1. MODULE 7CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS Art 100 Understanding Visual Culture
2. Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, 1991
3. Piece, as installed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC
4. What are the key signifiers in this piece?
5. detail of mouth
6. synchronic [syn=together]
7. synchronicBoth formal and semiotic analyses are synchronic in nature: theyconsider meanings generated by an arrangement of elements withina single moment in time.
8. Synchronicunderstandingof a tree’sfunctions
9. diachronic dia=across
10. diachronicunderstandingof a tree[dimension oftime ispresent]Dia=across or through timeDiachronic analyses take into account meanings generated overtime, including the accretion and depletion of meanings.
11. diachronicunderstandingof a tree[dimension oftime ispresent]Dia=across or through timeDiachronic analyses take into account meanings generated overtime, including the accretion and depletion of meanings.
12. Examination of tree rings:Synchronic or diachronic analysis?
13. Diachronic analysistakes change intoaccount.Meanings of culturalobjects are dynamicover time.New meaningsaccrue to images,old ones fall awayand have to bepainstakinglyrecovered, if at all.
14. Lorenzo Lotto, Portrait of a Young Man in Front of a White Curtain c. 1508, oil on wood, 16 1/2 x 14 inches
15. Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, c. 1482
16. Botticelli, Venus and Mars, c. 1483
17. Gentile daFabriano, Adoration of the Magi, 1423http://www.gnpcb.org/esv/search/?q=Matthew+2
18. Lorenzo Lotto, Adoration of the Shepherds, c. 1534http://www.gnpcb.org/esv/search/?q=Luke+2
19. To what do we attribute thesedifferences?
20. Possible explanationsIndividual style?Artist’s biography and preferences?Patron’s biography and preferences?Social, political, cultural, religious surroundings