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    Project%20four%2c%20the%20essay Project%20four%2c%20the%20essay Document Transcript

    • “Save the Essay” Y. Li- Project ManagerSplit the essay into thirds and gave out tasks to the team members. Natasha Martin- Researcher Researched the references and bibliography and changed/ corrected all references to the Harvard style. Also made trackchanges to the first part of the essay with regards to the grammar and flow. Sam Allsopp- Content CreationMade track changes to the second part of the essay and put all the thirds together to create the final essay. Had final say in thegrammar, structure and flow of the whole essay. Added comments using track changes. Jennifer Knight- Presentation and dissemination Made track changes to the third section of the essay with regards to grammar and flow. Followed the specific presentation instructions for the essay and uploaded to Slideshare.net 1
    • Using two examples from the genre of horror examine what a „classic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 13 pt, Underline Formatted: Justified, Line spacing:horror‟ film is. Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 13 pt, UnderlineThe horror genre is one of the most popular genres and somewe may say that it Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pthas started to develop practically immediately with the development of showbusiness and a free access of wide audience to cinema‟s and television. We can Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptfind a lot of causes of the popularity of this genre but it is still not so easy toexplain its phenomenon, namely why it is so attractive for people despite all itsunreality. However, it would be a great mistake to say that horror movies are plainor even primitive. Naturally, there are some movies which are really sostereotyped, unbearably plain, and absolutely thoughtless. But in my opinion, it issimply exclusion or films that were created by specialists who are far from realmoviemaking and they can create nothing but films of low quality regardless itsgenre.Also I‟d say that as any other branch of art cinema has its genius and its mediocre Comment [S1]: Irrelevant to essay Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptmajority because good films may be created only by a good crew and the genre is Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptnot so important. Among such genius of cinema I would name the Two particularlymemorable horror films includecrews that worked on two films of horror genre,they areDonald Siegel‟s “Invasion of Body Snatchers”(1956) and John Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, ItalicCarpenter‟s “The Thing”(1982). I said crews not because I do not want to agree Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwith those who believe that Donald Siegel and John Carpenter were outstanding Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicdirectors, on the contrary I am glad that people who worked on these two films Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwere led by such well-qualified professionals. So, we may say that “Invasion ofthe Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” are classics of the horror genre and the best 2
    • ones. But what I would like to analyze This essay will demonstrate why is the Comment [S2]: Unprofessional language. Incoherentreason why they are treated as such and in which way they are similar or Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptdifferent. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptFirst of all, Iit is necessary to say that these two films were created at during Formatted: Line spacing: Doubledifferent time periods. “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” was created in the mid-dle Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic1950s, more precisely, in 1956 whereas “The Thing” was producedcreated in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [S3]: Repetitive vocabulary1982. It seems that such a time difference should make the films incomparable Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcompletely different but, strangely enough,however they still have a lot of commonaspects. That is why at the beginning I would like to dwell upon similarities of bothfilms. First of all, we may say that, to a certain extent, the themes are similar in thesense thatis close. bBoth films focus on the problem of the invasion of the humanrace or just alive bodies by some aliens that tends to via assuming control of themind personality, the hosts actions judgments, etc. In the case of “Invasion of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, ItalicBody Snatchers”, we deal with a speciescreatures that LeGacy argues “has to Comment [S4]: Would not make sense otherwisewait for the perfect moment when the target is asleep), and spend the next few Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 pthours consuming and taking on that form. If the host wake up when the process is Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptnot complete, the whole procedure is a failure” (LeGacey 1978:288). On the otherhand, the thing needs just a few minutes to do it because “it can assimilate thehost while its still conscious, against the host‟s will” (Landon 1993:p39). ProbablySsuch changes are caused by by the changes of time or epoch. It is obvious thatthe rhythm of life in 1980s was much faster than in 1950s, certainly it found its 3
