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Coliton_behaviorism Coliton_behaviorism Presentation Transcript

  • BEHAVIORISM By Jennifer Coliton
  • BEHAVIORISM: HOME PAGE Basic Concepts of Behaviorism in the Behaviorism Classroom- For the Students Fitting Behaviorism Into My Classroom Key People Associated Ivan Pavlov Behaviorism in the Classroom- By Teachers
  • BASIC CONCEPTS OF BEHAVIORISM School of thought that focuses on individual behavior as an end in itself. When attempting to explain behavior, you don’t have to look for causes. If you change the behavior, you solve the problem. View slide
  • BASIC CONCEPTS OF BEHAVIORISM“Conditioning”Classical- A technique used in behavioral training inwhich a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with aresponse.Operant- A method of learning that occurs throughrewards and punishments for behavior. View slide
  • KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATEDBased on the pioneering work of Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner.Their ideas centered around “conditioning.”Conditioning is a method of behavior modification.
  • KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED Skinner worked with pigeons. Found that by rewarding successive approximations of movements, he could train a bird to peck a key in a box. By rewarding behaviors, he was able to train the pigeon.
  • IVAN PAVLOV Studied reflexes, automatic behavior that is caused by stimulus from the environment. Automatic behavior can be manipulated. An unconditional stimulus is given to a person together with a stimlus that does not cause a reflex on its own. Because the presence of the unconditional stimulus, the reflex is caused. This process is repeated for a number of times. After awhile, the unconditional stimulus is not offered anymore, only the conditional stimulus.
  • IVAN PAVLOV Often used animals in his experiments. Most famous experiment is one in which he used dogs to demonstrate this classical conditioning. The food was offered a number of times with the sound of a buzzer (conditional stimulus). After this, the sound of the buzzer alone could produce the salivation response.
  • BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM- BY TEACHERS Teachers use behaviorism by rewarding students for successful answers. Instruction focuses on conditioning the learner’s behavior. Learning involves repetition and association. Behaviorist teachers focus on a new behavioral pattern being repeated until it becomes automatic.
  • BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM- BY TEACHERS Role of the behaviorist teacher is providing stimulus material and prompting the correct response. These teachers believe that without repetition and proper conditioning, students will make mistakes. Ex: A child who is doing their work in a class as instructed by the teacher should receive positive reinforcement to encourage or condition the student to do the same the next day.
  • BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM- FOR THE STUDENTS There are also some drawbacks for some students of teachers who are behaviorists. Sometimes children constantly want a reward for successful behavior. Some students only perform successful behaviors knowing they likely will receive these awards.
  • BEHAVIORISM IN THECLASSROOM- FOR THE STUDENTS  Ex: When a teacher is absent from school, they will talk to their students about what the behavioral expectation is.  Sometimes a student might speak up and ask if there will be a reward if the substitute teacher leaves a good note.  The student is demonstrating that they might only behave well if there a reward to be received.
  • FITTING BEHAVIORISM INTO MY CLASSROOMIn my future classroom, students will be rewarded often with their good deeds. This will encourage students to do good deeds and will help them further want to succeed in class.
  • FITTING BEHAVIORISM MY CLASSROOMHowever, I will not overuse Behaviorism as to where students solely rely on rewards.Students will be rewarded with “feeling good” about themselves and things such as high fives and a pat on the back.
  • REFERENCES http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsycholo gy/f/behaviorism.htm http://www.psyonline.nl/hof/en-pavlov.htm https://www.msu.edu/~mckin115/Matrix/theories/Be haviorism.htm http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsycholo gy/f/behaviorism.htm