01 introduction to toefl test

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Study Guide for TOEFL Reviewers

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01 introduction to toefl test

  1. 1.  Test of English as a Foreign Language Measures English language proficiency and aptitude College or university admissions requirement World’s accessible test because it is administered to 180 countries, more than 5,000 colleges or universities Great convenience and possibilities due to the availability of internet tests//jenglai.06.29.2009
  2. 2.  The official test creator is the ETS (Educational Testing Service) Mostly required to non-native English speakers Minimum acceptable score depends on the institution or school//jenglai.06.29.2009
  3. 3.  Test Items change to – 1. Measure the ability to communicate successfully in an academic setting 2. Reflect how language is really used 3. Keep up with the best practices in language learning and teaching//jenglai.06.29.2009
  4. 4.  Its main features – 1. It tests all four language skills that are important for effective communication: speaking, listening, reading and writing 2. It can be delivered via Internet in secure test centers around the world. 3. Some tasks require test takers to combine more than one skill. 4. The test includes a speaking section wherein tests are monitored for accuracy.//jenglai.06.29.2009
  5. 5.  Its main features – 5. The writing section requires written responses based on a certain reading or listening material. 6. The test is 4 hours long and test centers are available in a lot of countries. 7. Taking notes during the test is allowed. 8. Scores of the test taker show explanations of his or her English language ability. 9. Scores are accessible online.//jenglai.06.29.2009
  6. 6. Test Number of Questions Timing SectionReading 3-5 passages, 12-14 60-100 questions each minutesListening 4-6 lectures, 6 questions each 60-90 minutes 2-3 conversations, 5 questions eachSpeaking 6 tasks: 2 independent and 4 20 minutes integratedWriting 1 integrated task 20 minutes 1 independent task 30 minutes //jenglai.06.29.2009
  7. 7.  Integrated Questions  Combine or integrate two or more skills  These questions require the test taker either to: 1. Read, listen and speak in response to a question 2. Listen and speak in response to a question 3. Read, listen and write in response to a question  Independent Task Questions  Focused on topics familiar with the speaker//jenglai.06.29.2009
  8. 8. Set your goals / objectives1. Why are you taking TOEFL?2. What is your minimum required score or your target score?//jenglai.06.29.2009
  9. 9. Listening Material Number of Timing Questions• 4-6 lectures 6 questions• 3-5 minutes long per lectureeach• about 500-800 words• 2-3conversations• about 3 mins. longeach• about12-25 //jenglai.06.29.2009exchanges
  10. 10. 1. Academic Lectures  Types that reflect the kind of listening and speaking that goes on in the classroom  The professor does almost all the talking  Pictures accompany the sound files//jenglai.06.29.2009
  11. 11. 2. Conversations in an Academic Setting  Types that reflect the kind of listening and speaking in places like the student housing offices, library, bookstores, departmental secretary’s office, or the like  Pictures accompany these tests to enable the test taker to imagine the setting and the roles of the speaker//jenglai.06.29.2009
  12. 12.  Note taking is allowed Conversations and lectures with more natural language sounds One lecture may be spoken with a British or American accent Multiple question types on understanding a speaker’s attitude, degree of certainty or purpose Voice tones and other verbal cues are important//jenglai.06.29.2009
  13. 13. Task Number of Timing Tasks• Read/ Listen/ Write 1 20 minutes• Independent – answer 1 30 minutesbased on personalknowledge andexperience //jenglai.06.29.2009
  14. 14. 1. Integrated Writing Task  Requires reading short passages for 3 minutes (about 230 to 300 words)  Listening to a short lecture for 2 minutes  Writing a summary of what the speaker said about the reading response//jenglai.06.29.2009
  15. 15. 2. Independent Writing Task  Opinions are solicited based on a general topic or a topic of interest to students  Specific reasons and examples are asked to support the solicited opinions  Similar to the essay in TOEFL CBT//jenglai.06.29.2009
  16. 16. Task Numbe Timing r of Tasks• Independent – answer short 2 Prep: 15 secs.questions on general topics about Spkng: 45your opinions secs.• Read/ Listen/ Speak – answer 2 Prep: 30 secs.questions about information you Spkng: 60have read secs.• Listen/ Speak – answer 2 Prep: 30 secs.questions about a discussion and Spkng: 60 //jenglai.06.29.2009a short lecture you have listened secs.
  17. 17. 1. Independent Speaking Task  Focus on topics familiar to the test taker  Responses where asked for recording2. Integrated Speaking Task  Four tasks,  Combines more than one skill when responding  Listening or reading to a brief material //jenglai.06.29.2009
  18. 18. Set your focus3. Which TOEFL iBT sections do you think would you do best?4. Which TOEFL iBT sections do you think would you do worst?5. Which of these four skills do you need to focus on?//jenglai.06.29.2009

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