    • expression in the perception of the idea of possible alien assault or attempts toinvade human minds.By the way, I think that Comment [S5]: Informal opening clause Formatted: Font: 12 ptBboth films express athe trend that took place in boththe societiesy when the idea Comment [S6]: Multiple trends, two different societies Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptof total control of a human mind became more conceivable and more widely Formatted: Font: 12 ptspread. It means that symbolically by aliens creators of the films tried to imply Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthose powers either political or economical that by different means aimed at thetotal control of public conscious through the invasion of the mind of a separateindividual. Both films demonstrate the effects of propaganda which the Comment [S7]: Incorrect use of words, little cohesiongovernment used to control the public. Siegel and Carpenter took advantage of Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthis and incorporated these ideas of public control through the invasion of themind into their films.It was quite actual if we take into account Control was a very large factor if we Formatted: Line spacing: Doubletake into consideration the times when both films were released., For example,1952 it was the year of the beginning of the cold war when the tension betweenthe well-developed democratic world western world and the communistic SovietUnion grew and the governments of many countries, most famously America andRussia Russiaincluding the most democratic, had started to struggle for the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcontrol of public opinion and even each particular individual. At the same timeSimilarly during,, 1982 thereit was a period when the cold war achieved itsapologue and the world was on the eve of Presidentthe Reagan‟s declaration ofthe war on the „empire of evil‟. when the situation was very resembling to that of 4
    • early 1950s. Furthermore, the degree of sSurveillance grew and specialists beganto talkspoke about the total control of certain organiszations over people.. In such Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, English (United Kingdom)a situation the people transformed in pods in the horror films I‟ve just named look Formatted: Font: 12 pt, English (United Kingdom) Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12like a prophecy and warning against such dangerous practice.. These ideas of pt, English (United Kingdom) Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcontrol are heavily emphasised by the directors within both films. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, English (United Kingdom)One more thing that makes “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicquite different is the juxtaposition degree of combination of reality and unreality. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptas I would call it. In my opinion, at this point “The Thing” is much more radical in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthe sense that the film is full of fantastic elements which creates a continuous Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicparanoia for the audience. and the state of paranoia overwhelms audience and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptkeeps people in such a state during the whole film. On the other hand, in“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” it is quite difficult to distinguish whether what the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicaudience observe is fiction or non-fiction. we see is real or unreal. Personally, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwhen I watched Bboth films implied I had a permanent doubt ofin the mental Comment [S8]: Not allowed to use pronouns Formatted: Font: 12 pthealth of theits main characters. iIt was quite difficult to say whether it was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptsomething really unusual, extraordinary things that happen to people in the city orit was a simple hallucination, illusion, or just a nightmare and only at the end it Comment [S9]: Repetitive list Formatted: Font: 12 ptbecomes clear that the whole city was really transformed in pods, people. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptWWhereas in “The Thiang” it is evident practically from the very beginning. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptEveryone realiszes that the characters act in an unreal situation; they really Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptconfront some aliens that intend to control them their bodies and their minds. 5
    • Probably, the cause of such a difference lies in the history of the origin of thefilms. The audience For we know that “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicsignificantly influenced by proceedingthe film noir genre films noir that tended to Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicemphasise externalised the moral conflict of the detective story. Such films Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptinhabit: Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt ““…shadow worlds and hover without resolve between the supernatural Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.27 cm, and mundane rationalism. In the same sense “Invasion of the Body Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Snatchers” and the other alien takeover films… psychologically externalised the central conflict of the alien invader film – they were less films about aliens than they were about alienation” i (Biskindg 1983: Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 PP.139). pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptHowever, Siegel the director tries to keep us in suspense for a while and injects Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptinrushes the film with rationalism and realism but when the nightmare becomes Formatted: Line spacing: Doublethe reality he widely uses film noir techniques such as shots down tight corridors,silhouettes running against streetlights, close ups on sweaty faces and, tiltedangles. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptThough Siegel he does not forget about classical horror films scenes such as Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptBiskind suggests Formatted: Not Superscript/ Subscript “shots up from under the plank under which McCarthy and Winter hide, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript with the pod people crossing calmly assuring them there is nothing to fear, Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.27 cm, Line spacing: Double the wide-angled shots out of the office window down onto the public square, which becomes inexplicably frightening the moment all visitors are 6
