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Wgst presentation

  1. 1. Fear of Feminism Why Young Women Get the Willies Lisa Marie Hogelan (1994) Jennica Giesbrecht
  2. 2. Hogeland believes that the Reagan and Bush administrations created a new reality for young women. During this time, many changes were made, cutting back almost completely on funding and support for social programs. Hogeland states that during the 12 years of the Reagan and Bush administration feminism was demonized, created a political and social culture in which feminism is seen primarily as rebellious and as a political risk. “Twelve years of the rhetoric of "special interests versus family values" have created a climate in which passionate political commitments seem crazy.”
  3. 3. “Fear of feminism, then, is not a fear of gender, but rather a fear of politics. Fear of politics can be understood as a fear of living in consequences, a fear of reprisals.”
  4. 4. Homophobia and Dating Hogeland believes that women fear feminism because of the constant need to confront homophobia and the potential that feminism may limit potential partners.
  5. 5. Do you feel that women are still afraid to be labelled as a lesbian? Or that this fear of limiting the dating pool is as applicable?
  6. 6. Many young women in the process of defining themselves have yet to decide about things such as careers, community involvement, or political or public opinions. Therefore, their romantic explorations and relationships often become their basis for development. “Intimate relationships become the testing ground for identity, a reality that has enormously damaging consequences for teenage girls in particular.”
  7. 7. Feminism provides systematic analysis of oppression, which is empowering rather than threatening. However, it requires the full understanding that assault is a large possibility that all women face. “Young women who have not been victims of men's violence hate being asked to identify with it; they see the threat to their emergent sense of autonomy and freedom not in the fact of men's violence”
  8. 8. Identifying as a feminist requires that you acknowledge inequality
  9. 9. The main point that Hogeland delivers is that feminism has consequences. Feminism requires you to consider the consequences to all of your actions, and the reasoning behind them. It calls you to commit to something larger than yourself. She believes these are things that women are afraid to do. “Women fear anger, and change, and challenge--who doesn't? Women fear taking a public stand, entering public discourse, demandingand perhaps getting attention.”
  10. 10. Do you agree that women “fear anger, and change, and challenge”?
  11. 11. Hogeland expresses the common belief that in terms of feminism, the private is the public. The personal issues that face women need to be addressed at a public and political level. She believes this is very threatening to young women who would prefer to be “left alone”. Women ignore feminist issues by choosing to not be a feminist. “It is far easier to rest in silence, as if silence were neutrality, and as if neutrality were safety. Neither wholly cynical nor wholly apathetic, women who fear feminism fear living in consequences.”
  12. 12. “Fear of feminism is also fear of complexity, fear of thinking, fear of ideas--we live, after all, in a profoundly anti-intellectual culture.”
  13. 13. Hogeland says that feminism is not safe. It is difficult work that goes against current culture and more often than not is met with resistance. She is careful to include that there are many positive aspects to feminism: it is gratifying and empowering. “It (feminism) offers--and requires--courage, intelligence, boldness, sensitivity, relationality, complexity, a sense of purpose, and, lest we forget, a sense of humor as well. Of course young women are afraid of feminism--shouldn't they be?”
  14. 14. Are you, or do you believe women should be, afraid of feminism? Does feminism require complex thinking?
  15. 15. Welcome to the Border Augusta Dwyers Michael Buck and Jordan Swait
  16. 16. The word Maquiladora comes from the share of grain a miller would keep in payment for milling grain during colonial times in Mexico, and refers to the idea of a single step in a larger process going on elsewhere
  17. 17. Mexico’s Trade Secretariat defines a maquiladora as any plant where the machinery and raw materials and temporarily imported only to assembled and shipped back out again.
  18. 18. Collectively these plants are part of an industrial process known as globalization, whereby manufacturing has been broken down into a thousand tiny steps, each worker at times spending no more than a few minutes on each part of the production process , and those workers are spread all across the world.
  19. 19. Colonial Roma is typical of living conditions of maquiladora workers and the low wages that characterize the industry. The wages are a fraction of what Canada and US make which is the bottom line advantage of setting up maquiladora on the Mexican border.
  20. 20. The average wage for maquiladora throughout Mexico barely exceeds 1 dollar an hour yet the price of things in Mexico are higher and pushes money from the Mexican economy over into the US. According to the chamber of commerce in El Paso retail sales from Mexican shoppers now add 1 Billion, with smaller American cities gaining in the 10s of millions.
  21. 21. In 1982 when the Mexican currency was devalued a larger number of shops in America went out of business as Mexican shoppers found the prices too high.
  22. 22. One woman maquiladora worker in Tijuana put it when asked about coping with such low wages "Well, you don't really. It barely gives you enough for food. I just say thank God that even though they're secondhand from the States, you can still buy clothes" in regards to American second hand clothing stores selling by the pound rather than dollar all along the border.
  23. 23. A consequence to the maquiladora popularity is the emergence of their under developed suburb. Few homes have running water, sanitary drainage, or electricity. The winter is freezing and the summer boiling. Mothers who work often have to leave their children alone which often leads to a future of drug use and gang violence.
  24. 24. Conditions are dreadful and municipal authorities refuse to help because the foreign companies pay no local taxes, they have no money to provide the people services.
  25. 25. Mexican law absolves foreign companies from legal suits for work related accidents, this relieves corporations from hefty payments that they would be liable for in the US or Canada.
  26. 26. Unfair Labour Practices: ● ● -firing workers for trying to organize -firing those with enough seniority to earn a severance package ● -sexual harassment ● -hiring minors ● -closing and leaving town with paying wage or severance
  27. 27. According to the country's natural institute of geography and statistic: ● ● 83 percent of maquiladora are spread along Mexico 2000 mile long border, employing almost 86 percent of the total workforce
  28. 28. 68 according to the American chamber of commerce are wholly owned by US firms, with another 25 percent coming form Mexican entrepreneurs, most whom have exclusive contracts to supply Americans.
  29. 29. Are you willing to pay more for goods that are made in Canada?
  30. 30. When shopping for goods do you ever check where they are made or how ?