WotD: Ineptitude Suffix: -itude Part of Speech: Noun Prefix: In- As in Un- (= “Not”) OR as in Latin Prep. “In” (= in/on; into/onto) Latin Roots: aptus, -a, -um Meaning: Fitting, suitable Meaning of Word: The state of being unfit or ill-suited An unfitting act or remark Synonyms: Incompetence, awkwardness, clumsiness
Go over HW 8: Sentences 81. Dux mīlitēs ad pugnam dūxit.2. Sine bellō pācem et ōtium et salūtem obtinēre cupimus.
Go over HW 8: Sentences 83. Ob quās causās hominēs agrōs relīquērunt?4. Linguam Latīnam et legere et scribere possum.
Go over HW 8: Sentences 85. Perīcula vītae bonum hominem commovēre nōn poterunt.6. Ante bellum urbs nostra nōn parāta erat, nam paucōs mīlitēs habēbamus.
New Grammar: Participles! Textbook p. 30-33 (We will learn the Present Active & Future Active/Passive soon) Perfect Passive Participle: The 4th Principal Part of any Verb (Portatus, Doctus, Positus, Munitus, Captus) What’s a Participle?? Verbal Adjective (a Verb acting like an Adjective) Describes Nouns, so must AGREE with them in Case, #, Gender Really, “Portātus, -a, -um,” etc… It’s a standard 2-1-2 Adjective! Translated as “having been ______-ed”
How to Translate? So, Participles have Verb Characteristics (Tense & Voice), plus Adjective Characteristics (Case, #, Gender) Often, Participles set off their own Participial phrase Tip on p. 35 (Treats the Participle like it’s a Relative Clause!) Literally: “having been _______-ed” Can express ideas of Relative (standard- “who”), Temporal (“when,” “after”), Causal (“because”), Adversative (“although”) In my class, keep it literal! Often, you will see an Ablative of Agent (ā/ab + abl., “by ____”)
Ablative Absolute (p. 33) Special use of the Perf. Pass. Participle Ablative Noun – Ablative Participle Lit., “with the _______ having been _______-ed” Can express ideas of Relative (standard- “who”), Temporal (“when/while/after”), Causal (“because/since”), Adversative (“although”)
Due next time… HW 9: Sentences 9 Quiz 9: Vocab.- 3rd Decl. Nouns (Mater- end)