From an agribusiness standpoint – Both seed stock and pesticide are products from the same company
The Flavr Savr ™ Tomato
Bt Crops Bacillus thuriengensis is a bacterium that produces a natural protein insect poison (Bt toxin). Upon consumption of the bacteria, the insect dies. This is a “natural” pesticide used by organic farmers
Enhancing Vitamin/Mineral Content “ Golden Rice” contains transgenes that allow it to produce vitamin A (beta-carotene) and increase levels of iron This is a humanitarian project designed to combat Vitamin A deficiency
Some examples of transgenic animals Why are all these glowing green?
Green Fluorescent Protein A gene product of the jellyfish Aequorea victoria . Will fluoresce green when exposed to blue light. This is used as a tracking molecule to study physiological and cellular processes.
There are now several different modifications of GFP: “ Enhanced GFP” Blue Cyan Citrine Also fluorecent proteins form other animals such as anemones (RFP) GloFiish
Champion Racehorse “ Royal Blue Moon Too” $150,000 Viagen
Cyagra Cloned Beefstock Note: This has now been approved by both the FDA and the USDA
Idea – Bring endangered species to term in a surrogate of another species (non-endangered) Preserving Endangered Species
Giant Panda Cloning Cloned panda embryos have been produced in China Difficulty finding suitable surrogate
Cloning Extinct Species Would require an intact nucleus Spanish Ibex 2000 West African Black Rhino 2006 Tasmanian Tiger 1936
Cloning Extinct Species The Future?
People have become greatly concerned with the possibility of human cloning
To some, it is morally wrong and threatens the basic fabric of parenthood and family
To others, it offers a new avenue of reproduction
For infertile couples, for example
In the public sector, the sentiment toward human cloning has been generally negative
Indeed, many countries have issued an all-out ban
While others permit limited research in the area
In the future our society, will have to wrestle with the legal and ethical aspects of cloning
Human Cloning May Be Underway... Clonaid – an arm of the Raelian sect claims to have cloned 5 human babies. The location of the offshore laboratory is a secret. Human cloning, in principle, should be easier than that of large animals – since we know much more about human physiology. The only real barrier regulatory...
Modified from original power point created by Jeff Reinking, SUNY New Paltz