interpret situations. 8. My actions vary with the context of the situation. 9. I feel most comfortable in a set routine. 10. I have a strong commitment to values.
  35. 35. Planning, preparation and dedication = success.
  36. 36. Build a scaffold, expect success
  37. 37. Directions that cannot be followed..
  38. 38. Use the 10-2 rule!
  39. 39. Be cool and find YOUR behavioural strategy. RECESS
  40. 40. Driving a car? Teens vs. adult Brushing your teeth?
  41. 41. Higher cortex: “Good teaching is 1/4 preparation & 3/4 pure theatre.” Gail Godwin
  42. 42. Congruence
  43. 43. Myths, Paradigms & Frameworks Vanna White Rita Celli Alex Trebek Larry King secretary
  44. 44. You are what you eat! BUT… we are all perfect and we are allowed to make mistakes. You should make 10 mistakes a day or you are not really trying!
  45. 45. Instructional Tactics