BEHAVIORISM: HOME PAGE Basic Concepts of Behaviorism in the Behaviorism Classroom- For the Students Fitting Behaviorism Into My Classroom Key People Associated Ivan Pavlov Behaviorism in the Classroom- By Teachers
BASIC CONCEPTS OF BEHAVIORISM School of thought that focuses on individual behavior as an end in itself. When attempting to explain behavior, you don’t have to look for causes. If you change the behavior, you solve the problem.
BASIC CONCEPTS OF BEHAVIORISM“Conditioning”Classical- A technique used in behavioral training inwhich a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with aresponse.Operant- A method of learning that occurs throughrewards and punishments for behavior.
KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATEDBased on the pioneering work of Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner.Their ideas centered around “conditioning.”Conditioning is a method of behavior modification.
KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED Skinner worked with pigeons. Found that by rewarding successive approximations of movements, he could train a bird to peck a key in a box. By rewarding behaviors, he was able to train the pigeon.
IVAN PAVLOV Studied reflexes, automatic behavior that is caused by stimulus from the environment. Automatic behavior can be manipulated. An unconditional stimulus is given to a person together with a stimlus that does not cause a reflex on its own. Because the presence of the unconditional stimulus, the reflex is caused. This process is repeated for a number of times. After awhile, the unconditional stimulus is not offered anymore, only the conditional stimulus.
IVAN PAVLOV Often used animals in his experiments. Most famous experiment is one in which he used dogs to demonstrate this classical conditioning. The food was offered a number of times with the sound of a buzzer (conditional stimulus). After this, the sound of the buzzer alone could produce the salivation response.
BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM- BY TEACHERS Teachers use behaviorism by rewarding students for successful answers. Instruction focuses on conditioning the learner’s behavior. Learning involves repetition and association. Behaviorist teachers focus on a new behavioral pattern being repeated until it becomes automatic.
BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM- BY TEACHERS Role of the behaviorist teacher is providing stimulus material and prompting the correct response. These teachers believe that without repetition and proper conditioning, students will make mistakes. Ex: A child who is doing their work in a class as instructed by the teacher should receive positive reinforcement to encourage or condition the student to do the same the next day.
BEHAVIORISM IN THE CLASSROOM- FOR THE STUDENTS There are also some drawbacks for some students of teachers who are behaviorists. Sometimes children constantly want a reward for successful behavior. Some students only perform successful behaviors knowing they likely will receive these awards.
BEHAVIORISM IN THECLASSROOM- FOR THE STUDENTS Ex: When a teacher is absent from school, they will talk to their students about what the behavioral expectation is. Sometimes a student might speak up and ask if there will be a reward if the substitute teacher leaves a good note. The student is demonstrating that they might only behave well if there a reward to be received.
FITTING BEHAVIORISM INTO MY CLASSROOMIn my future classroom, students will be rewarded often with their good deeds. This will encourage students to do good deeds and will help them further want to succeed in class.
FITTING BEHAVIORISM MY CLASSROOMHowever, I will not overuse Behaviorism as to where students solely rely on rewards.Students will be rewarded with “feeling good” about themselves and things such as high fives and a pat on the back.