Golf of Mexico Oil Spill Issues


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Golf of Mexico Oil Spill Issues

  1. 1. THE HIGHLANDS TEA PARTY Sebring, Florida
  2. 2. GULF OF MEXICO OIL SPILL ISSUES <ul><li>Worst oil disaster until now in US was the US tanker Exxon Valdez in 1989, which ran aground in William Sound off Alaska. </li></ul><ul><li>The worst ever oil platform disaster was the explosion on the North sea platform Piper Alpha in July 1988, almost 200 kilometres north of Aberdeen in Scotland. 167 people were killed and the damage amounted to almost a billion euros. 62 workers survived, many of them by diving into the sea. </li></ul>
  3. 3. GULF OF MEXICO OIL SPILL ISSUES <ul><li>In 1978, 360 kilometres of the coast of Brittany was polluted with oil from the Liberian tanker Amoco Cadiz, which broke in two. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1999, Erika, a tanker registered in Malta, ran into rocks off Brittany and polluted 200 kilometres of the French coastline. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992, the Spanish Galician coast was polluted after the Greek tanker Aegean Sea broke in two and exploded. </li></ul>
  4. 4. GULF OF MEXICO OIL SPILL ISSUES <ul><li>In the 1980s in particular, many oil platforms capsized across the world as the result of hurricanes, with hundreds of people losing their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>The worst ever oil platform disaster was the explosion on the North sea platform Piper Alpha in July 1988, almost 200 kilometres north of Aberdeen in Scotland. 167 people were killed and the damage amounted to almost a billion euros. 62 workers survived, many of them by diving into the sea. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Merchant Marine Act of 1920 <ul><li>regulates maritime commerce in U.S. waters and between U.S. ports. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 27 , also known as the Jones Act , deals with cabotage (i.e., coastal shipping) and requires that all goods transported by water between U.S. ports be carried in U.S.-flag ships, constructed in the United States, owned by U.S. citizens, and crewed by U.S. citizens and U.S. permanent residents. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Merchant Marine Act of 1920 <ul><li>After Hurricane Katrina, George Bush suspended the Jones Act which requires that ships plying trade between the US ports must be US registered and have a 75% US Crews (unionized Naturally). </li></ul><ul><li>Obama has not suspended this act meaning dozens of Skimmer ships- a type of ship designed to clean oil form the sea, the of which a e European are unavailable to help contain the Gulf Of Mexico spill. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Merchant Marine Act of 1920 <ul><li>Dutch ships are standing by. These have not been allowed to enter US territorial waters, despite the request of a number of Local politicians from the effected areas (republicans). </li></ul><ul><li>The answer given will be because these ships don’t perfectly clean the water, and leave small residue with the water they pump back out of the storage tanks. The real reason, of course, will be union pressure to sustain a despicable piece of typically American protectionism.. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Merchant Marine Act of 1920 <ul><li>“Within a week of the explosion, 13 countries, including several European nations, offered assistance from vessels and crews with experience in removing oil spill debris, and as of June 21, the State Department has acknowledged that overall, ‘it has had 21 aid offers from 17 countries.’ However, due to the Jones Act, these vessels are not permitted in U.S. waters,” McCain said. </li></ul>
  9. 9. SKIMMERS (SHIPS) <ul><li>An oil skimmer is a machine that separates a liquid from particles floating on it or from another liquid. A common application is removing oil floating on water . </li></ul><ul><li>They were used to great effect to assist in the remediation of the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil skimmers are commonly found in three types: weir, oleophilic, and drum: </li></ul>
  10. 10. SKIMMERS (SHIPS) <ul><li>The U.S. Coast Guard can accept such help as miles of containment boom from Canada, they can’t accept, and therefore don’t ask for, the assistance of high-tech European vessels specifically designed for the task in hand. </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands offered highly effective skimmers, which many parties recall as an effective equipment to remove oil from seawater and more important, it is capable of processing large quantities of water daily </li></ul>
  11. 11. SKIMMERS (SHIPS) <ul><li>Weir skimmers function by allowing the oil floating on the surface of the water to flow over a weir . The height of the weir may be adjustable. ( also known as a lowhead dam , is a small overflow-type dam commonly used to raise the level of a river or stream.) </li></ul><ul><li>Drum skimmers function by using a rotating element such as a drum, to which the oil adheres. The oil is wiped from the surface of the drum and collected. They are very efficient and do not pick up any appreciable amounts of water even when oil is not present. </li></ul>
  12. 12. SKIMMERS (SHIPS) <ul><li>Oleophilic skimmers are distinguished not by their operation but by the component used to collect the oil. Ropes, discs, or drums are treated with a substance or otherwise manufactured to adhere to oil. </li></ul>
  13. 13. June 28, 2010 <ul><li>Over 39,000 personnel, almost 5,000 vessels and some 110 aircraft are now engaged in the response effort </li></ul><ul><li>Operations to skim oil from the surface of the water now have recovered, in total, approximately 652,000 barrels (27 million gallons) of oily liquid. In addition, a total of 275 controlled burns have been carried out to date, removing an estimated 238,000 barrels of oil from the sea’s surface. </li></ul>
