Unit 4 vocabulary

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Unit 4 vocabulary

  1. 1. Retribution The act of taking revenge on a criminal perpetrator.
  2. 2. Incapacitation <ul><li>The use of imprisonment or other means to reduce the likelihood that an offender will commit future offenses. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Deterrence <ul><li>A goal of criminal sentencing that seeks to inhibit criminal behavior through the fear of punishment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rehabilitation <ul><li>The attempt to reform a criminal offender. Also, the state in which a reformed offender is said to be. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Restoration <ul><li>A goal of criminal sentencing that attempts to make the victim “whole again.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Capital Punishment <ul><li>The death penalty. The most extreme of all sentencing options. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Capital offense <ul><li>A criminal offense punishable by death . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Probation <ul><li>A sentence of imprisonment that is suspended. Also, the conditional freedom granted by a judicial officer to a convicted offender, as long as the person meets certain conditions of behavior. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Parole <ul><li>The Status of a convicted offender who has been conditionally released from prison by a paroling authority before the expiration of his or her sentence, is placed under the supervision of a parole agency, and is required to observe the conditions of parole. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Restitution <ul><li>A court requirement that an alleged or convicted offender pay money or provide services to the victim of the crime or provide services to the community. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mixed Sentences <ul><li>A sentence that requires that a convicted offender serve weekends (or other specified periods of time) in a confinement facility (usually a jail) while undergoing probationary supervision in the community. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Community Service <ul><li>A sentencing alternative that requires offenders to spend at least part of their time working for a community agency. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Intensive probation supervision <ul><li>A form of probation supervision involving frequent face-to-face contact between the probationer and the probation officer. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Home confinement <ul><li>House arrest. Individuals ordered confined to their homes are sometimes monitored electronically to ensure they do not leave during the hours of confinement. Absence from the home during working hours is often permitted. </li></ul>
  15. 15. lex tallonis <ul><li>The law of retaliation, often expressed as “an eye for an eye” or “like for like” </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment should fit the crime. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Workhouse <ul><li>An early form of imprisonment whose purpose it was to instill habits of industry in the idle. </li></ul>
  17. 17. ADMAX <ul><li>Administrative maximum. The term is used by the federal government to denote ultra-high-security prisons. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Jail <ul><li>A confinement facility administered by an agency of local government, typically a law enforcement agency, intended for adults but sometimes also containing juveniles, which holds people detained pending adjudication or committed after adjudication, usually those sentenced to a year or less. </li></ul>

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