Religion In The Colonies APUSH

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  • Religion In The Colonies APUSH

    1. 1. Colonial Religion <ul><li>Chesapeake </li></ul><ul><li>New England </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Atlantic </li></ul>
    2. 2. The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism <ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>1517 </li></ul><ul><li>Against Catholic doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Protestant Reformation </li></ul>
    3. 3. John Calvin - 1536 <ul><li>Wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion </li></ul><ul><li>God all-powerful and all-good </li></ul><ul><li>Humans weak and sinful (original sin) </li></ul><ul><li>Predestination </li></ul>
    4. 4. King Henry VIII <ul><li>Broke with Roman Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Made himself head of Church of England </li></ul><ul><li>Act stimulated total purification of English Christianity </li></ul>
    5. 5. Jamestown, Va. <ul><li>Primogeniture </li></ul><ul><li>Joint-stock companies </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for gold/wealth </li></ul><ul><li>John Smith </li></ul><ul><li>John Rolfe – tobacco </li></ul>
    6. 6. Religion in Virginia <ul><li>Church of England – tax supported </li></ul><ul><li>Church administered relief to poor </li></ul><ul><li>Secular (not church) criteria for franchise (vote) </li></ul><ul><li>Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts in 1701 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>an Anglican missionary organization </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Maryland: Catholic Haven <ul><li>Founded by Lord Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Act of Toleration-1649 </li></ul>
    8. 8. Coode’s Rebellion -1689 <ul><li>John Coode raised an army against Maryland's Catholic leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants took over colony </li></ul>
    9. 9. New England Colonies <ul><li>Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Separatists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry that saints must share church with doomed </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Mayflower - 1620 <ul><li>landed in Plymouth Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Became squatters </li></ul><ul><li>Area outside Virginia Company </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Bay Colony Bible Commonwealth - 1630 <ul><li>Royal charter to form Massachusetts Bay Company </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed to not want to separate from Church of England, only its impurities </li></ul>
    12. 12. Mayflower Compact <ul><li>agreement to form a body politic and submit to will of majority </li></ul><ul><li>promise of self-government </li></ul>
    13. 13. Governor John Winthrop <ul><li>“ City Upon a Hill” </li></ul>
    14. 14. Building the Bay Colony <ul><li>Not a democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose of government was to enforce God’s laws </li></ul><ul><li>Only “visible saints ” freemen </li></ul><ul><li>Applied to believer and nonbeliever </li></ul>
    15. 15. Congregational Church <ul><li>Tax supported </li></ul><ul><li>Self-governing congregationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Political control in hands on “saints” </li></ul>
    16. 16. Trouble in The Bible Commonwealth <ul><li>Quakers persecuted with fines, floggings, and banishment </li></ul>
    17. 17. Anne Hutchinson - 1638 <ul><li>accused of heresy </li></ul><ul><li>claimed holy life no sure sign of salvation and that truly saved need not bother with law of either God or man </li></ul><ul><li>said she had direct revelation from God </li></ul>
    18. 18. Roger Williams <ul><li>Challenged charter of Bay Colony </li></ul><ul><li>Land taken from Indians without fair compensation </li></ul><ul><li>Clergymen should make clean break with Church of England </li></ul>
    19. 19. Pamphlet on religious liberty <ul><li>Denied authority of civil government to regulate religious behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Williams went to Rhode Island and built first Baptist church in 1635 </li></ul>
    20. 21. The Rhode Island “Sewer” <ul><li>No oaths regarding one’s religious beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>No taxes to support state church </li></ul><ul><li>Sheltered Quakers and other exiles </li></ul>
    21. 22. New England Spreads Out - 1635-1638 <ul><li>Connecticut River valley- Dutch and English- found Hartford </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans led by Thomas Hooker </li></ul>
    22. 23. Life in New England Towns <ul><li>Expansion was orderly </li></ul><ul><li>Land grant given by legislature </li></ul>
    23. 24. Town composed of <ul><li>Meetinghouse </li></ul><ul><li>Village green </li></ul><ul><li>Schools required for towns of more than fifty families </li></ul>
    24. 25. Education <ul><li>Old Deluder Satan Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>required schools for towns of more than fifty families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>literacy needed in order to read the Bible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvard College - 1639 </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. Meetinghouse <ul><li>Used for both church and town meetings </li></ul>
    26. 27. Democracy <ul><li>Puritan Congregation Church government </li></ul><ul><li>Town meeting leads to political liberty </li></ul>
    27. 28. The Half-Way Covenant and the Salem Witch Trials
    28. 29. Half-Way Covenant <ul><li>Superstitions </li></ul><ul><li>Unsettled social and religious conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Unconverted children of members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>baptism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not full membership </li></ul></ul>
    29. 30. Salem Witch Trials
    30. 31. The New England Way of Life <ul><li>Poor soil led to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hard work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people less ethnically diverse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>frugality essential </li></ul></ul>
    31. 32. Life in New England Towns <ul><li>Expansion was orderly </li></ul><ul><li>Land grant given by legislature </li></ul>
    32. 33. Town composed of <ul><li>Meeting house </li></ul><ul><li>Village green </li></ul><ul><li>Schools required for towns of more than fifty families </li></ul>
    33. 34. Democracy <ul><li>Puritan Congregation Church government </li></ul><ul><li>Town meeting leads to political liberty </li></ul>
    34. 35. The Half-Way Covenant and the Salem Witch Trials
    35. 36. Half-Way Covenant <ul><li>Superstitions </li></ul><ul><li>Unsettled social and religious conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Unconverted children of members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>baptism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not full membership </li></ul></ul>
    36. 37. Salem Witch Trials
    37. 38. The New England Way of Life <ul><li>Poor soil led to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hard work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>people less ethnically diverse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>frugality essential </li></ul></ul>
    38. 39. Middle Atlantic <ul><li>Old Netherlanders at New Netherland – 1624 </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch East India Company </li></ul><ul><li>New Amsterdam (New York) </li></ul>
    39. 40. Friction with English and Swedish Neighbors <ul><li>Wall Street </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Stuyvesant </li></ul><ul><li>Log cabin </li></ul>
    40. 41. Dutch Residues in New York <ul><li>Left imprints - Harlem, Brooklyn, architecture, Santa Clause, Easter eggs, sleighing, waffles </li></ul>
    41. 42. Penn’s Holy Experiment in Pennsylvania <ul><li>Founded by William Penn in 1681 </li></ul><ul><li>Quakers refused to support Church of England with taxes </li></ul><ul><li>took no oaths </li></ul><ul><li>refused warfare military service </li></ul>
    42. 43. Quaker Pennsylvania and Its Neighbors
    43. 44. Liberal Pennsylvania <ul><li>Freedom of worship </li></ul><ul><li>no restrictions on immigration </li></ul><ul><li>death penalty only for treason and murder </li></ul><ul><li>no black slavery </li></ul>
    44. 45. Pennsylvania <ul><li>mix of ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>exported grain </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul>
    45. 46. The Middle Way in the Middle Colonies Pennsylvania Delaware New Jersey New York
    46. 47. Middle Colonies <ul><li>Exported grain </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fur trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>water wheel power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>seaports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethnically and religiously mixed </li></ul>
    47. 48. Religious toleration <ul><li>Anglicans </li></ul><ul><li>Quakers </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch Reformed </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Lutherans </li></ul>

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