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RDA Presentation


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    • 1. Resource Description and Access (RDA) Resource Description and AccessWhat Is RDA? Why RDA? Who Is Involved? How Does RDA Work? What Do People Think About RDA? Emporia State University, LI804, Dr. Lynne Chase, Fall 2009 Holly Caro, Paula Ciberay, Jennifer Dibbern, Andrea McCullough, Amy Nelson, Alfredo Pinto, Kate Skarbek, Elisa Wood
    • 2. What is Resource Description and Access (RDA)? Cataloguing code Primarily used by libraries Designed to replace Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd Ed (AACR2)
    • 3. Information Transfer Cycle Authors & Creators Products Distributors Disseminators Users
    • 4. Differences between RDA and AACR2 Provides digital resource cataloguing guidelines Designed with the user in mind More detail in record about editions, translations, alternative format and creator
    • 5. AACR2 RDA General Material Designators (GMDs) of AACR2 will not be used in RDA. Instead… Heading will now be… “See” references will now be… “Uniform title” will be … When preferred title is linked with the creator… Data elements for media type, carrier type, and content type will be used “access point” “Variant access points” “Preferred title” for a work We have a “preferred access point” for the work
    • 6. Expanding Bibliographic Universe “This bibliographic universe is not just books, but rather, many galaxies and worlds of content….” (Tillet, 2008, p. 4)
    • 7. Why RDA? A need for a cataloguing code to adequately describe digital technology A means to reach Internet users Offers more specific controlled vocabularies allowing machines to manipulate data more than before Focuses on identifying elements needed to describe interrelationships
    • 8. Who is Involved in the Development of RDA? Joint Steering Committee (JSA) for Development of RDA Canadian Committee on Cataloguing
    • 9. Close Up on Key Players LOC Working group on the Future of Bibliographic Control Presents findings on bibliographic control and other descriptive practices Presents findings on supporting management of and access to library materials in the evolving information technology environment Recommends ways library community can implement these practices Advises Library of Congress on its roles and priorities – In 2008, recommended suspending work on RDA
    • 10. Close Up on Key Players, cont. Committee of Principles RDA Test Coordinating Committee Members RDA Test Partners- Partners represent institutions that use a wide range of cataloging systems, OPACS, communication formats and types of materials. Museums Archives Publishers Educators ILS Vendors Dublin Core Other semantic web communities
    • 11. Who Uses RDA? Few so far
    • 12. Who Will Use RDA? Possibly: Although right now, the real answer is no one.
    • 13. Potential Users of RDA Library communities who do not currently use an online catalogs, databases or bibliographies Other communities with a need for access to online catalogs, databases or bibs Corporations and businesses
    • 14. How is RDA Constructed? 10 Sections broken into 2 main categories Attributes = first 4 sections Relationships = sections 5 – 10 deal with recording relationships either to or between entities
    • 15. Attributes Manifestation and item Work and expression Person, family, and corporate body Concept, object, event, and place
    • 16. Relationships Primary relationships Relationships of persons, families, and corporate bodies associated with a resource Subject relationships Relationships between works, expressions, manifestations, and items Relationships between persons, families and corporate bodies Relationships between concepts, objects, events, and places
    • 17. What is RDA Based On? Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Resources (FRBR) Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)
    • 18. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Resources (FRBR) An entity-relationship model Designed to give holistic approach to user retrieval and access Reflects an associative, relational organization of information where the user can expand their search in multiple directions if they wish
    • 19. FRBR, cont. Model identifies and facilitates 4 user tasks: Find- specific resources Indentify- confirm resource as meeting user needs Select- find resources that are singular to the user’s need Obtain- gain access or acquire the resource 5th Unofficial (enhancement) user task: Navigate- to discover relations of the universe represented in the catalog, database or bibliography being used
    • 20. FRBR Group 1 Entities like Plato’s Forms? Work Expression Manifestation Item