    • cleared and the bustle of everyday chaos suddenly turns into something ordered and people start organizing the pods to be distributed about the country” (Biaskind 1983:141). Comment [S10]: Quote too long Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ SubscriptWhereas in “The Thing” its creators used the experience of past works in the field Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: 12 ptof horror films and I would say this film is purer horror in the sense that the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptpsychological tension here is weakened by a certain simplification due to which Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Line spacing: Doublewe should not guess whether it is a kind of psychological problems of thecharacters or a paranormal phenomenon for the latter is quite obvious. Whereas,in “The Thing” Carpenter has used less of a psychological theme which issuccessful as it heightens the fear factor and kept the story simplified.Also I want to add thatIn addition, “The Thing” is much richer in special effects, particularly when we see Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12victims of aliens who “transform into twisted versions of themselves, complete pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwith claws, spider-like limbs, teeth and lots of flailing tentacles” (Landon 1993:36).This And again I think that is the result the evolution of special effects from the1950‟s to the 80‟s which made films (particularly sci-fi and horror) seem morerealistic. of time changes because in 1980s due to the development of computertechnologies and more sophisticated technical equipment impressive specialeffects became an essential part of any good horror film pretending to beinteresting and popular. Whereas, in the 1950s not only was the sfx lesserdeveloped, technical opportunities were not so good but the tradition of filmshooting was a bit different. More attention was usually given to the psychological 7
    • side and could only be enforced by special effects which were not very „special‟though in comparison with the 1980s.Other As for some more similarities inof both “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicand “The Thing”, include we may find not only theme and probably idea of the film Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptbut also the atmosphere of films. Formatted: Justified, Right: 0.53 cm, Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, ItalicAs argued, I have already said these films deals with the alien intrusion into Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Justified, Line spacing:human life, into the human body, mind and consciousness. But they also have Doubleother intentions. Theyse films also may serve as a warning about the danger ofsuch a situation, when of a total control of a human consciousness becomes areality. when people become pods but not thinking beings.This ideaIt is reinforced by the reigning atmosphere of tension within the films., Formatted: Justified, Right: 0.53 cm, Line spacing: Doubleeven This paranoia that makes the audience us forget about the unreality of theevents and entices them into the narrative. and deep into the action. From thisanalysis, it It is obvious that Siegel and Carpenter creators of these films hadsimilar aims. Comment [J11]: New paragraph for a new point. I have joined a few of his broken up sentences into this paragraph because there was no need for continuous new paragraphs. Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: 12 pt Comment [J12]: Added new comerThe representation of alien invasion is interesting in both “The Thing” and and changed some words. Formatted: Font: 12 pt, Italic“Invasion of the Body Snatchers.” The portrayal may be a bit different, but the Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 ptprinciples of such an invasion remain similar. Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 8
    • Finally, I would like to add a few words about the way of alien invasion. Formatted: Justified, Line spacing: DoubleIt may be a bit different by its form but the principle of such invasion remainssimilar.What I mean is the fact that certainly The aliens in “Invasion of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, ItalicBody Snatchers” and “The Thing” act differently as has been Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12argued., I have already mentioned that the latter act rapidly pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwithout human will and they can act in any time while the formerare quite long reacted beings, they cannot attack men only if theyare not asleep.The aliens in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” act differently ashas been argued. On the other hand,But we see t There is one common principle- Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptaliens in both in these this films attack from inside. , I mean they want They Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptinvade human bodies and minds but not their land, property, they do not threat Comment [J13]: Added in to conformdirectly to their and physical wealth. It seems that human life inner world is much to the Harvard referencing style. Page number missing- researcher couldn‟t find.more important for them than anything else asbecause they try to control the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pthuman‟s bodies.memory, and consequently our feelings, emotions, our state of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: 12 pt, Notmind, perception of the world, our present and our past. Moreover, they “have Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: 12 ptaccess to the being‟s memories, allowing them to blend in almost perfectly without Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptbeing detected by future target hosts who may know the person who has now Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ii pt, Italicbeen replaced by these horrible alien creatures” . (Gregory:1972:?). Thus, we see Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12that unlike many other films about alien invasion, “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptand “The Thing” pay much more attention to the inner world of people. This Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Superscript stimplies the spiritual emptiness that threatens the people of the 21 century Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptbecause the alien‟s symbolisze all the complicated processes that take place in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 9
