Ranganathan and Reference Service in the Modern Library


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Ranganathan and Reference Service in the Modern Library

  1. 1. S.R. Ranganathan & Reference Service in the Modern Library
  2. 2. The 5 Laws of Library Science <ul><li>1. Books are for use. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Every reader his book. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Every book its reader. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Save the time of the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>5. A library is a growing organism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How do libraries incorporate Ranganathan’s 5 laws in the modern library?
  4. 4. Law 1: Books are for use <ul><li>Library services supporting this law: </li></ul><ul><li>Open access to all books, stacks and other materials </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries used to be ‘closed stacks’, now they are open to the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Circulating materials </li></ul><ul><li>The early libraries did not loan materials. Anybody (almost) can get a library card. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Books are for use (continued) <ul><li>Remote access to databases </li></ul><ul><li>Most databases are now accessible from home. </li></ul><ul><li>Library location (including neighborhood branches) </li></ul><ul><li>Building the library in a centralized location allows more people to access it. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bookmobile </li></ul><ul><li>Making library resources available to rural areas by bringing the materials to the people. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Law 2: Every reader his book <ul><li>Library services supporting this law: </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking (del.icio.us, librarything.com, Amazon peer reviews) </li></ul><ul><li>This is a very new service that libraries are getting into to connect readers with new materials via browsing and linking. </li></ul><ul><li>Reader’s Advisory </li></ul><ul><li>If you liked this, then you might like that--these lists are prepared by Librarians instead of computer generated. </li></ul><ul><li>Interlibrary Loan </li></ul><ul><li>If your library does not have what you want, there is another library that does. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Law 3: Every book his reader <ul><li>Library services supporting this law: </li></ul><ul><li>Classification system </li></ul><ul><li>Dewey Decimal or Library of Congress makes it easier to find the material. </li></ul><ul><li>Accurate arrangement of materials (shelf-checks) </li></ul><ul><li>We shelf check to make sure the materials are where patrons expect them . </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of acquisition lists (New Book lists) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Every book his reader (continued) <ul><li>New Book displays </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Book Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Cross Referencing </li></ul><ul><li>Listing a book under different subject headings makes it available to more people. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Law 4: Save the time of the reader <ul><li>Library services supporting this law: </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Desk </li></ul><ul><li>The reference desk is there to provide assistance to all library users. </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-searching </li></ul><ul><li>One-stop searching access to many parts of the library collection. </li></ul><ul><li>Automation </li></ul><ul><li>The online catalog (OPAC) is much faster to use than the card catalog. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Save the time of the reader (continued) <ul><li>Ask-a-Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>This is often an online or phone service which allows the patrons to get remote reference help. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Checkout </li></ul><ul><li>Library Website </li></ul><ul><li>Posting information, subject guides, online catalogs and databases on the website saves the patron from having to physically come to the library. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Law 5: The library is a growing organism <ul><li>Library services supporting this law: </li></ul><ul><li>Collection development </li></ul><ul><li>The library is continually adding new materials that are of interest to the population. </li></ul><ul><li>Weeding </li></ul><ul><li>Removing materials that are not being used is critical to keeping the collection current. </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Access </li></ul>
  12. 12. The library is a growing organism (continued) <ul><li>E-books, book filled iPod shuffles, Netflix subscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Staying current with the times by offering the latest technology to patrons. </li></ul><ul><li>Renovating or adding on to the building </li></ul><ul><li>Library Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching students or patrons how to use the library encourages library use and literacy. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Books are for use. The library should house materials that are useful to their community. “ A library is not a museum but a workshop full of life and activity. It is not the books which gets rapidly worn out by constant use that should worry a library according to this view, but it is the book which would seldom leave the shelf that needs anxious attention and effective treatment. This view is now revolutionizing everything connected with the library.” --S.R. Ranganathan, Classified catalogue code... Ed.5, 1964; Sec. DA3
  14. 14. Open Access. Library materials should be available to be used. “ A library is made big not by the number of its books, but by its use. A few books kept continuously in active use form a library than miles of books kept largely locked in the cupboards of a monumental building.” --S.R. Ranganathan, Library manual. Ed.3, 1960; Sec. 111
  15. 15. The Role of the Library Profession Libraries must make their materials accessible. “ The Library profession should not exhaust its thought, energy and interest in merely acquiring and processing reading materials. It should realize that these are only means to an end and that the end is to get the books used widely and profitably.” -S.R. Ranganathan, Library science with a slant to documentation, Vol. 2, 1965, p295
  16. 16. A User-Centered Library The library should be as accommodating as possible. “ One of the necessary conditions for social service institutions, such as the library, becoming popular is the fostering of a feeling of mutual cordiality and helpfulness between those who offer service and those who are served, together with a disposition to self-sacrifice. To this end, the library should strive to reduce formality to a minimum and make everyone feel at home. As a natural extension of this attitude, a modern library even goes so far in its effort as to make personal and social contacts and not infrequently offers meeting place for local learned organizations in an attempt to make them, as constituent parts of the general public, feel that it desires to function as an intellectual centre for the locality.” S.R. Ranganathan, Library manual. Ed.3, 1960;p77
  17. 17. The Original Bookmobile S.R. Ranganathan’s concept of the mobile rural library in 1930.