Review for 1st quarter final


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Use this to review for the 1st quarter final in Civics.

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Review for 1st quarter final

  1. 1. Review for 1 st Quarter Final
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why did the Puritans leave England? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom to worship their own religion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why was the Mayflower Compact significant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established a direct democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is a direct democracy? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone votes on every issue </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>John Locke believed that people agreed to government rule in exchange for what? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government will protect life, liberty, and property </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How did Thomas Jefferson change Locke’s natural rights? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (inalienable rights) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What war did Britain fight that began the heavy taxation policies on the colonies? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French and Indian War </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is salutary neglect? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain did not pay attention to the colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What did salutary neglect cause in the colonies? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Name the slogan the colonies used to oppose British taxation policies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No taxation without representation! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>How did Parliament feel about “no taxation without representation”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All English citizens were universally represented </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What event caused Americans to believe that the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shay’s Rebellion </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Why did the Anti-Federalists fear a strong central government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because we had just overthrow Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Name the kind of government the US created with the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who supported the ratification of the Constitution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federalists </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>What did the Anti-Federalists want in order to ratify the Constitution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights added </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Place these in order from first to last: Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, Constitution, Articles of Confederation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DoI, AoC, BoR, and Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does the Constitution protect my right to write a complaint to the government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YES! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Which amendment states the government must have a search warrant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which amendment states you have the right to bear arms? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What kind of government best describes the US: representative democracy or dictatorship? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative democracy </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>What kind of power is the Necessary and Proper Clause aka Elasticity Clause? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implied </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which principle of the Constitution states that the government rules by the consent of the people? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty (people vote) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Define federalism. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing of power between the federal and state governments </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Where is the purpose of the government found in the Constitution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preamble </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which Constitutional principle is exhibited by the three branches of government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the name of power that is shared between the federal and state governments? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concurrent </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>What are the names of the powers specifically granted to the Federal government in the Constitution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressed, enumerated, delegated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Name the three federal court levels. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme, appeals, district (remember SAD) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the main job of the Department of Justice? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate federal law violations </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>How is the Legislative Branch divided? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicameral – Senate and House of Representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does the Federal government determine how many representatives NC has? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Census count taken every 10 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which branch of government is the Speaker of the House apart of? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul></ul>