    • society which still continue to exist. This emptiness that led to the moral Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptdegradation of people eventually resulted in their transformation into pods.replaced by these horrible alien creatures”iii. Thus, we see that unlike many other Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12films about alien invasion “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” pay pt, Not Superscript/ Subscriptmuch more attention to the inner world of people, implying the spiritual emptinessthat threatens to the people of the 20th century because in my opinion the alienssymbolize all those complicated processes that took place in our society in the20th century and still continues to exist and that lead to moral degradation ofpeople to their transformation into pods. Comment [S14]: Paragraph rephrased as above due to high amount of mistakes. Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptTaking into account all the above mentioned, , I can come to the conclusion that Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Justified, Line spacing: DoubleSiegel‟s, “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and Carpenter‟s “The Thing” are real Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicmasterpieces of the horror genre.. and we haveThe audience has perceived them Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptnot only in the intendedproper sense but we should also it has been Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptrealirealiszedze wthat the creators of these films had another message implied. In Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptmy paper I have named a lot of things that are either There are many similarities Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Font color: Blue Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptand differencessimilar or different in these films but what is the most importantly is Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthe fact that they both were and remain extremely popular. and the film that wouldbe better than them can be hardly imagined. One of the evidences of my idea isthe fact that there There are numerous remakes of these films which indicate thesuccess that, in its turn, tells us about the actuality of the plot., themes and ideasconveyed with the help of “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”. Thus Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, I can say that both films should be regarded as classics of the horror genre and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 10
    • their traditions should be continued but not blindly copied as that would lead to theunderdevelopment and a monotonous prosperous future of this genre. 11
    • Bibliography Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Underline Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Justified, Right: 0.53 cm, Line spacing: DoubleBiskind, P. “The Mind Managers: Invasion of the Body Snatchers and the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, No underlineParanoid Style in American Movies.” “In Seeing Is Believing: How Hollyiwood Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptTaught UsS to Stop Worrying and Love the Fifties” Movies. New York: Pantheon, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic1983. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, No underline Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Biskin, Peter. “The Russians Are Coming, Aren‟t They? Them! The Thing, and the pt, No underline Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Extremists from Beyond the Center.” In Seeing iIs Believing: How Hollyiwood pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, No underlineTaught UsS to Stop Worrying and Love the Fifties Movies. Pantheon; NY:, 1983 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, No underline Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12.Capenter, J (Director) (1982) The Thing [Film] pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Gregory, C. (1972) “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The pt, No underline Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptJournal of Popular Film and Television 1:1,1. (Winter 1972), 3-14 1972. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, No underline Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptLandon, B. (1993) „The Thing in All Its Guises: Reconsidering a Science Fiction Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, No underlineClassic.‟ In Chapter 2 of The Aesthetic of Ambivalence: Rethinking the Science Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted ...Fiction Film in the Age of Electronic (Re)production. Greenwood Press Westport, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted ...CT: Greenwood Press, 1993. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptLeGacy, A. (1978) “Invasion of the Body Snatchers: A Metaphor for the Fifties.” Formatted ...Literature/Film Quarterly 6(3), 285-91. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted ... Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptSiegel, D (Director) (1956) Invasion Of The Body Snatchers [Film] Formatted ... Formatted ... Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted ... Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 12
    • i Bisking 1983 PP.139ii Gregory, Charles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The Journal of Popular Film1. Winter 1972.iii Gregory, Charles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The Journal of PopularFilm 1. Winter 1972. 13