Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community
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Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community

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Riley, Jenn and Constance A. Mayer. "Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community." ISMIR 2006: 7th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, ...

Riley, Jenn and Constance A. Mayer. "Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community." ISMIR 2006: 7th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, Victoria, British Columbia, October 8-12, 2006.

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  • Existing librarian participation: sheet music sites, UCSB cylinders. Also goes beyond mere content access, for example Variations2. <br /> Librarian vision: unique contribution comes from unique experiences. Many perspectives are needed to build really useful DL systems that not only deliver content but help users *use* the content in new ways. Librarians offer search/browse design expertise, knowledge of music terminology/repertoire/literature, all the things we’ve heard about already and will hear about in the next few minutes; MIR offers OMR for better content creation, content-based searching, analysis tools, and the like. <br />
  • Metadata based retrieval: composer, performer, language, topic of lyrics, context (e.g., in that TV show), even genre. Need flexible systems that can use metadata and content retrieval as need arises. <br /> “Traditional librarian strengths” doesn’t necessarily mean traditional mechanisms. Much of library cataloging/searching is quaint (to be kind) in today’s environment, but the purpose behind many of these mechanisms is essential to provide high-quality retrieval services. For example, authority control probably doesn’t all need to be done by a human as part of description. There are likely ways authority control mechanisms can be build into real-time systems that operate on unstructured or semi-structured data. <br /> An inclination towards the free sharing of data is another strength librarians can bring to the MIR community. <br /> Librarians know we can’t continue to catalog everything. We need to be finding ways to insert the human at just the appropriate moment - to supplement fully-automated systems with bits of human effort to make the end product that much better. <br /> MIR brings content-based searching, techniques for retrieval with unstructured data, and different terminology. It also brings better connections to industry. All will benefit from this collaboration. <br />
  • MIR and library communities face common copyright challenges <br /> Copyright is a complex international issue, and both music library and MIR communities are international <br /> Both communities need legal and ethical means to perform research and develop production systems that benefit users <br /> Good work currently going on in both communities that can benefit from wider discussion <br /> No single community “owns” copyright issues. We’re all in this one together. <br /> Good work going on in both communities. Copyright is a case in which we both just really need to know what is going on in the other community. In libraries: V2 copyright & fair use, MLA guidelines for streaming audio reserves, organizations can participate in activism activities.In MIR: building testbeds, better contacts with content creators. Also individuals like Charles Cronin from Columbia Law School are actively researching these issues and participating in both communities. <br />
  • Collaboration can benefit both pure research and putting those research ideas into practice. <br /> MIR has matured to the point of self-reflection. Librarians are looking for new methodologies. Let’s work together. <br />

Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community Presentation Transcript

  • Ask a Librarian: The Role of Librarians in the Music Information Retrieval Community Jenn Riley, Indiana University Constance A. Mayer, University of Maryland
  • ISMIR at the beginning: Music IR Research Communities         Computer science and information retrieval Audio engineering and digital signal processing Musicology and music theory Library science Cognitive science Psychology Philosophy Law October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 2
  • ISMIR 2000-2005: Where were the librarians?    Overviews of digital library projects Standards for digital image capture of musical scores Metadata October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 3
  • MLA and IAML 2000-2005: Librarians and their research presentations Table 1. Distribution of major topics identified in MLA and IAML conferences and publications 200 Topics Descriptions Music history and literature Research in the historical and cultural aspects of music including repertoire Print collections 0 -2005 MLA Annual Meetings 17% Notes 8% 9% Fontes artis musicae 8% Descriptions of print col lections and historical printing and publishing methodologies Questions users ask; how we teach users to find information; usability of standard music databases 18% 41% 24% 49% 16% 12% 13% 0 Digital libraries Descriptions of digital libraries, digital collections, and digital preservation 9% 5% 15% 0 Cataloging and metadata Copyright Various schemas for organizing information 10% 5% 7% 0 1% 1% 4% 0 18% 25% 19% 40% 11% 100% 3% 100% 9% 100% 3% 100% Reference and user education Librarianship Other Total percentages How does copyright affect our ability to create and provide access to digital collection s? Professional and methodological issues related to music librarianship Miscellaneous topics October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. IAML Conferences 4
  • Librarians and ISMIR beyond 2006 Opportunities for Dialogue
  • Music History and Literature     Identification of core repertoire Different approaches to analysis based on musical styles Musical notation and its interpretation across cultures and historical periods Tools to automate musical analysis, classification, transcription, and theme extraction October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 6
  • Print Collections     Books, manuscripts, printed musical scores Sound and video recordings Unique and special collections (some without copyright restrictions) Challenge of transforming physical collections into true digital collections that can be searched, manipulated and read October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 7
  • Reference and User Education        Enhanced searching capabilities More sophisticated document retrieval Audio retrieval-by-example Audio matching Improved cross-database searching Personalized user interfaces Automatic extraction of metadata October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 8
  • Digital libraries     Making collections available online Putting discovered material to use Vision for new, groundbreaking systems Implementing experimental services in new environments October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 9
  • Cataloging and metadata     Metadata-based retrieval co-existing with content-based retrieval Existing expertise in description and user access Free sharing of data Value of and need for automated methods October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 10
  • Copyright    MIR and library communities face common copyright challenges Impacts both research and production systems Good work currently in both communities October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 11
  • Where are we?     The time is ripe for more collaboration MIR community continues to expand to incorporate more perspectives Librarians increasingly embracing automated methods and advanced tools Will further both research and the development of production systems October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 12
  • Continuing the conversation   jenlrile@indiana.edu mayer@umd.edu October 9, 2006 ISMIR 2006, Victoria, B.C. 13