Epilepsy by jenna bullock
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Epilepsy by jenna bullock

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A presentation about epilepsy.

A presentation about epilepsy.

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    Epilepsy by jenna bullock Epilepsy by jenna bullock Presentation Transcript

    • By: Jenna Bullock
    • Definition • Epilepsy is a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
    • In Other Terms… • Epilepsy is the tendency to have recurrent seizures. It is the same thing as a seizure disorder. A single seizure does not constitute epilepsy. • It is not considered a disease but rather a disorder of the central nervous system.
    • Types of Epilepsy • There are different kinds of epilepsy syndromes that have different types of seizures and different kinds of treatments. • For example, Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE) is where the seizures arise in the temporal lobe part of the brain. TLE results in partial seizures which can usually be completely treated with medication. If medication doesn’t work for a certain individual, brain surgery would be another option.
    • Signs and Symptoms of Epilepsy • Signs and symptoms depend on the area of the brain in which seizure activity occurs and on the type of seizure.
    • Signs and Symptoms Continued • Motor signs – Alternating contraction and relaxation of muscle groups – Eye movements and turning of the head to the same side – Asymmetrical posturing of the limbs – Speech arrest, vocalization • Sensory symptoms: – Seeing flashes of lights or colors, illusions and hallucinations – Hearing humming, buzzing, hissing noises – Experiencing unpleasant odors and tastes – Dizziness, lightheadedness
    • Signs and Symptoms Continued • Autonomic signs: – Borborygmi (rumbling noises produced by gas in the intestines) – Flushing – Nausea, vomiting – Piloerection (goose bumps) – Pupillary dilation – Sweating – Tachycardia (rapid heart rate) • Physical Symptoms: – Detachment, depersonalization – Dreamy state – Memory distortion: flashback, deja vu Time distortion – Unprovoked emotion: fear, pleasure, displeasure, depre ssion, anger, elation, eroticism
    • Age Groups • Epilepsy primarily affects children and young adults, although anyone can get epilepsy at anytime. 20% of cases develop before the age of five, and 50% develop before the age of 25. • However, epilepsy is also increasingly associated with the elderly.
    • Epilepsy and School • Students that are diagnosed with epilepsy are at increased risk for academic underachievement, particularly in the basic skills of reading, language, and arithmetic. Statistics state that many of them are found to be significantly behind their peers in academic achievement levels, ranging from 16 percent below grade in reading to 50 percent in general knowledge. • These students are also at risk of social rejection by their peers.
    • Epilepsy in School Continued • That being said, students diagnosed with epilepsy still shouldn’t be restricted from any activities in the classroom but modifications should be made when necessary.
    • What Should Teachers Do? • Promote understanding! • Learn seizure management. – – – – Cushion head Do not try to restrain movements Do not try to put anything between teeth Loosen tight clothing • Let a seizure run its course. • Try to build predictability and routine into the classroom environment. • Always inform parent if seizure happens.
    • Zachary’s life with Epilepsy • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KX0ERkZn 6lw
    • References http://www.epilepsymatters.com/english/faqexpl aining.html http://epilepsy.med.nyu.edu/epilepsy/typesepilepsy/temporal-lobe-epilepsy http://www.intercom.net/npo/eaes/facts.htm http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/livingwithepil epsy/educators/ http://www.healthcommunities.com/epilepsyseizures/symptoms.shtml Google Images