Goal 10
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Goal 10 Goal 10 Presentation Transcript

  • What would our world be like without government?
    Thomas Hobbes said life without government would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” According to Hobbes, humans naturally compete for territory, resources and power. If this is true, and if there are no laws… what would result?
    Goal 10
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Government– the ruling authority of a community, an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Functions of Government
    Keep Order
    Pass and enforce laws, Establish courts
    Provide services
    Schools, libraries, hospitals, parks, water, fire/police departments
    Provide security
    Prevent crime, protect citizens from foreign attack
    Guide the community
    Manage the economy, foreign relations
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  •  Foundations of American Government
    The ideas of John Locke – English philosopher, wrote Second Treatise of Government
    Main purpose of government is to protect people’s natural rights
    Natural Rights: right you have because you are human
    LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY
    No Absolute Power for Kings
    State of Nature – situation without laws and government
    Social Contract Theory = solution to a state of nature
    People agree to give up some freedom and create a government to rule in exchange for protection and security. In this agreement people consent to obey the laws created by the government. (“the consent of the governed”)
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Foundations of American Government:
    republicanism (little “r”) –example Rome
    Republic – the people’s representatives administer the government, allowing it to be extended over a much larger area.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Foundations of American Government:
    democracy (little “d”) – example Greece
    democracy – the authority of government rests with the people.
    US is a representative democracy – citizens choose a smaller group of people to represent them
    US is not a direct democracy – citizens vote on each issue proposed to the government. Direct Democracies work in very small communities. (ex. New England town mtgs.)
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Foundations of American Government:
    Montesquieu – a French philosopher
    Powers of Gov’t should be separated
    Power should be balanced
    Each branch should check the others to ensure no one branch is too powerful
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • THE UNITED STATES HAS A Representative Democracy
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • US Levels of Government
    ** FEDERALISM – the principle of one central government and several state or local governments.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • WHAT IS CIVICS?
    Civics – the study of rights and duties of citizens
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Why bother?
    Some ideas:
    jury duty
    voting
    making and economic investment
    want to change the government
    you have been discriminated against
    pay taxes
    if you break the law / go to jail
    What is the benefit of being informed of our political and economic systems?
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • What is a citizen?
    Citizen – a member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalization and is entitled to full civil rights.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Citizens have duties and responsibilities.
    What’s the difference?
    Duty – an action required by law
    Ex. jury duty, going to school, obeying the law, paying taxes
    Responsibility– an action that a citizen should take
    Ex. community service, voting, service in the military, displaying patriotism
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Citizenship
    One can become a citizen by
    Birth (natural born citizen)
    Citizen by blood – parents are US Citizens
    Citizen by soil – born on US soil but your parents are not US citizens. (this does not apply to children of diplomats)
     Becoming a US citizen (naturalized citizen)
    Immigrant signs a declaration of intention that is filed with the CIS (Citizenship and Immigration Services) (Note: the CIS was once called the INS – Immigration and Naturalization Services)
    One may file an application for citizenship, after living in the US for 5 years (if you are married to a US Citizen, 3 years), living in your state for 3 months, and reaching the age of 18 yrs..
    Applicant meets with a CIS official for an interview– official is looking for good moral character
    Applicant must pass a citizenship test.
    Applicant pledges oath of allegiance to the US
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • What about their children?
    If applicant has children under the age of 18, they automatically become citizens.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Is everyone who applies granted citizenship?
    Millions apply for citizenship each year but only about 675,000 are accepted each year. Relatives and people with needed job skills have priority in receiving citizenship.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • “E Pluribus Unum” – out of many, one
    We are a nation of immigrants
    Immigrant– people legally admitted as permanent residents of a country.
    Illegal Immigrants – or “undocumented” are those residing in the US without permission from the government.
    Alien – non-citizen
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Is the US as a “Melting Pot” or a “Salad Bowl”?
    Melting Pot
    this metaphor is used to describe a culture in which groups of people have lost their specific identities (in other words they have assimilated into the dominate culture)
    Salad Bowl
     this metaphor is used to describe a culture in which groups maintain their unique identities within the larger group.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • CITIZENSHIP
    What does that really mean?
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Citizen: an official member of a country
    If you are born in the US, you are automatically a US citizen!
    (unless your parents are official representatives of another country)
    If both your parents are US citizens at the time of your birth, you are a US citizen no matter where you are born!
    If one of your parents is a US citizen, and the other parent is a citizen of another country, you have dual citizenship. These situations are individually handled.
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Aliens: non-citizens
    Illegal: either did not apply or were denied and stayed (aka undocumented immigrants)
    Estimated 10 million in the US
    It’s illegal to hire or house illegal aliens
    If caught, illegal aliens are deported
    Legal:
    Hold jobs, own property, go to school, travel, pay taxes, obey laws
    Cannot vote, run for office, or work for the government
    Must carry ID at ALL times
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Immigrants: permanent aliens
    Millions apply, only thousands are accepted
    Having relatives, talents, job skills, or money to invest increases chances of being accepted
    There have been several “waves” of immigration in US history
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Naturalization: the process of becoming a citizen
    1stStep: file a Declaration of Intention
    2nd Step: (about a 5-year wait after step one) File an application with Immigration & Naturalization Services (INS)
    3rd Step: if application is approved, you interview with an examiner (you’ll be asked questions about history, gov’t, and why you want to be a citizen)
    4th Step: Oath of Loyalty (if you have children under the age of 18, they too become citizens)
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Is it permanent?
    Ways to Lose Your US Citizenship:
    If you become a citizen of another country
    You threaten to overthrow the gov’t
    You serve in the military of another country
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Citizenship: Duties and Responsibilities
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Duties: required to do
    Obey the laws
    Pay taxes
    Defend the nation (men, 18 and older if drafted)
    Serve in court (juror, witness)
    Attend school (in an attempt to make you an informed citizen)
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com
  • Responsibilities: should do
    Be informed
    Vote
    Participate in government (volunteer firemen, coaches, community organizations)
    Respect others
    physically,
    property,
    diversity (tolerance)
    C. Sharbutt NC Civics and Economics www.sharbsclass.com