  14. 14. June 28,2010 <ul><li>The total length of containment boom deployed as part of efforts to prevent oil from reaching the coast is now over 2.9 million feet (over 550 miles), and over 4.7 million feet (almost 900 miles) of sorbent boom also has been deployed </li></ul><ul><li>Maine Department of Environmental Protection says it is sending six people and two oil skimmers to help contain the oil spill spewing into the Gulf of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>In Maine and just now being sent to the Gulf? </li></ul>
  15. 15. June 28,2010 <ul><li>Senator LeMieux; as of today and emergency order has been made to relocate inventory (Skimmers) for ports around the country. </li></ul><ul><li>It is being done as an urgency on day 70 according to the president; </li></ul><ul><li>It was urgent on day one was LeMieux’s response. </li></ul>
  16. 16. DEEPWATER DRILLING BAN <ul><li>Updated: 2:57 pm EDT June 29, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>NEW ORLEANS -- A federal appeals court in New Orleans will hear the government's appeal of a ruling overturning the deepwater drilling ban in the Gulf of Mexico on July 8. </li></ul><ul><li>case will be heard by a single judge or a three-judge panel. </li></ul>
  17. 17. June 30, 2010 <ul><li>There are 850 skimmers in the southeast United States and 1,600 nationwide, but the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 , which requires regions to maintain levels of equipment such as skimmers, is preventing some resources from coming to the Gulf. </li></ul><ul><li>433 vessels are collecting oil from the runaway oil well, but only a third of them are designed specifically for oil skimming. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Back to the Jones Act June 30,2010 <ul><li>When it comes to the Jones Act, even less is happening. Adm. Allen has promised to process waivers to the act quickly, but so far none have been granted </li></ul><ul><li>The admiral has downplayed the effect of the law on the cleanup, but the experience of Ecoceane , a French company with a fleet of skimming boats, suggests that it is an impediment </li></ul>
  19. 19. Back to the Jones Act June 30,2010 <ul><li>BP has declined an offer from Shell to bring an oil recovery boat that is sitting idle in Alaska to the Gulf. &quot;Nothing would prevent it from working right now in the Gulf of Mexico,'' said Curtis Smith, a Shell spokesman. </li></ul><ul><li>Sens. Kay Bailey Hutchinson and John Cornyn of Texas, along with Sen. LeMieux, have proposed legislation to temporarily waive the Jones Act for oil spill response vessels. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Back to the Jones Act June 30,2010 <ul><li>Vail of EcoOcean , he sold nine of the spill response boats to a Florida company last week, which made them American boats and circumvented the problems with the Jones Act. </li></ul>
  21. 21. THE WHALE <ul><li>Well, it has happened! they are going to allow the “Whale” to enter the gulf to skim. What is the “Whale”? </li></ul><ul><li>It is 300 yards long. 10 stories high, and can consume 21 million gallons of oil-fouled water a day. </li></ul><ul><li>I draws in the oil from ports on both sides of the bow, separates the oil, pumps it to a container ship, then ejects the water back into the gulf. </li></ul>
  22. 22. THE WHALE <ul><li>Issues; the water it puts back into the Gulf still has trace amounts of oil, and the EPA will have to sign off on it’s use . </li></ul><ul><li>This is a no brainer lots of oil in, trace amount out, mother nature will take care of the trace amount, it is in the gulf and ocean naturally already . </li></ul><ul><li>Issue; this was the same reason they would not allow the Dutch Skimmer ships to come into the Gulf, go figure! They would have been here 71 days ago! </li></ul><ul><li>This is politics at its worst! </li></ul>
  23. 23. IN CLOSING <ul><li>. 71 day late! </li></ul><ul><li>July 1, 2010: Blimps are being sent to the gulf to track the oil. It will be used to direct skimming operations. </li></ul><ul><li>10 congressman wanted to visit the gulf to get a better understanding of the issue, Pelosi denied payment for their trip? </li></ul><ul><li>Miami and the Florida Keys face a 61 percent to 80 percent chance of being hit with tar balls from BP Plc’s oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, according to U.S. projections. </li></ul>
  24. 24. July 2, 2010 <ul><li>Much of Florida’s west coast has a “low probability” of “oiling” from the leak </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Reaching east-central Florida and the Eastern Seaboard are 20 percent to less than 1 percent, according to NOAA. </li></ul><ul><li>Miami and the Florida Keys face a 61 percent to 80 percent chance of being hit with tar balls </li></ul>
  25. 25. July 2, 2010 New Containment cap Issues <ul><li>A week to 10 days, could let some of the oil flow freely again into the gulf </li></ul><ul><li>The ships now collecting oil, would be disconnected during that time. </li></ul><ul><li>It Will boost the chances of success for the relief well when it attempts to set a concrete plug near the bottom of the well. </li></ul><ul><li>Easier for ships to disconnect and reconnect quickly if a storm blows in. </li></ul>
  26. 26. July 2, 2010 <ul><li>The relief well to permanently seal the oil leak is seven to eight days ahead of its early-August schedule, </li></ul><ul><li>If the new cap works, it could in theory capture up to 80,000 barrels of oil a day. </li></ul><ul><li>Current estimates of the spewing oil are 35,000 to 60,000 barrels a day, </li></ul><ul><li>A steel cap that would be bolted on. And it would connect to four riser pipes </li></ul>
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