    • 21. FRBR consists of 3 entity groups: Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item Person, Corporate Body Concepts, Objects, Events, Place A book, stage play, CD, film, etc. The group or organization responsible for stewardship of product The subject of the product
    • 22. Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item
    • 23. Person, Corporate Body Figure 3.2: Group 2 Entities and “Responsibility” Relationships
    • 24. Concepts, Objects, Event, Place Figure 3.3: Group 3 Entities and “Subject” Relationships
    • 25. How FRBR is Used FictionFinder is an OCLC, FRBR-based online catalog for over 2.9 fiction records in WorldCat
    • 26. Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD) An entity-relationship model User-centered Model identifies 4 user tasks Find- same as FRBR Identify- same as FRBR Contextualize- to place in context, to clarify relationships Justify- document why the name was chosen as an access point
    • 27. FRAD Functions Every access point to a work is unique and allows access to the specific work Searching under one heading will find associated records or collections
    • 28. RDA History British and N. American texts of Anglo-American cataloging code published AACR2 issued by English-speaking countries Revisions to AACR2 IFLA developed FRBR to reinforce objectives of catalogs and the importance of relationships Revisions to AACR2 International Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR held in Toronto Draft revision of AACR2 begun (AACR3) Concern about need to move towards FRBR's model Draft of RDA part 1 made available for review More drafts of RDA chapters issued Concerns raised by NLM & National Agricultural Library Full draft of RDA issued Test period for RDA Anticipated release of RDA
    • 29. Thoughts on RDA Much debate caused by so many unknowns. The test period will help clear up some of the these. The evaluative test factors set to determine feasibility are: Operational Technical Economic
    • 30. RDA Pros A cataloging standard for the digital environment A framework that describes all resources Focuses on the needs of users Supports metadata sharing among metadata communities Supports new uses of library records in online services
    • 31. RDA Cons Some claim RDA goes too far Others claim that RDA doesn’t go far enough Concerns about cost/benefit Concerns about how RDA will impact work flows Concerns about learning and training Switching from AACRs vocabulary to RDA will be difficult for catalogers
    • 32. Further RDA Questions Will switching from format as top priority to function as top priority work efficiently in the arrangement of cataloging rules? Will the additional information provided by RDA prove useful to users, will the results be information overload? Will ILS systems be compatible with all access points? Will transitioning to RDA be difficult for the customer; will it be easily understood?
    • 33. References FictionFinder: A FRBR-based prototype for fiction in WorldCat (n.d.). Retrieved September 22, 2009, from Hillman, D. (2009, February 2). Denver Midwinter: All RDA, all the time… [Web log message]. Retrieved from the-time International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (2009, February). Functional requirements for bibliographic records (Final Report). Retrieved from Joint Steering Committee for the Development of RDA (2009). Report on RDA. Retrieved from Joint Steering Committee for the Development of RDA (2006). Resource description and access. Retrieved from Library of Congress (2008). Joint Statement of the Library of Congress, the National Library of Medicine, and the National Agricultural Library on Resource Description and Access. Retrieved from Library of Congress (2008). On the Record: Report of The Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control. Retrieved from future/rda/
    • 34. References, cont. Library of Congress (2009). Testing Resource Description and Access. Retrieved from Lovins, D. (2008). Cataloging news. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 45(4), 101-113. Patton, G.E. (2009, August). From FRBR to FRAD: Extending the model. Paper presented at the World Library and Information Congress: 75TH IFLA General Conference and Council, Milan, Italy. Retrieved from Taylor, A.G., Joudrey, D.N. (2009) The organization of information. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited. Tillett, B. (2008). Cataloging principles and RDA: Resource description and access. Retrieved from Tillett, B. (2008). Resource description and access: Background/overview. Retrieved from Tillett, B. (2004). What is FRBR? A conceptual model for the bibliographic universe, The Australian Library Journal, 54 (1). Retrieved October 4, 2009, from Vizine-Goetz, D. (2007). Fiction Finder: Imagining a Next Generation Catalog. Retrieved September 22, 2009, from